The Social Structures of the Economy

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745681654

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 7113

Much orthodox economic theory is based on assumptions which are treated as self-evident: supply and demand are regarded as independent entities, the individual is assumed to be a rational agent who knows his interests and how to make decisions corresponding to them, and so on. But one has only to examine an economic transaction closely, as Pierre Bourdieu does here for the buying and selling of houses, to see that these abstract assumptions cannot explain what happens in reality. As Bourdieu shows, the market is constructed by the state, which can decide, for example, whether to promote private housing or collective provision. And the individuals involved in the transaction are immersed in symbolic constructions which constitute, in a strong sense, the value of houses, neighbourhoods and towns. The abstract and illusory nature of the assumptions of orthodox economic theory has been criticised by some economists, but Bourdieu argues that we must go further. Supply, demand, the market and even the buyer and seller are products of a process of social construction, and so-called ‘economic' processes can be adequately described only by calling on sociological methods. Instead of seeing the two disciplines in antagonistic terms, it is time to recognize that sociology and economics are in fact part of a single discipline, the object of which is the analysis of social facts, of which economic transactions are in the end merely one aspect. This brilliant study by the most original sociologist of post-war France will be essential reading for students and scholars of sociology, economics, anthropology and related disciplines.

Social Structures of Accumulation

The Political Economy of Growth and Crisis

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Author: David M. Kotz,Terrence McDonough

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521459044

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 5424

This book offers an ideal introduction to the social structure of accumulation (SSA) approach to the analysis of capitalist economies and societies. This approach seeks to explain the fortunes of economies in terms of the influence of political and economic institutions, and has proved to be a powerful tool for understanding economic success and failure. Combining newly written essays with classic articles of the SSA school, the book examines the international economy and the economies of Japan, South Africa, and Puerto Rico, as well as the United States.

Structures of Capital

The Social Organization of the Economy

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Author: Sharon Zukin

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521376785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 8344

Although market importance is acknowledged, this work's emerging theme is the need to account for the ways in which multiple forms of social organization -- elite groups, communities & government structures -- influence economic processes.

Social Structure and Forms of Consciousness, Volume 1

The Social Determination of Method

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Author: Istvan Meszaros

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583672044

Category: Philosophy

Page: 463

View: 5769

This new work (the first in a two-volume series) by the leading Marxian philosopher of our day is a milestone in human self-understanding. It focuses on the location where action emerges from freedom and necessity, thefoundation of all social science. Today, as never before, the investigation of the close relationship between social structure—defined by Marx as "arising from the life-process of definite individuals"—and the various forms of consciousness is particularly important. We can only perceive what is possible by first identifying the historical process that constrains consciousness itself and therefore social action. The relationship between social structure and forms of consciousness discussed in this volume is multifaceted and profoundly dialectical. It requires the presentation of a great wealth of historical material and the assessment of the relevant philosophical literature, from Descartes through Hegel and the Liberal tradition to the present, together with their connections with political economy and political theory. István Mészáros moves beyond both abstract solutions to the surveyed methodological questions and one-sided structuralist evaluation of the important substantive issues, bringing the process of our understanding of social structure and consciousness to a level not previously attained. Above all, in the spirit of the Marxian approach, even the most complicated problems are always analyzed in relation to the major practical concerns of our time. The primary aim of this work is to outline the dialectical intelligibility of historical development toward a viable societal reproductive order. Social Structures and Forms of Consciousness is of the highest importance as both a political and philosophical work, illuminating the place from where we must act, today.

Transfiguring Capitalism

An Enquiry Into Religion and Global Change

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Author: John Atherton

Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd

ISBN: 0334028310

Category: Religion

Page: 342

View: 5630

Addresses key problems in contemporary life, and raises important questions about our growing awareness of the limits of contemporary ways of living with modern economies and modern religion. This book explores possible alternatives to such capitalism.

Economy and Society

An Outline of Interpretive Sociology

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Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520035003

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1470

View: 5144

Max Weber's Economy and Society is the greatest sociological treatise written in this century. Published posthumously in Germany in the early 1920's, it has become a constitutive part of the modern sociological imagination. Economy and Society was the first strictly empirical comparison of social structures and normative orders in world-historical depth, containing the famous chapters on social action, religion, law, bureaucracy, charisma, the city, and the political community with its dimensions of class, status and power. Economy and Status is Weber's only major treatise for an educated general public. It was meant to be a broad introduction, but in its own way it is the most demanding textbook yet written by a sociologist. The precision of its definitions, the complexity of its typologies and the wealth of its historical content make the work a continuos challenge at several levels of comprehension: for the advanced undergraduate who gropes for his sense of society, for the graduate student who must develop his own analytical skills, and for the scholar who must match wits with Weber. When the long-awaited first complete English edition of Economy and Society was published in 1968, Arthur Stinchcombe wrote in the American Journal of Sociology: "My answer to the question of whether people should still start their sociological intellectual biographies with Economy and Society is yes." Reinhard Bendix noted in the American Sociological Review that the "publication of a compete English edition of Weber's most systematic work [represents] the culmination of a cultural transmission to the American setting...It will be a study-guide and compendium for years to come for all those interested in historical sociology and comparative study." In a lengthy introduction, Guenther Roth traces the intellectual prehistory of Economy and Society, the gradual emergence of its dominant themes and the nature of its internal logic. Mr. Roth is a Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. Mr. Wittich heads an economic research group at the United Nations.

