The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

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Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199569886

Category: History

Page: 1052

View: 4376

This Handbook provides a comprehensive synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. It includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates and situates the subject's contemporary practice.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

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Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019960200X

Category: Art

Page: 823

View: 334

This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of a rapidly expanding sub-field in archaeology, the study of the present and recent past. It seeks to explore the boundaries of this emerging area, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods, which are applicable to this new sub-field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research.

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

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Author: Christian Isendahl,Daryl Stump

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191653349

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5754

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology presents theoretical discussions, methodological outlines, and case-studies describing the field of overlap between historical ecology and the emerging sub-discipline of applied archaeology to highlight how modern environments and landscapes have been shaped by humans. Historical ecology is based on the recognition that humans are not only capable of modifying their environments, but that all environments on earth have already been directly or indirectly modified. This includes anthropogenic climate change, widespread deforestations, and species extinctions, but also very local alterations, the effects of which may last a few years, or may have legacies lasting centuries or more. With contributions from anthropologists, archaeologists, human geographers, and historians, this volume focuses not just on defining human impacts in the past, but on the ways that understanding these changes can help inform contemporary practices and development policies. Some chapters present examples of how ancient or current societies have modified their environments in sustainable ways, while others highlight practices that had unintended long-term consequences. The possibilities of learning from these practices are discussed, as is the potential of using the long history of human resource exploitation as a method for building or testing models of future change. The volume offers overviews for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in conservation or development projects who want to understand what practical insights can be drawn from history, and who seek to apply their work to contemporary issues.

The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

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Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191663107

Category: Social Science

Page: 928

View: 678

Figurines dating from prehistory have been found across the world but have never before been considered globally. The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines is the first book to offer a comparative survey of this kind, bringing together approaches from across the landscape of contemporary research into a definitive resource in the field. The volume is comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible, with dedicated and fully illustrated chapters covering figurines from the Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australasia and the Pacific laid out by geographical location and written by the foremost scholars in figurine studies; wherever prehistoric figurines are found they have been expertly described and examined in relation to their subject matter, form, function, context, chronology, meaning, and interpretation. Specific themes that are discussed by contributors include, for example, theories of figurine interpretation, meaning in processes and contexts of figurine production, use, destruction and disposal, and the cognitive and social implications of representation. Chronologically, the coverage ranges from the Middle Palaeolithic through to areas and periods where an absence of historical sources renders figurines 'prehistoric' even though they might have been produced in the mid-2nd millennium AD, as in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The result is a synthesis of invaluable insights into past thinking on the human body, gender, identity, and how the figurines might have been used, either practically, ritually, or even playfully.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology

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Author: Robin Skeates,Carol McDavid,John Carman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199237824

Category: Art

Page: 727

View: 9829

Divided into four distinct sections and drawing across various disciplines, this volume seeks to reappraise the place of archaeology in the contemporary world by providing a series of essays that critically engage with both old and current debates in the field of public archaeology.

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology

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Author: Francesco Menotti,Aidan O'Sullivan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626171

Category: Social Science

Page: 976

View: 4473

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology is the most comprehensive survey of global wetland archaeology ever published. Well known for the spectacular quality of its surviving evidence, from both an archaeological and environmental perspective, wetland archaeology enables scholars to investigate and reconstruct past people's dwellings, landscapes, material culture, and daily lives in great detail. Through concise essays written by some of the world's leading scholars in the field, this Handbook describes the key principles, methodologies, and revealing results of past and present archaeological investigations of wetland environments. The volume provides unique insights into past human interactions with lakes, bogs, rivers, and coastal marshlands across the world from prehistory to modern times. Opening with a detailed introduction by the editors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts and contains 54 essays and over 230 photographs, figures, maps, and graphs.

