The Palm and the Pleiades

Initiation and Cosmology in Northwest Amazonia

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Author: Stephen Hugh-Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521358903

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 3379

When it was first published in 1979, this book, together with its companion volume, From the Milk River, by Christine Hugh-Jones, was hailed as setting 'a new standard for South American ethnographers, one to be emulated' (Third World Quarterly). Both are now available for the first time in paperback. The book is an extended study in English of Amazonian ritual. Through an analysis of a secret men's cult widespread throughout Northwest Amazonia, Hugh-Jones builds up a general picture of a South American Indian society, and of a religious and cosmological system that is common to a large area of Northwest Amazonia. The book is also an exercise in the anthropological interpretation of ritual, myth and religious symbolism from a structuralist point of view.

Quadripartite Structures

Categories, Relations and Homologies in Bush Mekeo Culture

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Author: Mark S. Mosko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521264525

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 748

This book was the first detailed, comprehensive study of Bush Mekeo culture and society.

Beyond Nature and Culture

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Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022614500X

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 4367

Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.

The Fish People

Linguistic Exogamy and Tukanoan Identity in Northwest Amazonia

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Author: Jean E. Jackson,Jean Elizabeth Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521278225

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 287

View: 7938

The Bará, or Fish people of the Northwest Amazon form part of a network of intermarrying local communities - each community speaks a different language and marriages must take place between people from different communities with different languages. Here, Jean Jackson discusses Bar· marriage, kinship, spatial organization and other features of their social landscape.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender

Men and Women in the World's Cultures Topics and Cultures A-K - Volume 1; Cultures L-Z -

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Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 030647770X

Category: Social Science

Page: 1037

View: 591

The central aim of this encyclopedia is to give the reader a comparative perspective on issues involving conceptions of gender, gender differences, gender roles, relationships between the genders, and sexuality. The encyclopedia is divided into two volumes: Topics and Cultures. The combination of topical overviews and varying cultural portraits is what makes this encyclopedia a unique reference work for students, researchers and teachers interested in gender studies and cross-cultural variation in sex and gender. It deserves a place in the library of every university and every social science and health department. Contents:- Glossary. Cultural Conceptions of Gender. Gender Roles, Status, and Institutions. Sexuality and Male-Female Interaction. Sex and Gender in the World's Cultures. Culture Name Index. Subject Index.

The Spiritual Quest

Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

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Author: Robert M. Torrance

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520211596

Category: Religion

Page: 367

View: 8235

This treatise argues that the quest for the spirit is not a rare mystical experience, but a frequent expression of basic human impulses, rooted in our biological, psychological and social nature. It presents the quest in the myths and religious practices of tribal people throughout the world.

Blood Relations

Menstruation and the Origins of Culture

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Author: Chris Knight

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030018655X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 592

View: 7630

The emergence of symbolic culture is generally linked with the development of the hunger-gatherer adaptation based on a sexual division of labor. This original and ingenious book presents a new theory of how this symbolic domain originated. Integrating perspectives of evolutionary biography and social anthropology within a Marxist framework, Chris Knight rejects the common assumption that human culture was a modified extension of primate behavior and argues instead that it was the product of an immense social, sexual, and political revolution initiated by women. Culture became established, says Knight, when evolving human females began to assert collective control over their own sexuality, refusing sex to all males except those who came to them with provisions. Women usually timed their ban on sexual relations with their periods of infertility while they were menstruating, and to the extent that their solidarity drew women together, these periods tended to occur in synchrony. The result was that every month with the onset of menstruation, sexual relations were ruptured in a collective, ritualistic way as the prelude to each successful hunting expedition. This ritual act was the means through which women motivated men not only to hunt but also to concentrate energies on bringing back the meat. Knight shows how this hypothesis sheds light on the roots of such cultural traditions as totemic rituals, incest and menstrual taboos, blood-sacrifice, and hunters’ atonement rites. Providing detailed ethnographic documentation, he also explains how Native American, Australian Aboriginal, and other magico-religious myths can be read as derivatives of the same symbolic logic.

Handbook of Latin American Studies

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Latin America

Page: N.A

View: 6516

Contains records describing books, book chapters, articles, and conference papers published in the field of Latin American studies. Coverage includes relevant books as well as over 800 social science and 550 humanities journals and volumes of conference proceedings. Most records include abstracts with evaluations.

Ethnology

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2326

The Forest Within

The World-view of the Tukano Amazonian Indians

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Author: Gerardo Reichel-Dolmatoff

Publisher: Themis Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 1231

This is a detailed portrait of how an aboriginal tribe of the remote Amazonian region understands the cosmic dimensions of their partnership with the rainforest. Anthropologist Gerardo Reichel-Dolmatoff, who spent most of his life working in Colombia among the Indian tribes of the North-West Amazon, explores the world-view of the Tukano Indians: their view of the forest as a model of the cosmos; the master of the animals; their complex and multi-dimensional bond with their environment; and their social and sexual restrictions in order to harmonise with the rainforest.

Gender and sociality in Amazonia

how real people are made

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Author: Cecilia McCallum

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859734490

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9043

This is the first book to focus directly on gender in Amazonia for nearly thirty years. Research on gender and sexual identity has become central to social science during that time, but studies have concentrated on other places and people, leaving the gendered experiences of indigenous Amazonians relatively unexplored. McCallum explores little-known aspects of the day-to-day lives of Amazonian peoples in Brazil and Peru. Taking a closer look at the lives of the Cashinahua people, the book provides fascinating insights into conception, pregnancy and birth; naming rituals and initiation ceremonies; concepts of space and time; community and leadership; exchange and production practices; and the philosophy of daily life itself. Through this prism it shows that in fact gender is not merely an aspect of Amazonian social life, but its central axis and driving force. Gender does not just affect personal identity, but has implications for the whole of community life and social organization. The author illustrates how gender is continually created and maintained, and how social forms emerge from the practices of gendered persons in interaction. Throughout their lives, people are 'being made' in this part of the Amazon, and the whole of social organization is predicated on this conception. The author reveals the complex inter-relationships that link gender distinctions with the body, systems of exchange and politics. In so doing, she develops a specific theoretical model of gender and sociality that reshapes our understanding of Amazonian social processes. Building on the key works from past decades, this book challenges and extends current understandings of gender, society and the indigenous people of Amazonia.

JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 9937

Consuming Passions and Patterns of Consumption

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Author: Preston Miracle,Nicki Milner

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological

ISBN: 9780951942086

Category: History

Page: 136

View: 4409

This volume outlines and illustrates the importance of considering social contexts of food consumption in interpretations of past and present human societies, giving a new twist to the old adage 'You are what you eat'. What we eat, how we eat, are and always have been fundamental to the structuring of social life, both in the past and in the present. The remains of food are also among the most common archaeological finds. The papers in this volume explore and develop ways of using food to write social history; they move beyond taphonomic and economic properties of 'subsistence resources' to examine the social background and cultural contexts of food preparation and consumption. Contributions break new ground in method and interpretation in case studies spanning the Palaeolithic to the Present, and from the Amazon to the Arctic. This volume will thus be essential reading for all archaeologists, anthropologists and social historians interested in the prehistory and history of food consumption.

Schamanen.

Zwischen Mythos und Moderne.

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Author: Alexandra Rosenbohm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Shamanism

Page: 216

View: 827