The Science Game

An Introduction to Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

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Author: Neil McK. Agnew,Sandra W. Pyke

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 500

View: 3469

Using quirky and sometimes irreverent examples to provide an overview of social science methodology, this new edition of the popular text has been substantially revised to include an in-depth consideration of current hot topics in the constantly evolving field of scientific research, including the trend away from 'hard' (quantitative) research to 'soft' (qualitative) research, advances in computerized analysis of statistical data, and the increasing focus on the cultural context of research. ·Part One explores the strengths and limitations of common sense methods of solving puzzles and demonstrates how the scientific method significantly improves our ability to check the reliability and validity of theories. ·Part Two introduces the reader to two pre-scientific methods of problem solving: the after-the fact and the before-and- after methods. After noting the strengths and limitations of these pre-scientific methods, the authors explain how the control-group procedure, the classic example of the scientific method, helps overcome the major limitations of the after-the-fact and before-and-after methods. ·Part Three explores how scientists measure the internal and external validity of research results. ·Part Four examines the methods scientists use to assess subjective information through qualitative research methods: questionnaires, interviews and attitudes and personality scales. Naturalistic observations and archival research extend the reach of social sciences into areas that more controlled research methods cannot go. ·Part Five sets out the basic rules for tying numbers to objects and events, how numbers can be used to summarize and describe large amounts of information, and how mathematics helps us to bridge the gap between the known and the unknown. ·Part Six charts an explosion of ethical challenges as science pushes its way into every nook and cranny of our lives. Chapter Fourteen focuses on how scientists may communicate their scientific news clearly and effectively. ·Part Seven engages in a wide-ranging discussion of the history of science and explore how gender influences scientific research.

The Policy Analyst's Handbook: Rational Problem Solving in a Political World

Rational Problem Solving in a Political World

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Author: Lewis G. Irwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317455509

Category: Education

Page: 136

View: 6444

This rigorous but very accessible guide to the main concepts and techniques of policy analysis is intended for students and in-service professionals who want to become more efficient and effective in their work. The book equips readers with a structured and disciplined step-by-step approach to decision making, defining issues and applying the powerful techniques of policy analysis - always in the context of uncertainty and limited discretion. Each chapter concludes with notes and a list of supplementary sources for further reading.

Basic Concepts in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

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Author: Johann Mouton,H. C. Marais

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796906489

Category: Humanities

Page: 276

View: 4794

This book consists of three major sections. In the first, which includes chapters 1 to 7, the basic concepts of the methodology of the social social sciences are discussed. In the second, chapters 8 and 9, the most important concepts of part one are integrated in discussions on the writing of research proposals and research reports. The third section (appendices) consists of three "case studies" in which the most important methodological principles which were discussed in the preceding sections are illustrated.

An Introduction to Linear Programming and Game Theory

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Author: Paul R. Thie,Gerard E. Keough

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165454

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 7258

Praise for the Second Edition: "This is quite a well-done book: very tightly organized,better-than-average exposition, and numerous examples,illustrations, and applications." —Mathematical Reviews of the American MathematicalSociety An Introduction to Linear Programming and Game Theory, ThirdEdition presents a rigorous, yet accessible, introduction tothe theoretical concepts and computational techniques of linearprogramming and game theory. Now with more extensive modelingexercises and detailed integer programming examples, this bookuniquely illustrates how mathematics can be used in real-worldapplications in the social, life, and managerial sciences,providing readers with the opportunity to develop and apply theiranalytical abilities when solving realistic problems. This Third Edition addresses various new topics and improvementsin the field of mathematical programming, and it also presents twosoftware programs, LP Assistant and the Solver add-in for MicrosoftOffice Excel, for solving linear programming problems. LPAssistant, developed by coauthor Gerard Keough, allows readers toperform the basic steps of the algorithms provided in the book andis freely available via the book's related Web site. The use of thesensitivity analysis report and integer programming algorithm fromthe Solver add-in for Microsoft Office Excel is introduced soreaders can solve the book's linear and integer programmingproblems. A detailed appendix contains instructions for the use ofboth applications. Additional features of the Third Edition include: A discussion of sensitivity analysis for the two-variableproblem, along with new examples demonstrating integer programming,non-linear programming, and make vs. buy models Revised proofs and a discussion on the relevance and solution ofthe dual problem A section on developing an example in Data EnvelopmentAnalysis An outline of the proof of John Nash's theorem on the existenceof equilibrium strategy pairs for non-cooperative, non-zero-sumgames Providing a complete mathematical development of all presentedconcepts and examples, Introduction to Linear Programming andGame Theory, Third Edition is an ideal text for linearprogramming and mathematical modeling courses at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as avaluable reference for professionals who use game theory inbusiness, economics, and management science.

Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods

An Investigative Approach

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Author: Mark Balnaves,Peter Caputi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848608640

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5444

Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods is a student-friendly introduction to quantitative research methods and basic statistics. It uses a detective theme throughout the text and in multimedia courseware to show how quantitative methods have been used to solve real-life problems. The book focuses on principles and techniques that are appropriate to introductory level courses in media, psychology and sociology. Examples and illustrations are drawn from historical and contemporary research in the social sciences. The multimedia courseware provides tutorial work on sampling, basic statistics, and techniques for seeking information from databases and other sources. The statistics modules can be used as either part of a detective games or directly in teaching and learning. Brief video lessons in SPSS, using real datasets, are also a feature of the CD-ROM. Why would you choose Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods - It is theoretical, providing a concise overview of issues of quantitative research. - It is practical, providing case studies that exemplify the different ways of research is conducted in the social sciences (ranging from psychology to sociology, politics and media). - It is educational, providing practical vignettes, and chapter highlights for revision. - It is integrative, producing a typology of different ways of conducting quantitative research methods. - It is international, providing case studies from a range of countries. - It is innovative, providing multimedia tutorials on generic research and statistical skills. - It is clear, concise and accessible.

How Students Learn

History, Mathematics, and Science in the Classroom

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on How People Learn, A Targeted Report for Teachers

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309133033

Category: Education

Page: 632

View: 3473

How do you get a fourth-grader excited about history? How do you even begin to persuade high school students that mathematical functions are relevant to their everyday lives? In this volume, practical questions that confront every classroom teacher are addressed using the latest exciting research on cognition, teaching, and learning. How Students Learn: History, Mathematics, and Science in the Classroom builds on the discoveries detailed in the bestselling How People Learn. Now, these findings are presented in a way that teachers can use immediately, to revitalize their work in the classroom for even greater effectiveness. Organized for utility, the book explores how the principles of learning can be applied in teaching history, science, and math topics at three levels: elementary, middle, and high school. Leading educators explain in detail how they developed successful curricula and teaching approaches, presenting strategies that serve as models for curriculum development and classroom instruction. Their recounting of personal teaching experiences lends strength and warmth to this volume. The book explores the importance of balancing students’ knowledge of historical fact against their understanding of concepts, such as change and cause, and their skills in assessing historical accounts. It discusses how to build straightforward science experiments into true understanding of scientific principles. And it shows how to overcome the difficulties in teaching math to generate real insight and reasoning in math students. It also features illustrated suggestions for classroom activities. How Students Learn offers a highly useful blend of principle and practice. It will be important not only to teachers, administrators, curriculum designers, and teacher educators, but also to parents and the larger community concerned about children’s education.

