The Roe Deer

Conservation of a Native Species

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Author: Richard Prior

Publisher: Swan Hill Press

ISBN: 9781853105326

Category: Nature

Page: 230

View: 4373

The natural history of the roe deer throughout the world, including the little-known Asiatic roe. Conservation topics focus on the impact of man on deer, and on problems raised by over-population and damage to forestry, farming and gardens, with advice on mitigating it.

A New Approach to Conservation

The Importance of the Individual through Wildlife Rehabilitation

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Author: Gill Aitken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135116354X

Category: Nature

Page: 218

View: 4730

Conservationists assume a set of underlying values which guide their decision-making and action. The safeguarding or promotion of biodiversity, it is believed, is the means by which nature is best protected. This book examines - and challenges - these general conservation assumptions. While reinforcing the need to halt extinction and value biodiversity, it shows that biodiversity needs to be more clearly understood, perhaps being replaced by the notion of 'wildness'. It examines how biodiversity is a holistic term, and how individual species need to be assessed and their own contribution to 'wildness' has to be recognized. The book proposes a new way of conservation - one which makes more room for neglected, rather than endangered or rare species. It also asserts that 'wildness' is not incompatible with certain kinds of human intervention.

Common Ground

Encounters with Nature at the Edges of Life

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Author: Rob Cowen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022642426X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 2906

Common Ground is a fascinating tour of the edges of ecosystemsurban and natural. It is in these heterogeneous landscapes that human animals encounter those of the non human variety. Cowen is an acclaimed nature and travel writer, but much of his writing has taken readers to vast pristine landscapesnational parks, the Arctic, etc. In this work he turns his focus to an underappreciated and under-illuminated landscapethe edgeland, or what he also refers to as the no man s land between city and country. Like an archaeologist, Cowen unearths human and natural histories. He carries the reader into the worlds of owls, foxes, and wheat fields, glimpses of what lies beneath and beyond, but also grounds the narrative in the everyday immediacies of iPhones, WiFi, and cafes. It is particularly appealing in its focus on the edges, spaces many creatures pass through and yet which few really appreciate. The edge-land's inhabitants are here introduced in immersive, kaleidoscopic detail as their voices and visions rise from the fields and woods: beasts, birds, insects, plants, and people and their changes across the seasons. "

Deer of Britain and Ireland

Their History and Distribution

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Author: Peter Carne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 6325

An account of the history and distribution of deer in Britain and Ireland. It describes the various species found in the wild and examines the environmental impact of their rising numbers, management trends and problems arising from them. The author is a contributor to "Stalking Magazine"

Genome Mapping and Genomics in Domestic Animals

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Author: Noelle E. Cockett,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540738355

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 5521

Genomics research on animals has generated huge databases and several new concepts and strategies, which are used to elucidate origin, evolution and phylogeny of species. Genetic and physical maps of genomes give details on chromosomal location, function, expression and regulation of genes. The series Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on genomic research on selected animal systems contributed by leading scientists from around the world. This volume offers information on gene mapping and genomics research in domesticated and farmed animals including cattle, water buffalo, sheep, deer, poultry, turkeys, rabbits, dogs and pigs. While the genome maps for some species are very limited, full genome sequences are available for cattle, chickens and dogs. Genomic research contributes to the identification of genetic regions that control the functionality and well-being of animals. Several farmed species are also used as models for biomedical studies.

Managing Scotland's Environment

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Author: Charles Warren

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780748624904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 490

View: 6444

Scotland's natural environment is its most treasured asset and the subject of its most vociferous debates. Charles Warren tackles land reform, the future of farming, public access, conservation of moorland and birds of prey, the place of forestry, and the control of alien species and red deer, taking up the integration of conservation with social and economic objectives.

