The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey H. Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780205688425

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 2913

This best-selling text examines the premise that the criminal justice system is biased against the poor from start to finish, from the definition of what constitutes a crime through the process of arrest, trial, and sentencing. Also, this text discusses how this bias is accompanied with a general refusal to remedy the causes of crime—poverty, lack of education, and discrimination. The author argues that actions of well-off people, such as their refusal to make workplaces safe, refusal to curtail deadly pollution, promotion of unnecessary surgery, and prescriptions for unnecessary drugs, cause occupational and environmental hazards to innocent members of the public and produce just as much death, destruction, and financial loss as so-called crimes of the poor. However, these acts of the well-off are rarely treated as crimes, and when they are, they are never treated as severely as crimes of the poor. NEW: This text now has a companion 25 article reader: The Rich get Richer and the Poor get Prison: A Reader (ISBN: 0-205-68842-X). Visit this book's website for a full table of contents.

The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317272935

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 2003

For nearly 40 years, this classic text has taken the issue of economic inequality seriously and asked: Why are our prisons filled with the poor? Why aren’t the tools of the criminal justice system being used to protect Americans from predatory business practices and to punish well-off people who cause widespread harm? The Rich Get Richer shows readers that much that goes on in the criminal justice system violates citizens’ sense of basic fairness. It presents extensive evidence from mainstream data that the criminal justice system does not function in the way it says it does nor in the way that readers believe it should. The authors develop a theoretical perspective from which readers might understand these failures and evaluate them morally—and they to do it in a short and relatively inexpensive text written in plain language. New to this edition: Presents recent data comparing the harms due to criminal activity with the harms of dangerous—but not criminal—corporate actions Presents new data on recent crime rate declines, which are paired with data on how public safety is not prioritized by the U.S. government Updates statistics on crime, victimization, wealth and discrimination, plus coverage of the increasing role of criminal justice fines and fees in generating revenue for government Updates on the costs to society of white-collar crime Updates and deepened analysis of why fundamental reforms are not undertaken Streamlined and condensed prose for greater clarity

Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison, The (Subscription)

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

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Author: Jeffrey Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131734295X

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5912

Illustrates the issue of economic inequality within the American justice system. The best-selling text, The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison contends that the criminal justice system is biased against the poor from start to finish. The authors argue that even before the process of arrest, trial, and sentencing, the system is biased against the poor in what it chooses to treat as crime. The authors show that numerous acts of the well-off--such as their refusal to make workplaces safe, refusal to curtail deadly pollution, promotion of unnecessary surgery, and prescriptions for unnecessary drugs--cause as much harm as the acts of the poor that are treated as crimes. However, the dangerous acts of the well-off are almost never treated as crimes, and when they are, they are almost never treated as severely as the crimes of the poor. Not only does the criminal justice system fail to protect against the harmful acts of well-off people, it also fails to remedy the causes of crime, such as poverty. This results in a large population of poor criminals in our prisons and in our media. The authors contend that the idea of crime as a work of the poor serves the interests of the rich and powerful while conveying a misleading notion that the real threat to Americans comes from the bottom of society rather than the top. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Examine the criminal justice system through the lens of the poor. Understand that much of what goes on in the criminal justice system violates one’s own sense of fairness. Morally evaluate the criminal justice system’s failures. Identify the type of legislature that is biased against the poor.

In Trinidad the Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

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Author: Stacy Ramdhan

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640969472

Category:

Page: 40

View: 5657

Research Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: A, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine (-), language: English, abstract: Despite Trinidad and Tobago's wealth, experts say 25% live below the poverty line. According to Sookram (2008) more than a 1/4 of the population of oil-rich Trinidad lives below poverty line. Sookram said that 27.32% live below the poverty level despite the fact that Trinidad and Tobago has been classified as a high income country by the World Bank. "Is this why the crime rate in Trinidad and Tobago is probably the highest in the Caribbean?" David Garland (1996), posits that the group that suffer the most from crime tend to be the poorest and the least powerful members of society and will usually lack the resources to but security or the flexibility to adapt their routines or organized effectively against crime. This disparity between the rich and the poor which overlaps with the developing divisions between property- owning classes and those social groups who are deemed a threat to property will tend to propel us towards criminal behaviour. The term 'rich' may be defined as "the possession of material wealth, having abundant supply of desirable qualities or substances especially natural resources, having control of such assets and benefiting from the legislation." In contrast, 'poor' refers to the lack of specific resources, qualities or substances, with little or no possessions or money, having less than adequate in relation to the upper classes/the rich and wealthy. Socio-economic status is an economic and sociological combined measure of a persons work experience and of individual's or family's economic and social position relative to others based on income, education, wealth, occupation and social status in the community. As a result of this unequal distribution issue that arises between the rich and the poor, Clarke, Twoey (2001), has put fort the equitable solu

