The Principles of Learning and Behavior

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Author: Michael P. Domjan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305142675

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 5365

From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Domjan and Burkhard's The Principles of Learning and Behavior

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Author: Michael Domjan,Barbara Burkhard-Ebin

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534189129

Category: Psychology

Page: 459

View: 532

This popular text gives students a comprehensive and readable introduction to contemporary issues in learning and behavior. The books balanced coverage, careful organization, and focus on animal learning have made it a favorite for years with professors and students alike. The book provides a systematic introduction to elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the twentieth century: habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior. The book is organized so that each chapter builds on the previous one, and simpler phenomena (habituation and sensitization) are described before more complicated ones. Within each chapter, information is also presented in increasing order of complexity. Throughout, analogies and examples help simplify and clarify concepts.

Studyguide for the Principles of Learning and Behavior by Domjan, Michael P., ISBN 9781285088563

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Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Cram101

ISBN: 9781497018532

Category:

Page: 102

View: 3432

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9781285088563. This item is printed on demand.

Lernen und Verhalten

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Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827372185

Category: Behavior modification

Page: 659

View: 6070

Learning & Behavior

Eighth Edition

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Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315450267

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 5531

This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.

Introduction to Learning and Behavior

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Author: Russell A. Powell,P. Lynne Honey,Diane G. Symbaluk

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305652940

Category: Education

Page: 640

View: 9673

Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 5th Edition provides a clear introduction to the principles of learning and behavior. Designed to strike a balance between basic principles and their practical application, it provides an engaging outline of the behavioral approach to psychology and its relevance for understanding and improving the world we live in. This edition includes a new emphasis on behavior self-management -- including an appendix on tactics of behavior self-management as well as Study Tip boxes advising students on a range of study behavior issues, from how to best read a textbook to the use of stimulus control procedures to increase concentration and reduce procrastination. Instructors who include self-management projects as a course assignment may particularly appreciate this material. As with past editions, numerous opportunities for review and self-testing help students maximize their understanding and retention. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The ABCs of Human Behavior

Behavioral Principles for the Practicing Clinician

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Author: Jonas Ramnero,Niklas Torneke

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1608824357

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 7078

When cognitive behavior therapy emerged in the 1950s, driven by the work of Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck, basic behavior principles were largely sidelined in clinical psychology curricula. Issues in cognition became the focus of case conceptualization and intervention planning for most therapists. But as the new third-wave behavior therapies begin to address weaknesses in the traditional cognitive behavioral models-principally the modest effectiveness of thought stopping and cognitive restructuring techniques-basic behavior principles are once again attracting the interest of front-line clinicians. Many of today's clinicians, though, received their training during the years in which classical behaviorism was not a major part of clinical education. In order to make the best use of the new contextual behaviorism, they need to revisit basic behavioral principles from a practical angle. This book addresses this need. The ABCs of Human Behavior offers practicing clinicians a pithy and practical introduction to the basics of modern behavioral psychology. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning as well as more recent developments that explain language and cognition in behavioral and contextual terms. These principles are not just discussed in the abstract-rather the book shows how the principles of learning apply in the clinical context. Practical and easy to read, the book walks clinicians through both common sense and clinical examples that help them learn to use behavioral principles to observe, explain, and influence behavior in a therapeutic setting.

Behavior Management

Traditional and Expanded Approaches

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Author: Norris M. Haynes

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761859616

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 2269

This book serves as a reference guide on the implementation of basic and more advanced behavior management strategies. It covers the principles and application of basic learning theories as well as those that integrate cognitions and emotions in treatment frameworks.

Behavior Analysis and Learning

Sixth Edition

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Author: W. David Pierce,Carl D. Cheney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351779796

Category: Psychology

Page: 638

View: 3991

Using a consistent Skinnerian perspective, Behavior Analysis and Learning: A Biobehavioral Approach, Sixth Edition provides an advanced introduction to the principles of behavior analysis and learned behaviors, covering a full range of principles from basic respondent and operant conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design. The textbook uses Darwinian, neurophysiological, and biological theories and research to inform B. F. Skinner’s philosophy of radical behaviorism. The sixth edition expands focus on neurophysiological mechanisms and their relation to the experimental analysis of behavior, providing updated studies and references to reflect current expansions and changes in the field of behavior analysis. By bringing together ideas from behavior analysis, neuroscience, and epigenetics under a selectionist framework, this textbook facilitates understanding of behavior at environmental, genetic, and neurophysiological levels. This "grand synthesis" of behavior, neuroscience, and neurobiology roots behavior firmly in biology. The book includes special sections, "New Directions," "Focus On," "Note On," "On the Applied Side," and "Advanced Section," which enhance student learning and provide greater insight on specific topics. This book is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines, especially behavioral neuroscience. For additional resources to use alongside the textbook, consult the Companion Website at www.routledge.com/cw/pierce.