Innovations in Applied Artificial Intelligence

18th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2005, Bari, Italy, June 22-24, 2005, Proceedings

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Author: Floriana Esposito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540265511

Category: Computers

Page: 858

View: 8043

“Intelligent systems are those which produce intelligent o?springs.” AI researchers have been focusing on developing and employing strong methods that are capable of solving complex real-life problems. The 18th International Conference on Industrial & Engineering Applications of Arti?cial Intelligence & Expert Systems (IEA/AIE 2005) held in Bari, Italy presented such work performed by many scientists worldwide. The Program Committee selected long papers from contributions presenting more complete work and posters from those reporting ongoing research. The Committee enforced the rule that only original and unpublished work could be considered for inclusion in these proceedings. The Program Committee selected 116 contributions from the 271 subm- ted papers which cover the following topics: arti?cial systems, search engines, intelligent interfaces, knowledge discovery, knowledge-based technologies, na- ral language processing, machine learning applications, reasoning technologies, uncertainty management, applied data mining, and technologies for knowledge management. The contributions oriented to the technological aspects of AI and the quality of the papers are witness to a research activity clearly aimed at consolidating the theoretical results that have already been achieved. The c- ference program also included two invited lectures, by Katharina Morik and Roberto Pieraccini. Manypeoplecontributedindi?erentwaystothesuccessoftheconferenceand to this volume. The authors who continue to show their enthusiastic interest in applied intelligence research are a very important part of our success. We highly appreciate the contribution of the members of the Program Committee, as well as others who reviewed all the submitted papers with e?ciency and dedication.

Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining

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Author: National science foundation (Etats-Unis),National science foundation (Etats-Unis).,University of Pittsburgh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521267571

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 8999

This book provides a comprehensive picture of the new developments in bargaining theory.

EPSA Epistemology and Methodology of Science

Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association

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Author: Mauricio Suárez,Mauro Dorato,Miklós Rédei

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048132638

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 609

These volumes collect a selection of papers presented at the Founding Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association meeting in Madrid. The volumes provide an excellent overview of the state of the art in philosophy of science as practised nowadays in different European countries.

Collective Decision Making

Views from Social Choice and Game Theory

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Author: Adrian Van Deemen,Agnieszka Rusinowska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642028656

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 8493

Harrie de Swart is a Dutch logician and mathematician with a great and open int- est in applications of logic. After being confronted with Arrow’s Theorem, Harrie became very interested in social choice theory. In 1986 he took the initiative to start up a group of Dutch scientists for the study of social choice theory. This initiative grew out to a research group and a series of colloquia, which were held approximately every month at the University of Tilburg in The Netherlands. The organization of the colloquia was in the hands of Harrie and under his guidance they became more and more internationally known. Many international scholars liked visiting the social choice colloquia in Tilburg and enjoyed giving one or more presentations about their work. They liked Harrie’s kindness and hospitality, and the openness of the group for anything and everything in the eld of social choice. The Social Choice Theory Group started up by Harrie consisted, and still c- sists, of scholars from several disciplines; mostly economics, mathematics, and (mathematical) psychology. It was set up for the study of and discussion about anything that had to do with social choice theory including, and not in the least, the supervision of PhD students in the theory. Members of the group were, among o- ers, Thom Bezembinder (psychologist), Hans Peters (mathematician), Pieter Ruys (economist), Stef Tijs (mathematician and game theorist) and, of course, Harrie de Swart (logician and mathematician).

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

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Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 827

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Research and Development in Intelligent Systems XXV

Proceedings of AI-2008, The Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Frans Coenen,Miltos Petridis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848821712

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 9266

The papers in this volume are the refereed technical papers presented at AI-2008, the Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, held in Cambridge in December 2008. They present new and innovative developments in the field, divided into sections on CBR and Classification, AI Techniques, Argumentation and Negotiation, Intelligent Systems, From Machine Learning To E-Learning and Decision Making. The volume also includes the text of short papers presented as posters at the conference. This is the twenty-fifth volume in the Research and Development series. The series is essential reading for those who wish to keep up to date with developments in this important field. The Application Stream papers are published as a companion volume under the title Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XVI.

Research Strategies in the Social Sciences

A Guide to New Approaches

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Author: Elinor Scarbrough,Eric Tanenbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198292388

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 4469

In this volume, a team of experts sets out various analytic tools available to social scientists from social science methodology. It guides them through the maze of advanced techniques applicable across the range of the social sciences.

