The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

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Author: Stewart Shapiro

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195148770

Category: Mathematics

Page: 833

View: 6834

Covers the state of the art in the philosophy of maths and logic, giving the reader an overview of the major problems, positions, and battle lines. The chapters in this book contain both exposition and criticism as well as substantial development of their own positions. It also includes a bibliography.

The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein

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Author: Oskari Kuusela,Marie McGinn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199287503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 824

View: 5920

Since the middle of the 20th century Ludwig Wittgenstein has been an exceptionally influential and controversial figure wherever philosophy is studied. This is a comprehensive volume on Wittgenstein where 35 scholars explore the whole range of his thought, offering critical engagement and original interpretation.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

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Author: Desmond M. Clarke,Catherine Wilson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654256

Category: Philosophy

Page: 616

View: 8225

In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. The five parts of the book cover metaphysics and natural philosophy; the mind, the passions, and aesthetics; epistemology, logic, mathematics, and language; ethics and political philosophy; and religion. The period between the publication of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and Berkeley's reflections on Newton and Locke saw one of the most fundamental changes in the history of our way of thinking about the universe. This radical transformation of worldview was partly a response to what we now call the Scientific Revolution; it was equally a reflection of political changes that were no less fundamental, which included the establishment of nation-states and some of the first attempts to formulate a theory of international rights and justice. Finally, the Reformation and its aftermath undermined the apparent unity of the Christian church in Europe and challenged both religious beliefs that had been accepted for centuries and the interpretation of the Bible on which they had been based. The Handbook surveys a number of the most important developments in the philosophy of the period, as these are expounded both in texts that have since become very familiar and in other philosophical texts that are undeservedly less well-known. It also reaches beyond the philosophy to make evident the fluidity of the boundary with science, and to consider the impact on philosophy of historical and political events—explorations, revolutions and reforms, inventions and discoveries. Thus it not only offers a guide to the most important areas of recent research, but also offers some new questions for historians of philosophy to pursue and to have indicated areas that are ripe for further exploration.

The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

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Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199238847

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1161

View: 1380

The main stream of academic philosophy, in Anglophone countries and increasingly worldwide, is identified by the name 'analytic'. The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

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Author: Commonwealth Professor of Philosophy and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Knowledge and Data Paul Humphreys,Paul Humphreys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199368813

Category: Philosophy and science

Page: 944

View: 5997

This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field -- bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.

The Oxford Handbook of American Philosophy

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Author: Cheryl Misak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199219315

Category: Philosophy

Page: 642

View: 8154

This is the first collective study of the development of philosophy in America, from the 18th century to the present. Leading experts examine distinctive features of American philosophy, trace notable themes, and consider the legacy of key figures. A fascinating resource for anyone interested in modern philosophy or American intellectual history.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics

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Author: Robert Batterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195392043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 8091

This Oxford Handbook provides an overview of many of the topics that currently engage philosophers of physics. It surveys new issues and the problems that have become a focus of attention in recent years. It also provides up-to-date discussions of the still very important problems that dominated the field in the past. In the late 20th Century, the philosophy of physics was largely focused on orthodox Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory. The measurement problem, the question of the possibility of hidden variables, and the nature of quantum locality dominated the literature on the quantum mechanics, whereas questions about relationalism vs. substantivalism, and issues about underdetermination of theories dominated the literature on spacetime. These issues still receive considerable attention from philosophers, but many have shifted their attentions to other questions related to quantum mechanics and to spacetime theories. Quantum field theory has become a major focus, particularly from the point of view of algebraic foundations. Concurrent with these trends, there has been a focus on understanding gauge invariance and symmetries. The philosophy of physics has evolved even further in recent years with attention being paid to theories that, for the most part, were largely ignored in the past. For example, the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics—-once thought to be a paradigm instance of unproblematic theory reduction—-is now a hotly debated topic. The implicit, and sometimes explicit, reductionist methodology of both philosophers and physicists has been severely criticized and attention has now turned to the explanatory and descriptive roles of "non-fundamental,'' phenomenological theories. This shift of attention includes "old'' theories such as classical mechanics, once deemed to be of little philosophical interest. Furthermore, some philosophers have become more interested in "less fundamental'' contemporary physics such as condensed matter theory. Questions abound with implications for the nature of models, idealizations, and explanation in physics. This Handbook showcases all these aspects of this complex and dynamic discipline.

