The Search for Ability

Standardized Testing in Social Perspective

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Goslin

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446356

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 6385

A significant and eye-opening examination of the current state of the testing movement in the United States, where more than 150 million standardized intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests are administered annually by schools, colleges, business and industrial firms, government agencies, and the military services. Despite widespread acceptance of these ability tests, there is surprisingly little systematic information about their use or effect. This book examines, raises questions about, and points the way to needed research on ability testing. It considers the possible social, legal, and emotional impact on society, the groups and organizations that make use of the tests, and the individuals who are directly affected by the results.

The Search for Ability

Standardized Testing in Social Perspective

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Goslin

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9780871543578

Category: Psychology

Page: 204

View: 1951

A significant and eye-opening examination of the current state of the testing movement in the United States, where more than 150 million standardized intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests are administered annually by schools, colleges, business and industrial firms, government agencies, and the military services. Despite widespread acceptance of these ability tests, there is surprisingly little systematic information about their use or effect. This book examines, raises questions about, and points the way to needed research on ability testing. It considers the possible social, legal, and emotional impact on society, the groups and organizations that make use of the tests, and the individuals who are directly affected by the results.

Ability to pay

a search for definitions and standards in factfinding and arbitration

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Timothy Williams,University of Oregon. Labor Education and Research Center

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 83

View: 5735

The Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Jeffrey Sternberg,Robert J. Sternberg,Elena L. Grigorenko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521007764

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 7169

The goal of this book is to characterize the nature of abilities, competencies, and expertise, and to understand the relations among them. While some psychologists see these sets of skills as rather distinct, others view them on a continuum with abilities developing into competencies and competencies developing into expertise. This book seeks to integrate into a coherent discipline what formerly have been, to a large extent, three separate disciplines by articulating the interrelationships between abilities, competencies, and expertise. The various chapters present theories, data, and concrete ways people can develop their own abilities into competencies and competencies into expertise.

Ability Testing: Report of the Committee

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alexandra K. Wigdor,Wendell R. Garner

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ability

Page: 242

View: 6104

This document describes the theory and practice of testing; illuminates competing interests in a balanced fashion; and helps those who make decisions with tests or about testing to reach better-informed judgments. Part 1, the report of the Committee, presents a wide-ranging discussion of testing issues. The text has been kept largely free of the critical apparatus of scholarly literature. Chapters 1 through 3 provide an overview of the controversies surrounding testing, an introduction to the concepts, methods, and terminology of ability testing, a brief history of testing in the United States, and a discussion of the proliferation of legal requirements that have come to surround the use of tests. Chapters 4 through 6 describe test use for employment selection and educational purposes, point out common types of misuse, and make recommendations about how tests might be better used to preserve the integrity of the technology while at the same time responding to legitimate social, institutional, and individual goals. Chapter 7 takes a look at the limitations of standardized tests and then attempts to establish a sense of proportion by placing the controversy over testing within the context of the larger social currents that influence the course of national life. (Author/GK)

Engaging Minds

Motivation and Learning in America's Schools

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Goslin

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810847132

Category: Education

Page: 201

View: 2073

Provides a framework for thinking about what can be done to increase student engagement in learning.

The Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Jeffrey Sternberg,Robert J. Sternberg,Elena L. Grigorenko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521007764

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 1673

The goal of this book is to characterize the nature of abilities, competencies, and expertise, and to understand the relations among them. While some psychologists see these sets of skills as rather distinct, others view them on a continuum with abilities developing into competencies and competencies developing into expertise. This book seeks to integrate into a coherent discipline what formerly have been, to a large extent, three separate disciplines by articulating the interrelationships between abilities, competencies, and expertise. The various chapters present theories, data, and concrete ways people can develop their own abilities into competencies and competencies into expertise.

The Little Book of Talent

52 Tips for Improving Your Skills

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Daniel Coyle

Publisher: Bantam

ISBN: 034553669X

Category: Self-Help

Page: 160

View: 3382

A manual for building a faster brain and a better you! The Little Book of Talent is an easy-to-use handbook of scientifically proven, field-tested methods to improve skills—your skills, your kids’ skills, your organization’s skills—in sports, music, art, math, and business. The product of five years of reporting from the world’s greatest talent hotbeds and interviews with successful master coaches, it distills the daunting complexity of skill development into 52 clear, concise directives. Whether you’re age 10 or 100, whether you’re on the sports field or the stage, in the classroom or the corner office, this is an essential guide for anyone who ever asked, “How do I get better?” Praise for The Little Book of Talent “The Little Book of Talent should be given to every graduate at commencement, every new parent in a delivery room, every executive on the first day of work. It is a guidebook—beautiful in its simplicity and backed by hard science—for nurturing excellence.”—Charles Duhigg, bestselling author of The Power of Habit “It’s so juvenile to throw around hyperbolic terms such as ‘life-changing,’ but there’s no other way to describe The Little Book of Talent. I was avidly trying new things within the first half hour of reading it and haven’t stopped since. Brilliant. And yes: life-changing.”—Tom Peters, co-author of In Search of Excellence

Intelligence

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Nathan Brody

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780121342517

Category: Education

Page: 395

View: 8525

This is the Second Edition of Nathan Brody's popular book Intelligence, originally published in 1976. It presents a comprehensive review of contemporary research in this field, including coverage of such controversial topics as the genetic and environmental influences on IQ and individual and group differences in intelligence. The book also discusses both the psychometric and cognitive approaches to intelligence as well as new theories in the field. Key Features * Discusses both the psychometric and cognitive approaches to intelligence * Provides a comprehensive review of contemporary research in this realm * Covers new theories of intelligence

Intelligence

The Psychometric View

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul Kline

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134964811

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 3401

Paul Kline's latest book provides a readable modern account of the psychometric view of intelligence. It explains factor analysis and the construction of intelligence tests, and shows how the resulting factors provide a picture of human abilities. Written to be clear and concise it none the less provides a rigorous account of the psychometric view of intelligence.

