The Social Structures of the Economy

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745681654

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 4671

Much orthodox economic theory is based on assumptions which are treated as self-evident: supply and demand are regarded as independent entities, the individual is assumed to be a rational agent who knows his interests and how to make decisions corresponding to them, and so on. But one has only to examine an economic transaction closely, as Pierre Bourdieu does here for the buying and selling of houses, to see that these abstract assumptions cannot explain what happens in reality. As Bourdieu shows, the market is constructed by the state, which can decide, for example, whether to promote private housing or collective provision. And the individuals involved in the transaction are immersed in symbolic constructions which constitute, in a strong sense, the value of houses, neighbourhoods and towns. The abstract and illusory nature of the assumptions of orthodox economic theory has been criticised by some economists, but Bourdieu argues that we must go further. Supply, demand, the market and even the buyer and seller are products of a process of social construction, and so-called 'economic' processes can be adequately described only by calling on sociological methods. Instead of seeing the two disciplines in antagonistic terms, it is time to recognize that sociology and economics are in fact part of a single discipline, the object of which is the analysis of social facts, of which economic transactions are in the end merely one aspect. This brilliant study by the most original sociologist of post-war France will be essential reading for students and scholars of sociology, economics, anthropology and related disciplines.

The Social Structures of the Economy

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745625398

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 563

The late Pierre Bourdieu's study challenges the assumptions of orthodox economic theory by showing how the market is effectively constructed by the state. He contends that supply, demand, the market and even the buyer are products of a process of social construction.

The Social Structures of the Economy

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745625401

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 1013

The late Pierre Bourdieu's study challenges the assumptions of orthodox economic theory by showing how the market is effectively constructed by the state. He contends that supply, demand, the market and even the buyer are products of a process of social construction.

Social Structures of Accumulation

The Political Economy of Growth and Crisis

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Author: David M. Kotz,Terrence McDonough

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521459044

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 6883

This book offers an ideal introduction to the social structure of accumulation (SSA) approach to the analysis of capitalist economies and societies. This approach seeks to explain the fortunes of economies in terms of the influence of political and economic institutions, and has proved to be a powerful tool for understanding economic success and failure. Combining newly written essays with classic articles of the SSA school, the book examines the international economy and the economies of Japan, South Africa, and Puerto Rico, as well as the United States.

Structures of Capital

The Social Organization of the Economy

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Author: Sharon Zukin

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521376785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 7965

Although market importance is acknowledged, this work's emerging theme is the need to account for the ways in which multiple forms of social organization -- elite groups, communities & government structures -- influence economic processes.

Contemporary Capitalism and Its Crises

Social Structure of Accumulation Theory for the 21st Century

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Author: Terrence McDonough,Michael Reich,David M. Kotz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521515165

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 3243

This volume analyses contemporary capitalism and its crises based on a theory of capitalist evolution known as the social structure of accumulation (SSA) theory. It applies this theory to explain the severe financial and economic crisis that broke out in 2008 and the kind of changes required to resolve it. The editors and contributors make available new work within this school of thought on such issues as the rise and persistence of the "neoliberal," or "free-market," form of capitalism since 1980 and the growing globalization and financialization of the world economy. The collection includes analyses of the U.S. economy as well as that of several parts of the developing world.

The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure

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Author: Brian Skyrms

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521533928

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 149

View: 9348

Brian Skyrms, author of the successful Evolution of the Social Contract (which won the prestigious Lakatos Award) has written a sequel. The book is a study of ideas of cooperation and collective action. The point of departure is a prototypical story found in Rousseau's A Discourse on Inequality. Rousseau contrasts the pay-off of hunting hare where the risk of non-cooperation is small but the reward is equally small, against the pay-off of hunting the stag where maximum cooperation is required but where the reward is so much greater. Thus, rational agents are pulled in one direction by considerations of risk and in another by considerations of mutual benefit. Written with Skyrms's characteristic clarity and verve, this intriguing book will be eagerly sought out by students and professionals in philosophy, political science, economics, sociology and evolutionary biology.