Luxor und das Tal der Könige

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Author: Kent R. Weeks

Publisher: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC DE

ISBN: 9783937606101

Category:

Page: 563

View: 5232

Ein thematisch umfassender, informativer und reichhaltig illustrierter Reiseführer zu den Tempeln und Grabanlagen in Luxor (dem antiken Theben) und im "Tal der Könige".

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

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Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 8815

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History

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Author: Peter Clark

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191637696

Category: History

Page: 912

View: 9711

In 2008 for the first time the majority of the planet's inhabitants lived in cities and towns. Becoming globally urban has been one of mankind's greatest collective achievements over time and raises many questions. How did global city systems evolve and interact in the past? How have historic urban patterns impacted on those of the contemporary world? And what were the key drivers in the roller-coaster of urban change over the millennia - market forces such as trade and industry? rulers and governments? competition and collaboration between cities? or the urban environment and demographic forces? This pioneering comparative work by fifty leading scholars drawn from a range of disciplines offers the first detailed comparative study of urban development from ancient times to the present day. The Handbook explores not only the main trends in the growth of cities and towns across the world - in Asia and the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and the Americas - and the different types of cities from great metropolitan centres to suburbs, colonial cities, and market towns, but also many of the essential themes in the making and remaking of the urban world: the role of power, economic development, migration, social inequality, environmental challenge and the urban response, religion and representation, cinema, and urban creativity. Split into three parts covering Ancient cities, the medieval and early modern period, and the modern and contemporary era, it begins with an introduction by the editor identifying the importance and challenges of research on cities in world history as well as the crucial outlines of urban development since the earliest cities in ancient Mesopotamia to the present.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

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Author: John Parker,Richard Reid

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667552

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 1507

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

Christus in der Kunst

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Author: Ernest Renan

Publisher: Parkstone International

ISBN: 1780425031

Category: Art

Page: 256

View: 4039

Seit der Geburt des Christentums sind Künstler fasziniert von Christus. Sein Abbild erscheint auf Fresken in Katakomben aus der Römerzeit, auf Buntglasscheiben in gotischen Kirchen sowie in verschiedenen Darstellungen in der heutigen Pop- Kultur. Der biblische Erlöser ist keine statische, körperlose Gottheit: Christi Geburt, sein ungewöhnliches Leben und sein dramatischer Tod machen ihn zu einem interessanten Motiv für religiöse und säkulare Künstler. Ob sie die Geistlichkeit des Leibhaftigen oder die menschlichen Charakteristika eines Mannes aus Fleisch und Blut zeigen, künstlerische Darstellungen Christi sind die umstrittensten, bewegendsten oder inspirierendsten Beispiele religiöser Kunst. Dieses reich illustrierte Buch erforscht verschiedene christliche Darstellungen, von Cimabues Krippenszenen über die Kreuzigungsdarstellungen Fra Angelicos bis hin zu den provozierenden Porträts Dalís und Andre Serranos. Der Autor Joseph Lewis French führt den Leser durch die ikonischen Darstellungen Christi in der Kunst. Zart oder graphisch, klassisch oder bizarr verdeutlichen diese Messiasbilder die verschiedenen Rollen des Gottessohns im sozialen Bereich wie auch im persönlichen Leben der Künstler.

Die Welt der Kelten

Zentren der Macht, Kostbarkeiten der Kunst

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Author: Archäologisches Landesmuseum Baden-Württemberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783799507523

Category: Celts

Page: 552

View: 3376

The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History

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Author: Touraj Daryaee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208821

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 4663

This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

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Author: Mark Juergensmeyer,Margo Kitts,Michael Jerryson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199759995

Category: Political Science

Page: 653

View: 5752

Violence has always played a part in the religious imagination, from symbols and myths to legendary battles, from colossal wars to the theater of terrorism. The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence surveys intersections between religion and violence throughout history and around the world. The forty original essays in this volume include overviews of major religious traditions, showing how violence is justified within the literary and theological foundations of the tradition, how it is used symbolically and in ritual practice, and how social acts of violence and warfare have been justified by religious ideas. The essays also examine patterns and themes relating to religious violence, such as sacrifice and martyrdom, which are explored in cross-disciplinary or regional analyses; and offer major analytic approaches, from literary to social scientific studies. The contributors to this volume—-innovative thinkers who are forging new directions in theory and analysis related to religion and violence—-provide novel insights into this important field of studies. By mapping out the whole field of religion and violence, The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence will prove an authoritative source for students and scholars for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