The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes

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Author: Kinch Hoekstra

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199791945

Category:

Page: 664

View: 9677

The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes collects twenty-six newly commissioned, original chapters on the philosophy of the English thinker Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). Best known today for his important influence on political philosophy, Hobbes was in fact a wide and deep thinker on a diverse range of issues. The chapters included in this Oxford Handbook cover the full range of Hobbes's thought--his philosophy of logic and language; his view of physics and scientific method; his ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of law; and his views of religion, history, and literature. Several of the chapters overlap in fruitful ways, so that the reader can see the richness and depth of Hobbes's thought from a variety of perspectives. The contributors are experts on Hobbes from many countries, whose home disciplines include philosophy, political science, history, and literature. A substantial introduction places Hobbes's work, and contemporary scholarship on Hobbes, in a broad context.

The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

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Author: Paul K. Moser

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195130058

Category: Medical

Page: 595

View: 4885

This reference work discusses one of the core topics of philosophy - the theory of knowledge. Connecting to virtually every other subfield, epistemology is central to mainstream philosophy. This book explains the ideas and problems of the field while avoiding overly technical detail.

Beweise und Widerlegungen

Die Logik mathematischer Entdeckungen

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Author: Imre Lakatos

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663001962

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 335

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology

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Author: Herman Cappelen,Tamar Szabó Gendler,John Hawthorne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668779

Category:

Page: 736

View: 9806

This is the most comprehensive book ever published on philosophical methodology. A team of thirty-eight of the world's leading philosophers present original essays on various aspects of how philosophy should be and is done. The first part is devoted to broad traditions and approaches to philosophical methodology (including logical empiricism, phenomenology, and ordinary language philosophy). The entries in the second part address topics in philosophical methodology, such as intuitions, conceptual analysis, and transcendental arguments. The third part of the book is devoted to essays about the interconnections between philosophy and neighbouring fields, including those of mathematics, psychology, literature and film, and neuroscience.

The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy

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Author: Alan Hájek,Christopher Hitchcock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199607617

Category:

Page: 880

View: 8089

Probability theory is a key tool of the physical, mathematical, and social sciences. It has also been playing an increasingly significant role in philosophy: in epistemology, philosophy of science, ethics, social philosophy, philosophy of religion, and elsewhere. A case can be made that probability is as vital a part of the philosopher's toolkit as logic. Moreover, there is a fruitful two-way street between probability theory and philosophy: the theory informs much of the work of philosophers, and philosophical inquiry, in turn, has shed considerable light on the theory. This Handbook encapsulates and furthers the influence of philosophy on probability, and of probability on philosophy. Nearly forty articles summarise the state of play and present new insights in various areas of research at the intersection of these two fields. The articles will be of special interest to practitioners of probability who seek a greater understanding of its mathematical and conceptual foundations, and to philosophers who want to get up to speed on the cutting edge of research in this area. There is plenty here to entice philosophical readers who don't work especially on probability but who want to learn more about it and its applications. Indeed, this volume should appeal to the intellectually curious generally; after all, there is much here to be curious about. We do not expect all of this volume's audience to have a thorough training in probability theory. And while probability is relevant to the work of many philosophers, they often do not have much of a background in its formalism. With this in mind, we begin with 'Probability for Everyone--Even Philosophers', a primer on those parts of probability theory that we believe are most important for philosophers to know. The rest of the volume is divided into seven main sections: History; Formalism; Alternatives to Standard Probability Theory; Interpretations and Interpretive Issues; Probabilistic Judgment and Its Applications; Applications of Probability: Science; and Applications of Probability: Philosophy.

