The Theory of Polymer Dynamics

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Author: Masao Doi,Sam F. Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198520337

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 391

View: 6442

'This book is destined to join the classics of polymer science...an essential purchase for any serious student of polymer dynamics.' British Polymer Journal

The Mesoscopic Theory of Polymer Dynamics

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Author: Vladimir N. Pokrovskii

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048122318

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5269

The theory presented in this book explains in a consistent manner all dynamics effects observed in very concentrated solutions and melts of linear polymers from a macromolecular point of view. The presentation is compact and self-contained.

Introduction to Polymer Dynamics

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Author: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521388498

Category: Mathematics

Page: 57

View: 5509

This book, based on lectures given at the Polytechnic of Milan, gives a broad overview of the field of polymer dynamics. In these lectures the aim is to stress the fundamental concepts of the behaviour of polymers without drawing on the more advanced mathematical formalism which often obscures the natural elegance of the subject matter. Professor De Gennes is one of the most distinguished workers in the field of material science. Therefore this book will be welcomed by both the experienced researcher in the area and the interested layman. It will be of particular value to graduate students.

Makromolekulare Chemie

Ein Lehrbuch für Chemiker, Physiker, Materialwissenschaftler und Verfahrenstechniker

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Author: M. D. Lechner,Klaus Gehrke,Eckhard H. Nordmeier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034850948

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 532

View: 886

Die 4. Auflage der Makromolekularen Chemie wurde vollständig überarbeitet und aktualisiert, wobei das bewährte Aufbauprinzip Struktur-Synthese-Eigenschaften beibehalten wurde. Neu hinzugekommen ist ein Kapitel über die Korrelation von makroskopischen Eigenschaften und molekularer Struktur unter Einbeziehung der optischen und magnetischen Eigenschaften von Polymeren. Die Forderung nach neuen Eigenschaften polymerer Werkstoffe wird zunehmend durch den Verbund vorhandener Polymerer erfüllt. Die Struktur und Morphologie mehrphasiger Polymerlegierungen wird in Zusammenhang mit den makroskopischen Eigenschaften (mechanische, thermische, optische und magnetische Eigenschaften) gebracht. Die beiliegende CD-ROM enthält neben dem vollständigen Buchtext mit Volltextsuche weiterführende Texte, Anhänge und Hinweise und verbesserte Recherche-Möglichkeiten durch Verknüpfung von Suchbegriffen. Der Buchtext und die Anhänge liegen auf der CD-ROM als pdf-Dateien vor, wobei die Anhänge ausdruckbar sind.

Soft Condensed Matter

New Research

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Author: Kathy I. Dillon

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546655

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 457

Condensed matter is one of the most active fields of physics, with a stream of discoveries in areas from superfluidity and magnetism to the optical, electronic and mechanical properties of materials such as semiconductors, polymers and carbon nanotubes. It includes the study of well-characterised solid surfaces, interfaces and nanostructures as well as studies of molecular liquids (molten salts, ionic solutions, liquid metals and semiconductors) and soft matter systems (colloidal suspensions, polymers, surfactants, foams, liquid crystals, membranes, biomolecules etc.) including glasses and biological aspects of soft matter. This book presents state-of-theart research in this exciting field.

Structure and Dynamics of Polymer and Colloidal Systems

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Author: Redouane Borsali,R. Pecora

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402005015

Category: Science

Page: 477

View: 8258

This volume is based on lectures given at the NATO-Advanced Study Institute on Structure and Dynamics of Polymer and Colloid Systems held in Les Houches, France from September 14-24, 1999. The meeting arose from a perceived need to bring together scientists studying the polymer and colloid fields. Although these fields are intertwined and share many techniques (e. g. , light, neutron and x-ray scattering), it is remarkable how little the approaches and concepts used by the one field penetrate the other. For instance, the theory of spherical colloids is very highly developed and many of the concepts developed for these systems can be extended to those with non-spherical morphology, such as solutions of rigid rod polymers. In addition, mixtures of polymers and colloids, both in the bulk and at interfaces, are the basis for many industrial products. Methods are now rapidly being developed for understanding the structure and dynamics in polymer/colloid mixtures at the molecular level, but the point of view of the colloid scientist is often rather different from that of the polymer scientist. The NATO-ASI brought together polymer and colloid scientists, including many young researchers, who presented and discussed recent developments in these fields and the possibilities for cross-fertilization This volume contains articles on a wide variety of topics at the research forefront of the polymer and colloid fields by some of the world's foremost experts at a level accessible to graduate students, post-docs and researchers.