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Author: Vicki Cummings,Peter Jordan,Marek Zvelebil

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025275

Category: Social Science

Page: 1264

View: 7697

For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies to date, including critical engagements with older debates, new theoretical perspectives, and renewed obligations for greater engagement between researchers and indigenous communities. Chapters provide in-depth archaeological, historical, and anthropological case-studies, and examine far-reaching questions about human social relations, attitudes to technology, ecology, and management of resources and the environment, as well as issues of diet, health, and gender relations - all central topics in hunter-gatherer research, but also themes that have great relevance for modern global society and its future challenges. The Handbook also provides a strategic vision for how the integration of new methods, approaches, and study regions can ensure that future research into the archaeology and anthropology of hunter-gatherers will continue to deliver penetrating insights into the factors that underlie all human diversity.

Laute, Bilder, Texte

Register des Archivs

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Author: Alf Lüdtke,Tobias Nanz

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847002368

Category: History

Page: 137

View: 9206

Laute, Bilder und Texte bezeichnen unterschiedliche Materialien und mediale Formate, die in Archiven gelagert und von Interessierten genutzt und ausgewertet werden. Die Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger dieses Bandes sondieren anhand alltagshistorischer Studien die Praktiken der Akteure im Umgang mit diesen Spuren und Überresten und decken dabei ein breites Medienspektrum ab: Tonaufnahmen, Manuskripte, Fotografien, Filme, Videos sowie all die vergessenen Dinge, die in den Mappen und Kartons der Archive gelagert sind. Dabei geraten auch die Unterschiede zwischen ›kolonialen‹ und ›indigenen‹ Archiven sowie die monopolistische Stellung der westlich geprägten Wissenschaften in den Blick.

Jebel Moya

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Author: Rudolf Gerharz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783050021478

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 355

View: 2882

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

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Author: Catherine Hezser

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199216436

Category: History

Page: 712

View: 5600

An indispensable reference compendium on the day-to-day lives of Jews in the land of Israel in Roman times. Written by a distinguished team of scholars, the Handbook covers all the major themes, from clothing and domestic architecture to food and meals, labour and trade, and leisure time activities, in a comprehensive yet easily accessible way.

Die Blumen der Mode

Klassische und neue Texte zur Philosophie der Mode

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Author: Barbara Vinken

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608100318

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 3459

Mode und Kleidung als vielschichtiges Mittel des Selbstausdrucks und der Kommunikation fasziniert Schriftsteller, Philosophen und Soziologen gleichermaßen. Der Band versammelt 45 essentielle Schriften vom 18. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert, jeweils kenntnisreich eingeleitet von Barbara Vinken. Schon immer haben die Menschen mit der Art, sich zu kleiden, mehr intendiert, als ihre Blöße zu bedecken und den Körper zu wärmen. Repräsentation und Rang, Distinktion und Individualität, Männerbilder und Frauenrollen spiegeln sich in Kleidung, Mode, Schmuck. Entsprechend vielfältig und faszinierend tiefgründig präsentiert sich das Nachdenken über Mode quer durch die Jahrhunderte. Der Band versammelt, beginnend mit Mandeville und Jean-Jacques Rousseau, sowohl klassische Texte als auch die führenden zeitgenössischen Gedanken zu einem Thema, dessen kulturelle Bedeutung heute immer klarer erkannt wird. Jedem Text sind einleitende Worte der Herausgeberin vorangestellt, welche die Hintergründe, zeittypischen Ideen und Menschenbilder beleuchten.