Social Structure Of Contemporary China

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Author: Lu Xueyi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813238291

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 8234

This book is the third study done by the Research Group on Social Structure Change in Contemporary China, a group affiliated with the Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The group has focused on the process of development and change in contemporary Chinese social structure and come to the following conclusions.Contemporary China is transitioning from a traditional agricultural and rural society to a modern industrialized and urban society; from a highly centralized planned economy to a robust socialist market economic system. The entire society is undertaking an unprecedented evolution. During the three decades of reform and opening up, China has made brilliant achievements, never seen before in history. Now, China is in a critical period of reform and opening up, with very complex, far-reaching and closely intertwined social problems, which are also unprecedented.After deep and detailed analysis the Research Group believes that these problems cannot be resolved only by economic methods. In order to get to the roots of these social problems, China must develop new social policies, strengthen the social structure and carry out social system reform. The core purpose of the book is to recommend theories and methods on social structure to society and readers, and to investigate the development and change in China's social structure. We believe that social structure theory, a brand-new point of view to analyze the current situation, is capable of deciphering the social contradictions in China's development to some extent, as opposed to mere economic theory, which is inadequate to fully address the structural problems in China.

Distinction

A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674212770

Category: Social Science

Page: 613

View: 3171

Examines differences in taste between modern French classes, discusses the relationship between culture and politics, and outlines the strategies of pretension

The State and the Social

State Formation in Botswana and Its Pre-colonial and Colonial Genealogies

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Author: Ørnulf Gulbrandsen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857452975

Category: Political Science

Page: 343

View: 6175

Botswana has been portrayed as a major case of exception in AfricaOCoas an oasis of peace and harmony with an enduring parliamentary democracy, blessed with remarkable diamond-driven economic growth. Whereas the OC failureOCO of other states on the continent is often attributed to the prevalence of indigenous political ideas and structures, the author argues that BotswanaOCOs apparent success is not the result of Western ideas and practices of government having replaced indigenous ideas and structures. Rather, the postcolonial state of Botswana is best understood as a unique, complex formation, one that arose dialectically through the meeting of European ideas and practices with the symbolism and hierarchies of authority, rooted in the cosmologies of indigenous polities, and both have become integral to the formation of a strong state with a stable government. Yet there are destabilizing potentialities in progress due to emerging class conflict between all the poor sections of the population and the privileged modern elites born of the expansion of a beef and diamond-driven political economy, in addition to conflicts between dominant Tswana and vast other ethnic groups. These transformations of the modern state are viewed from the long-term perspectives of precolonial and colonial genealogies and the rise of structures of domination, propelled by changing global forces."

Economics, Ethics and Power

From Behavioural Rules to Global Structures

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Author: Hasse Ekstedt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351984934

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9841

Economic theory in its neoclassical form is sometimes regarded as free from values; it is simply the theory of economic exchange. This can only hold true if we accept the idea of "Homo Economicus" and the equilibrium economy. But in the real world, away from neoclassical models, there is no intrinsic stability as such. Instead, stability is created by the surrounding social, cultural and political structures. Clearly, it is imperative that ethics features in the analysis of these economic and socio-political structures. Drawing on Aristotle, Kant, Hume and others, this book conceptualizes the analysis of ethics and economic and social structures. It first considers the key philosophical underpinnings and categories which frame the discussion of ethics in economic theory and then considers individual ethics, social action, financial structures and war. Throughout, ethics are examined in a multicultural context with structural complexities, and the difficulties in finding a coherent set of ethics which provides social cohesion and an open society are considered. A key part of this is the comparison of two ethical principles which can be adopted by societies: ius soli or loyalty to constitution, and ius sanguinis or loyalty to "Blood and Soil". The latter is argued to lead to problems of Us and the Other. Introducing the possibility of integrating microscopic ethics into socio-political structures and proposing the eventual existence of a global ethics, this volume is a significant contribution to the emerging literature on economics, social structures and ethics. It will be of particular interest to those working in business and public administration and who have an education in socio-economic areas, but it also has a broad appeal to students and academics in the social sciences.

Social Structure and Forms of Consciousness, Volume 1

The Social Determination of Method

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Author: Istvan Meszaros

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583672044

Category: Philosophy

Page: 463

View: 856

This new work (the first in a two-volume series) by the leading Marxian philosopher of our day is a milestone in human self-understanding. It focuses on the location where action emerges from freedom and necessity, thefoundation of all social science. Today, as never before, the investigation of the close relationship between social structure—defined by Marx as "arising from the life-process of definite individuals"—and the various forms of consciousness is particularly important. We can only perceive what is possible by first identifying the historical process that constrains consciousness itself and therefore social action. The relationship between social structure and forms of consciousness discussed in this volume is multifaceted and profoundly dialectical. It requires the presentation of a great wealth of historical material and the assessment of the relevant philosophical literature, from Descartes through Hegel and the Liberal tradition to the present, together with their connections with political economy and political theory. István Mészáros moves beyond both abstract solutions to the surveyed methodological questions and one-sided structuralist evaluation of the important substantive issues, bringing the process of our understanding of social structure and consciousness to a level not previously attained. Above all, in the spirit of the Marxian approach, even the most complicated problems are always analyzed in relation to the major practical concerns of our time. The primary aim of this work is to outline the dialectical intelligibility of historical development toward a viable societal reproductive order. Social Structures and Forms of Consciousness is of the highest importance as both a political and philosophical work, illuminating the place from where we must act, today.

