The Social Construction of Swedish Neutrality: Challenges to Swedish Identity and Sovereignty

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Author: Christine Agius

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781847791993

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 516

Since the end of the Cold War, and particularly in the post-9/11 international environment, neutrality has been conceptualised as a problematic subject. With the end of bipolarity, neutrality as a foreign and security policy lost much of its justification, and in the ongoing 'War on Terror', no state, according to the Bush Administration, can be neutral. However, much of this debate has gone unnoticed in IR literature. This book, newly available in paperback, examines the conceptualisation of neutrality from the Peloponnesian War to the present day, uncovering how neutrality has been a neglected and misunderstood subject in IR theory and politics. By rethinking neutrality through constructivism, this book argues that neutrality is intrinsically linked to identity. Using Sweden as a case study, it links identity, sovereignty, internationalism and solidarity to the debates about Swedish neutrality today and how neutrality has been central to Swedish identity and its world-view.

Building a Peace Economy?

Liberal Peacebuilding and the Development-Security Industry

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Author: Jenny Peterson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719087309

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 7066

"Offers a new framework of understanding both the problem of economic activity in conflict zones, and the programmes aimed at managing them."--Page 4 of cover.

Justifying Violence

Communicative Ethics and the Use of Force in Kosovo

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Author: Naomi Head

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719083079

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 3484

This title offers a deep engagement with developments at the intersection of Habermasian communicative ethics and international relations.

The Kosovo Report

Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199243082

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 5797

The war in Kosovo was a turning point: NATO deployed its armed forces in war for the first time, and placed the controversial doctrine of "humanitarian intervention" squarely in the world's eye. It was an armed intervention for the purpose of implementing Security Council resolutions - but without Security Council authorization. This report tries to answer a number of burning questions, such as why the international community was unable to act earlier and prevent the escalation of the conflict, as well as focusing on the capacity of the United Nations to act as global peacekeeper. The Commission recommends a new status for Kosovo, "conditional independence," with the goal of lasting peace and security for Kosovo - and for the Balkan region in general. But many of the conclusions may be beneficially applied to conflicts the world-over.

Policing The New World Disorder

Peace Operations And Public Security

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Author: Robert B. Oakley,Michael J. Dziedzic,Eliot M. Goldberg

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788181149

Category: Political Science

Page: 573

View: 7798

In the post-Cold War era anarchic conditions within sovereign states have repeatedly posed serious and intractable challenges to the international order. Nations have been called upon to conduct peace operations in response to dysfunctional or disintegrating states (such as Somalia, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia). Among the more vigorous therapies for this kind of disorder is revitalizing local public security institutions --the police, judiciary, and penal system. This volume presents insights into the process of restoring public security gleaned from a wide range of practitioners and academic specialists.

Islands of Identity

History-Writing and Identity Formation in Five Island Regions in the Baltic Sea

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Author: Samuel Edquist,Janne Holmen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789186069988

Category:

Page: 420

View: 4981

Islands of Identity: History-writing and identity formation in five island regions in the Baltic Sea Gotland, Aland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Bornholm are five island regions in the Baltic Sea which constitute, or have until recently constituted, provinces or counties of their own. Combining perspectives from two disparate academic fields, uses of history and island studies, this book investigates how regional history writing has contributed to the formation of regional identity on these islands since the year 1800. The special geographic situation of the islands-somewhat secluded from the mainland but also connected to important waterways-has provided their inhabitants with shared historical experiences. Due to varying geographic and historical circumstances, the relationship between regional and national identity is however different on each island. While regional history writing has in most cases aimed at integrating the island into the nation state, it has on Aland in the second half of the 20th century been used to portray its inhabitants as a separate nation. Dramatic political upheavals as the World Wars has also caused shifts in how regional history writing has represented the relationship to the mainland nation state, and has sometimes also resulted in altered national loyalties.

Supranational Citizenship

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Author: Lynn Dobson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 071906953X

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1178

Can we conceptualize a kind of citizenship that need not be of a nation-state, but might be of a variety of political frameworks? Bringing together political theory with debates about European integration, international relations, and the changing nature of citizenship, this book, available at last in paperback, offers a coherent and innovative theorization of a citizenship independent of any specific form of political organization. It relates that conception of citizenship to topical issues of the European Union: democracy and legitimate authority; non-national political community; and the nature of the supranational constitution. The author argues that citizenship should no longer be seen as a status of privileged membership, but instead as an institutional role enabling individuals' capacities to shape the context of their lives and promote the freedom and well-being of others. In doing so, she draws on and develops ideas found in the work of the philosopher Alan Gewirth.

Imagining Law:

Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam

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Author: Dale Stephens,Paul Babie

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 192526131X

Category: Law

Page: 332

View: 9346

By any measure, Judith Gardam has accomplished much in her professional life and is rightly acknowledged by scholars throughout the world as an expert in her many fields of diverse interest — including international law, energy law and feminist theory. This book celebrates her academic life and work with twelve essays from leading scholars in Gardam’s fields of expertise.

Wage Setting, Social Pacts and the Euro

A New Role for the State

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Author: Anke Hassel

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053569197

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 8345

Politicians, economists, and social theorists tend to agree that globalization and neo-liberal economic policy have contributed to the decline of the social compacts underlying traditional European welfare states. Recently, however, social pacts have demonstrated an impressive resurgence, as governments across Europe facing necessary economic policy adjustments have chosen to view trade unions as vital negotiating partners rather than adversaries. Wage Setting, Social Pacts, and the Euro offers a theoretical understanding of the forces that have led to this new understanding, and of the challenges that increasing monetary integration will continue to pose.

