Social Ecology of Crime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803637

Category: Social Science

Page: 20

View: 9939

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Social Ecology of Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James Byrne,Robert J. Sampson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461386087

Category: Psychology

Page: 221

View: 6670

Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Marc Cools,Sofie De Kimpe,Brice De Ruyver

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602176

Category: Law

Page: 261

View: 2526

In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series - Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) - is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime - Volume 1 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers - includes the following: Drugs and Crime: Are They Hand in Glove? A Review of Literature * The Study of Public Expenditure on Drugs: A Useful Evaluation Tool for Policy * Corporations as a Blind Spot in Research: Explanations for a Criminological Tunnel Vision * The Nominal Group Technique: A Participative Research Technique Holding Great Potential for Criminology * Analytical Criminology: A Style of Theorizing and Analyzing the Micro-Macro Context of Acts of Crime * The Geography of Social Cohesion and Crime at the Municipality Level * Disentangling Neighbourhood and School Contextual Variation in Serious Offending: Assessing the Effect of Ecological Disadvantage * Itinerant Crime Groups: Mobility Attributed to Anchor Points? * Patterns of Drug Use Before, During and After Detention: A Review of Epidemiological Literature.

Social, Ecological and Environmental Theories of Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: JefferyT. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351548387

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 7696

One of the oldest and most extensive forms of criminology falls within what is referred to, among other names, as social ecology. Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early 1900s, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood research attempting to deal with crime in deteriorating cities. Social ecology is also the basis for the research being conducted in environmental criminology. This volume offers a selection of the most influential works in social ecology and environmental criminology. It begins with research from human ecology and the Chicago School, extending through some of the research in social disorganization theory. It encompasses some of the major journal articles from the 1980s and 1990s in neighborhoods and crime, and then addresses some of the quintessential works in environmental criminology. It ends with groundbreaking work in this area that may indicate the future direction of the field. This valuable collection includes an excellent introduction by Jeff Walker.

Technocrime and Criminological Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kevin F. Steinmetz,Matt R. Nobles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1498745598

Category: Law

Page: 166

View: 5914

Cybercrime, computer crime, Internet crime, and technosecurity have been of increasing concern to citizens, corporations, and governments since their emergence in the 1980s. Addressing both the conventional and radical theories underlying this emerging criminological trend, including feminist theory, social learning theory, and postmodernism, this text paves the way for those who seek to tackle the most pertinent areas in technocrime. Technocrime and Criminological Theory challenges readers to confront the conflicts, gaps, and questions faced by both scholars and practitioners in the field. This book serves as an ideal primer for scholars beginning to study technocrime or as a companion for graduate level courses in technocrime or deviance studies.

Environmental Criminology

Evolution, Theory, and Practice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin A. Andresen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135006237

Category:

Page: 274

View: 9283

The field of environmental criminology is a staple theoretical framework in contemporary criminological theory. With this book, Martin Andresen presents the first comprehensive and sole-authored textbook on this influential and compelling school of criminological thought. He covers a wide range of topics, including: the origins of environmental criminology; the primary theoretical frameworks, such as routine activity theory, geometric theory of crime, rational choice theory, and the pattern theory of crime; the practical application of environmental criminology; an examination of how theories are operationalized and tested; policy implications for the practice of crime prevention. As well as these "popular topics", Andresen also discusses also a number of topics that are at the leading edge of research within environmental criminology. This text will be ideal for courses on crime prevention, where students are often encouraged to consider policy problems and apply theory to practice. This book offers up environmental criminology as a theoretical framework for making sense of complex neighbourhood problems, meaning that it will be perfect for modules on geography of crime, crime analysis and indeed, environmental criminology. It would also be a good supplement for courses on criminological theory.

African American Criminological Thought

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Helen Taylor Greene,Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791491994

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 3497

Examines African American contributions, both historical and contemporary, to criminological thought.

Classics in Environmental Criminology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin A. Andresen,Paul J. Brantingham,J. Bryan Kinney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439817790

Category: Law

Page: 551

View: 4688

A careful analysis of environmental factors is key to understanding the causes of crime, to solving crimes, and eventually helping to predict and prevent them. Classics in Environmental Criminology is a comprehensive collection of seminal pieces from legendary contributors who focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the occurrence of a crime. Defines the field Divided into three parts, the book begins by highlighting the development of environmental criminology as a discipline through its origins in spatial criminology. It examines social disorganization theory, which explains criminal activity with reference to the characteristics of the community that delinquents live in. It then discusses the ecology of crime with reference to macroenvironments and microenvironments. The next section introduces concepts such as routine activity theory, the geometric theory of crime, the rational choice theory of offending, and crime pattern theory. Offers perspectives on prevention The last part focuses on the concept of crime prevention, examines the idea of altering the environment in order to prevent crime, and discusses situational crime factors and efforts to reduce the opportunities for crimes to be committed. It considers the impact of routine activities on crime prevention initiatives and advocates a flexible approach to crime prevention based on the dynamic nature of our environment. The book concludes with a chapter outlining how environmental criminology has evolved in recent years and provides a future outlook on where it may be headed. Invaluable as a textbook and as a professional reference, this volume is a comprehensive survey of a critical field in contemporary criminological theory. Offering insight assembled by top academic figures within the criminology community, this work is destined to provoke further inquiry and research.