World Social Science Report 2010

Knowledge Divides

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Author: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231041312

Category: Social Science

Page: 444

View: 5358

Social science from Western countries continues to have the greatest global influence, but the field is expanding rapidly in Asia and Latin America, particularly in China and Brazil. In sub-Saharan Africa, social scientists from South Africa, Nigeria andKenya produce 75% of academic publications. In South Asia, barring some centres of excellence in India, social sciences as a whole have low priority. These are a few of the findings from World Social Science Report, 2010: Knowledge divides. Produced by the International Social Science Council (ISSC) and co-published with UNESCO, the Report is the first comprehensive overview of the field in over a decade. Hundreds of social scientists from around the world contributed their expertise to the publication. Gudmund Hernes, President of the ISSC, Adebayo Olukoshi, Director of the United Nations African Institute for Economic Development and Planning (IDEP), Hebe Vessuri, Director, Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research (IVIC), and François Héran, Director of Research, National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED), France, are among the experts who presented the Report during its official launch at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on 25 June 2010.

Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy

Introduction and Essays on New and Changing Paradigms in Socio-Economic Thinking

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Author: Jeffrey Johnson,Andrzej Nowak,Paul Ormerod,Bridget Rosewell,Yi-Cheng Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319424246

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 7349

The overall aim of this book, an outcome of the European FP7 FET Open NESS project, is to contribute to the ongoing effort to put the quantitative social sciences on a proper footing for the 21st century. A key focus is economics, and its implications on policy making, where the still dominant traditional approach increasingly struggles to capture the economic realities we observe in the world today - with vested interests getting too often in the way of real advances. Insights into behavioral economics and modern computing techniques have made possible both the integration of larger information sets and the exploration of disequilibrium behavior. The domain-based chapters of this work illustrate how economic theory is the only branch of social sciences which still holds to its old paradigm of an equilibrium science - an assumption that has already been relaxed in all related fields of research in the light of recent advances in complex and dynamical systems theory and related data mining. The other chapters give various takes on policy and decision making in this context. Written in nontechnical style throughout, with a mix of tutorial and essay-like contributions, this book will benefit all researchers, scientists, professionals and practitioners interested in learning about the 'thinking in complexity' to understand how socio-economic systems really work.

Social Work Research

Methods for the Helping Professions

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Author: Norman A. Polansky

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226672199

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 3828

Articles on research design and technology cover social-work problems and techniques pertaining to theory construction, sampling, measurement, data collection, statistical analysis, and research reporting. Bibliogs

Introduction to Game Analysis

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Author: Clara Fernández-Vara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113447413X

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 9891

Game analysis allows us to understand games better, providing insight into the player-game relationship, the construction of the game, and its sociocultural relevance. As the field of game studies grows, videogame writing is evolving from the mere evaluation of gameplay, graphics, sound, and replayablity, to more reflective writing that manages to convey the complexity of a game and the way it is played in a cultural context. Introduction to Game Analysis serves as an accessible guide to analyzing games using strategies borrowed from textual analysis. Clara Fernández-Vara’s concise primer provides instruction on the basic building blocks of game analysis—examination of context, content and reception, and formal qualities—as well as the vocabulary necessary for talking about videogames' distinguishing characteristics. Examples are drawn from a range of games, both digital and non-digital—from Bioshock and World of Warcraft to Monopoly—and the book provides a variety of exercises and sample analyses, as well as a comprehensive ludography and glossary.

Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction

5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012, Proceedings

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Author: Shanchieh Jay Yang,Ariel M. Greenberg,Mica Endsley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642290477

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 8790

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction, held in College Park, MD, USA, in April 2012. The 43 revised papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including economics, public health, and terrorist activities, as well as utilize a broad variety of methodologies, e.g., machine learning, cultural modeling and cognitive modeling.

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice

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Author: C. Mantzavinos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521517745

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 5892

A unique discussion between philosophers and social scientists which extends the frontiers of the philosophy of the social sciences.