Mammals of the Holy Land

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Author: Mazin B. Qumsiyeh

Publisher: Texas Tech University Press

ISBN: 9780896723641

Category: Nature

Page: 389

View: 9752

Over 110 species of mammals roamed the forests, mountains, and deserts of this ancient "Land of Canaan"—Jordan, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine. Their impact on humans can be seen in cave drawings made by the Neanderthal inhabitants of northern Palestine some 200,000 years ago and gleaned from the writings of all Near Eastern civilizations. In recent centuries, encroachment by an increasing human population has resulted in the extinction of several species—aurochs (wild ox), red deer, onagers, Syrian wild asses roebucks (roe deer), fallow deer, Syrian brown bears, and cheetahs. Currently at risk are such large mammals as the leopard, wolf, wild cat, caracal, ibex, and dessert gazelles as well as may small mammals especially small carnivores, insectivores, and bats. Mammals of the Holy Land, summarizes the information that is known about the mammals that inhabit this historic land. with keys to identification, a glossary of terms, a basic introduction to the study of mammals, and a discussion of the impact these mammals have had on humans, a well as taxonomic and natural history information for each species, this book will be useful to both the professional and non-professional.

World Conservation

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Conservation of natural resources

Page: N.A

View: 1666

Sika Deer

Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations

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Author: Dale R. McCullough,Seiki Takatsuki,Koichi Kaji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431094296

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 2835

Sika deer, the graceful spotted deer of Japanese and Chinese art, originally were native to Asia from far-east Russia to Vietnam to the islands of Japan and Taiwan. They are widely raised in captivity to supply velvet antler for traditional medicine. They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. Sika deer typically occupy lowland hardwood forests with low winter snow depths, where they thrive in sites disturbed by fire, storm, or logging. In high numbers they can severely impact vegetation though overgrazing, stripping bark from trees and damaging crop fields and forest plantations. Their numbers are high in many parts of Japan, moderate in Russia, and reduced or extinct in the wild in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands.

Invasive and Introduced Plants and Animals

Human Perceptions, Attitudes and Approaches to Management

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Author: Ian D. Rotherham,Robert A. Lambert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134062028

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 432

There have been many well-publicized cases of invasive species of plants and animals, often introduced unintentionally but sometimes on purpose, causing widespread ecological havoc. Examples of such alien invasions include pernicious weeds such as Japanese knotweed, an introduced garden ornamental which can grow through concrete, the water hyacinth which has choked tropical waterways, and many introduced animals which have out-competed and displaced local fauna. This book addresses the broader context of invasive and exotic species, in terms of the perceived threats and environmental concerns which surround alien species and ecological invasions. As a result of unprecedented scales of environmental change, combined with rapid globalisation, the mixing of cultures and diversity, and fears over biosecurity and bioterrorism, the known impacts of particular invasions have been catastrophic. However, as several chapters show, reactions to some exotic species, and the justifications for interventions in certain situations, including biological control by introduced natural enemies, rest uncomfortably with social reactions to ethnic cleansing and persecution perpetrated across the globe. The role of democracy in deciding and determining environmental policy is another emerging issue. In an increasingly multicultural society this raises huge questions of ethics and choice. At the same time, in order to redress major ecological losses, the science of reintroduction of native species has also come to the fore, and is widely accepted by many in nature conservation. However, with questions of where and when, and with what species or even species analogues, reintroductions are acceptable, the topic is hotly debated. Again, it is shown that many decisions are based on values and perceptions rather than objective science. Including a wide range of case studies from around the world, his book raises critical issues to stimulate a much wider debate.

Large Herbivore Ecology, Ecosystem Dynamics and Conservation

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Author: Kjell Danell,Roger Bergström,Patrick Duncan,John Pastor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139455842

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 5432

Most large herbivores require some type of management within their habitats. Some populations of large herbivores are at the brink of extinction, some are under discussion for reintroduction, whilst others already occur in dense populations causing conflicts with other land use. Large herbivores are the major drivers for forming the shape and function of terrestrial ecosystems. This 2006 book addresses the scientifically based action plans to manage both the large herbivore populations and their habitats worldwide. It covers the processes by which large herbivores not only affect their environment (e.g. grazing) but are affected by it (e.g. nutrient cycling) and the management strategies required. Also discussed are new modeling techniques, which help assess integration processes in a landscape context, as well as assessing the consequences of new developments in the processes of conservation. This book will be essential reading for all involved in the management of both large herbivores and natural resources.

