The Sedated Society

The Causes and Harms of our Psychiatric Drug Epidemic

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Author: James Davies

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319449117

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 6203

This edited volume provides an answer to a rising public health concern: what drives the over prescription of psychiatric medication epidemic? Over 15% of the UK public takes a psychiatric medication on any given day, and the numbers are only set to increase. Placing this figure alongside the emerging clinical and scientific data revealing their poor outcomes and the harms these medications often cause, their commercial success cannot be explained by their therapeutic efficacy.Chapters from an interdisciplinary team of global experts in critical psychopharmacology rigorously examine how pharmaceutical sponsorship and marketing, diagnostic inflation, the manipulation and burying of negative clinical trials, lax medication regulation, and neoliberal public health policies have all been implicated in ever-rising psycho-pharmaceutical consumption. This volume will ignite a long-overdue public debate. It will be of interest to professionals in the field of mental health and researchers ranging from sociology of health, to medical anthropology and the political economy of health.

Essentials of Mental Health Nursing

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Author: Karen Wright,Mick McKeown

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526418207

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 5845

This groundbreaking textbook provides Mental Health nursing students with the essential knowledge needed to deliver truly person-centred and compassionate care. It also adopts the latest approaches to mental health care by focusing on positive recovery and exploring both the bio-medical and psycho-social approaches.

Madness, Art, and Society

Beyond Illness

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Author: Anna Harpin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351371045

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 226

View: 1637

How is madness experienced, treated, and represented? How might art think around – and beyond – psychiatric definitions of illness and wellbeing? Madness, Art, and Society engages with artistic practices from theatre and live art to graphic fiction, charting a multiplicity of ways of thinking critically with, rather than about, non-normative psychological experience. It is organised into two parts: ‘Structures: psychiatrists, institutions, treatments’, illuminates the environments, figures and primary models of psychiatric care, reconsidering their history and contemporary manifestations through case studies including David Edgar’s Mary Barnes and Milos Forman’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. ‘Experiences: realities, bodies, moods’, promblematises diagnostic categories and proposes more radically open models of thinking in relation to experiences of madness, touching upon works such as Richard Kelly’s Donnie Darko and Duncan Macmillan’s People, Places, and Things. Reading its case studies as a counter-discourse to orthodox psychiatry, Madness, Art, and Society seeks a more nuanced understanding of the plurality of madness in society, and in so doing, offers an outstanding resource for students and scholars alike.

Taming the Beast Within

Shredding the Stereotypes of Personality Disorder

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Author: Peter Tyrer

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1847094767

Category: Psychology

Page: 156

View: 2456

Foreword by Stephen Fry Controversy and confusion surround personality disorder (PD). Long dismissed as impossible to treat, PD has become a catch-all for various conditions, abounding with negative stereotypes and incorrect information. Now, revised and simpler classifications devised for the World Health Organization (WHO) should make diagnosis and treatment more straightforward. This book, by Professor Peter Tyrer, chair of the advisory body for the WHO, presents new ways of looking at personality. Taming the Beast Within explores the strengths as well as the difficulties of personality, so that all can come to an informed and tolerant understanding of PD. Topics include: what personality is ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’ personalities how mental illness differs from personality disorder politics and personality the roots of disturbance types of disorder, including borderline personality disorder helping yourself and others nidotherapy and other approaches drug treatments Professor Peter Tyrer says, ‘I hope this book will help people with PD, their families and friends, and everyone involved in managing this very common condition. Using our personality strengths, and accepting that some difficulties with others may be self-generated, are the key to understanding. The title of this book can then be changed – no longer a beast within, just a pussy cat!’

Mental Health in Crisis

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Author: Joel Vos,Ron Roberts,James Davies

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526492601

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 7306

Western countries face the biggest national mental health crisis in their history. Never have so many individuals needed mental health care – with almost one in two individuals now reporting severe psychological problems during their life time. Despite this pressing need, however, the mental health care systems in many countries are confronting grave financial threats along with long waiting lists and insufficient care. This book brings together empirical research to argue that 10 key socio-political, economic and medical crises have lead to this crisis in mental health care. In the final chapter the authors begin to look to alternatives that could help resolve this crisis.

Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal

A Guide for Prescribers, Therapists, Patients and their Families

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Author: Peter R. Breggin, MD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610844X

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 9049

This is the first book to establish guidelines and to assist prescribers and therapists in withdrawing their patients from psychiatric drugs, including those patients with long-term exposure to antipsychotic drugs, benzodiazepines, stimulants, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers. It describes a method developed by the author throughout years of clinical experience, consultations with experienced colleagues, and scientific research. Based on a person-centered collaborative approach, with patients as partners, this method builds on a cooperative and empathic team effort involving prescribers, therapists, patients, and their families or support network. The author, known for such books as Talking Back to Prozac, Toxic Psychiatry, and Medication Madness, is a lifelong reformer and scientist in mental health whose work has brought about significant change in psychiatric practice. This book provides critical information about when to consider psychiatric drug reduction or withdrawal, and how to accomplish it as safely, expeditiously, and comfortably as possible. It offers the theoretical framework underlying this approach along with extensive scientific information, practical advice, and illustrative case studies that will assist practitioners in multiple ways, including in how to: Recognize common and sometimes overlooked adverse drug effects that may require withdrawal Treat emergencies during drug therapy and during withdrawal Determine the first drugs to withdraw during multi-drug therapy Distinguish between withdrawal reactions, newly occurring emotional problems, and recurrence of premedication issues Estimate the length of withdrawal

Sleep Disorders Medicine E-Book

Basic Science, Technical Considerations, and Clinical Aspects

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Author: Sudhansu Chokroverty

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070203908X

Category: Medical

Page: 750

View: 2506

Dr. Sudhansu Chokroverty—a world-recognized expert in sleep medicine—presents the third edition of Sleep Disorders Medicine for the latest developments in this rapidly expanding specialty, with coverage of neuroscience and clinical application. In addition to summarizing basic science and important technological aspects of diagnosis and treatment, this edition presents new chapters—on sleep and memory consolidation, neuroimaging, and more—in a color layout that makes it easy to access the latest advances in the field. The text’s manageable size and logical, multi-disciplinary approach make it the right choice for newcomers and experienced clinicians alike. Covers all aspects of sleep medicine in a practical, logical format divided into three sections: the basic science of sleep physiology, neuroanatomy, and biochemistry; the technical methods of recording; and a clinical approach to patients with sleep complaints. Represents the breadth of knowledge across disciplines through the contributions of 50 prominent names in the field of sleep medicine. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders with coverage of related fields such as pulmonology, otolaryngology, and psychiatry. Includes a Glossary of Terms adapted from the American Sleep Disorders Association for quick reference to the sleep terminology used throughout the text. Demonstrates how recent basic science advances affect clinical medicine through new chapters on Sleep Deprivation and Sleepiness; Sleep and Memory Consolidation; Neuroimaging in Sleep and Sleep Disorders; Nutrition and Sleep; Nature and Treatment of Insomnia; Evolution of Sleep from Birth through Adolescence; Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children and Women’s Sleep. Improves on the clarity and consistency of the text with a new, completely redrawn art program, including full-color illustrations in the clinical section that enhances diagnostic material.

Der totale Rausch

Drogen im Dritten Reich

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Author: Norman Ohler

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 346231517X

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 6813

Drogen im Dritten Reich – »dieses Buch ändert das Gesamtbild« (Hans Mommsen) Über Drogen im Dritten Reich ist bislang wenig bekannt. Norman Ohler geht den Tätern von damals buchstäblich unter die Haut und schaut direkt in ihre Blutbahnen hinein. Arisch rein ging es darin nicht zu, sondern chemisch deutsch – und ziemlich toxisch. Wo die Ideologie für Fanatismus und »Endsieg« nicht mehr ausreichte, wurde hemmungslos nachgeholfen, während man offiziell eine strikte Politik der »Rauschgiftbekämpfung« betrieb. Als Deutschland 1940 Frankreich überfiel, standen die Soldaten der Wehrmacht unter 35 Millionen Dosierungen Pervitin. Das Präparat – heute als Crystal Meth bekannt – war damals in jeder Apotheke erhältlich, machte den Blitzkrieg erst möglich und wurde zur Volksdroge im NS-Staat. Auch der vermeintliche Abstinenzler Hitler griff gerne zur pharmakologischen Stimulanz: Als er im Winter 1944 seine letzte Offensive befehligte, kannte er längst keine nüchternen Tage mehr. Schier pausenlos erhielt er von seinem Leibarzt Theo Morell verschiedenste Dopingmittel, dubiose Hormonpräparate und auch harte Drogen gespritzt. Nur so konnte der Diktator seinen Wahn bis zum Schluss aufrechterhalten. Ohler hat bislang gesperrte Materialien ausgewertet, mit Zeitzeugen, Militärhistorikern und Medizinern gesprochen. Entstanden ist ein erschütterndes, faktengenaues Buch. Der totale Rausch wurde von dem bedeutenden Historiker Hans Mommsen begleitet, der das Nachwort beisteuert. Sein Fazit: »Dieses Buch ändert das Gesamtbild.«

