Changing the Course of Failure

How Schools and Parents Can Help Low-Achieving Students

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Author: Sandra Stotsky

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1475839979

Category: Education

Page: 130

View: 8124

This book is about this country’s efforts to educate and raise the achievement level of large numbers of low-achieving students.

A Measure of Failure

The Political Origins of Standardized Testing

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Author: Mark J. Garrison

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438427782

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 6950

How did standardized tests become the measure of performance in our public schools? In this compelling work, Mark J. Garrison attempts to answer this question by analyzing the development of standardized testing, from the days of Horace Mann and Alfred Binet to the current scene. Approaching the issue from a sociohistorical perspective, the author demonstrates the ways standardized testing has been used to serve the interests of the governing class by attaching a performance-based value to people and upholding inequality in American society. The book also discusses the implications that a restructuring of standardized testing would have on the future of education, specifically what it could do to eliminate the measure of individual worth based on performance.

The Ideology of Failed States

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Author: Susan L. Woodward

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176425

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 738

Contests to reorganize the international system after the Cold War agree on the security threat of failed states: this book asks why.

The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data

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Author: John D. Kalbfleisch,Ross L. Prentice

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 462

View: 9832

Contains additional discussion and examples on left truncationas well as material on more general censoring and truncationpatterns. Introduces the martingale and counting process formulation swillbe in a new chapter. Develops multivariate failure time data in a separate chapterand extends the material on Markov and semi Markovformulations. Presents new examples and applications of data analysis.

ESD Design and Analysis Handbook

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Author: James E. Vinson,Joseph C. Bernier,Gregg D. Croft,Juin Jei Liou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402073502

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 207

View: 8668

Electrostatic Discharge is a pervasive issue in the semiconductor industry affecting both manufacturers and users of semiconductors. This easy-to-read, practical handbook presents an overview of ESD as it effects electronic circuits and provides a concise introduction for students, engineers, circuit designers and failure analysts.

Construction Failure

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Author: Jacob Feld,Kenneth L. Carper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471574774

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 8126

First published in 1968, Jacob Feld′s Construction Failure has long been considered the classic text on the subject. Retaining all of the key components of Feld′s comprehensive exploration of the root causes of failure, this Second Edition addresses a multitude of important industry developments to bring this landmark work up to date for a new generation of engineers, architects, and students. In addition to detailed coverage of current design tools, techniques, materials, and construction methods, Construction Failure, Second Edition features an entire chapter on the burgeoning area of construction litigation, including a thorough examination of alternative dispute resolution techniques. Like the original, this edition discusses technical and procedural failures of many different types of structures, but is now supplemented with new case studies to illustrate the dynamics of failure in action today. Jacob Feld knew thirty years ago that in order to learn from our mistakes, we must first acknowledge and understand them. With this revised volume, Kenneth Carper has ensured that Feld′s now–posthumous message will continue to be heard for years to come. Jacob Feld′s comprehensive work on failure analysis has now been skillfully amended to address current design and construction tools, materials, and practices. Building on the first edition′s peerless examination of the causes and lessons of failure, Construction Failure, Second Edition provides you with expanded coverage of: ∗ Technical, procedural, structural, and nonstructural failures ∗ Natural hazards, earthworks, soil and foundation problems, and more ∗ Reinforced, precast and prestressed concrete, steel, timber, masonry, and other materials ∗ Responsibility and litigation concerns, dispute avoidance, and alternative dispute resolution techniques ∗ Construction safety issues ∗ Many different types of structures, including dams and bridges Construction Failure has as much to teach us today as it did thirty years ago. This revised volume is an essential resource for design engineers, architects, construction managers, lawyers, and students in all of these fields.

The Tragedy of Failure

Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees, Terrorism, and War

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Author: Tiffiany Howard

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313381208

Category: Political Science

Page: 156

View: 7718

This intriguing approach to international conflict seeks to facilitate a dialogue between academics and policymakers on how to better anticipate and prevent state failure, subsequent forced migration, and the terrorist threat that often results. * Includes case studies of failed and failing states, including Somalia, Pakistan, Colombia, Haiti, and Sudan * Provides maps of Sudan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Somali showing the terrorist cells present in these states * A broad-based bibliography of sources from international conflict studies, refugee and migration, and terrorism studies

Plastics Failure

Cause and Prevention

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Author: Myer Ezrin

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446428828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 868