A Political Ecology of Youth and Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: A. France,D. Bottrell,D. Armstrong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291486

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 5826

This book explores young people's 'nested' and 'political' ecological relationships with crime through an empirical investigation of the important 'places' and 'spaces' in young people's lives; in their social relationships with peers and family members; and within formal institutional systems such as education, youth justice and social care.

Contemporary Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice

Essays in Honor of Gilbert Geis

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Gilbert Geis,David Shichor

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130875853

Category: True Crime

Page: 418

View: 3986

Assembled in honor of the preeminent criminologist and scholar, Gilbert Geis, on the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday, this volume features original, interesting, cutting-edge essays written by internationally known contributors in such areas as white collar crime, punishment and social control, public policy issues, comparative criminology, law, victimology, and policing. Features writing, for example, by Braithwaite, Vaughn, Short, Farrington, Levi, Pontell, Calavita, Meier, Simpson, Huff, Cullen on a broad array of topics in THEORY AND METHOD IN CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH; WHITE-COLLAR CRIME AND CORPORATE CRIME; SOCIAL CONTROL; INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES; And Various FORMS OF CRIME. For scholars, students, and practitioners of criminal justice.

Crime and its Social Context

Toward an Integrated Theory of Offenders, Victims, and Situations

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Terance D. Miethe,Robert Frank Meier

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791419014

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 7700

Theories of criminality and theories of victimization have traditionally been discussed as though they bore no relationship to one another. Yet, a complete explanation for crime must examine both the decision to engage in crime by an offender and the everyday actions of ordinary citizens that increase vulnerability to criminals. The integration of these approaches yields testable models that have greater predictive power than could be obtained by looking only at models of offenders or models of victim behavior. A more general perspective that accounts for both the decision to engage in crime and the selection of particular crime targets is developed and tested.

Empirische Polizeiforschung

Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven in einem sich entwickelnden Forschungsfeld

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Karlhans Liebl,Thomas Ohlemacher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3862268772

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 6334

Als empirische Polizeiforschung kann jede im weitesten Sinne sozialwissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema Polizei gelten, die basierend auf der Methodologie und Methodik empirischer Sozialforschung theoretisch inspiriert und methodisch kontrolliert Daten erhebt, analysiert und/oder interpretiert. Dieser Band dokumentiert die Beiträge einer Tagung aus dem Herbst 1999 an der Fachhochschule für Polizei Sachsen in Rothenburg. In ihm finden sich aktuelle Beiträge der empirischen Polizeiforschung zu den Themenbereichen Polizeikultur, Konstruktionen von Kriminalität, Polizei und Bevölkerung sowie innovative Projekte. Eine besondere Stärke dieses Bandes liegt in der Zusammenführung unterschiedlicher interdisziplinärer Perspektiven und verschiedener methodischer Zugänge, so daß er für Sozialwissenschaftler und Psychologen, aber auch für Polizeipraktiker von Interesse sein dürfte. Mit Beiträgen von: Rafael Behr, Manfred Bornewasser, Rainer Dollase, Gisbert van Elsbergen, Kai Freitag, Kurt H.G. Groll, Bettina Lander, Jörg Hüttermann, Werner K. Kunisch, Martina Kant, Karlhans Liebel, Thomas Ohlemacher, Karl-Heinz Reuband, Jürgen Stock, Hans Schneider, Willi Stadler. Die Herausgeber: Prof. Dr. Karlhans Liebl ist Professor für Kriminologie an der Fachhochschule für Polizei Sachsen (Rothenburg). PD Dr. Thomas Ohlemacher ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Kriminologischen Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen (Hannover) und Privatdozent am Institut für Soziologie der Universität Hamburg.

Criminological Theories

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James F. Anderson,Professor Department of Surgery Center for Healthcare Studies Institute for Public Health and Medicine Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University Chicago Illinois Julie K Johnson,Helen Haskell,Paul Barach

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449681883

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 5872

Designed for undergraduate criminology and criminological theory courses, Criminological Theories: Understanding Crime in America, Second Edition explores crime, crime theory, and various forms of criminal behavior within the United States. It focuses exclusively on theory, avoiding superfluous discussion of the criminal justice system. Students will come away from the text with plausible explanations of crime causation, a greater appreciation of criminological theory, and the ability to think critically about the social reality of crime. Current and highly relevant, the text includes coverage of new developments in the field of criminology, including cultural, integrative, life-course, and green criminological theories.

Women Criminals

An Encyclopedia of People and Issues

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Vickie Jensen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313337136

Category: Law

Page: 752

View: 4779

This unique, two-volume study examines female crime and the women who commit it.