Pharmacology for the Primary Care Provider - E-Book

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Author: Marilyn Winterton Edmunds,Maren Stewart Mayhew

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323087914

Category: Medical

Page: 880

View: 1544

Written by and for nurse practitioners, and also suitable for physician’s assistants, Pharmacology for the Primary Care Provider, 4th Edition focuses on what you need to know to safely and effectively prescribe drugs for primary care. An emphasis on patient teaching helps you gain patient adherence to prescribed drug regimens, and guidelines for health promotion help in maintaining and improving your patients’ health. Now in full color, this edition expands the book's emphasis on the QSEN priorities of safety and evidence-based practice, and adds coverage of new drugs, new drug classes, and new therapeutic drug uses. Written by leading nurse practitioner authorities Marilyn Winterton Edmunds and Maren Stewart Mayhew, Pharmacology for the Primary Care Provider teaches principles of pharmacotherapeutics using today’s most commonly used drugs. A Key Drugs focus highlights the most commonly used and most representative drugs of each major drug class — with particular emphasis on the top 100 most commonly prescribed drugs. Emphasis on patient teaching helps you communicate with patients and family caregivers to promote adherence to the drug regimen. Emphasis on health promotion describes how to help patients stay well and improve their health, including coverage of immunizations and biologicals, vitamins, weight management, and smoking cessation. Evidence-Based Decision-Making and Treatment Guidelines chapter (11) provides practical guidelines for using the best current research evidence to make decisions about the care of individual patients. Extensive coverage of drug therapy for special populations such as geriatric and pediatric patients includes considerations related to age, pregnancy, race, and other factors. UNIQUE! Coverage of prescriptive practice includes topics such as prescriptive authority, role implementation, and the role of nurses (NPs, CNMs, CRNAs, and CNSs) and physician assistants in writing prescriptions. NEW! Full-color design and illustrations highlight the most important content. DRUG UPDATES reflect the latest FDA-approved drugs, drug classes, and therapeutic uses. Expanded emphasis on the QSEN priorities of safety and evidence-based practice helps you eliminate drug prescribing errors with color-highlighted Safety Alerts! and NEW Clinical Practice Alerts! NEW section on male hormone replacement therapies adds coverage of men to that for women. Updated evidence-based prescribing information reflects the latest national clinical practice guidelines and evidence-based treatment guidelines, including the latest clinical treatment guidelines for diabetes. NEW! Complementary and Alternative Products tables highlight interactions with drugs, and are emphasized with a distinctive icon. Updated Drug Overview tables are enhanced with color as well as Top 100 icons that highlight the most commonly prescribed drugs.

The Chronic Psychiatric Patient in the Community

Principles of Treatment

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Author: R.D. Budson,I. Barofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401163081

Category: Medical

Page: 570

View: 9073

The purpose of this book is to present an integrated approach to the treatment of the chronic psychiatric patient living in the com munity. This requires that topics as diverse as pharmacokinetics, psychotherapy and community organization be appropriately coor dinated. Such an approach is partly complicated by the wide range of differences among patients, in terms of social skills, intellectual capacity and psychiatric diagnosis. In addition, unclear, insular or overlapping roles of various mental health disciplines further con found integrated treatment efforts. Given such complexity, any single clinician's point of view is sub ject to the distortion inherent in specialization. Too often a volume in the field of mental health focuses either on only one aspect or presents only one clinician's unique perspective of a task that is, in fact, multifaceted. We have tried to avoid this pitfall by having representatives from many of the concerned professions present a variety of treatment approaches and associated issues in one text. Further, the editors have attempted to illuminate the relevant clinical and/or administrative interrelationship between the subjects of each section through a succinct introductory commentary. The book is divided into five sections. The first section represents an attempt to address some of the interactive sociological, psycho logical and pharmacological background issues common to all at tempts at treatment of this population.