The State and Women in the Economy

Lessons from Sex Discrimination in the Republic of Ireland

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Author: Jean Larson Pyle

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791403792

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 890

This book examines the effect of state policies on women's roles in the economy. At the most concrete level it investigates the relative lack of response of women's labor force activity rates to export-led development in the Republic of Ireland. At a broader level, it provides critical insights into current labor market debates regarding the causes of women's subordination and the efficacy of state policies designed to alleviate them. The book shows how the state, in addition to and interactively with the workplace and household, can maintain gender inequality. In so doing, Pyle demonstrates the usefulness of a revitalized and broader structural approach to feminist analysis.

Exchange, Action, and Social Structure

Elements of Economic Sociology

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Author: Milan Zafirovski

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313318399

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 281

View: 7910

Zafirovski (sociology, U. of North Texas) uses a neo-Weberian approach to explore the sociological categories of economic action in light of the presence and salience of social influences in the economy. The author sees this approach as a useful alternative to the current exchange theory in ration

Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

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Author: Klaus Kraemer,Florian Brugger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658081848

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 2236

Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

Beyond the Market

The Social Foundations of Economic Efficiency

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Author: Jens Beckert

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400825448

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 7548

Beyond the Market launches a sociological investigation into economic efficiency. Prevailing economic theory, which explains efficiency using formalized rational choice models, often simplifies human behavior to the point of distortion. Jens Beckert finds such theory to be particularly weak in explaining such crucial forms of economic behavior as cooperation, innovation, and action under conditions of uncertainty--phenomena he identifies as the proper starting point for a sociology of economic action. Beckert levels an enlightened critique at neoclassical economics, arguing that understanding efficiency requires looking well beyond the market to the social, cultural, political, and cognitive factors that influence the coordination of economic action. Beckert searches social theory for the components of an alternative theory of action, one that accounts for the social embedding of economic behavior. In Durkheim and Parsons he finds especially useful approaches to cooperation; in Luhmann, a way to understand how people act under highly contingent conditions; and in Giddens, an understanding of creative action and innovation. Together, these provide building blocks for a research program that will yield a theoretically sophisticated understanding of how economic processes are coordinated and the ways that markets are embedded in social, cultural, and cognitive structures. Containing one of the most fully informed critiques of the neoclassical analysis of economic efficiency--as well as one of the most thoughtful blueprints for economic sociology--this book reclaims for sociology the study of one of the most important arenas of human action.

Practical Reason

On the Theory of Action

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804733632

Category: Social Science

Page: 153

View: 1892

This work by Pierre Bourdieu develops the anthropological theory which has formed the basis of his scientific research. It discusses the problems posed by "structuralist" philosophers in order to solve or dissolve them.

Distinction

A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674212770

Category: Social Science

Page: 613

View: 332

Examines differences in taste between modern French classes, discusses the relationship between culture and politics, and outlines the strategies of pretension

The Economic Development of Continental Europe 1780-1870

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Author: Alan Milward,S. B. Saul

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136625887

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 552

View: 4988

Upon its initial publication in 1973 this was the first textbook to present a unified view and comprehensive treatment of the economic development of Europe from a continental rather than a British perspective. At the same time, it is more than mere textbook: it is an interpretive analysis of a wide range of research on the subject in many countries which explores the objective validity of earlier theories and provides an ideal starting point for further research into economic development and European history. The work deals mainly with Western Europe, but in principally studying both France and Germany up to 1870 the authors by no means neglect the smaller countries. Indeed, the work is unusual in dealing fully with the Scandinavian countries and others, such as Switzerland and Belgium. This is a reissue of the fully revised and corrected second edition of the work, first published in 1979.

Social Structures of Direct Democracy

On the Political Economy of Equality

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Author: John Asimakopoulos

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900426275X

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 4295

In Social Structures of Direct Democracy John Asimakopoulos develops a political economy of structural equality making strong empirical arguments for radical transformation toward direct democracy by filling positions of political and economic authority with randomly selected citizens.

The Future of Revolutions

Rethinking Radical Change in the Age of Globalization

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Author: John Foran

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842770337

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 2321

The 20th Century was an age of revolutions that transformed the nature of politics and social arrangements. This text analyses past and present, and examine a range of cases, from the backward-looking movement of the Taliban in Afghanistan to the magical revolution in progress in Chiapas, Mexico.

Social Stratification in Chinese Societies

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Author: Kwok B. Chan,Chan Kwok-Bun,Agnes S. M. Ku,Chu Yin-Wah

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900418192X

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4402

The annual is a venue of publication for sociological studies of Chinese societies and the Chinese all over the world. The main focus is on social transformations in Hong Kong, Taiwan, the mainland, Singapore and Chinese overseas.

Reconstructing the Lifelong Learner

Pedagogy and Identity in Individual, Organisational and Social Change

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Author: Clive Chappell

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415263474

Category: Education

Page: 196

View: 1596

How is adult learning used to produce personal, organisational and social change? This interesting examination of adult learning for change illustrates through diverse case studies and theoretical perspectives that personal change is inextricably linked to broader organisational and social change. The authors explore how theorising education as a vehicle for self-change is relevant to the practices of educators, learning specialists and others concerned with promoting learning for change. The book examines the relationship between pedagogy, identity and change, and illustrates this through a range of case studies focusing on the following: * Self-help books * Work-based learning * Corporate culture training * AIDS education * Gender education * Sex offender education. A concluding chapter discusses how writing an academic text is itself a pedagogical practice contributing to the identities of authors. This unique text will be of interest to students of education, sociology, cultural studies and change management as well as teachers, educators and professionals involved in lifelong learning or change management in any way.