The Origin of the Jews

The Quest for Roots in a Rootless Age

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Author: Steven Weitzman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400884934

Category: Religion

Page: 408

View: 6565

The first major history of the scholarly quest to answer the question of Jewish origins The Jews have one of the longest continuously recorded histories of any people in the world, but what do we actually know about their origins? While many think the answer to this question can be found in the Bible, others look to archaeology or genetics. Some skeptics have even sought to debunk the very idea that the Jews have a common origin. In this book, Steven Weitzman takes a learned and lively look at what we know—or think we know—about where the Jews came from, when they arose, and how they came to be. Scholars have written hundreds of books on the topic and have come up with scores of explanations, theories, and historical reconstructions, but this is the first book to trace the history of the different approaches that have been applied to the question, including genealogy, linguistics, archaeology, psychology, sociology, and genetics. Weitzman shows how this quest has been fraught since its inception with religious and political agendas, how anti-Semitism cast its long shadow over generations of learning, and how recent claims about Jewish origins have been difficult to disentangle from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He does not offer neatly packaged conclusions but invites readers on an intellectual adventure, shedding new light on the assumptions and biases of those seeking answers—and the challenges that have made finding answers so elusive. Spanning more than two centuries and drawing on the latest findings, The Origin of the Jews brings needed clarity and historical context to this enduring and often divisive topic.

The Origins of the Modern Jew

Jewish Identity and European Culture in Germany, 1749-1824

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Author: Michael A. Meyer

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814337546

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 3131

An excellent overview of the intellectual history of important figures in German Jewry.

Mein gelobtes Land

Triumph und Tragödie Israels

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Author: Ari Shavit

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641148219

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 8633

Die große Geschichte Israels Der renommierte Journalist Ari Shavit sieht Israel in einer halt- und ausweglosen Lage: als jüdisch-westlicher Staat in einer arabisch-islamischen (Um-)Welt seit seiner Gründung in der Existenz bedroht, andererseits Okkupationsmacht über ein anderes, das palästinensische Volk. Der Innovationskraft und Lebensfreude seiner Menschen stehen ein bröckelndes Gemeinwesen, zermürbende Konflikte, militärische Scheinerfolge und der Verlust internationalen Ansehens gegenüber. Was als gemeinschaftlicher hoffnungsfroher Aufbruch begann, insbesondere nach den Schrecken des Holocausts, der gemeinsame Bau von Eretz Israel, ist heute allgemeiner Desillusion und Desintegration gewichen. Shavit erzählt, zunächst auf den Spuren seines zionistischen Urgroßvaters, eine sehr persönliche Geschichte Israels während der letzten anderthalb Jahrhunderte, von Erfolgen im steten Überlebenskampf, aber auch von schuldbehafteter Tragik und unübersehbarem Niedergang.

The Origin of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer

Romance and Reform in Victorian England

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Author: Michael Galchinsky

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814326138

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 275

View: 8999

Between 1830 and 1880, the Jewish community flourished in England. During this time, known as haskalah, or the Anglo-Jewish Enlightenment, Jewish women in England became the first Jewish women anywhere to publish novels, histories, periodicals, theological tracts, and conduct manuals. The Origin of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer analyzes this critical but forgotten period in the development of Jewish women's writing in relation to Victorian literary history, women's cultural history, and Jewish cultural history. Michael Galchinsky demonstrates that these women writers were the most widely recognized spokespersons for the haskalah. Their romances, some of which sold as well as novels by Dickens, argued for Jew's emancipation in the Victorian world and women's emancipation in the Jewish world.

Non-Jewish Origins of the Sephardic Jews, The

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Author: Paul Wexler

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438423937

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 7647

Based on the premise that Jewish languages such as Judeo- Arabic, Ladino, and Yiddish offer crucial clues to ethnic origins, Wexler (linguistics, Tel-Aviv U.) challenges the prevailing view that Sephardic Jewry originated in Spain, asserting that they were in fact descended from Berber proselytes. The author finds remnants of this North African Berber and Arab substrate in the language and culture of the Sephardic Jews and presents an array of linguistic (as well as historical, literary, and ethnographic) data in support of his hypothesis. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World

Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian

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Author: Louis H. Feldman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029276

Category: History

Page: 679

View: 7145

Relations between Jews and non-Jews in the Hellenistic-Roman period were marked by suspicion and hate, maintain most studies of that topic. But if such conjectures are true, asks Louis Feldman, how did Jews succeed in winning so many adherents, whether full-fledged proselytes or "sympathizers" who adopted one or more Jewish practices? Systematically evaluating attitudes toward Jews from the time of Alexander the Great to the fifth century A.D., Feldman finds that Judaism elicited strongly positive and not merely unfavorable responses from the non-Jewish population. Jews were a vigorous presence in the ancient world, and Judaism was strengthened substantially by the development of the Talmud. Although Jews in the Diaspora were deeply Hellenized, those who remained in Israel were able to resist the cultural inroads of Hellenism and even to initiate intellectual counterattacks. Feldman draws on a wide variety of material, from Philo, Josephus, and other Graeco-Jewish writers through the Apocrypha, the Pseudepigrapha, the Church Councils, Church Fathers, and imperial decrees to Talmudic and Midrashic writings and inscriptions and papyri. What emerges is a rich description of a long era to which conceptions of Jewish history as uninterrupted weakness and suffering do not apply.

