The role of social science research in disaster preparedness and response

hearing before the Subcommittee on Research, Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, November 10, 2005


Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Research

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 96

View: 7453

The Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism


Author: Susan L. Cutter,Douglas B. Richardson,Thomas J. Wilbanks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317793846

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8140

First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace


Author: National Academy of Engineering,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Improving Cybersecurity Research in the United States

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309185615

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 7429

Given the growing importance of cyberspace to nearly all aspects of national life, a secure cyberspace is vitally important to the nation, but cyberspace is far from secure today. The United States faces the real risk that adversaries will exploit vulnerabilities in the nation’s critical information systems, thereby causing considerable suffering and damage. Online e-commerce business, government agency files, and identity records are all potential security targets. Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace examines these Internet security vulnerabilities and offers a strategy for future research aimed at countering cyber attacks. It also explores the nature of online threats and some of the reasons why past research for improving cybersecurity has had less impact than anticipated, and considers the human resource base needed to advance the cybersecurity research agenda. This book will be an invaluable resource for Internet security professionals, information technologists, policy makers, data stewards, e-commerce providers, consumer protection advocates, and others interested in digital security and safety.

The Challenge of Domestic Intelligence in a Free Society

A Multidisciplinary Look at the Creation of a U.S. Domestic Counterterrorism Intelligence Agency


Author: Brian A. Jackson,Agnes Gereben Schaefer,Darcy Noricks,Benjamin W Goldsmith,Genevieve Lester

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833047035

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 2843

Whether U.S. terrorism-prevention efforts match the threat continues to be central in policy debate. Part of this debate is whether the United States needs a dedicated domestic counterterrorism intelligence agency. This book examines such an agency's possible capability, comparing its potential effectiveness with that of current efforts, and its acceptability to the public, as well as various balances and trade-offs involved.

Mission Improbable

Using Fantasy Documents to Tame Disaster


Author: Lee Clarke

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226109428

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 9676

How does the U.S. Post Office plan to deliver mail after atomic Armageddon? How do oil industry executives intend to collect 10 million gallons of oil spilled in the Gulf of Alaska? How do regulators try to convince people that everyone can be evacuated from congested Long Island after a nuclear power plant destroys itself? Lee Clarke enters the world of managers and experts to find out how governments and corporations plan for massive disaster when they have no clue as to how to go about it. He argues that managers create plans that are "fantasy documents," rhetorical tools that are used to convince audiences that experts are in charge and that all is well. Provocative and written for a general audience, Mission Improbable makes the case that society would be safer, smarter, and fairer if organizations would admit their limitations.

American Hazardscapes

The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters


Author: Susan L. Cutter

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 9780309170789

Category: Science

Page: 227

View: 9095

Barrier islands. Flood plains. Earthquake faults. Sometimes the environment poses threats to our well being, yet many of us continue to choose to live in risky or dangerous places. And on top of the “knowns†are the other, more hidden hazards related to environmental contamination that pose equally serious threats to our health and well being. But where are these places and what types of hazards are found there? American Hazardscapes examines the risks associated with living and owning property in diverse regions across the United States, offering dual perspectives: that of the geographer and that of the social science hazards researcher. The book summarizes what we already know about regional patterns of hazard events and losses during the previous three decades and goes further to shed light on the nature of the events themselves and their impact on society. Written for the relocating citizen and the policy maker alike, American Hazardscapes presents a regional ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It also offers thoughts on what local, state, and federal managers need to do to meet the challenge of reducing hazard losses in the next century.

The Northridge Earthquake

Vulnerability and Disaster


Author: Robert Bolin,Lois Stanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134682328

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 3896

This book provides a global view of the social effects of disaster in developed and developing countries. It focuses on the 1994 Northridge Earthquake in the US and other recent disasters to examine vulnerability and post-disaster recovery strategies. The authors also explore the ways state policy can reduce vulnerability in the future.

The Future of Computing Performance:

Game Over or Next Level?