Entwicklungspsychologie des Kindes- und Jugendalters für Bachelor

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Author: Arnold Lohaus,Marc Vierhaus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662455293

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 7410

Dieses Lehrbuch beantwortet alle prüfungsrelevanten Fragen des psychologischen Grundlagenfachs "Entwicklungspsychologie", behandelt die zentralen Bereiche Motorik, Sensorik, Kognition, Intelligenz, Emotion, Sprache, Selbstkonzept, Moral, Eltern-Kind-Beziehung und gibt einen Überblick über entwicklungspsychologische Theorien, Methoden und Diagnostik. Es ist vollständig, durch zahlreiche Fallbeispiele, Definitionen, Lernziele, Kontrollfragen und vertiefende Literatur sehr lernfreundlich und gleichzeitig sehr kompakt: eine ausführliche Randspalte (fast-track) fasst das Wichtigste zusammen. Doch das Buch ist nur der halbe Spaß: Die begleitende Website enthält Lerntools für Studierende und komplette Foliensätze für Dozenten zum Download. Alle Kapitel werden als Hörbeiträge zum Download im mp3-Format angeboten. Und viele Themen werden durch kurze Videos unterhaltsam erklärt und können via QR-Codes im Buch auch auf dem Smartphone angeschaut werden. – Das Beste: All das ist kostenlos! Lesen, Hören, Sehen, Lehren und Lernen im Web - mehr kann ein Lehrbuch nicht bieten.

Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 3)

Approaches to Human Learning and Motivation

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Author: William K. Estes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317672291

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 6416

Originally published in 1976, Volume 3 of this Handbook deals primarily with conditions of acquisition, retention and forgetting, and the manner in which acquired information and motivation combine to determine performance. The organization of this volume can be understood in terms of four principal categories. The first category deals with general problems of methodology, the second and third with basic concepts arising from research on human learning and performance and the fourth with applications. Volume 1 presented an overview of the field and introduced principal theoretical and methodological issues that persistently recurred in the expanded treatment of specific research areas which comprise the later volumes. The areas traditionally associated with conditioning, learning theory and the basic psychology of human learning are treated in Volumes 2 and 3. The last three volumes will range over active lines of research having to do with human cognitive processes, at the time: Volume 4, attention, memory storage and retrieval; Volumes 5 and 6, information processing, reading, semantic memory, and problem solving.

Die Psychologie des Überzeugens

ein Lehrbuch für alle, die ihren Mitmenschen und sich selbst auf die Schliche kommen wollen

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Author: Robert B. Cialdini

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456848341

Category:

Page: 371

View: 318

Welche Faktoren bringen uns dazu, das zu tun, was andere von uns wollen? Und welche Techniken machen von diesen Faktoren am wirksamsten Gebrauch? In seinem Bestseller “Die Psychologie des Überzeugens” beschäftigt sich Robert B. Cialdini - der zunächst in den Bereichen Verkauf, Fundraising und Werbung praktische Erfahrungen sammelte und heute Professor für Sozialpsychologie ist - mit Theorie und Praxis des Überzeugens. Frühere Ausgaben des Buches wurden für ihre gute Lesbarkeit, ihre praktischen Anregungen sowie ihre wissenschaftliche Genauigkeit hoch gelobt und haben eine große Leserschaft unter Wirtschaftsfachleuten, Fundraising-Spezialisten und Menschen mit Interesse an Psychologie gefunden. Die vorliegende Neuausgabe enthält: - doppelt so viele Berichte von Leserinnen und Lesern über deren persönliche Erfahrungen mit den im Buch beschriebenen Prinzipien - neue Beispiele aus den Bereichen Populärkultur und neue Technologien sowie - mehr darüber, wie Gesetzmäßigkeiten der Beeinflussung in unterschiedlichen Kulturen zum Ausdruck kommen.

Motor Learning and Performance

From Principles to Application

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Author: Richard A. Schmidt,Timothy D. Lee

