The United Nations' Top Job

A Close Look at the Work of Eight Secretaries General

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Author: Lucia Mouat

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781484806197

Category: Political Science

Page: 519

View: 2402

Despite limited legal power, the job of the United Nations secretary-general has evolved into that of an often-effective global leader and mediator. When the Security Council is blocked - and sometimes even when it isn't - the UN's top official has played a key role in resolving international disputes. This book looks at the varied ways that the eight secretaries-general -- from risk-takers to cautious conservatives - have used their position to pursue the common goal of a more peaceful world.

The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

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Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176948

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 3683

Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.

The UN Secretary-General and the Security Council

A Dynamic Relationship

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Author: Manuel Fröhlich,Abiodun Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191065730

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1482

The United Nations Secretary-General and the United Nations Security Council spend significant amounts of time on their relationship with each other. They rely on each other for such important activities as peacekeeping, international mediation, and the formulation and application of normative standards in defense of international peace and security - in other words the executive aspects of the UN's work. The UN Secretary-General and the Security Council fills an important lacuna in the scholarship on the UN system. Although there exists today an impressive body of literature on the development and significance of the Secretariat and the Security Council as separate organs, an important gap remains in our understanding of the interactions between them. Bringing together some of the most prominent authorities on the subject, this volume is the first book-length treatment of this topic. It studies the UN from an innovative angle, creating new insights on the (autonomous) policy-making of international organizations, and adds to our understanding of the dynamics of intra-organizational relationships. Within the book, the contributors examine how each Secretary-General interacted with the Security Council, touching upon such issues as the role of personality, the formal and informal infrastructure of the relationship, the selection and appointment processes, as well as the Secretary-General's threefold role as a crisis manager, administrative manager, and manager of ideas.

Secretary or General?

The UN Secretary-General in World Politics

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Author: Simon Chesterman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463268

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2592

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is a unique figure in world politics. At once civil servant, the world's diplomat, lackey of the UN Security Council, and commander-in-chief of up to a hundred thousand peacekeepers, he or she depends on states for both the legitimacy and resources that enable the United Nations to function. The tension between these roles - of being secretary or general - has challenged every incumbent. This book brings together the insights of senior UN staff, diplomats and scholars to examine the normative and political factors that shape this unique office with particular emphasis on how it has evolved in response to changing circumstances such as globalization and the onset of the 'war on terror'. The difficulties experienced by each Secretary-General reflect the profound ambivalence of states towards entrusting their security, interests or resources to an intergovernmental body.

World

America's Magazine of World Events

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Author: Tibor Koeves

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2843

Pathways for Peace

Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict

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Author: United Nations;World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464811865

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 4647

Violent conflicts today are complex and increasingly protracted, involving more nonstate groups and regional and international actors. It is estimated that by 2030—the horizon set by the international community for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals—more than half of the world’s poor will be living in countries affected by high levels of violence. Information and communication technology, population movements, and climate change are also creating shared risks that must be managed at both national and international levels. Pathways for Peace is a joint United Nations†“World Bank Group study that originates from the conviction that the international community’s attention must urgently be refocused on prevention. A scaled-up system for preventive action would save between US$5 billion and US$70 billion per year, which could be reinvested in reducing poverty and improving the well-being of populations. The study aims to improve the way in which domestic development processes interact with security, diplomacy, mediation, and other efforts to prevent conflicts from becoming violent. It stresses the importance of grievances related to exclusion—from access to power, natural resources, security and justice, for example—that are at the root of many violent conflicts today. Based on a review of cases in which prevention has been successful, the study makes recommendations for countries facing emerging risks of violent conflict as well as for the international community. Development policies and programs must be a core part of preventive efforts; when risks are high or building up, inclusive solutions through dialogue, adapted macroeconomic policies, institutional reform, and redistributive policies are required. Inclusion is key, and preventive action needs to adopt a more people-centered approach that includes mainstreaming citizen engagement. Enhancing the participation of women and youth in decision making is fundamental to sustaining peace, as well as long-term policies to address the aspirations of women and young people.

