The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge

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Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135626766

Category: Philosophy

Page: 544

View: 7406

In a letter of 1932, Karl Popper described Die beiden Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie – The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge – as ‘...a child of crises, above all of ...the crisis of physics.’ Finally available in English, it is a major contribution to the philosophy of science, epistemology and twentieth century philosophy generally. The two fundamental problems of knowledge that lie at the centre of the book are the problem of induction, that although we are able to observe only a limited number of particular events, science nevertheless advances unrestricted universal statements; and the problem of demarcation, which asks for a separating line between empirical science and non-science. Popper seeks to solve these two basic problems with his celebrated theory of falsifiability, arguing that the inferences made in science are not inductive but deductive; science does not start with observations and proceed to generalise them but with problems, which it attacks with bold conjectures. The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge is essential reading for anyone interested in Karl Popper, in the history and philosophy of science, and in the methods and theories of science itself.

The Philosophy of Karl Popper

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Author: Herbert Keuth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521548304

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 6562

This is a systematic exposition of Popper's philosophy covering in part 1 the philosophy of science, in part 2 the social philosophy, and in part 3 the later metaphysics, in particular the theses to solve indeterminism/determinism and mind/body problems, and the famous idea of a third world of objective thought.This book is more comprehensive than any current introduction to Popper. Its perspicuous structure and lucid exposition should ensure that it could be used in courses in both the philosophy of science and the philosophy of social science.

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

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Author: Karl Raimund Popper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415278447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 513

View: 5860

Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.

Foundations of Objective Knowledge

The Relations of Popper's Theory of Knowledge to That of Kant's

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Author: Sergio L. de C. Fernandes,Sergio L. Fernandez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027718099

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 4582

Kant and Popper. The affmity between the philosophy of Kant and the philosophy of Karl Popper has often been noted, and most decisively in Popper's own reflections on his thought. But in this work before us, Sergio Fernandes has given a cogent, comprehensive, and challenging investigation of Kant which differs from what we may call Popper's Kant while nevertheless showing Kant as very much a precursor of Popper. The investigation is directly conceptual, although Fernandes has also contributed to a novel historical understanding of Kant in his reinterpretation; the novelty is the genuine result of meticulous study of texts and commentators, characterized by the author's thorough command of the epistemological issues in the philosophy of science in the 20th century as much as by his mastery of the Kantian themes of the 18th. Naturally, we may wish to understand whether Kant is relevant to Popper's philosophy of knowledge, how Popper has understood Kant, and to what extent the Popperian Kant has systematically or historically been of influence on later philosophy of science, as seen by Popper or not.

The Logic of Scientific Discovery

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Author: Karl R. Popper,Karl Raimund Popper

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415278430

Category: Philosophy

Page: 513

View: 3406

First published in English in 1959, this book revolutionized contemporary thinking about science and knowledge and is one of the most widely read books about science written in the twentieth century. It presents succinctly Popper's view of science and his solutions to two fundamental problems of the theory of knowledge: the demarcation of science from non-science, and the role of induction in the growth of scientific knowledge.

Popper, Objectivity and the Growth of Knowledge

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Author: John H. Sceski

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441144374

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 1373

John H. Sceski argues that Karl Popper's philosophy offers a radical treatment of objectivity that can reconcile freedom and progress in a manner that preserves the best elements of the Enlightenment tradition. His book traces the development of Popper's account of objectivity by examining his original contributions to key issues in the philosophy of science. Popper's early confrontation with logical positivism, his rarely discussed four-fold treatment of the problem of induction, and his theory of propensities and evolutionary epistemology are linked in a novel way to produce a coherent and philosophically relevant picture of objectivity. Sceski also explores and clarifies many central issues in the philosophy of science such as probabilistic support, verisimilitude, and the relationship between special relativity and indeterminism. He concludes that Popper's account of objectivity can best bridge the gap between Enlightenment aims for science and freedom and post-modern misgivings about 'truth', by developing a philosophy that is non-foundationalist yet able to account for the growth of knowledge.