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1492584304

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 8683

Motor Learning and Performance: From Principles to Application, Fifth Edition With Web Study Guide, describes the principles of motor performance and learning in a style that is accessible even to students with little or no knowledge of physiology, psychology, statistical methods, and other basic sciences. Constructing an easy-to-understand conceptual model of motor performance along the way, this text outlines the principles of motor skill learning, building a strong understanding of how skills are acquired and perfected with practice and showing students how to apply the concepts to a variety of real-world settings. Incorporating familiar scenarios brings the material to life for students, leading to better retention of information and greater interest in practical application of motor performance and learning in their everyday lives and future careers. The fifth edition of Motor Learning and Performance features a more streamlined organization, with practice situations integrated directly into chapters rather than appearing at the end of the text, facilitating a stronger link between principles derived from research and practical applications. The addition of author Timothy Lee adds a fresh perspective to the text. Other key changes include the following: • An improved web study guide offers a principles-to-application exercise and multiple interactive activities for each chapter, ensuring that students will be able to transfer core content from the book to various applied settings. • A full-color interior provides a more engaging presentation. • Focus on Research and Focus on Application sidebars deliver more detailed research information and make connections to real-world applications in areas such as teaching, coaching, and therapy. • Updates to instructor ancillaries feature the addition of lab activities to the instructor guide and new chapter quizzes that assess students’ mastery of the most important concepts covered in the textbook. • Pedagogical aids such as learning objectives, glossary of terms, and Check Your Understanding questions throughout help students stay on track with learning in each chapter. Motor Learning and Performance, Fifth Edition, provides optimal student comprehension, offering a strong conceptual understanding of skills and then building on this with the intricacies of skilled motor performance. Part I investigates the principles of human performance, progressively developing a conceptual model of human actions. The focus is mainly on human performance as based on an information-processing perspective. In part II, the text uses the conceptual model to impart an understanding of human motor learning processes. The presentation style remains simple and straightforward for those without extensive backgrounds in motor performance. The fifth edition of Motor Learning and Performance: From Principles to Application goes beyond simply presenting research, challenging students not only to grasp but also to apply the fundamental concepts of motor performance and learning. The fifth edition is a valuable tool for anyone who appreciates high-level skilled activity or would like to learn more about how such performances occur.

Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

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Author: Duane M. Rumbaugh,David A. Washburn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300129359

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 622

What is animal intelligence? In what ways is it similar to human intelligence? Many behavioral scientists have realized that animals can be rational, can think in abstract symbols, can understand and react to human speech, and can learn through observation as well as conditioning many of the more complicated skills of life. Now Duane Rumbaugh and David Washburn probe the mysteries of the animal mind even further, identifying an advanced level of animal behavior—emergents—that reflects animals’ natural and active inclination to make sense of the world. Rumbaugh and Washburn unify all behavior into a framework they call Rational Behaviorism and present it as a new way to understand learning, intelligence, and rational behavior in both animals and humans. Drawing on years of research on issues of complex learning and intelligence in primates (notably rhesus monkeys, chimpanzees, and bonobos), Rumbaugh and Washburn provide delightful examples of animal ingenuity and persistence, showing that animals are capable of very creative solutions to novel challenges. The authors analyze learning processes and research methods, discuss the meaningful differences across the primate order, and point the way to further advances, enlivening theoretical material about primates with stories about their behavior and achievements.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080453961

Category: Psychology

Page: 1816

View: 459

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Behavior Management

Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports

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Author: John J. Wheeler,David Dean Richey

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780135010716

Category: Education

Page: 396

View: 608

This text provides the best of behavior analysis and positive behavior supports (PBS) available in a text, with the main goal of helping teachers achieve optimal behavioral and learning outcomes for the students they teach–regardless of the degree of challenging behavior exhibited. The authors address the needs of learners with disabilities, but also emphasize the relevance of PBS for all children and youth. The text uses strategically placed case-style vignettes, embedded within each chapter, to assist readers in learning important principles and how they apply to practice. Additionally, the text is abundant in key topics including: reinforcing the principles of PBS applied to practice such as engineering environments, functional behavior assessment, and antecedent management strategies; giving thorough treatment in communicating the emergence of PBS from ABA; the depiction of PBS as the model of choice in working with children who experience challenging behavior; ethics and the role of families in the delivery of PBS, and the role of families as partners in education; demonstrates key principles in practice in actual classrooms with real learners;and features the most current and empirical-based research in the field. Behavior Management: Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports, Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and revised, reflecting only the most recent and important changes and updates to the field.

Handbook of Organizational Performance

Behavior Analysis and Management

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Author: C. Merle Johnson,William K. Redmon,Thomas C. Mawhinney

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780789010872

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 475

View: 7702

Capitalize on the principles of psychology to develop more effective leadership! Whether you work in a smokestack industry, the service sector, or a high-tech information-based business, the basic principles of industrial/organizational psychology you will find in The Handbook of Organizational Performance can help you obtain better performance from your employees. This comprehensive volume contains all the information you need to understand on-the-job behavior and effectively manage your employees. The Handbook of Organizational Performance gives you the tools and techniques you need to reward positive employee behaviors and correct undesirable ones before they become destructive habits. Using the principles of industrial/organizational psychology, you will learn how to train employees, how to determine criteria for performance appraisals, and how to establish leadership in the workplace. The Handbook of Organizational Performance is a comprehensive guide to all areas of management, including: designing more effective training managing occupational stress using ”pay-for-performance” plans reducing job-related injury and illness taking an active role in occupational safety encouraging business ethics With its clear structure and helpful charts, tables, and figures, The Handbook of Organizational Performance is an indispensable management tool and an essential text for students of business.