Taking Root

The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community

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Author: Gerald J. J. Tulchinsky

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9780874516098

Category: Religion

Page: 341

View: 9126

"Jews seeking a new life in Canada faced problems beyond those of other immigrants. Farm colonists often lived in communities too small to afford a rabbi or ritual slaughterer, or even to form a minyan for worship. In French Canada, Protestant and Catholic school boards battled over who was responsible for educating Jewish children. In the cities, the socialist philosophies of Jews fleeing the poverty and oppression of Europe were anathema to aggressive New World capitalists. And when suspicion or resentment arose, there was always someone to revive the old antisemitic slurs and myths." "Taking Root is the meticulously researched record of how Canadian Jewry coped with these obstacles, and flourished despite them. The book covers the 160 years from the beginnings of the community in the 1760s to the end of the First World War, including the great European upheavals that forever changed the lives of the Jews of Eastern Europe and their migration to Canada." "Canada's Jews took root in a nation with a distinctive history, political structure, and cultural diversity Gerald Tulchinsky weaves the threads of Canadian Jewish history into the wider Canadian fabric, and shows how the unique character of this history reflects the political, economic, and social development of the country" "Drawing on letters, synagogue records, diaries, newspapers, and biographies, as well as a host of archival sources, Tulchinsky makes Taking Root not just a historical account, but a very personal one."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Russia Gathers Her Jews

The Origins of the "Jewish Question" in Russia, 1772-1825

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Author: John Klier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780875809830

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 9983

This classic study, by the late John Doyle Klier, is considered a seminal text in modern Jewish history by one of the foremost scholars in the field. In this, his first book, Klier offers an important analysis of Russia's early acquisition of, attitudes toward, and administration of its Jewish population. He argues that the Russian response to the Jewish Question was based less on a tradition or religious antipathy than on the failure to develop a consistent, well-articulated policy in the face of a new and unusual problem. This failure led to ineffective social legislation and became the legacy of Russia's first encounter with the Jews. This essential book will be of enduring interest to scholars of modern Russian and Jewish history.

Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages

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Author: Moše Gîl

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004138827

Category: History

Page: 828

View: 5415

This book contains studies on the Jews in Muslim countries in the early Middle Ages, and is based on an extensive use of both Jewish and Muslim mediaeval sources. "Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages" has been selected by "Choice" as Outstanding Academic Title (2005).

The Origins of the Final Solution

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Author: Christopher Browning

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448165865

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 4871

The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed, careful, and comprehensive analysis to date of the descent of the Nazi persecution of the Jews into mass murder: the Holocaust. Arguing that genocide was not a preconceived plan but rather a discovered possibility, Christopher Browning explains how Hitler's decision to murder the Jews en masse emerged in stages and by a process of elimination that gradually foreclosed plans for their expulsion from Europe. Only in the interval between late September and late October 1941 did the desire to "remove" the Jews intersect with the discovery of acceptable means of killing them on a large scale and with the euphoria of expected victory in Russia, all of which followed on from two years of 'race war' and 'racial imperialism' in eastern Europe that prepared 'ordinary Germans' for this fateful task.

Kings of the Jews

The Origins of the Jewish Nation

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Author: Norman Gelb

Publisher: Jewish Publication Society

ISBN: 0827609132

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 6889

We all know about King David and King Solomon, but what about the kings Omri and Uzziah? Of the more than fifty monarchs who sat on the throne of the Jews for over 1000 years, most of us can recall only a few. What we do remember about them has been colored by legend and embellishment. In Kings of the Jews, Norman Gelb tells us the real stories of them all. And in doing so, he reveals how a remarkably resilient people survived divisions, discord, and conquest to forge a vibrant identity that has lasted to the present day. Kings of the Jews explores some of the most dramatic periods in Jewish history: those of the united Israelite kingdom under David and Solomon, the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the Babylonian exile, and the destruction of the Second Temple and the Roman conquest of Jerusalem. With illustrations, maps, chronologies, and index.