The Physics of Polymers

Concepts for Understanding Their Structures and Behavior

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Author: Gert R. Strobl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540684115

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 3323

The Physics of Polymers presents the elements of this important segment of material science, focusing on concepts above experimental techniques and theoretical methods. Written for graduate students of physics, material science and chemical engineering and for researchers working with polymers in academia and industry, the book introduces and discusses the basic phenomena which lead to the peculiar physical properties of polymeric systems. The revised and expanded Third Edition includes a new chapter dealing with conjugated polymers, explaining the physical basis of the characteristic electro-optic response, and the spectacular electrical conduction properties of conjugated polymers created by doping.

The Physics of Living Processes

A Mesoscopic Approach

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Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698274

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 4245

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semestercourse, presents the fundamentals of biological physics,introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers,polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions,self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemicalkinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, thesenses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations ofrecent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the mostdiverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach iscomprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale —structures on length scales between those of atoms and themacroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections betweenmolecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novelintegrated perspective on biological physics, making this animportant text across a variety of scientific disciplines includingbiophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering andbioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included,which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools toapproach problems in the life sciences from medicine,pharmaceutical science and agriculture.

Statistical Physics of Polymers

An Introduction

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Author: Toshihiro Kawakatsu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540434405

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 6079

From the reviews: "...This book is a very useful addition to polymer literature, and it is a pleasure to recommend it to the polymer community." (J.E. Mark, University of Cincinnati, POLYMER NEWS)

Polymer Viscoelasticity

Basics, Molecular Theories, and Experiments

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Author: Y.-H. Lin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812384171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 251

View: 7707

In this book, the studies of the Rouse, Doi?Edwards, and extended reptation theories are developed in a consistent manner from a basic level and discussed in detail. Viscoelastic properties of nearly monodisperse linear flexible polymers in both the entanglement and entanglement-free regions are analyzed quantitatively in terms of the molecular theories.

The Langevin and Generalised Langevin Approach to the Dynamics of Atomic, Polymeric and Colloidal Systems

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Author: Ian Snook

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080467924

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5190

The Langevin and Generalised Langevin Approach To The Dynamics Of Atomic, Polymeric And Colloidal Systems is concerned with the description of aspects of the theory and use of so-called random processes to describe the properties of atomic, polymeric and colloidal systems in terms of the dynamics of the particles in the system. It provides derivations of the basic equations, the development of numerical schemes to solve them on computers and gives illustrations of application to typical systems. Extensive appendices are given to enable the reader to carry out computations to illustrate many of the points made in the main body of the book. * Starts from fundamental equations * Gives up-to-date illustration of the application of these techniques to typical systems of interest * Contains extensive appendices including derivations, equations to be used in practice and elementary computer codes

Processing and Properties of Liquid Crystalline Polymers and LCP Based Blends

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Author: Domenico Acierno,Francesco Paolo La Mantia

Publisher: ChemTec Publishing

ISBN: 1895198046

Category: Crystalline polymers

Page: 229

View: 8422

Some papers in this book report on the most recent developments in pure liquid crystalline polymers showing that discipline is dynamic and may offer in the future numerous other opportunities not known today. We hope that our selections of papers will be interesting for specialists in polymer chemistry, blends, and their industrial application, and that information included in this book will be stimulating and will favorably impact research currently performed by the readers of this book.

Grease Lubrication in Rolling Bearings

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Author: Piet M. Lugt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118483979

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 2520

The definitive book on the science of grease lubrication forroller and needle bearings in industrial and vehicleengineering. Grease Lubrication in Rolling Bearings provides anoverview of the existing knowledge on the various aspects of greaselubrication (including lubrication systems) and the state of theart models that exist today. The book reviews the physical andchemical aspects of grease lubrication, primarily directed towardslubrication of rolling bearings. The first part of the book covers grease composition, propertiesand rheology, including thermal and dynamics properties. Laterchapters cover the dynamics of greased bearings, including greaselife, bearing life, reliability and testing. The final chaptercovers lubrications systems – the systems that deliver greaseto the components requiring lubrication. Grease Lubrication in Rolling Bearings: Describes the underlying physical and chemical properties ofgrease. Discusses the effect of load, speed, temperature, bearinggeometry, bearing materials and grease type on bearing wear. Covers both bearing and grease performance, includingthermo-mechanical ageing and testing methodologies. It is intended for researchers and engineers in thepetro-chemical and bearing industry, industries related to this(e.g. wind turbine industry, automotive industry) and forapplication engineers. It will also be of interest for teaching inpost-graduate courses.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Fundamentals