Returning to Karl Popper

A reassessment of his politics and philosophy

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Author: Alexander Naraniecki

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9401210454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 9379

Over the last few years there has been a resurgent interest in various scientific disciplines in Popper’s arguments. To gain a greater appreciation of Popper’s scientific arguments, they need to be viewed in relation to his broader philosophy and where this stands within the history of ideas. This book aims to take seriously those aspects of Popper’s writings that have received less attention and wherein he advanced metaphysical, speculative, mystical-poetic, aesthetic and Platonic arguments. Such arguments are crucial for an appreciation of his scientific and political writings. I argue that Popper, much like Wittgenstein previously has been misconstrued as an Anglo-analytic philosopher. This book provides an interpretation of Popper’s mature philosophy within his Central-European intellectual context. The aim of which is to open up a fruitful line of investigation into Popper’s thought that I hope would continue over the coming years. Alexander Naraniecki has spent time at the Popper Archives at the University of Klagenfurt in Austria whilst researching for this book. He has also been a visiting scholar at Duke University and has completed a postdoctoral research fellowship at Deakin University in Melbourne. Dr Naraniecki also publishes on issues relating to multiculturalism, globalization, cosmopolitanism as well as inter-cultural relations and dialogue. He has published on Popper in various leading journals such as Philosophy, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, and The European Legacy. He is currently building his research on Popper in a broader direction by exploring issues related to creativity and problem solving for critical thinking.

Terrible Beauty: A Cultural History of the Twentieth Century

The People and Ideas that Shaped the Modern Mind: A History

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Author: Peter Watson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 178022673X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 848

View: 9528

A history of the twentieth century which covers all the ideas, people, great events, literary and artistic movements, scientific discoveries which have shaped the twentieth century. Terrible Beauty presents a unique narrative of the twentieth century. Unlike more conventional histories, where the focus is on political events and personalities, on wars, treaties and elections, this book concentrates on the ideas that made the century so rich, rewarding and provocative. Beginning with four seminal ideas which were introduced in 1900 - the unconscious, the gene, the quantum and Picasso's first paintings in Paris - the book brings together the main areas of thought and juxtaposes the most original and influential ideas of our time in an immensely readable narrative. From the creation of plastic to Norman Mailer, from the discovery of the 'Big Bang' to the Counterculture, from Relativity to Susan Sontag, from Proust to Salman Rushdie, and Henri Bergson to Saul Bellow, the book's range is encyclopedic. We meet in these pages the other twentieth century, the writers, the artists, the scientists and philosophers who were not cowed by the political and military disasters raging around them, and produced some of the most amazing and rewarding ideas by which we live. Terrible Beauty, endlessly stimulating and provocative, affirms that there was much more to the twentieth century than war and genocide.

The Philosophy of the Enlightenment

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Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 366

View: 5232

The present book aims to be both more and less than a monograph on the philosophy of the Enlightenment. It is much less, for the primary task of such monograph would be to offer the reader a wealth of detail and to trace the genesis and development of all the special problems of this philosophy.

Die beiden Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie

aufgrund von Manuskripten aus den Jahren 1930 - 1933

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Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485053

Category: Philosophy

Page: 705

View: 5138

English summary: In his investigations of the problem of induction and the problem of demarcation - the two fundamental problems of the theory of knowledge - Popper criticizes in great detail apriorism (Kant, Fries and Nelson) and logical positivism (Wittgenstein, Schlick and Carnap). He also gives a severe criticism of conventionalism (Poincare, Duhem and Dingler), and presents his own new and distinct solution to the two problems: There is no such thing as induction, and it is only using the criterion of falsifiability and methodological rules that makes it possible to distinguish between empirical sciences on the one hand and mathematics, logic and metaphysics on the other. It was not until 1979 that the remaining manuscripts were published, along with an introduction and many new notes by Popper. And it was not until 2009 that an English translation was published (Routledge). To this new edition two new appendices (1993), a postscript (2010) and many new notes have been added.If you would like to receive a special brochure on Karl Popper's Gesammelte Werke, please contact us. German description: Zwei Fragen sind die Brennpunkte dieser Untersuchung: Das (Humesche) Induktionsproblem und das Abgrenzungsproblem (Kants Frage nach den Grenzen der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis). Karl Popper entwickelt systematisch die wichtigsten Losungsversuche dieser beiden Grundprobleme und zeigt, wie die inneren Widerspruche jeder Position zwangslaufig zum nachsten Losungsversuch fuhren. Popper setzt sich mit dem Apriorismus (Kant, Fries und Nelson) und mit dem logischen Positivismus (Wittgenstein, Schlick und Carnap) kritisch auseinander. Auch der Konventionalismus (Poincare, Duhem und Dingler) wird kritisch berucksichtigt. Vor allem stellt er jedoch selbst einen neuartigen Losungsversuch der beiden Grundprobleme vor. Das Ergebnis des Buches ist klar: Es gibt keine Induktion im erkenntnistheoretischen Sinne und die Grenzen der empirischen Wissenschaft gegen alle rationalistische Spekulation aus reiner Vernunft lassen sich nur durch das Kriterium der Falsifizierbarkeit ziehen. Der erste Band uber das Induktionsproblem scheint vollstandig erhalten zu sein, von dem zweiten Band uber das Abgrenzungsproblem und uber die Methodentheorie gibt es jedoch nur eine kleine und eher unzusammenhangende Sammlung von Entwurfen. Was von den beiden Grundproblemen der Erkenntnistheorie zu finden war, wurde erstmals im Jahr 1979 veroffentlicht. Die hier vorgelegte dritte Auflage wurde um zwei neue Anhange (1993) sowie durch viele neue Anmerkungen und ein Nachwort des Herausgebers erganzt.Bitte fordern Sie den Sonderprospekt zu den Gesammelten Werken von Karl Popper bei uns an.