The Son of God

The Origin of Christology and the History of Jewish-Hellenistic Religion

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Author: Martin Hengel

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1556352301

Category: Religion

Page: 112

View: 6237

This work significantly advances the critical discussion of New Testament Christology. Hengel examines the titles Son and God. He points toward an inner consistency and dynamic in the development of the doctrine of Christ in primitive Christianity as the movement proceeded from the Gospels' account of the death of Jesus to the high Christology present in the Pauline writings. Historical scholarship and theological -- one might even say dogmatic -- questions must not stand in unresolved contradiction. On the contrary, the historian misunderstands the nature of New Testament Christology if he does not grasp its theological concern and its inner consistency, while a dogmatic approach that does not take seriously the historical course of Christianity is in danger of becoming no more than abstract speculation. It is therefore vitally important to unite historical research and the theological search for truth.

Jewish Origins of the Psychoanalytic Movement

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Author: Dennis B. Klein

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226439600

Category: Psychology

Page: 198

View: 546

Dennis B. Klein explores the Jewish consciousness of Freud and his followers and the impact of their Jewish self-conceptions on the early psychoanalytic movement. Using little-known sources such as the diaries and papers of Freud's protégé Otto Rank and records of the Vienna B'nai B'rith that document Freud's active participation in that Jewish fraternal society, Klein argues that the feeling of Jewish ethical responsibility, aimed at renewing ties with Germans and with all humanity, stimulated the work of Freud, Rank, and other analysts and constituted the driving force of the psychoanalytic movement.

Judeophobia

Attitudes Toward the Jews in the Ancient World

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Author: Peter Schäfer

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674043213

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3064

Taking a fresh look at what the Greeks and Romans thought about Jews and Judaism, Peter Schafer locates the origin of anti-Semitism in the ancient world. "Judeophobia" firmly establishes Hellenistic Egypt as the generating source of anti-Semitism, with roots extending back into Egypt's pre-Hellenistic history. A pattern of ingrained hostility toward an alien culture emerges when Schafer surveys an illuminating spectrum of comments on Jews and their religion in Greek and Roman writings, focusing on the topics that most interested the pagan classical world: the exodus or, as it was widely interpreted, expulsion from Egypt; the nature of the Jewish god; food restrictions, in particular abstinence from pork; laws relating to the sabbath; the practice of circumcision; and Jewish proselytism. He then probes key incidents, two fierce outbursts of hostility in Egypt: the destruction of a Jewish temple in Elephantine in 410 B.C.E. and the riots in Alexandria in 38 C.E. Asking what fueled these attacks on Jewish communities, the author discovers deep-seated ethnic resentments. It was from Egypt that hatred of Jews, based on allegations of impiety, xenophobia, and misanthropy, was transported first to Syria-Palestine and then to Rome, where it acquired a new element: fear of this small but distinctive community. To the hatred and fear, ingredients of Christian theology were soon added--a mix all too familiar in Western history.

The Jewish Pesach and the Origins of the Christian Easter

Open Questions in Current Research

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Author: Clemens Leonhard

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110927810

Category: Religion

Page: 518

View: 5355

Die Studie arbeitet die wichtigsten aktuellen Fragen zur frühen Geschichte von Pesach- und Osterfest auf und wirft neues Licht auf die Entwicklung dieser Feste. So zeigt der Autor, dass Exodus 12 einen ätiologischen Hintergrund des Pilgerfestes zur Zeit des Zweiten Tempels gibt. Anhand relevanter Texte (Pesach-Haggada, das „Gedicht der vier Nächte” aus der palästinischen Targum-Tradition, Ostervigil) weist die Studie nach, dass das christliche Osterfest als Reaktion auf das jüdische Pesach im 2. Jahrhundert n.Chr. entstanden ist und die Entwicklung des Oster-Sonntags diesem Brauch folgt.

Samaritans and Jews

the origins of Samaritanism reconsidered

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Author: R. J. Coggins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 170

View: 8326

The Gospel of John indicates that in biblical times the Jews had no dealings with the Samaritans. The hostility between these two groups is well-known by all who read the Bible, but little is known of how and when the hostility began. R. J. Coggins claims that it was not a sudden dramatic event but a long period of bitter relations that led to the Samaritans' division from the Jews. He looks again at Old Testament and Jewish literary references to Samaritans, evaluates archaeological investigations, and studies the Samaritans' own understanding of their early history.

The Origin of Ashkenazi Jewry

The Controversy Unraveled

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Author: Jits van Straten

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110236052

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 1824

Where do East European Jews about 90 percent of Ashkenazi Jewry descend from? This book conveys new insights into a century-old controversy. Jits van Straten argues that there is no evidence for the most common assumption that German Jews fled en masse to Eastern Europe to constitute East European Jewry. Dealing with another much debated theory, van Straten points to the fact that there is no way to identify the descendants of the Khazars in the Ashkenazi population. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the author draws heavily on demographic findings which are vital to evaluate the conclusions of modern DNA research. Finally, it is suggested that East European Jews are mainly descendants of Ukrainians and Belarussians."