Primary Care Sports Medicine: Updates and Advances, An Issue of Clinics in Sports Medicine - E-Book

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Author: Dilaawar J. Mistry,John M. MacKnight

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455712159

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 9817

In this issue of Clinics in Sports Medicine, guest editors Dilaawar Mistry and John MacKnight have developed a team of experts to review updates and advances in Primary Care Sports Medicine, focusing on those areas that are recently and/or rapidly changing in the sports medicine world. Topics in this issue include common infectious conditions, pulmonary disorders, cardiac screening – pros and cons, pharmacy, neuropsychiatric considerations, recent advances in the management of eating disorders and female athlete triad, iron and nutritional issues, sickle cell, the international athlete, and Attention Deficit Disorder in athletes.

Clinical Review of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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Author: Shahrokh C. Bagheri,Chris Jo

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323171273

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 5527

With cases reflecting the classic presentation format of each disease process, this book prepares students for patient encounters during their oral and maxillofacial surgery rotations. It also helps residents learn and review "high yield" material that is commonly found in oral and maxillofacial training and on board examinations. It highlights clinical information that is commonly asked during rounds, in the operating room, and during examinations. For each case, it includes an overview of the most common clinical presentation, physical exam findings, diagnostic tools, complications, treatment, and a discussion of any controversial issues that may surround the case. The authors describe Clinical Review of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery as "A little reach for the dental student, right on target for the OMS resident, and a strong refresher for OMS board certification." This title includes additional digital media when purchased in print format. For this digital book edition, media content is not included. Case-based format prepares students and residents to pass the OMSSAT, with the Table of Contents corresponding to the exam's categories and questions. 95 clinical cases focus on essential information regarding each disease process. Detailed illustrations -- including radiographs and clinical photographs or drawings -- provide a visual guide to conditions, techniques, diagnoses, and key concepts. Contributing authors include recent graduates or senior residents in oral and maxillofacial surgery, so they are fully cognizant of students' and residents' needs as they prepare for cases, exams, and surgical procedures. Complements other Elsevier books such as Peterson: Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Fonseca: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and Ward Booth: Maxillofacial Surgery.

Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology, Adult Disorders

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Author: Michel Hersen,Peter Sturmey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118144759

Category: Psychology

Page: 768

View: 546

Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology, Volume 2 covers the evidence-based practices now identified for treating adults with a wide range of DSM disorders. Topics include fundamental issues, adult cognitive disorders, substance-related disorders, psychotic, mood, and anxiety disorders, and sexual disorders. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of the evidence-based practice literature for each disorder and then covers several different treatment types for clinical implementation. Edited by the renowned Peter Sturmey and Michel Hersen and featuring contributions from experts in the field, this reference is ideal for academics, researchers, and libraries.

Psychiatry E-Book

An Illustrated Colour Text

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Author: Lesley Stevens,Ian Rodin

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048429

Category: Medical

Page: 124

View: 423

* 2011 Winner - BMA Book Awards - Student Textbook - Psychiatry * This innovative resource provides a highly visual introduction to the basic principles and practice of psychiatry. Each topic is covered in a single two-page unit to make reference and study uncommonly easy and effective. Abundant full-colour line diagrams, clinical photographs, and MRI images demonstrate essential concepts at a glance. Concise, double page spread permits rapid review of essential information Wide range of colour clinical photographs, MRI scans and artwork schematics Provides practical advice regarding patient care Covers modern pharmacological treatment of psychiatric disorders Contains useful 'key point' boxes to highlight essential information Expanded section on recent advances in psychopharmacology, particularly in the treatment of psychosis Covers the new Mental Health Act and Mental Capacity Act Discusses the increasing role of psychotherapy in psychiatric disturbance Provides a useful summary of the DSM-IV classification alongside that of the ICD-10 to enable fast comparison between the two classification systems Summarises recent changes in NICE guidelines Includes a new section on eponymous psychiatric disorders e.g. de Clérambault's and Cotard’s syndromes.

Psychiatric Diagnosis and Management in Primary Care, An Issue of Medical Clinics,

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Author: Genevieve Pagalilauan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323323324

Category: Medical

Page: 321

View: 9745

This issue of the Medical Clinics of North America is devoted to Psychiatric Diagnosis and Management in Primary Care and is edited by Dr. Genevieve Pagalilauan. Articles in this issue include: Psychopharmacology; Office-based Screening of Common Psychiatric Conditions; Depression; Anxiety Disorders; Bipolar Disorder; Borderline Personality Disorder; Grief Reaction, Adjustment Disorder, Seasonal Affective Disorder; Somatiform Disorders; Addiction Disorders; Sleep disorders; Geriatric Psychiatry; Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adults; and Medical Conditions with Neuropsychiatric Manifestations.