View: 3923

Plastics failure, to a certain extent, is the result of a phenomenal increase in the number and variety of applications in relatively few years. The focus of this book is on actual field and product failures. The treatment is comprehensive, emphasizing cause and prevention. The concept of the interdependence of material, design, and processing is applied to all examples and cases. The "how to" of prevention is brought out as a logical extension of the cause of failure. Contents: Nature, Causes, and Consequences of Plastics Failure. Fundamental Materials Variables Affecting Processing and Product Performance or Failure. Failures Related to Design and Material Selection. Examples. Processing-Related Factors to Failure. Failure Related to Service Conditions. Failure Analysis and Test Procedures. Quality Control. Legal Aspects of Plastic Product Liability and Failure. Examples of Failures in Various Applications

Prevention of failures in coal conversion systems

proceedings of the 24th meeting of the Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, held at Battelle, Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio, April 21-23, 1976

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Author: Mechanical Failures Prevention Group,Institute for Materials Research (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Coal gasification

Page: 231

View: 3678

The Uses of Failure in Mexican Literature and Identity

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Author: John A. Ochoa

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292758804

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 9817

While the concept of defeat in the Mexican literary canon is frequently acknowledged, it has rarely been explored in the fullness of the psychological and religious contexts that define this aspect of "mexicanidad." Going beyond the simple narrative of self-defeat, The Uses of Failure in Mexican Literature and Identity presents a model of failure as a source of knowledge and renewed self-awareness. Studying the relationship between national identity and failure, John Ochoa revisits the foundational texts of Mexican intellectual and literary history, the "national monuments," and offers a new vision of the pivotal events that echo throughout Mexican aesthetics and politics. The Uses of Failure in Mexican Literature and Identity encompasses five centuries of thought, including the works of the Conquistador Bernal Díaz del Castillo, whose sixteenth-century True History of the Conquest of New Spain formed Spanish-speaking Mexico's early self-perceptions; José Vasconcelos, the essayist and politician who helped rebuild the nation after the Revolution of 1910; and the contemporary novelist Carlos Fuentes. A fascinating study of a nation's volatile journey towards a sense of self, The Uses of Failure elegantly weaves ethical issues, the philosophical implications of language, and a sociocritical examination of Latin American writing for a sparkling addition to the dialogue on global literature.

The Aesthetics of Failure

Inexpressibility in Samuel Beckett’s Fiction

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Author: Marcin Tereszewski

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443855243

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 105

View: 6349

Although Beckett scholarship has in recent decades experienced a renaissance as a result of various poststructuralist approaches that tend to emphasize destabilization and inexpressibility as the defining features of Beckett’s output, relatively little attention has been paid to the ethical aspects of his aesthetics of failure. This book fits into that renaissance, but draws on a distinct, though rarely addressed, connection that Samuel Beckett’s work shares with that of Maurice Blanchot and Emmanuel Levinas. It is within this philosophical context that the significance of Beckett’s aesthetics of failure becomes most visible. Beckett’s work can be described as one of gradual reduction and disintegration of language, a stripping away of the tools rendering expression at all possible for the sake of approaching the inexpressible. Traditional representation yields to silence and linguistic aporia; language yields to images of absence and emptiness. The primary purpose of this study is to trace this movement of ‘unwording’ and analyze the role inexpressibility plays in Beckett’s prose in its visual, linguistic and ethical manifestations, as the aesthetics of inexpressibility is intrinsically bound with the ethical responsibility of literature understood as maintaining a relation with alterity.

On the Success of Failure

A Reassessment of the Effects of Retention in the Primary School Grades

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Author: Karl L. Alexander,Doris R. Entwisle,Susan L. Dauber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793971

Category: Education

Page: 314

View: 8045

This book is about the practice of grade retention in elementary school, a particularly vexing problem in urban school systems, where upward of half the students may repeat a grade. On the Success of Failure addresses whether repeating a grade is helpful or harmful when children are not keeping up. It describes the school context of retention and evaluates its consequences by tracking the experiences of a large, representative sample of Baltimore school children from first grade through high school. In addition to evaluating the consequences of retention, the book describes the cohort's dispersion along many different educational pathways from first grade through middle school, the articulation of retention with other forms of educational tracking (like reading group placements in the early primary grades and course-level assignments in middle school), and repeaters' academic and school adjustment problems before they were held back.