The Price of Altruism: George Price and the Search for the Origins of Kindness

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oren Harman

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393339998

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 451

View: 3248

Describes the intellectual journey of eccentric American genius George Price, who tried to answer the evolutionary riddle of why people are nice, and eventually gave away all his belongings and took his own life in a squatter's flat.

The Myth of Ability

Nurturing Mathematical Talent in Every Child

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Mighton

Publisher: House of Anansi

ISBN: 0887848672

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 5461

A student in a remedial class who couldn't count by twos is now in an academic program a year ahead of her grade level. An entire Grade 3 class, including so-called slow learners, scores over 90% on a Grade 6-7 math test. These are just two of mathematician John Mighton's many success stories since he started JUMP (Junior Undiscovered Math Prodigies), a not-for-profit organization providing free math tutoring for elementary-level students from low income homes. In The Myth of Ability John Mighton tells JUMP's fascinating story and explains its teaching method with lots of simple examples.

The Search

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Nora Roberts

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101188705

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 7340

A canine Search and Rescue volunteer fights danger and finds love in the Pacific Northwest wilderness in this riveting #1 New York Times bestseller from Nora Roberts. To most people, Fiona Bristow seems to have an idyllic life—a quaint house on an island off Seattle’s coast, a thriving dog-training school and a challenging volunteer job performing Canine Search and Rescue. But Fiona got to this point by surviving a nightmare: an encounter with the Red Scarf Killer, who shot and killed Fiona’s cop fiancé and his K-9 partner. On Orcas Island, Fiona has found the peace and solitude necessary to rebuild her life with her three loyal Labs. But all that changes on the day intensely private wood artist Simon Doyle barrels up her drive with an out-of-control puppy, desperate for her help. As Fiona embarks on training Jaws, and Simon begins to appreciate both dog and trainer, the past tears back into Fiona’s life. A copycat killer has emerged out of the shadows, a man whose bloodlust has been channeled by a master with one motive: to reclaim the woman who slipped out of his hands... From the Paperback edition.

The Effects of Standardized Testing

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: T. Kelleghan,George F. Madaus,P.W. Airasian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400973861

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 5473

When George Bernard Shaw wrote his play, Pygmalion, he could hardly have foreseen the use of the concept of the self-fulfilling prophecy in debates about standardized testing in schools. Still less could he have foreseen that the validity of the concept would be examined many years later in Irish schools. While the primary purpose of the experimental study reported in this book was not to investigate the Pygmalion effect, it is inconceivable that a study of the effects of standardized testing, conceived in the 1960s and planned and executed in the 1970s, would not have been influenced by thinking about teachers' expectations and the influence of test information on the formation of those expectations. While our study did pay special attention to teacher expectations, its scope was much wider. It was planned and carried out in a much broader framework, one in which we set out to examine the impact of a standardized testing program, not just on teachers, but also on school practices, students, and students' parents.

Test Policy and Test Performance: Education, Language, and Culture

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Bernard R. Gifford

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940092500X

Category: Education

Page: 306

View: 3299

Bernard R. Gifford In the United States, the standardized test has become one of the major sources of information for reducing uncertainty in the determination of individual merit and in the allocation of merit-based educational, training, and employment opportunities. Most major institutions of higher education require applicants to supplement their records of academic achievements with scores on standardized tests. Similarly, in the workplace, as a condition of employment or assignment to training programs, more and more employers are requiring prospective employees to sit for standardized tests. In short, with increasing frequency and intensity, individual members of the political economy are required to transmit to the opportunity marketplace scores on standardized examinations that purport to be objective measures of their abilities, talents, and potential. In many instances, these test scores are the only signals about their skills that job applicants are permitted to send to prospective employers. THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TESTING AND PUBLIC POLICY In view of the importance of these issues to our current national agenda, it was proposed that the Human Rights and Governance and the Education and Culture Programs of the Ford Foundation support the establishment of a ''blue ribbon" National Commission on Testing and Public Policy to investigate some of the major problems, as well as the untapped opportunities, created by recent trends in the use of standardized tests, particularly in the workplace and in schools.

Global Communications Since 1844

Geopolitics and Technology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter J. Hugill

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801860744

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 1359

In World Trade since 1431, Peter Hugill showed how the interplay of technology and geography guided the evolution of the modern global capitalistic system. Now, in the successor to that widely acclaimed book, Hugill shifts the focus to telecommunications, once again demonstrating that those nations that best developed and marketed new technologies were the nations that rose to world power. Beginning with the advent of the telegraph in the 1840s, Hugill shows how each major change in transportation and communications technologies brought about a corresponding transformation from one world economy to another. British advances in international telegraphy after the American Civil War, for example, kept that nation just ahead of the United States in the communications race, a position it held until 1945. Hugill explains how such developments as aerial bombardment of cities in World War I spurred the development of radio and, ultimately, radar. He also traces the steps that led to the British surrender of world hegemony to the United States at the end of World War II.

Teachers and Testing

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Goslin

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446348

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 8243

Discusses the uses and abuses of intelligence testing in our educational systems. Dr. Goslin examines teachers' opinions and practices with regard to tests and finds considerable discrepancies between attitude and behavior. He points to the need for formulation of school policies that clearly specify what role teachers are to play in the measurement process. Dr. Goslin makes several policy recommendations, stressing the idea that the measuring process must take into account many aspects of a child's background and characteristics, and must guard against premature labeling or over-categorization.