Wirtschaftsethik nach Arthur Rich

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Author: Alexander Eichler

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656265291

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 24

View: 3651

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensethik, Wirtschaftsethik, Note: 1,3, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Neubiberg, Veranstaltung: Wirtschaftsethik, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Spätestens seit der Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise von 2008 ist die Ethik in der Ökonomie wieder in den Fokus gerückt. Nachdem weltweit an den Börsen die Kurse sanken und viele Kreditinstitute nur durch Milliarden von Steuergeldern gerettet werden konnten, wurde der Ruf nach einer Wertedebatte in der Wirtschaft lauter. Jahrelang stand der Gewinn über allem und Werte wie Selbstverantwortlichkeit und Eigeninteresse wurden verabsolutiert. Besonders die heutige Marktwirtschaft offenbart dabei drei Problembereiche, die noch immer, über drei Jahre nach Ausbruch der Krise, nicht bewältigt sind. Zum einen sollte die Globalisierung im Interesse eines weltweiten Ausgleichs gestaltet werden. Zum anderen müssen Regulierungsweisen der internationalen Finanzmärkte geschaffen werden und letztendlich ist eine nachhaltige Bewältigung der globalen Erwärmung und sonstiger ökologischer Probleme durchzusetzen. Hierbei stehen speziell die westlichen Industrienationen in der Pflicht, da sie es sind, die die Märkte beeinflussen. Wie zuletzt auf dem Weltklima-Gipfel in Durban, oder beim Austritt Kanadas aus dem Kyoto-Protokoll gesehen, fehlt es jedoch am ethischen Verantwortungsbewusstsein und daher wird die Relevanz der Wirtschaftsethik für unsere Gegenwart deutlich. Man muss versuchen eine Balance zwischen ökonomischen Erfolg und ökologischer Verantwortung zu finden. In dieser Arbeit soll genau diese Balance in den Blickpunkt rücken. Anhand der Wirtschaftsethik von Arthur Rich wird aufgezeigt, welche Möglichkeiten der Schweizer Professor sah, um die Wirtschaft menschengerecht und sachgemäß zu gestalten. An dieser Stelle ist es zunächst angebracht, eine kurze Einführung über Arthur Rich zu geben, damit man einordnen kann, in welchem Kontext er gewirkt hat. Am 21. Januar 1910 wurde Rich in Neuhausen am Rheinfall geboren. Nach einer Lehre als Mechaniker studierte er Theologie, arbeitete von 1938 bis 1947 als Pfarrer und schließlich war er von 1954 bis 1976 Professor für systematische und praktische Theologie in Zürich. Bereits zu Lebzeiten, aber auch noch nach seinem Tod am 25. Juli 1992, war Rich einer der bekanntesten Schweizer Theologen, Sozial- und Wirtschaftsethiker. Er trat mit seiner evangelischen Wirtschaftsethik die Nachfolge von Georg Wünsch an, der sich 1927 als Letzter über die Wirtschaft aus protestantischer Sicht geäußert hatte.

Das Panoptikum

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Author: Jeremy Bentham

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 388221113X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

View: 5875

Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 7553

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Understanding White-Collar Crime

An Opportunity Perspective

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Author: Michael L. Benson,Sally S. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134487649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 5099

Unlike other books of its kind, Understanding White-Collar Crime: An Opportunity Perspective uses a coherent theoretical perspective in its coverage of white-collar crime. Using opportunity perspective, or the assumption that all crimes depend on offenders having some sort of opportunity to commit an offense, allows the authors to uncover the processes leading up to white-collar crimes and offer potential solutions to this rampant issue, without being reductive in their treatment of the topic. With this second edition, Benson and Simpson have greatly expanded their coverage to include new case studies, substantive materials, and an annotated appendix of online resources to make this a core book for courses on white-collar crime.

Theorie der feinen Leute

eine ökonomische Untersuchung der Institutionen

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Author: Thorstein Veblen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596176250

Category:

Page: 381

View: 4748

Social Policy and Social Justice

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Author: Michael Reisch

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483320758

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 7665

Social Policy and Social Justice provides today's students and tomorrow's practitioners with a comprehensive overview of U.S. social policy and the policymaking process. Author and editor Michael Reisch brings together experts in the field to help students understand these policies and prepare them for the emerging realities that will shape practice in the 21st century. This text explores the critical contextual components of social policy—including history, ideology, political-economy, and culture—and demonstrates major substantive areas of policy such as income maintenance and health/mental health.