The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

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Author: Russell Re Manning,John Hedley Brooke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199556938

Category: Religion

Page: 632

View: 1996

The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology is the first collection to consider the full breadth of natural theology from both historical and contemporary perspectives and to bring together leading scholars to offer accessible high-level accounts of the major themes. The volume embodies and develops the recent revival of interest in natural theology as a topic of serious critical engagement. Frequently misunderstood or polemicized, natural theology is anunder-studied yet persistent and pervasive presence throughout the history of thought about ultimate reality - from the classical Greek theology of the philosophers to twenty-first century debates in science andreligion. Thirty eight new essays trace the transformations of natural theology in different historical and religious contexts, the place of natural theology in different philosophical traditions and diverse scientific disciplines, and the various cultural and aesthetic approaches to natural theology to reveal a rich seam of multi-faceted theological reflection rooted in human nature and the environments within which we find ourselves.

Theorien und Dinge

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Author: Willard van Orman Quine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518285602

Category:

Page: 256

View: 2151

Der Liebe Tun

etliche christliche Erwägungen in Form von Reden

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Author: Søren Kierkegaard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936762242

Category: Love

Page: 459

View: 9217

The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz

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Author: Maria Rosa Antognazza

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199744726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 824

View: 3251

"This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs." -- website

Semantische Kohärenz in der Softwareentwicklung

Beiträge zu einer entwicklungsphasen- und abstraktionsübergreifend homogenen Arbeitsumgebung

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Author: Michael Skusa

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 3832529888

Category:

Page: 234

View: 6502

Die Entwicklung von Software ist ein kreativer Prozess. Dieser hinterlasst von der ersten informellen textuellen Beschreibung bis zum fertigen, ausfuhrbaren Softwareprodukt Artefakte. Softwareentwicklung wird in dieser Arbeit als eine Folge von Transformationen aufgefasst, durch die abstrakte, vergrobernde Artefakte schrittweise in konkretere, detailliertere Artefakte transformiert werden. Die Arbeit liefert ein Modell zur Unterstuzung dieses Prozesses, das die Reprasentation von Zusammenhangen zwischen Artefakten mit unterschiedlichstem Formalisierungsgrad gestattet. Anhand eines durchgangigen Beispiels wird gezeigt, wie dieses Modell die Darstellung von Zusammenhangen zwischen heterogenen Inhalten verbessert, die Konsistenzsicherung erleichtert und Entwicklungsschritte zur Produktion neuer Inhalte unterstutzt. Softwarekomponenten zur systematischen Unterstutzung bei der Erzeugung und Nutzung derart integrierter Beschreibungen werden entworfen und prototypisch implementiert. Die Integration dieser Komponenten in bestehende Entwicklungsprozesse und in die dabei genutzten Werkzeuge wird dabei erlautert und anhand von Beispielen vorgefuhrt und bewertet.

The Oxford Handbook of Truth

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Author: Michael Glanzberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191502650

Category: Philosophy

Page: 800

View: 9398

Truth is one of the central concepts in philosophy, and has been a perennial subject of study. Michael Glanzberg has brought together 36 leading experts from around the world to produce the definitive guide to philosophical issues to do with truth. They consider how the concept of truth has been understood from antiquity to the present day, surveying major debates about truth during the emergence of analytic philosophy. They offer critical assessments of the standard theories of truth, including the coherence, correspondence, identity, and pragmatist theories. They explore the role of truth in metaphysics, with lively discussion of truthmakers, proposition, determinacy, objectivity, deflationism, fictionalism, relativism, and pluralism. Finally the handbook explores broader applications of truth in philosophy, including ethics, science, and mathematics, and reviews formal work on truth and its application to semantic paradox. This Oxford Handbook will be an invaluable resource across all areas of philosophy.