Psychopharmaka absetzen

erfolgreiches Absetzen von Neuroleptika, Antidepressiva, Phasenprophylaktika, Ritalin und Tranquilizern

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Author: Karl Bach Jensen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783925931277

Category:

Page: 370

View: 6390

Der Sinn des Wahnsinns - Psychische Störungen verstehen

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Author: Neel Burton

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827427746

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 5181

Was es heißt, verrückt zu sein Die Zahl psychischer Erkrankungen nimmt vor allem in den Industrieländern stetig zu. Auch in Deutschland leiden immer mehr Menschen etwa an Depressionen oder Angststörungen. Psychische Störungen können uns alle betreffen: Sie sind in der Mitte der Gesellschaft angekommen, auch wenn ihr Wesen und ihre Ursachen nach wie vor Rätsel aufgeben. Das Buch von Neel Burton beschreibt und erläutert die wichtigsten dieser Störungen und rückt sie zugleich in ein neues Licht: Könnte der „Wahnsinn“ einen tieferen Sinn für uns Menschen haben? Der Sinn des Wahnsinns will auch eine Debatte über psychische Störungen anstoßen. Das Buch soll das Interesse an der Thematik wecken und den Leser dazu anregen, über jene geheimnisvolle Seite der Seele nachzudenken. Fragen gibt es genug: Was ist beispielsweise Schizophrenie? Warum ist sie so verbreitet? Warum tritt sie nur bei Menschen auf und nicht bei Tieren? Was kann uns dies über Körper und Seele sagen, über Sprache und Kreativität, über Musik und Religion? Welche Behandlungsmöglichkeiten gibt es bei Depression? Wie können Menschen lernen, mit Angst umzugehen? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen psychisch „krank“ und psychisch „normal“? Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen psychischen Störungen und Genialität? Und sind wir alle ein wenig „verrückt“? Einfühlsam und mit zahlreichen Bezügen zu Literatur, Kunst und Philosophie widmet sich Burton den Grundelementen der Persönlichkeit, der Schizophrenie und dem „Preis des Menschseins“, der Depression und dem „Fluch des Starken“, der manisch-depressiven Erkrankung, der Angst und ihrem Zusammenhang mit Freiheit und Tod sowie dem Suizid. Dabei geht er der Frage nach, was uns psychische Störungen über das Wesen des Menschen und über die Bedingungen des menschlichen Daseins verraten können. „Eine fesselnde Lektüre für alle, die einmal einen Blick in die Welt der psychischen Störungen werfen wollen.“ Professor Robert Howard, Vorsitzender des Royal College of Psychiatrists in London

Core Psychiatry E-Book

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Author: Padraig Wright,Julian Stern,Michael Phelan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048585

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 5511

A new edition of a highly successful, award winning textbook for trainee psychiatrists, covering in one volume all the subjects required for the new MRCPsych and similar exams. Written in a highly engaging manner, it will also prove invaluable to qualified psychiatrists who need to keep up-to-date with the latest developments, as well as clinical psychologists, general practitioners, psychiatric nurses and senior medical students Concise yet comprehensive, Core Psychiatry relfects the latest developments in the curriculum plus all that is new and essential in clinical practice and the sciences that underpin it. It includes new information on the new Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act as well as enhanced sections on psychopharmacology, old age psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry and rehabilitation. The book also makes refernce to the latest NICE guidelines and includes new sections on sleep medicine and trauma psychiatry. New edition of a popular MRCPsych curriculum based text Previous edition ‘Highly Commended’ (Mental Health category) in the BMA Awards 2005 Contains useful summary boxes, lists and key points to make last minute learning easy Comprehensive and authoritative resource written by contributors to ensure complete accuracy and currency of specialist information Chapters prepared by specialists working in conjunction with trainees – content totally up-to-date and jointly written by authors who have recently been in the exam situation Contains the latest findings in sleep medicine and trauma psychiatry Expanded section on psychology – including social psychology – to reflect the latest MRCPych examination format Text updated in full to reflect the new Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act Relevant chapters now contain a ‘skills and competency’ section to reflect changes in MRCPsych curriculum Updating and amendments to improve coverage of old age psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry and rehabilitation Contains reference to the latest NICE guidelines in boxes and tables Enhanced discussion of the use of the best current management options, both pharmacological and psychotherapeutic, the latter including CBT, DBT, EMDR and psychodynamic group, couple and family therapy.