Author: Committee on Sustaining Growth in Computing Performance,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309159512

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 2802

The end of dramatic exponential growth in single-processor performance marks the end of the dominance of the single microprocessor in computing. The era of sequential computing must give way to a new era in which parallelism is at the forefront. Although important scientific and engineering challenges lie ahead, this is an opportune time for innovation in programming systems and computing architectures. We have already begun to see diversity in computer designs to optimize for such considerations as power and throughput. The next generation of discoveries is likely to require advances at both the hardware and software levels of computing systems. There is no guarantee that we can make parallel computing as common and easy to use as yesterday's sequential single-processor computer systems, but unless we aggressively pursue efforts suggested by the recommendations in this book, it will be "game over" for growth in computing performance. If parallel programming and related software efforts fail to become widespread, the development of exciting new applications that drive the computer industry will stall; if such innovation stalls, many other parts of the economy will follow suit. The Future of Computing Performance describes the factors that have led to the future limitations on growth for single processors that are based on complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. It explores challenges inherent in parallel computing and architecture, including ever-increasing power consumption and the escalated requirements for heat dissipation. The book delineates a research, practice, and education agenda to help overcome these challenges. The Future of Computing Performance will guide researchers, manufacturers, and information technology professionals in the right direction for sustainable growth in computer performance, so that we may all enjoy the next level of benefits to society.

The Imperial Presidency


Author: Arthur Meier Schlesinger

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618420018

Category: History

Page: 589

View: 6529

The presidential historian charts the progression of American power from George Washington to George W. Bush, revealing the exercise of power through the office as it has developed into an "imperial" seat of authority, in an updated edition of the classic history. Reprint.

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation

Issues for U.S. Policy


Author: Shirley A. Kan

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781490548258

Category: History

Page: 42

View: 5948

After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States faced a challenge in enlisting the full support of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the counterterrorism fight against Al Qaeda. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address PRC concerns about the U.S.-led war (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term issues have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral ties and whether China's support was valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests.

Protecting Individual Privacy in the Struggle Against Terrorists:

A Framework for Program Assessment


Author: Committee on Technical and Privacy Dimensions of Information for Terrorism Prevention and Other National Goals,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on National Statistics,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309124883

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 9471

All U.S. agencies with counterterrorism programs that collect or "mine" personal data -- such as phone records or Web sites visited -- should be required to evaluate the programs' effectiveness, lawfulness, and impacts on privacy. A framework is offered that agencies can use to evaluate such information-based programs, both classified and unclassified. The book urges Congress to re-examine existing privacy law to assess how privacy can be protected in current and future programs and recommends that any individuals harmed by violations of privacy be given a meaningful form of redress. Two specific technologies are examined: data mining and behavioral surveillance. Regarding data mining, the book concludes that although these methods have been useful in the private sector for spotting consumer fraud, they are less helpful for counterterrorism because so little is known about what patterns indicate terrorist activity. Regarding behavioral surveillance in a counterterrorist context, the book concludes that although research and development on certain aspects of this topic are warranted, there is no scientific consensus on whether these techniques are ready for operational use at all in counterterrorism.

Pioneering Ethics in a Longitudinal Study

The Early Development of the ALSPAC Ethics and Law Committee


Author: Karen Birmingham

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447340388

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 9797

An examination of the early work of the innovative Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Ethics and Law Committee. It will help anyone involved in other cohort studies to understand how ethical policies evolve.