Contemporary Issues in Criminological Theory and Research

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard Rosenfeld,Kenna Quinet,Crystal A. Garcia

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111771812

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 6825

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE THEORY, 1/e is an outstanding anthology of social institution-focused essays ideal for stimulating discussions and debates in the classroom. This collection features all 26 proposals and response essays presented at the American Society of Criminology's 2010 annual meeting, on the major social institutions family, education, religion, the economy, and the political system and features a lead paper and commentaries on the paper written by subject experts. The book's concise format makes it an invaluable resource for those wanting to incorporate current research and critical thinking into their criminology and criminal justice curricula. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Ecology of Aggression

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Arnold P. Goldstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461525381

Category: Psychology

Page: 196

View: 7642

Adopting a unique situation-oriented perspective, this book studies the occurence and control of aggression on the micro-, meso-, and macro-levels of physical and social ecologies. The wide ranging viewpoint clarifies important aspects of all forms of aggression to provide psychologists, sociologists, and criminologists with a powerful aid for treatment and intervention techniques.

Parole, Desistance from Crime, and Community Integration

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Community Supervision and Desistance from Crime

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309179584

Category: Law

Page: 114

View: 903

Every day, about 1,600 people are released from prisons in the United States. Of these 600,000 new releasees every year, about 480,000 are subject to parole or some other kind of postrelease supervision. Prison releasees represent a challenge, both to themselves and to the communities to which they return. Will the releasees see parole as an opportunity to be reintegrated into society, with jobs and homes and supportive families and friends? Or will they commit new crimes or violate the terms of their parole contracts? If so, will they be returned to prison or placed under more stringent community supervision? Will the communities to which they return see them as people to be reintegrated or people to be avoided? And, the institution of parole itself is challenged with three different functions: to facilitate reintegration for parolees who are ready for rehabilitation; to deter crime; and to apprehend those parolees who commit new crimes and return them to prison. In recent decades, policy makers, researchers, and program administrators have focused almost exclusively on "recidivism," which is essentially the failure of releasees to refrain from crime or stay out of prison. In contrast, for this study the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) of the U.S. Department of Justice asked the National Research Council to focus on "desistance," which broadly covers continued absence of criminal activity and requires reintegration into society. Specifically, the committee was asked (1) to consider the current state of parole practices, new and emerging models of community supervision, and what is necessary for successful reentry and (2) to provide a research agenda on the effects of community supervision on desistance from criminal activity, adherence to conditions of parole, and successful reentry into the community. To carry out its charge, the committee organized and held a workshop focused on traditional and new models of community supervision, the empirical underpinnings of such models, and the infrastructure necessary to support successful reentry. Parole, Desistance from Crime, and Community Integration also reviews the literature on desistance from crime, community supervision, and the evaluation research on selected types of intervention.

International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Henry N. Pontell,Gilbert L. Geis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387341118

Category: Social Science

Page: 702

View: 6722

Insider trading. Savings and loan scandals. Enron. Corporate crimes were once thought of as victimless offenses, but now—with billions of dollars and an increasingly global economy at stake—this is understood to be far from the truth. The International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime explores the complex interplay of factors involved when corporate cultures normalize lawbreaking, and when organizational behavior is pushed to unethical (and sometimes inhumane) limits. Featuring original contributions from a panel of experts representing North America, Asia, Europe, and Australia, this timely volume presents multidisciplinary views on recent corporate wrongdoing affecting economic and social conditions worldwide. Criminal liability and intent Stock market and financial crime Bribery and extortion Computer and identity fraud Health care fraud Crime in the professions Industrial pollution Political corruption War crimes and genocide Contributors offer case studies, historical and sociopolitical analyses, theoretical and legal perspectives, and comparative studies, featuring examples as varied as NASA, Parmalat, the Italian government, and Watergate. Criminal justice responses to these phenomena, the role of the media in exposing or minimizing them, prevention, regulation, and self- policing strategies, and larger global issues emerging from economic crime are also featured. Richly diverse in its coverage, The International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime is stimulating reading for students, academics, and professionals in a wide range of fields, from criminology and criminal justice to business and economics, psychology to social policy to ethics. This powerful information is certain to change many of our deeply held views on criminal behavior.

Crime Prevention

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Mackey,Kristine Levan

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449615937

Category: Law

Page: 440

View: 310

Crime Prevention text is written for courses within a criminal justice or sociology curriculum. Co-Editor and author, David Mackey begins by emphasizing the importance of crime prevention as it relates to financial and social costs and introduces students to the theoretical models of crime prevention. The subsequent order of the chapters parallels the medical model of crime prevention moving from primary crime prevention, secondary crime prevention, and tertiary crime prevention efforts. Traditional areas of crime prevention are reflected in the chapters on family/schools, guns, policing, sentencing, and correctional programs, and additional chapters cover emerging areas now considered critical to crime prevention, such as technology, surveillance, and specific efforts to protect more vulnerable populations. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.