Palestine in the Time of Jesus

Social Structures and Social Conflicts

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Author: Kenneth C. Hanson,Douglas E. Oakman

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451407130

Category: Religion

Page: 231

View: 2758

Hanson and Oakman's award-winning and enormously illuminating volume quickly has become a widely used and cited introduction to the social context of the early Jesus movement. This new printing augments the text with multiple features on an accompanying CD-ROM.

The Social Origins of Islam

Mind, Economy, Discourse

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Author: Mohammed A. Bamyeh

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816632633

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 2603

Explores the genesis of Islam for insight into the nature of ideological transformation.

Sociocultural Systems

Principles of Structure and Change

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Author: Frank L. Elwell

Publisher: Athabasca University Press

ISBN: 1927356202

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 8981

Macrosociology--the study of large-scale social structures andthe fundamental principles of social organization--was the styleof sociology practiced by the founders of the discipline. Today, thesocial theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and HerbertSpencer (among others) are commonly studied as part of the history ofthe field, but, although the macrosociological approach that thesethinkers advocated is still employed, it no longer dominates thediscipline. Instead, sociologists typically adopt a narrower focus,specializing in areas such as social psychology, medicine, religion, orthe study of social stratification. Examining the bigger picture is atask often left to public intellectuals. Sociocultural Systems aims to reinstate macrosciology asthe heart of the discipline by demonstrating that both classical andcontemporary macrosociologists stand upon common ground. Focusing onthe broad issues that concerned the founders, Elwell addressesquestions such as: Historically, what factors accounted for the origin,survival, and evolution of sociocultural systems? Why were somesocieties more technologically advanced than others? What is the originof capitalism? What factors determine the allocation of goods andservices within and among societies? What effects do changes ingovernment and economic institutions have on communities? Elwell argues that, as evolution does for biology, themacrosociological paradigm offers an analytical strategy that can beused both to guide and prioritize research in all of the myriadspecialties within sociology and to lay forth an orderly body ofknowledge for students. Clearly articulating important sociologicalprinciples, Sociocultural Systems provides a criticalunderstanding of social institutions and issues, while also furnishinga framework for possible solutions to the perennial social crises thatare part and parcel of the development of human societies.

Hidden in Plain Sight

The Social Structure of Irrelevance

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Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199366616

Category: Psychology

Page: 199

View: 6748

While examining its neuro-cognitive hardware, psychology usually ignores the socio-cognitive software underlying human attention. Yet although it is nature that equips us with our sense organs, it is nevertheless society that shapes the way we actually use them. The book explores the social underpinnings of attention, the way in which we focus our attention (and thereby notice and ignore things) not just as individuals and as humans but also as social beings, members of particular communities with specific traditions and conventions of attending to certain parts of reality while ignoring others.

Exchange, Action, and Social Structure

Elements of Economic Sociology

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Author: Milan Zafirovski

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313318399

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 281

View: 795

Zafirovski (sociology, U. of North Texas) uses a neo-Weberian approach to explore the sociological categories of economic action in light of the presence and salience of social influences in the economy. The author sees this approach as a useful alternative to the current exchange theory in ration

Japan To 1600

A Social and Economic History

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Author: William Wayne Farris

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824833791

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 3128

Japan to 1600 surveys Japanese historical development from the first evidence of human habitation in the archipelago to the consolidation of political power under the Tokugawa shogunate at the beginning of the seventeenth century. The book focuses on continuity and change in social and economic structures, although it does not ignore the political and cultural. Most chapters begin with an outline of political developments, and cultural phenomena--particularly religious beliefs--are also taken into account. --From publisher's description.

Social Theory and Social Structure

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Author: Robert King Merton

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029211301

Category: Social Science

Page: 702

View: 4555

Examines the interactions between sociological theory and research in various approaches to the study of social structure, evaluating the limitations and functions of each