The Solemn Sentence of Death

Capital Punishment in Connecticut

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Author: Lawrence B. Goodheart

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 1558498478

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 1441

The first case study of its kind, this book addresses a broad range of questions about the rationale for and application of judicial execution in Connecticut since the seventeenth century. In addition to identifying the 158 people who have been put to death for crimes during the state's history, Lawrence Goodheart analyzes their social status in terms of sex, race, class, religion, and ethnicity. He looks at the circumstances of the crimes, the weapons that were used, and the victims. He reconstructs the history of Connecticut's capital laws, its changing rituals of execution, and the growing debate over the legitimacy of the death penalty itself. Although the focus is on the criminal justice system, the ethical values of New England culture form the larger context. Goodheart shows how a steady diminution in types of capital crimes, including witchcraft and sexual crimes, culminated in an emphasis on proportionate punishment during the Enlightenment and eventually led to a preference for imprisonment for all capital crimes except first-degree murder. Goodheart concludes by considering why Connecticut, despite its many statutory restrictions on capital punishment and lengthy appeals process, has been the only state in New England to have executed anyone since 1960.

The Death of the American Death Penalty

States Still Leading the Way

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Author: Larry Wayne Koch,Colin Wark,John F. Galliher

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1555537812

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 4795

The death penalty has largely disappeared as a national legislative issue and the Supreme Court has mainly bowed out, leaving the states at the cutting edge of abolition politics. This essential guide presents and explains the changing political and cultural challenges to capital punishment at the state level. As with their previous volume, America Without the Death Penalty (Northeastern, 2002), the authors of this completely new volume concentrate on the local and regional relationships between death penalty abolition and numerous empirical factors, such as economic conditions; public sentiment; the roles of social, political, and economic elites; the mass media; and population diversity. They highlight the recent abolition of the practice in New York, New Jersey, New Mexico, and Illinois; the near misses in New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maryland, and Nebraska; the Kansas rollercoaster rides; and the surprising recent decline of the death penalty even in the deep South. Abolition of the death penalty in the United States is a piecemeal process, with one state after another peeling off from the pack until none is left and the tragic institution finally is no more. This book tells you how, and why, that will likely happen.

Legal Violence and the Limits of the Law

Cruel and Unusual

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Author: Amy Swiffen,Joshua Nichols

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317602102

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 6820

What is the meaning of punishment today? Where is the limit that separates it from the cruel and unusual? In legal discourse, the distinction between punishment and vengeance—punishment being the measured use of legally sanctioned violence and vengeance being a use of violence that has no measure—is expressed by the idea of "cruel and unusual punishment." This phrase was originally contained in the English Bill of Rights (1689). But it (and versions of it) has since found its way into numerous constitutions and declarations, including Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the Amendment to the US Constitution. Clearly, in order for the use of violence to be legitimate, it must be subject to limitation. The difficulty is that the determination of this limit should be objective, but it is not, and its application in punitive practice is constituted by a host of extra-legal factors and social and political structures. It is this essential contestability of the limit which distinguishes punishment from violence that this book addresses. And, including contributions from a range of internationally renowned scholars, it offers a plurality of original and important responses to the contemporary question of the relationship between punishment and the limits of law.

The Common Law in Colonial America

Volume IV: Law and the Constitution on the Eve of Independence, 1735-1776

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Author: William E. Nelson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190850485

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9367

The eminent legal historian William E. Nelson's magisterial four-volume The Common Law in Colonial America traces how the many legal orders of Britain's thirteen North American colonies gradually evolved into one American system. Initially established on divergent political, economic, and religious grounds, the various colonial systems slowly converged until it became possible by the 1770s to imagine that all thirteen participated in a common American legal order, which diverged in its details but differed far more substantially from English common law. This fourth and final volume begins where volume three ended. It focuses on the laws of the thirteen colonies in the mid-eighteenth century and on constitutional events leading up to the American Revolution. Nelson first examines procedural and substantive law and looks at important shifts in the law to show how the mid-eighteenth- century colonial legal system in large part functioned effectively in the interests both of Great Britain and of its thirteen colonies. Nelson then turns to constitutional events leading to the Revolution. Here he shows how lawyers deployed ideological arguments not for their own sake, but in order to protect colonial institutional structures and the socio-economic interests of their clients. As lawyers deployed the arguments, they developed them into a constitutional theory that gave primacy to common-law constitutional rights and local self-government. In the process, the lawyers became leaders of the revolutionary movement and a dominant political force in the new United States.

Self-Evident Truths

Contesting Equal Rights from the Revolution to the Civil War

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Author: Richard D. Brown

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019711X

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5847

From a distinguished historian, a detailed and compelling examination of how the early Republic struggled with the idea that "all men are created equal" How did Americans in the generations following the Declaration of Independence translate its lofty ideals into practice? In this broadly synthetic work, distinguished historian Richard Brown shows that despite its founding statement that "all men are created equal," the early Republic struggled with every form of social inequality. While people paid homage to the ideal of equal rights, this ideal came up against entrenched social and political practices and beliefs. Brown illustrates how the ideal was tested in struggles over race and ethnicity, religious freedom, gender and social class, voting rights and citizenship. He shows how high principles fared in criminal trials and divorce cases when minorities, women, and people from different social classes faced judgment. This book offers a much-needed exploration of the ways revolutionary political ideas penetrated popular thinking and everyday practice.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

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Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 5034

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Überwachen und Strafen

die Geburt des Gefängnisses

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Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518387719

Category: Bürgerliche Gesellschaft - Disziplinierung - Geschichte

Page: 396

View: 963

Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats

Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgans Forschungen

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Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3842416288

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 184

View: 4843

Dieses Werk ist Teil der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veröffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Großteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhältlich. Mit der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bücher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Förderung der Kultur. Sie trägt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit geraten.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

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Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 8628

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Constitutional law deskbook

individual rights

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Author: Ralph C. Chandler,Richard A. Enslen,Peter G. Renstrom

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 614

View: 8096

Canterbury-Erzählungen (illustriert)

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Author: Geoffrey Chaucer

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 1635372704

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5173

Die Erzählungen, von denen nicht alle als Original gelten, sind in eine Rahmenhandlung eingebunden, die von einer Pilgergruppe auf ihrem Weg von Southwark, einem Vorort von London, nach Canterbury handelt, wo sie das Grabmal von Thomas Becket in der Kathedrale von Canterbury besichtigen wollen. Der Wirt, Harry, des Tabard Inn schlägt den dreißig Pilgern vor, auf dem Hin- und Rückweg je zwei Geschichten zu erzählen, und verspricht dem besten Erzähler als Preis eine Gratismahlzeit.

Criminal Law

Cases and Materials

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Author: George E. Dix,M. Michael Sharlot

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminal law

Page: 889

View: 6145

Federal code annotated

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Author: United States,Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company,Bobbs-Merrill Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1446

Death Nation

The Experts Explain American Capital Punishment

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Author: Matthew B. Robinson

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131586932

Category: Law

Page: 326

View: 6992

For courses in Capital Punishment, The Death Penalty, Policy Analysis/Policy Evaluation/Public Policy and Social Problems. Based on empirical evidence, Death Nation offers a fair and reasoned analysis of capital punishment as it is actually practiced in the United States. It includes a discussion of death penalty history, an analysis of the death penalty law and a discussion of various policy implications. Rather than present philosophical or moral arguments, it presents findings from a survey administered to dozens of capital punishment experts throughout the United States. Included in the book are fact check sections that analyze these expert opinions for accuracy based on available empirical evidence.