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Author: Tatau Nishinaga

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444593764

Category: Science

Page: 1214

View: 301

Volume IA Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) Volume IA addresses the present status of crystal growth science, and provides scientific tools for the following volumes: Volume II (Bulk Crystal Growth) and III (Thin Film Growth and Epitaxy). Volume IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After historical introduction of the crystal growth, phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and shape of crystal and structure of melt are described. Then, the most fundamental and basic aspects of crystal growth are presented, along with the theories of nucleation and growth kinetics. In addition, the simulations of crystal growth by Monte Carlo, ab initio-based approach and colloidal assembly are thoroughly investigated. Volume IB Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Transport and Stability) Volume IB discusses pattern formation, a typical problem in crystal growth. In addition, an introduction to morphological stability is given and the phase-field model is explained with comparison to experiments. The field of nanocrystal growth is rapidly expanding and here the growth from vapor is presented as an example. For the advancement of life science, the crystal growth of protein and other biological molecules is indispensable and biological crystallization in nature gives many hints for their crystal growth. Another subject discussed is pharmaceutical crystal growth. To understand the crystal growth, in situ observation is extremely powerful. The observation techniques are demonstrated. Volume IA Explores phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic structure of melt and alloys Explains basic ideas to understand crystal growth, equilibrium shape of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and surface, nucleation and growth mechanisms Focuses on simulation of crystal growth by classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio based quantum mechanical approach, kinetic Monte Carlo and phase field model. Controlled colloidal assembly is presented as an experimental model for crystal growth. Volume IIB Describes morphological stability theory and phase-field model and comparison to experiments of dendritic growth Presents nanocrystal growth in vapor as well as protein crystal growth and biological crystallization Interprets mass production of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as ordinary crystal growth and explains crystallization of chiral molecules Demonstrates in situ observation of crystal growth in vapor, solution and melt on the ground and in space

Polymeric Liquids and Networks

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Author: William W. Graessley

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780203506127

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 5626

The general subject of polymeric liquids and networks was developed over the past 70 years by researchers from many academic disciplines. The infusion of fresh viewpoints continually invigorated and enriched the field, but the lack of a common terminology and perspective has left a tendency toward compartmentalization, making it difficult for a newcomer, even one technically trained, to gain a broad understanding and see the relationships among its various parts. This book, without diluting the substance, aims to remedy that. The development emphasizes fundamental principles and the molecular viewpoint. It has also been developed from the background and language of molecular liquid theory. The conceptual basis of the theories underlying each topical area is explained with derivations sometimes outlined briefly and sometimes given in detail. Technical terminology is kept to the minimum necessary for a concise coherent presentation. The goal is informed understanding rather than detailed technical proficiency. Theory, experiement and simulation are woven together as appropriate, leaving the reader with a balanced view of the various areas. Much of the material in the book was developed for graduate courses in the subject. Written from a technical but non-specialized perspective, the book can also serve industrial needs, consolidating the understanding of topics having both practical and fundamental significance. It deals mainly with non-polar and weakly polar species and mainly with results derived from experiements on structurally well-defined systems. The object is not to ignore the more complex systems, which are pervasive in both nature and industry.

Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering, Revised and Expanded

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Author: Anil Kumar,Rakesh K. Gupta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911891

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 2834

Exploring the characterization, thermodynamics and structural, mechanical, thermal and transport behavior of polymers as melts, solutions and solids, this text covers essential concepts and breakthroughs in reactor design and polymer production and processing. It contains modern theories, end-of-chapter problems and real-world examples for a clear understanding of polymer function and development. Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering, Second Edition provides a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of polymer science for more advanced study in the field of polymers. Topics include reaction engineering of step-growth polymerization, emulsion polymerization, and polymer diffusion.

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

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Author: Leslie H. Sperling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119103746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 880

View: 1392

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Diffusion in Condensed Matter

Methods, Materials, Models

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Author: Paul Heitjans,Jörg Kärger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540309705

Category: Science

Page: 965

View: 7985

This comprehensive, handbook-style survey of diffusion in condensed matter gives detailed insight into diffusion as the process of particle transport due to stochastic movement. It is understood and presented as a phenomenon of crucial relevance for a large variety of processes and materials. In this book, all aspects of the theoretical fundamentals, experimental techniques, highlights of current developments and results for solids, liquids and interfaces are presented.

Neutron Scattering

Lectures of the JCNS Laboratory Course Held at Forschungszentrum Jülich and the Research Reactor FRM II of TU Munich

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Author: Thomas Brückel

Publisher: Forschungszentrum Jülich

ISBN: 389336725X

Category:

Page: 332

View: 639