Nothing about Us Without Us

Disability Oppression and Empowerment

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Author: James I. Charlton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520224810

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 3794

"A study of the global oppression of people with disabilities and the international movement that has recently emerged to resist it ... A theoretical overview of disability oppression that shows its similarities to, and differences from, racism, sexism, and colonialism."--Jacket.

Future War in Cities

Rethinking a Liberal Dilemma

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Author: Alice Hills

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714656021

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 924

This book is the first full-length study of a key security issue confronting the west in the twenty-first century, urban military operations - as currently being undertaken by US and UK forces in Iraq. It relates military operations in cities to the wider study of conflict and security in an era of urbanisation, expeditionary warfare and new power conflicts; its central process is urban operations, but its context is the changing security environment, whose features are revealed in conflicts within cities. Within a framework analysing conventional operations, the author identifies the contextual factors that affect operations in urban environments. She advances an explanation as to why questions of theoretical understanding and policy response are as important as tactical concerns, and why cities will represent a politically significant area in the future. In doing so, Alice Hills demonstrates that urban operations present a unique set of political and moral challenges to both policy-makers and military commanders. Future War in Cities offers a rethinking of the liberal dilemma associated with the use of force across the spectrum of conflict, from terrorist attacks to major conventional operations.

Soldiers and Civil Power

Supporting Or Substituting Civil Authorities in Modern Peace Operations

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Author: Thijs Brocades Zaalberg

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053567925

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8211

Since the Cold War, peace operations have become the core focus of many Western armed forces. In these operations, the division between civil and military responsibilities often rapidly blurs. Among policy makers and in military circles, a debate has erupted regarding the scope of the military in stabilizing and reconstructing war torn societies. Should soldiers, who primarily prepare for combat duties, observe a strict segregation between the "military sphere" and the "civilian sphere" or become involved in "nation building"? Should soldiers be allowed to venture into the murky arena of public security, civil administration, humanitarian relief, and political and social reconstruction? In Soldiers and Civil Power, Thijs Brocades Zaalberg draws on military records and in-depth interviews with key players to examine international operations in the 1990's in Cambodia, Somalia, Bosnia, and Kosovo. Focusing his historical analysis on the experiences of various battalions in the field, he reveals large gaps between this tactical level of operations, political-strategic decision making and military doctrine. By comparing peace operations to examples of counterinsurgency operations in the colonial era and military governance in World War II, he exposes the controversial, but inescapable role of the Western military in supporting and even substituting civil authorities during military interventions. At a time when US forces and its allies struggle to restore order in Iraq and Afghanistan, Brocades Zaalberg’s in-depth study is an invaluable resource not only for military historians, but anyone interested in the evolving global mission of armed forces in the twenty-first century.

Civil Resistance in Kosovo

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Author: Howard Clark

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745315690

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 4256

Lively account of how people power has shaped British history -- from Peterloo to the Poll tax and beyond.

International Real Estate Handbook

Acquisition, Ownership and Sale of Real Estate Residence, Tax and Inheritance Law

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Author: Christian H. Kälin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470021225

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 770

View: 2140

This book presents a comprehensive reference for real estate investors everywhere. Covering the unique real-estate situations in seventeen key countries, including the United States and Europe, it offers a unique international overview of the real estate market.

Confronting the Yugoslav Controversies

A Scholars' Initiative

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Author: Charles W. Ingrao,Thomas A. Emmert

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536171

Category: History

Page: 479

View: 3979

It has been two decades since Yugoslavia fell apart. The brutal conflicts that followed its dissolution are over, but the legacy of the tragedy continues to unsettle the region. Reconciliation is a long and difficult process that necessitates a willingness to work together openly and objectively in confronting the past. Over the past ten years the Scholars" Initiative has assembled an international consortium of historians, social scientists, and jurists to examine the salient controversies that still divide the peoples of former Yugoslavia. The findings of its eleven research teams represent a direct assault on the proprietary narratives and interpretations that nationalist politicians and media have impressed on mass culture in each of the successor states. Given gaps in the historical record and the existence of sometimes contradictory evidence, this volume does not pretend to resolve all of the outstanding issues. Nevertheless, this second edition incorporates new evidence and major developments that have taken place in the region since the first edition went to press. At the heart of this project has always been the insistence of the authors that they would continue to reconsider their analyses and conclusions based on credible new evidence. Thus, in this second edition, the work of the Scholars' Initiative continues. The broadly conceived synthesis will assist scholars, public officials, and the people they represent both in acknowledging inconvenient facts and in discrediting widely held myths that inform popular attitudes and the electoral success of nationalist politicians who profit from them. Rather than rely on special pleading and appeals to patriotism that have no place in scholarship, the volume vests its credibility in the scientific credentials of its investigators, the transparent impartiality of its methodology, and an absolute commitment to soliciting and examining evidence presented by all sides.

The Politics of Englishness

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Author: Arthur Aughey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1847796052

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2196

The politics of Englishness provides a digest of the debates about England and Englishness and a unique perspective on those debates. Not only does the book provide readers with ready access to and interpretation of the significant literature on the English Question, it also enables them to make sense of the political, historical and cultural factors which constitute that question. The book addresses the condition of England in three interrelated parts. The first looks at traditional narratives of the English polity and reads them as variations of a legend of political Englishness, of England as the exemplary exception, exceptional in its constitutional tradition and exemplary in its political stability. The second considers how the decay of that legend has encouraged anxieties about English political identity and about how English identity can be recognised within the new complexity of British governance. The third revisits these narratives and anxieties, examining them in terms of actual and metaphorical 'locations' of Englishness: the regional, the European and the British.

Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration

Normative Shadows in Plato’s Cave

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Author: Panos Merkouris

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004230432

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 4860

In Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the Principle of Systemic Integration the author offers a detailed analysis of and innovative solutions to all the problems relating to Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and its application by international courts when interpreting treaty provisions.