Aircraft Accident Analysis: Final Reports

Final Reports


Author: Jim Walters,Robert Sumwalt

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071810978

Category: Transportation

Page: 400

View: 3254

Fascinating and factual accounts of the world’s most recent and compelling crashes Industry insiders James Walters and Robert Sumwalt, trained aviation accident investigators and commercial airline pilots, offer expert analyses of notable and recent aircraft accidents in this eye-opening, lesson-filled case file. Culled from final reports issued by military and foreign government investigations, as well as additional research and resources, Aircraft Accident Analysis: Final Reports tells the final and full tales of doomed flights that stopped the world cold in their wake. Technical accuracy and details, presented in layman’s language, help to clarify: Major accidents from commercial, military, and general aviation flights Pilot backgrounds and flight histories Chronology of events leading to each accident Description of aviation investigation process Insight into NTSB, military, and foreign government findings Resulting recommendations, requirements, and policy changes Readable, authoritative, and complete, Aircraft Accident Analysis: Final Reports is at once an important reference tool and a riveting, what-went-wrong look at air safety for everyone who flies. Featured final and preview reports include: U.S. Air Force, U.S Commerce Secretary Ron Brown, Dubrovnik, Croatia Jessica Dubroff, Cheyenne, Wyoming Valujet Airlines 592, Everglades, Florida American Airlines 955, Cali, Columbia John Denver, Pacific Grove, California Atlantic Southeast Airlines, Carrollton, Georgia US Air 427, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania TWA 800, Long Island, New York Delta Air Lines, LaGuardia Airport, New York John F. Kennedy, Jr., Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age


Author: Committee on Privacy in the Information Age,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103924

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 8424

Privacy is a growing concern in the United States and around the world. The spread of the Internet and the seemingly boundaryless options for collecting, saving, sharing, and comparing information trigger consumer worries. Online practices of business and government agencies may present new ways to compromise privacy, and e-commerce and technologies that make a wide range of personal information available to anyone with a Web browser only begin to hint at the possibilities for inappropriate or unwarranted intrusion into our personal lives. Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age presents a comprehensive and multidisciplinary examination of privacy in the information age. It explores such important concepts as how the threats to privacy evolving, how can privacy be protected and how society can balance the interests of individuals, businesses and government in ways that promote privacy reasonably and effectively? This book seeks to raise awareness of the web of connectedness among the actions one takes and the privacy policies that are enacted, and provides a variety of tools and concepts with which debates over privacy can be more fruitfully engaged. Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age focuses on three major components affecting notions, perceptions, and expectations of privacy: technological change, societal shifts, and circumstantial discontinuities. This book will be of special interest to anyone interested in understanding why privacy issues are often so intractable.

Reining in the Imperial Presidency

Lessons and Recommendations Relating to the Presidency of George W. Bush : Final Report to Chairman John Conyers, Jr


Author: John Conyers

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437915701

Category: Abuse of administrative power

Page: 539

View: 658

Documents the various abuses that occurred during the Bush Admin. relating to the House Judiciary Committee¿s review and jurisdiction, and to develop a comprehensive set of recommendations to prevent the recurrence of these or similar abuses in the future. Contents: Preface: ¿Deconstructing the Imperial Presidency,¿ which describes and critiques the key war power memos that gave rise to the concept of broad-based, unreviewable, and secret presidential powers in time of war. Also describes specific abuses of the Imperial Presidency relating to Judiciary Comm. inquiries. Includes a comprehensive set of 47 policy recommendations designed to respond to the abuses and excesses of the Bush Imperial Presidency.

The Great Deluge

Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast


Author: Douglas Brinkley

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061744735

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 3032

In the span of five violent hours on August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina destroyed major Gulf Coast cities and flattened 150 miles of coastline. But it was only the first stage of a shocking triple tragedy. On the heels of one of the three strongest hurricanes ever to make landfall in the United States came the storm-surge flooding, which submerged a half-million homes—followed by the human tragedy of government mismanagement, which proved as cruel as the natural disaster itself. In The Great Deluge, bestselling author Douglas Brinkley finds the true heroes of this unparalleled catastrophe, and lets the survivors tell their own stories, masterly allowing them to record the nightmare that was Katrina.

To Improve Health and Health Care


Author: Stephen L. Isaacs,David C. Colby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470615256

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 2312

Since 1972, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has been the nationÕs largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health. Their premier annual review of public health and health care research, To Improve Health and Health Care Vol. XIII: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology focuses on the pressing health and health care issues facing our country. As part of the FoundationÕs efforts to inform the public, this volume provides an in-depth look into the programs it funds. The series offers leaders educators, policy makers, and practitioners with valuable lessons for years to come.

Environmental Histories of the Cold War


Author: J. R. McNeill,Corinna R. Unger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762448

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 1311

Explores the links between the Cold War and the global environment, ranging from the environmental impacts of nuclear weapons to the political repercussions of environmentalism.