Empowering Our Military Conscience

Transforming Just War Theory and Military Moral Education

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Author: Roger Wertheimer

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754678946

Category: Law

Page: 207

View: 2529

Responding to increasing global anxiety over the ethics education of military personnel, this volume illustrates the depth, rigour and critical acuity of Professional Military Ethics Education (PMEE). While primarily focused on US military academies, the volume will resonate with those responsible for education in military academies across the globe.

The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317272935

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 3660

For nearly 40 years, this classic text has taken the issue of economic inequality seriously and asked: Why are our prisons filled with the poor? Why aren’t the tools of the criminal justice system being used to protect Americans from predatory business practices and to punish well-off people who cause widespread harm? The Rich Get Richer shows readers that much that goes on in the criminal justice system violates citizens’ sense of basic fairness. It presents extensive evidence from mainstream data that the criminal justice system does not function in the way it says it does nor in the way that readers believe it should. The authors develop a theoretical perspective from which readers might understand these failures and evaluate them morally—and they to do it in a short and relatively inexpensive text written in plain language. New to this edition: Presents recent data comparing the harms due to criminal activity with the harms of dangerous—but not criminal—corporate actions Presents new data on recent crime rate declines, which are paired with data on how public safety is not prioritized by the U.S. government Updates statistics on crime, victimization, wealth and discrimination, plus coverage of the increasing role of criminal justice fines and fees in generating revenue for government Updates on the costs to society of white-collar crime Updates and deepened analysis of why fundamental reforms are not undertaken Streamlined and condensed prose for greater clarity

Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison, The (Subscription)

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317342941

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 4058

Illustrates the issue of economic inequality within the American justice system. The best-selling text, The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison contends that the criminal justice system is biased against the poor from start to finish. The authors argue that even before the process of arrest, trial, and sentencing, the system is biased against the poor in what it chooses to treat as crime. The authors show that numerous acts of the well-off--such as their refusal to make workplaces safe, refusal to curtail deadly pollution, promotion of unnecessary surgery, and prescriptions for unnecessary drugs--cause as much harm as the acts of the poor that are treated as crimes. However, the dangerous acts of the well-off are almost never treated as crimes, and when they are, they are almost never treated as severely as the crimes of the poor. Not only does the criminal justice system fail to protect against the harmful acts of well-off people, it also fails to remedy the causes of crime, such as poverty. This results in a large population of poor criminals in our prisons and in our media. The authors contend that the idea of crime as a work of the poor serves the interests of the rich and powerful while conveying a misleading notion that the real threat to Americans comes from the bottom of society rather than the top. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Examine the criminal justice system through the lens of the poor. Understand that much of what goes on in the criminal justice system violates one’s own sense of fairness. Morally evaluate the criminal justice system’s failures. Identify the type of legislature that is biased against the poor.

Criminalization, Representation, Regulation

Thinking Differently about Crime

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Author: Deborah Brock,Amanda Glasbeek,Carmela Murdocca

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607130

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1062

What is a crime and how do we construct it? The answers to these questions are complex and entangled in a web of power relations that require us to think differently about processes of criminalization and regulation. This book draws on Foucault's concept of governmentality as a lens to analyze and critique how crime is understood, reproduced, and challenged. It explores the dynamic interplay between practices of representation, processes of criminalization, and the ways that these circulate to both reflect and constitute crime and "justice."

Violence Against Women

Myths, Facts, Controversies

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Author: Walter S DeKeseredy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604018

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 4764

In Violence Against Women, award-winning author Walter S. DeKeseredy offers a passionate but well-documented sociological overview of a sobering problem. He starts by outlining the scope of the challenge and debunks current attempts to label intimate violence as gender neutral. He then lays bare the structural practices that sustain this violence, leading to a discussion of long- and short-term policies to address the issue. DeKeseredy includes an examination of male complicity and demonstrates how boys and men can change their roles. Throughout, he responds to myths that dismiss threats to women's health and safety and provides an impassioned call to action for women, men, and policymakers.