Watching, from the Edge of Extinction

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Author: Beverly Peterson Stearns,Stephen C. Stearns

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300084696

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 5156

Annotation In this mesmerizing series of interviews with dedicated people who work to save endangered species throughout the world, an alarming truth emerges: the obstacles of human politics, greed, corruption, folly, and hypocrisy can present as much danger to a species' survival as biological causes. The dramatic lessons of this book shed new light on the problems of declining species and offer hope that we may yet change their fate.

Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity

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Author: Justina Ray,Kent H. Redford,Robert Steneck,Joel Berger

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597266093

Category: Nature

Page: 526

View: 1668

Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity brings together more than thirty leading scientists and conservation practitioners to consider a key question in environmental conservation: Is the conservation of large carnivores in ecosystems that evolved with their presence equivalent to the conservation of biological diversity within those systems? Building their discussions from empirical, long-term data sets, contributors including James A. Estes, David S. Maehr, Tim McClanahan, AndrFs J. Novaro, John Terborgh, and Rosie Woodroffe explore a variety of issues surrounding the link between predation and biodiversity: What is the evidence for or against the link? Is it stronger in marine systems? What are the implications for conservation strategies? Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity is the first detailed, broad-scale examination of the empirical evidence regarding the role of large carnivores in biodiversity conservation in both marine and terrestrial ecosystems. It contributes to a much more precise and global understanding of when, where, and whether protecting and restoring top predators will directly contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Everyone concerned with ecology, biodiversity, or large carnivores will find this volume a unique and thought-provoking analysis and synthesis.

Grazing and Conservation Management

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Author: Michiel F. WallisDe Vries,Jan P. Bakker,Sipke E. Van Wieren

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401143919

Category: Nature

Page: 374

View: 3714

Grazing animals enjoy an ambiguous reputation in the field of nature conservation. Livestock are often treated as a scourge, yet native large herbivores form the prime attraction of many a reserve. This book gives the first comprehensive overview of the use of grazing as a tool in conservation management. Considering in turn the ecological and historical background, the impact of grazing on community structure, management applications and future prospects, this book examines issues such as the role of herbivores as keystone species, the assessment of habitat quality and the function of scientific models in advancing grazing management. Large herbivores are shown to be potentially powerful allies in the management of nature reserves, particularly in the maintenance, enhancement or restoration of biodiversity. Grazing and Conservation Management will appeal to conservation biologists and rangeland managers, providing them with a clearer understanding of grazing and conservation management.

Action Plan for the Conservation of the Eurasian Lynx in Europe (Lynx Lynx)

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Author: Urs Breitenmoser

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287144249

Category: Endangered species

Page: 69

View: 3274

The action plan for the conservation of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in Europe was prepared for the Large Carnivore Initiative in Europe, a voluntary organisation supported by the World Wide Fund for Nature. The plan was discussed and endorsed in the framework of the Council of Europe's Wildlife Convention (Bern Convention). It contains valuable information on the status of the species and useful recommendations and guidelines for its conservation and management

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

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Author: Nathalie Pettorelli

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191512729

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2555

There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation but this is the first book to focus explicitly on the NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index), a simple numerical indicator and powerful tool that can be used to assess spatio-temporal changes in green vegetation. The NDVI opens the possibility of addressing questions on scales inaccessible to ground-based methods alone; it is mostly freely available with global coverage over several decades. This novel text provides an authoritative overview of the principles and possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. NDVI data can provide valuable information about temporal and spatial changes in vegetation distribution, productivity, and dynamics; allowing monitoring of habitat degradation and fragmentation, or assessment of the ecological effects of climatic disasters such as drought or fire. The NDVI has also provided ecologists with a promising way to couple vegetation with animal distribution, abundance, movement, survival and reproductive parameters. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have highlighted the potential key role of satellite data and the NDVI in macroecology, plant ecology, animal population dynamics, environmental monitoring, habitat selection and habitat use studies, and paleoecology. The chapters are organised around two sections: the first detailing vegetation indices and the NDVI, the principles behind the NDVI, its correlation with climate, the available NDVI datasets, and the possible complications and errors associated with the use of this satellite-based vegetation index. The second section discusses the possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. This practical handbook is suitable for terrestrial ecologists and conservation biologists working with remote sensing tools. It will also be of relevance and use to both graduate students in the biological and ecological sciences and specialists in the fields of conservation biology, biodiversity monitoring, and natural resource management.