Prisons & Punishment

The Essentials

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Author: David Scott,Nick Flynn

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905206

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3732

Covering all the key topics across the subject of Penology, this book gives you the tools you need to delve deeper and critically examine issues relating to prisons and punishment. The second edition: explores prisons and punishment within national, international and comparative contexts, and draws upon contemporary case studies throughout to illustrate key themes and issues includes new sections on actuarial justice, proportionality, sentencing principles, persistent offending, rehabilitation, and abolitionist approaches to punishment features a companion website directing you towards relevant journal articles and web links. The book also includes a useful study skills section which guides you through essay writing and offers hints and tips on how you can get the most out of your lectures and seminars. This is the perfect primer for all undergraduate students of Criminology taking modules on Prisons and Punishment or Penology.

Penology

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Author: David Scott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473902657

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5511

As part of the SAGE Course Companion series, this book provides a comprehensive introduction and overview of the discipline of penology. It provides hints and tips on how to apply this information to maximum effect in coursework and examinations. This is a highly accessible text for those new to prison studies, or for anyone looking for a refresher. It provides structure and background for all prison and punishment modules on undergraduate criminology and criminal justice degrees. Written in a straightforward and clear style, the book gives detailed explanations for all academic terms used. The Penology Course Companion provides: - Easy access to the key themes in punishment and prison studies - Helpful summaries of the approach taken by the main course textbooks - Guidance on the essential study skills required to pass the course - Help with developing critical thinking - Taking it Further sections that suggest how readers can extent their thinking beyond the "received wisdom" - Pointers to success in course exams and written assessment exercises

Criminalization, Representation, Regulation

Thinking Differently about Crime

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Author: Deborah Brock,Amanda Glasbeek,Carmela Murdocca

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607130

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 2915

What is a crime and how do we construct it? The answers to these questions are complex and entangled in a web of power relations that require us to think differently about processes of criminalization and regulation. This book draws on Foucault's concept of governmentality as a lens to analyze and critique how crime is understood, reproduced, and challenged. It explores the dynamic interplay between practices of representation, processes of criminalization, and the ways that these circulate to both reflect and constitute crime and "justice."

The Immigration Crucible

Transforming Race, Nation, and the Limits of the Law

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Author: Philip Kretsedemas

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527322

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 9613

In the debate over U. S. immigration, all sides now support policy and practice that expand the parameters of enforcement. Philip Kretsedemas examines this development from several different perspectives, exploring recent trends in U.S. immigration policy, the rise in extralegal state power over the course of the twentieth century, and discourses on race, nation, and cultural difference that have influenced politics and academia. He also analyzes the recent expansion of local immigration law and explains how forms of extralegal discretionary authority have become more prevalent in federal immigration policy, making the dispersion of local immigration laws possible. While connecting such extralegal state powers to a free flow position on immigration, Kretsedemas also observes how these same discretionary powers have been used historically to control racial minority populations, particularly African Americans under Jim Crow. This kind of discretionary authority often appeals to "states rights" arguments, recently revived by immigration control advocates. Using these and other examples, Kretsedemas explains how both sides of the immigration debate have converged on the issue of enforcement and how, despite differing interests, each faction has shaped the commonsense assumptions defining the debate.

Grundsätze sozialer Gerechtigkeit

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Author: David Miller

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593381527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 7106

Philosophische Theorien der Gerechtigkeit nehmen die Vielfalt alltäglicher Gerechtigkeitsurteile selten zur Kenntnis. Anders dagegen David Miller: Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kontexte, in denen die in der Gesellschaft kursierenden Gerechtigkeitsvorstellungen entstehen, zeigt er deren Vielgestaltigkeit – und ihren philosophischen Gehalt. Er identifiziert drei Grundsätze, die allen Vorstellungen von sozialer Gerechtigkeit zugrunde liegen: Bedarf, Verdienst und Gleichheit. Seine zentrale These ist, dass mit den unterschiedlichen Formen menschlicher Beziehungen der jeweilige Stellenwert dieser Grundsätze variiert. Millers klar und unprätentiös geschriebenes Buch verdient es, in einem Atemzug mit den Werken von Rawls und Walzer genannt zu werden. Glanzstücke seiner Argumentation sind unter anderem seine Bemerkungen zur Rolle von Glück bei der Beurteilung von Leistungen für das Gerechtigkeitsempfinden.