The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey H. Reiman

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 226

View: 5357

Is The Criminal Justice System Biased? Find Out In The Latest Edition Of This Eye-Opening Source! -- Includes updated crime and non-criminal harm statistics. -- Contains new data about the resurgence of heroin use, long thought eclipsed by crack cocaine. -- Comprehensive discussion of law, ideology, and economic bias. Though crime rates have recently begun declining in most major cities around the U.S., the criminal justice system is still failing. While politicians and police chiefs rush to claim credit for the declines, most independent observers credit the declines to factors such as the stabilization of the drug trade and the improving economy. Crime and violence are still extremely prevalent in America higher than those of other modern nations. The basic premise of this book is that the criminal justice system is biased against the poor from start to finish from the definition of crime through the process of arrest, trial, and sentencing. Topics include: law, ideology, and economic bias; the decline of crime rates; the resurgence of heroin usage; how and why the system is failing, and rehabilitation of the system.

Critical Criminology: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Author: Michael J. Lynch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805482

Category:

Page: 46

View: 3940

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

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Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 7624

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2396

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Crime victims

an introduction to victimology

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Author: Andrew Karmen

Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole

ISBN: 9780534123123

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 6397

CRIME VICTIMS: AN INTRODUCTION TO VICTIMOLOGY is a innovative and comprehensive guide that offers balanced coverage on this controversial subject. A must-have for anyone interested in this field!

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

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Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 2732

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Ich bin Malala

Das Mädchen, das die Taliban erschießen wollten, weil es für das Recht auf Bildung kämpft

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Author: Malala Yousafzai

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426424231

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 7475

Am 9. Oktober 2012 wird die junge Pakistanerin Malala Yousafzai auf ihrem Schulweg überfallen und niedergeschossen. Die Fünfzehnjährige hatte sich den Taliban widersetzt, die Mädchen verbieten, zur Schule zu gehen. Wie durch ein Wunder kommt Malala mit dem Leben davon. Als im Herbst 2013 ihr Buch "Ich bin Malala" erscheint, ist die Resonanz enorm: Weltweit wird über ihr Schicksal berichtet. Im Juli 2013 hält sie eine beeindruckende Rede vor den Vereinten Nationen. Barack Obama empfängt sie im Weißen Haus, und im Dezember erhält sie den Sacharow-Preis für geistige Freiheit, verliehen vom Europäischen Parlament. Malala Yousafzai lebt heute mit ihrer Familie in England, wo sie wieder zur Schule geht. Malala Yousafzai wird mit dem Friedensnobelpreis 2014 ausgezeichnet. »Dieses Memoir unterstreicht ihre besten Eigenschaften. Ihren Mut und ihre Entschlossenheit kann man nur bewundern. Ihr Hunger nach Bildung und Neugestaltung ist authentisch. Sie wirkt so unschuldig, und da ist diese unverwüstliche Zuversicht. Sie spricht mit einem solchen Gewicht, dass man vergisst, dass Malala erst 16 ist.« The Times »Niemand hat das Recht auf Bildung so knapp, so einprägsam und überzeugend zusammengefasst wie Malala Yousafzai, die tapferste Schülerin der Welt.« Berliner Zeitung »Der mutigste Teenager der Welt« Bild »Bewegend erzählt Malala Yousafzai ihr Schicksal.« Brigitte

Integrating Criminologies

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Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205165575

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 589

A critique of disciplinary criminology and a synthesis of the paradigm of interdisciplinary criminology, this book attempts to bring biology, psychology, sociology, law, economics, feminist studies, media studies, and ethnic studies into a criminological whole. It presents an interdisciplinary approach to understanding crime and social control.

Justice, Crime, and Ethics

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Author: Michael Braswell,Belinda Rodgers McCarthy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 431

View: 2660

A textbook comprised of 23 contributions. Topics covered include various philosophical approaches to criminal justice ethics, ethical issues in policing, ethics in the courts, ethical issues in corrections, and ethics in crime control policy and research. Also includes seven case studies constructed to illustrate ethical dilemmas and three exercises. The included study guide reviews key concepts and provides chapter summaries. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Sociology

a down-to-earth approach

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Author: James M. Henslin,Hampson, Keith Christopher

Publisher: Pearson A& B

ISBN: 9780205383047

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 7518

Deviance

Rulemakers & Rulebreakers

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Author: Nancy A. Heitzeg

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780314044716

Category: Social Science

Page: 492

View: 9444

Incorporating contemporary examples and applications, this text offers a comprehensive overview of three types of deviance: formal (criminal, civil, and administrative law), medical (neurological disorders), and informal (stigma, lifestyle, and leisure). The topics are presented in a comparative manner with an emphasis on societal reaction and deviant response.

The Democratic Facade

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Author: Daniel Hellinger,Dennis R. Judd

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt P

ISBN: 9780534205805

Category: Political Science

Page: 345

View: 2506