The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

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Author: Milan W. Svolik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139561073

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8455

What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008.

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

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Author: Jason Brownlee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464469

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7165

Far from sweeping the globe uniformly, the 'third wave of democratization' left burgeoning republics and resilient dictatorships in its wake. Applying more than a year of original fieldwork in Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, and the Philippines, in this book Jason Brownlee shows that the mixed record of recent democratization is best deciphered through a historical and institutional approach to authoritarian rule. Exposing the internal organizations that structure elite conflict, Brownlee demonstrates why the critical soft-liners needed for democratic transitions have been dormant in Egypt and Malaysia but outspoken in Iran and the Philippines. By establishing how ruling parties originated and why they impede change, Brownlee illuminates the problem of contemporary authoritarianism and informs the promotion of durable democracy.

Rule by Law

The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes

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Author: Tom Ginsburg,Tamir Moustafa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139473131

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8886

Scholars have generally assumed that courts in authoritarian states are pawns of their regimes, upholding the interests of governing elites and frustrating the efforts of their opponents. As a result, nearly all studies in comparative judicial politics have focused on democratic and democratizing countries. This volume brings together leading scholars in comparative judicial politics to consider the causes and consequences of judicial empowerment in authoritarian states. It demonstrates the wide range of governance tasks that courts perform, as well as the way in which courts can serve as critical sites of contention both among the ruling elite and between regimes and their citizens. Drawing on empirical and theoretical insights from every major region of the world, this volume advances our understanding of judicial politics in authoritarian regimes.

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

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Author: Yuhua Wang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107071747

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 8694

Tying the Autocrat's Hands provides a comprehensive, empirical evaluation of legal reforms in contemporary China. Based on the author's extensive fieldwork and analyses of original data, the book tells a story in which foreign investors with weak political connections push for judicial empowerment in China, while Chinese investors struggle to hold on to their privileges.

Competitive Authoritarianism

Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War

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Author: Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491482

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2225

Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.

Constitutions in Authoritarian Regimes

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Author: Tom Ginsburg,Alberto Simpser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107047668

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 3892

This volume explores the form and function of constitutions in countries without the fully articulated institutions of limited government.

Religion and Authoritarianism

Cooperation, Conflict, and the Consequences

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Author: Karrie J. Koesel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037069

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 1961

This book examines the political consequences of growing religiosity in countries where politics are repressive and religious freedoms are in flux. The study compares how two authoritarian regimes - Russia and China - manage religion and how religious communities navigate restrictive political environments to pursue their own spiritual and economic interests.

Der Irak seit 1958

von der Revolution zur Diktatur

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Author: Peter Sluglett,Marion Farouk-Sluglett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518116616

Category: Iraq

Page: 345

View: 8301

Ordering Power

Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia

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Author: Dan Slater

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489968

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6820

Like the postcolonial world more generally, Southeast Asia exhibits tremendous variation in state capacity and authoritarian durability. Ordering Power draws on theoretical insights dating back to Thomas Hobbes to develop a unified framework for explaining both of these political outcomes. States are especially strong and dictatorships especially durable when they have their origins in 'protection pacts': broad elite coalitions unified by shared support for heightened state power and tightened authoritarian controls as bulwarks against especially threatening and challenging types of contentious politics. These coalitions provide the elite collective action underpinning strong states, robust ruling parties, cohesive militaries, and durable authoritarian regimes - all at the same time. Comparative-historical analysis of seven Southeast Asian countries (Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Vietnam, and Thailand) reveals that subtly divergent patterns of contentious politics after World War II provide the best explanation for the dramatic divergence in Southeast Asia's contemporary states and regimes.

Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy

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Author: Michael Albertus,Victor Menaldo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107199824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 6415

Provides an innovative theory of regime transitions and outcomes, and tests it using extensive evidence between 1800 and today.

The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes

Managing Dissent in Post-Communist Russia

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Author: Graeme B. Robertson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491865

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3830

Since the end of the Cold War, more and more countries feature political regimes that are neither liberal democracies nor closed authoritarian systems. Most research on these hybrid regimes focuses on how elites manipulate elections to stay in office, but in places as diverse as Bolivia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Thailand, Ukraine and Venezuela, protest in the streets has been at least as important as elections in bringing about political change. The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes builds on previously unpublished data and extensive fieldwork in Russia to show how one high-profile hybrid regime manages political competition in the workplace and in the streets. More generally, the book develops a theory of how the nature of organizations in society, state strategies for mobilizing supporters, and elite competition shape political protest in hybrid regimes.

Democracy and Redistribution

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Author: Carles Boix,Carles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521532679

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 4080

In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

Die Demokratie und ihre Feinde

Wer gestaltet die neue Weltordnung?

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Author: Robert Kagan

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641033713

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3327

Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

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Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725345

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 7429

Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.

The Politics of Industrial Relations

Labor Unions in Spain

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Author: Kerstin Hamann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136652396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 4253

As unions in most other industrialized democracies continue to decline, unions in Spain have been able to regain and maintain strength despite unfavorable institutional, political, and economic conditions. The Politics of Industrial Relations provides a comprehensive analysis of Spanish unions from the Franco dictatorship until the present. It builds on industrial relations, comparative politics, and political economy literature to investigate the trajectory of Spanish unions. The book analyzes unions as political actors, that is, their interaction and involvement with governments, political parties, and nationwide policy-making processes to explain why Spanish unions appear in some ways as atypical in West European comparison. The development of Spanish unions and industrial relations is framed in a historical-institutionalist approach while also taking into account globalization and Europeanization processes. Using the case of the Spanish transition to democracy, the book demonstrates that the historical sequencing of institutional reforms in the political and industrial relations arenas holds significant and long-lasting consequences for the nature of unions and labor relations. The book concludes that by understanding unions as political actors, the history of Spanish unionism and industrial relations institutions is more easily accommodated than looking at unions as industrial actors alone. Comprehensive in its theoretical scope and empirical depth, The Politics of Industrial Relations presents Spain as an anomaly, and thus as a test case, for a multitude of theories developed in the political economy and industrial relations literatures.

Dictators and their Secret Police

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Author: Sheena Chestnut Greitens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107139848

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9054

This book explores the secret police organizations of East Asian dictators: origins, operations, and effects on ordinary citizens' lives.

Making Autocracy Work

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Author: Rory Truex

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107172438

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 8321

This book uses original data from China's National People's Congress to challenge conceptions of representation, authoritarianism, and the political system.

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

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Author: Shane Martin,Thomas Saalfeld,Kaare W. Strøm

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191019070

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 7536

Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914

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Author: Christopher A. Bayly

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593404885

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 7322

Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"