The Sociology of the State

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Author: Bertrand Badie,Pierre Birnbaum

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226035499

Category: Social Science

Page: 171

View: 6248

Too often we think of the modern political state as a universal institution, the inevitable product of History rather than a specific creation of a very particular history. Bertrand Badie and Pierre Birnbaum here persuasively argue that the origin of the state is a social fact, arising out of the peculiar sociohistorical context of Western Europe. Drawing on historical materials and bringing sociological insights to bear on a field long abandoned to jurists and political scientists, the authors lay the foundations for a strikingly original theory of the birth and subsequent diffusion of the state. The book opens with a review of the principal evolutionary theories concerning the origin of the institution proposed by such thinkers as Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Rejecting these views, the authors set forward and defend their thesis that the state was an "invention" rather than a necessary consequence of any other process. Once invented, the state was disseminated outside its Western European birthplace either through imposition or imitation. The study concludes with concrete analyses of the differences in actual state institutions in France, Prussia, Great Britain, the United States, and Switzerland.

On Cultural Freedom

An Exploration of Public Life in Poland and America

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Author: Jeffrey C. Goldfarb

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226301006

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 4059

In this timely study, Jeffrey C. Goldfarb explores the nature and prospects of cultural freedom by examining the conditions that favor or threaten its development in the political East and West. Goldfarb—who examines conditions in the Soviet Union, the United States, and their respective European allies—focuses most closely upon Poland and the United States. He investigates a wide range of concrete cases, including the Polish opposition movement and Solidarity, the migration of artists, the American television and magazine industries, American philanthropy, and communist cultural conveyor belts. From these cases, Goldfarb derives a definitive set of sociological conditions for cultural freedom: critical creativity which resists systematic constraints, continuity of cultural tradition, and a relatively autonomous public realm for the reception of culture. Cultural freedom, Goldfarb shows, is not a static state but a process of achievement. Its parameters and content are determined by social practice in cultural institutions and by their relations with other components and the totality of social structure. So defined, cultural freedom is transformed from an ideological concept into one with real critical and analytical power. Through it we can appreciate the invisible nature of constraint in the West and the unapparent but acting supports of cultural freedom existing in socialist countries. Most importantly, Goldfarb's conclusions provide a framework for understanding more clearly than before the circumstance of cultural freedom in both East and West so that citizens may utilize their full creative abilities as they address the problems of the present day.

Handbook of Religion and Social Institutions

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Author: Helen Rose Ebaugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387237895

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 5979

Handbook for Religion and Social Institutions is written for sociologists who study a variety of sub-disciplines and are interested in recent studies and theoretical approaches that relate religious variables to their particular area of interest. The handbook focuses on several major themes: - Social Institutions such as Politics, Economics, Education, Health and Social Welfare - Family and the Life Cycle - Inequality - Social Control - Culture - Religion as a Social Institution and in a Global Perspective This handbook will be of interest to social scientists including sociologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and other researchers whose study brings them in contact with the study of religion and its impact on social institutions.

The Global refugee problem

U.S. and world response

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Author: Gil Loescher

Publisher: Amer Academy of Political &

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 3042

Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos

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Author: Robert S. Cohen,P.K. Feyerabend,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401014515

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 4153

The death of Imre Lakatos on February 2, 1974 was a personal and philosophical loss to the worldwide circle of his friends, colleagues and students. This volume reflects the range of his interests in mathematics, logic, politics and especially in the history and methodology of the sciences. Indeed, Lakatos was a man in search of rationality in all of its forms. He thought he had found it in the historical development of scientific knowledge, yet he also saw rationality endangered everywhere. To honor Lakatos is to honor his sharp and aggressive criticism as well as his humane warmth and his quick wit. He was a person to love and to struggle with. PAUL K. FEYERABEND ROBERT S. COHEN MARX W. WARTOFSKY TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface VII JOHN WORRALL / Imre Lakatos (1922-1974): Philosopher of Mathematics and Philosopher of Science JOSEPH AGASSI / The Lakatosian Revolution 9 23 D. M. ARMSTRONG / Immediate Perception w. W. BAR TLEY, III/On Imre Lakatos 37 WILLIAM BERKSON / Lakatos One and Lakatos Two: An Appreciation 39 I. B. COHEN / William Whewell and the Concept of Scientific Revolution 55 L. JONATHAN COHEN / How Can One Testimony Corroborate Another? 65 R. S. COHEN / Constraints on Science 79 GENE D'AMOUR/ Research Programs, Rationality, and Ethics 87 YEHUDA ELKANA / Introduction: Culture, Cultural System and Science 99 PA UL K.

Pre-Industrial Societies

Anatomy of the Pre-Modern World

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Author: Patricia Crone

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780746903

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 2009

This book offers a blueprint for a world now lost, focusing on such crucial issues as the role of politics and religion, and how communities developed social hierarchies.

Iranian History and Politics

The Dialectic of State and Society

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Author: Homa Katouzian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134430957

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1943

This book contains the most detailed and comprehensive statement of Homa Katouzian's theory of arbitrary state and society in Iran, and its applications to Iranian history and politics, both modern and traditional. Every chapter is a study of its own specific topics while being firmly a part of the whole argument. The discussions include close comparisons with the history of Europe to demonstrate the diversities of the logic and sociology of Iranian history from their European counterparts. Being the first modern theory of Iranian history, it is highly regarded by Iranian historians and social scientists, especially as it has helped to resolve many of the anomalies resulting from the application of traditional theories.

Health in the City

Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women’s Health in New York City, 1915–1930

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Author: Tanya Hart

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479873063

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2547

Shortly after the dawn of the twentieth century, the New York City Department of Health decided to address what it perceived as the racial nature of health. It delivered heavily racialized care in different neighborhoods throughout the city: syphillis treatment among African Americans, tuberculosis for Italian Americans, and so on. It was a challenging and ambitious program, dangerous for the providers, and troublingly reductive for the patients. Nevertheless, poor and working-class African American, British West Indian, and Southern Italian women all received some of the nation’s best health care during this period. Health in the City challenges traditional ideas of early twentieth-century urban black health care by showing a program that was simultaneously racialized and cutting-edge. It reveals that even the most well-meaning public health programs may inadvertently reinforce perceptions of inferiority that they were created to fix.

Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series

1965: July-December

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Copyright Office, Library of Congress

ISBN: N.A

Category: Copyright

Page: 1302

View: 2655

Includes Part 1, Number 2: Books and Pamphlets, Including Serials and Contributions to Periodicals July - December)

The American Federationist

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Author: Samuel Gompers,John McBride,William Green

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Labor unions

Page: N.A

View: 4649

Includes separately paged "Junior union section."

The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980

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Author: Steve Fraser,Gary Gerstle

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691006079

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 9162

Essays discuss the Depression, the Cold War, the Great Society, and the Silent Majority

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1467

Choice

A Classified Cumulation : Volumes 1-10, March 1964--February 1974

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Author: Richard K. Gardner,Phyllis Grumm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 2952