Security and Reliability of Damaged Structures and Defective Materials

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Author: Guy Pluvinage,Aleksandar Sedmak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048127920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 1468

Structures that are essential for economy and security such as energy production, transportation and supply, water supply, buildings, are susceptible to failure, because of defects already present in the material, or created at fabrication, or appearing during service. Methods of assesment of the nocivity of these defects are needed, to predict the remaining service life and the eventual emergency of stopping service and repairing, if possible. To reach this objectives, this book presents the last methods derived from the classical linear, non-linear fracture mechanics concepts, including fatigue and notch fracture mechanics. Several examples of structures rehabilitations and repairing are given. This book gathers the presentation made during the Advanced Research Workshop held in Portoroz (Slovenia) in October 2008, under the auspices of NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme. It is edited by Professor Guy Pluvinage from the University Paul Verlaine – Metz (France) and Professor Aleksandar Sedmak from the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. Both have a long and rich experience in analysis of theoretical and practical cases in safety and reliability of structures. Other contributors are all known as experts in the areas of fatigue, facture and reliability of structures.

State of Failure

Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas, and the Unmaking of the Palestinian State

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Author: Jonathan Schanzer

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137365641

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2224

The biggest obstacle to Palestinian statehood may not be Israel In September 2011, president Mahmoud Abbas stood before the United Nations General Assembly and dramatically announced his intention to achieve recognition of Palestinian statehood. The United States roundly opposed the move then, but two years later, Washington revived dreams for Palestinian statehood through bilateral diplomacy with Israel. But are the Palestinians prepared for the next step? In State of Failure, Middle East expert Jonathan Schanzer argues that the reasons behind Palestine's inertia are far more complex than we realize. Despite broad international support, Palestinian independence is stalling because of internal mismanagement, not necessarily because of Israeli intransigence. Drawing on exclusive sources, the author shows how the PLO under Yasser Arafat was ill prepared for the task of statebuilding. Arafat's successor, Mahmoud Abbas, used President George W. Bush's support to catapult himself into the presidency. But the aging leader, now four years past the end of his elected term, has not only failed to implement much needed reforms but huge sums of international aid continue to be squandered, and the Palestinian people stand to lose everything as a result. Supporters of Palestine and Israel alike will find Schanzer's narrative compelling at this critical juncture in Middle Eastern politics.

Single Point of Failure

The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management

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Author: Gary S. Lynch

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 9780470570463

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7634

Over the past decade organizations have faced relentless customer demand for better value at less cost, individual customization, greater choice, faster delivery, higher quality, exceptional service, and more recently – increased environmental and social consciousness. The organization’s weapon of choice to address this increasing demand has been the supply chain. However, as the supply chain footprint changed (e.g. outsourcing, off-shoring and customer/vendor empowerment) so did the organization’s exposure to uncertainty. Organizations were taken by surprise since this exposure was unanticipated, complex and beyond their ability to manage. As customers become more demanding and change occurs at an even greater pace, supply chain risk continues to propagate like a parasite. Organizations and societies are at much greater risk of systemic failure because of the massive interdependency throughout global supply chains. The priority now is two-fold; play catch-up and address these massive gaps while deploying more intelligent and integrated strategies (i.e. social aware, instinctive, dynamic and predictive) for dealing with continuous change. Single Point of Failure: The 10 Essential Laws of Supply Chain Risk Management uses analogies and dozens of case histories to describe the risk parasite that infects all supply chains while revealing methods to neutralize that parasite. The book addresses the questions: What are the "single points of failure"? How exposed are customers, investors, other stakeholders and ultimately the organization? What is the measurable impact (i.e. brand, financial, strategic, and non-compliance)? Who establishes the "risk paradigm"? How does the organization efficiently and effectively allocate precious resources - time, people, management attention, and capital? How is success measured? This book is both technically powerful and effectively realistic, based on today's complex global economy.

Prison Shakespeare and the Purpose of Performance: Repentance Rituals and the Early Modern

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Author: N. Herold

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137432675

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 142

View: 2312

Over the last decade a number of prison theatre programs have developed to rehabilitate inmates by having them perform Shakespearean adaptations. This book focuses on how prison theatre today reveals certain elements of the early modern theatre that were themselves responses to cataclysmic changes in theological doctrine and religious practice.

Resilience Engineering Perspectives: Remaining sensitive to the possibility of failure

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Author: Erik Hollnagel,Christopher P. Nemeth,Sidney Dekker

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754671275

Category: Transportation

Page: 332

View: 7715

The first volume in the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series deals with important issues such as measurements and models, the use of procedures to ensure safety, the relation between resilience and robustness, safety management, and the use of risk analysis. The chapters utilize a report from a serious medical accident to illustrate more concretely how resilience engineering can make a difference, both to the understanding of how accidents happen and to what an organization can do to become more resilient.