Theory of Approximation of Functions of a Real Variable

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Author: A. F. Timan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 644

View: 6753

Theory of Approximation of Functions of a Real Variable discusses a number of fundamental parts of the modern theory of approximation of functions of a real variable. The material is grouped around the problem of the connection between the best approximation of functions to their structural properties. This text is composed of eight chapters that highlight the relationship between the various structural properties of real functions and the character of possible approximations to them by polynomials and other functions of simple construction. Each chapter concludes with a section containing various problems and theorems, which supplement the main text. The first chapters tackle the Weierstrass's theorem, the best approximation by polynomials on a finite segment, and some compact classes of functions and their structural properties. The subsequent chapters describe some properties of algebraic polynomials and transcendental integral functions of exponential type, as well as the direct theorems of the constructive theory of functions. These topics are followed by discussions of differential and constructive characteristics of converse theorems. The final chapters explore other theorems connecting the best approximations functions with their structural properties. These chapters also deal with the linear processes of approximation of functions by polynomials. The book is intended for post-graduate students and for mathematical students taking advanced courses, as well as to workers in the field of the theory of functions.

Substance and Function and Einstein's Theory of Relativity

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Author: Ernst Cassirer,W. C. Swabey,M. C. Swabey

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486495477

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 997

Double-volume work features the establishment of a general philosophical system in which Einstein's theory of relativity is regarded as the natural progression of the motives inherent to mathematics and the physical sciences. 1923 edition.

Science in Flux

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Author: J. Agassi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401018103

Category: Science

Page: 559

View: 635

Nietzsche, Theories of Knowledge, and Critical Theory

Nietzsche and the Sciences I

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Author: B.E. Babich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940172430X

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 7111

Nietzsche, Theories of Knowledge, and Critical Theory, the first volume of a two-volume book collection on Nietzsche and the Sciences, ranges from reviews of Nietzsche and the wide variety of epistemic traditions - not only pre-Socratic, but Cartesian, Leibnizian, Kantian, and post-Kantian -through essays on Nietzsche's critique of knowledge via his critique of grammar and modern culture, and culminates in an extended section on the dynamic of Nietzsche's critical philosophy seen from the perspective of Habermas and critical theory. This volume features a first-time English translation of Habermas's afterword to his own German-language collection of Nietzsche's Epistemological Writings.

Some Basic Problems of the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity

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Author: N.I. Muskhelishvili

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401730342

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 732

View: 7372

TO THE FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. In preparing this translation, I have taken the liberty of including footnotes in the main text or inserting them in small type at the appropriate places. I have also corrected minor misprints without special mention .. The Chapters and Sections of the original text have been called Parts and Chapters respectively, where the latter have been numbered consecutively. The subject index was not contained in the Russian original and the authors' index represents an extension of the original list of references. In this way the reader should be able to find quickly the pages on which anyone reference is discussed. The transliteration problem has been overcome by printing the names of Russian authors and journals also in Russian type. While preparing this translation in the first place for my own informa tion, the knowledge that it would also become accessible to a large circle of readers has made the effort doubly worthwhile. I feel sure that the reader will share with me in my admiration for the simplicity and lucidity of presentation.

Two-Phase Flows

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Author: Shih-i Pai

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322863484

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 360

View: 5967

Unended Quest

An Intellectual Autobiography

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Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134449712

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 8741

At the age of eight, Karl Popper was puzzling over the idea of infinity and by fifteen was beginning to take a keen interest in his father's well-stocked library of books. Unended Quest recounts these moments and many others in the life of one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century, providing an indispensable account of the ideas that influenced him most. As an introduction to Popper's philosophy, Unended Quest also shines. Popper lucidly explains the central ideas in his work, making this book ideal for anyone coming to Popper's life and work for the first time.

On the Pragmatics of Social Interaction

Preliminary Studies in the Theory of Communicative Action

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Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262582131

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 905

Habermas's 1971 Gauss Lectures, plus two additional essays, outlining an intersubjective approach to social theory.