Reforming the United Nations

The Quiet Revolution

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Author: Joachim M. Müller,Joachim W. Müller

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041116444

Category: Political Science

Page: 946

View: 3523

The context in which the United Nations operates is one of change and reorientation: change in the political climate, resulting in changes in the tasks the organisation is called upon to undertake; reorientation of the organisation's internal structures and procedures in response to these changes. The principal goals and objectives of the United Nations have recently been reassessed. This reassessment - highlighted in the Reform Agenda of Secretary-General Kofi Annan and during the Millennium Summit - has led to a reaffirmation by the 189 Member States of their belief in the organisation. New forms of consensus and co-operation are developing regarding what the United Nations should be striving to achieve and how best it should be organised to improve its operations. The UN and Kofi Annan ""were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their" "role in reforming the 56-year-old institution ..."" (Herald Tribune, Honor Awarded to Annan and UN, October 13-14, 2001, p. 1). "The Quiet" "Revolution" is essentially about the reform efforts of Kofi Annan. The book therefore describes a major part of his activities leading to the award. Dr. Joachim Muller presents a detailed review of the reform initiatives undertaken during the period from 1996 to 2000, which was of such importance for the evolution of the United Nations. A wealth of information from primary sources is provided, together with an informative analysis of the history of reform within the United Nations since its creation.' From the foreword by "Jean-Pierre Halbwachs," Assistant Secretary-General, Controller, United Nations Also by Joachim Muller: "Reforming the United Nations: New" "Initiatives and Past Efforts," a three-volume setcontaining 50 key reform proposals originating inside and outside the United Nations.

Human Development Report 2016

Human Development for Everyone

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Author: United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: Human Development Report (Pape

ISBN: 9789211264135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 6147

This report focuses on how human development can be ensured for everyone, now and in future. It starts with an account of the hopes and challenges of today's world, envisioning where humanity wants to go. This vision draws from and builds on the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. It explores who has been left behind in human development progress and why. It argues that to ensure that human development reaches everyone, some aspects of the human development framework and assessment perspectives have to be brought to the fore. The Report also identifies the national policies and key strategies to ensure that will enable every human being achieve at least basic human development and to sustain and protect the gains.

The UN General Assembly

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Author: M. J. Peterson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415343893

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 7662

The United Nations General Assembly is arguably the most important discussion forum for global politics. This book examines the history, organisation and politics of the institution and assesses its future prospects.

Rise of the Robots

Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future

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Author: Martin Ford

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465040675

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 6388

Winner of the 2015 FT & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award A New York Times Bestseller Top Business Book of 2015 at Forbes One of NBCNews.com 12 Notable Science and Technology Books of 2015 What are the jobs of the future? How many will there be? And who will have them? As technology continues to accelerate and machines begin taking care of themselves, fewer people will be necessary. Artificial intelligence is already well on its way to making "good jobs" obsolete: many paralegals, journalists, office workers, and even computer programmers are poised to be replaced by robots and smart software. As progress continues, blue and white collar jobs alike will evaporate, squeezing working- and middle-class families ever further. At the same time, households are under assault from exploding costs, especially from the two major industries-education and health care-that, so far, have not been transformed by information technology. The result could well be massive unemployment and inequality as well as the implosion of the consumer economy itself. The past solutions to technological disruption, especially more training and education, aren't going to work. We must decide, now, whether the future will see broad-based prosperity or catastrophic levels of inequality and economic insecurity. Rise of the Robots is essential reading to understand what accelerating technology means for our economic prospects-not to mention those of our children-as well as for society as a whole.

Affordable Excellence

The Singapore Healthcare Story

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Author: William A. Haseltine

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815724160

Category: Medical

Page: 182

View: 3530

A Brookings Institution Press and the National University of Singapore Press publication This is the story of the Singapore healthcare system: how it works, how it is financed, its history, where it is going, and what lessons it may hold for national health systems around the world. Singapore ranks sixth in the world in healthcare outcomes, yet spends proportionally less on healthcare than any other high-income country. This is the first book to set out a comprehensive system-level description of healthcare in Singapore, with a view to understanding what can be learned from its unique system design and development path. The lessons from Singapore will be of interest to those currently planning the future of healthcare in emerging economies, as well as those engaged in the urgent debates on healthcare in the wealthier countries faced with serious long-term challenges in healthcare financing. Policymakers, legislators, public health officials responsible for healthcare systems planning, finance and operations, as well as those working on healthcare issues in universities and think tanks should understand how the Singapore system works to achieve affordable excellence.