The Origin of the Jews

The Quest for Roots in a Rootless Age


Author: Steven Weitzman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400884934

Category: Religion

Page: 408

View: 7390

The first major history of the scholarly quest to answer the question of Jewish origins The Jews have one of the longest continuously recorded histories of any people in the world, but what do we actually know about their origins? While many think the answer to this question can be found in the Bible, others look to archaeology or genetics. Some skeptics have even sought to debunk the very idea that the Jews have a common origin. In this book, Steven Weitzman takes a learned and lively look at what we know—or think we know—about where the Jews came from, when they arose, and how they came to be. Scholars have written hundreds of books on the topic and have come up with scores of explanations, theories, and historical reconstructions, but this is the first book to trace the history of the different approaches that have been applied to the question, including genealogy, linguistics, archaeology, psychology, sociology, and genetics. Weitzman shows how this quest has been fraught since its inception with religious and political agendas, how anti-Semitism cast its long shadow over generations of learning, and how recent claims about Jewish origins have been difficult to disentangle from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He does not offer neatly packaged conclusions but invites readers on an intellectual adventure, shedding new light on the assumptions and biases of those seeking answers—and the challenges that have made finding answers so elusive. Spanning more than two centuries and drawing on the latest findings, The Origin of the Jews brings needed clarity and historical context to this enduring and often divisive topic.

The Origin of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer

Romance and Reform in Victorian England


Author: Michael Galchinsky

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814326138

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 275

View: 1343

Between 1830 and 1880, the Jewish community flourished in England. During this time, known as haskalah, or the Anglo-Jewish Enlightenment, Jewish women in England became the first Jewish women anywhere to publish novels, histories, periodicals, theological tracts, and conduct manuals. The Origin of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer analyzes this critical but forgotten period in the development of Jewish women's writing in relation to Victorian literary history, women's cultural history, and Jewish cultural history. Michael Galchinsky demonstrates that these women writers were the most widely recognized spokespersons for the haskalah. Their romances, some of which sold as well as novels by Dickens, argued for Jew's emancipation in the Victorian world and women's emancipation in the Jewish world.

The Origins of the Modern Jew

Jewish Identity and European Culture in Germany, 1749-1824


Author: Michael A. Meyer

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814337546

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 1375

An excellent overview of the intellectual history of important figures in German Jewry.

Samaritans and Jews

the origins of Samaritanism reconsidered


Author: R. J. Coggins

Publisher: N.A


Category: Religion

Page: 170

View: 9950

The Gospel of John indicates that in biblical times the Jews had no dealings with the Samaritans. The hostility between these two groups is well-known by all who read the Bible, but little is known of how and when the hostility began. R. J. Coggins claims that it was not a sudden dramatic event but a long period of bitter relations that led to the Samaritans' division from the Jews. He looks again at Old Testament and Jewish literary references to Samaritans, evaluates archaeological investigations, and studies the Samaritans' own understanding of their early history.

The Bible Myth

The African Origins of the Jewish People


Author: Gary Greenberg

Publisher: Citadel Press

ISBN: 9780806519708

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 3992

First published in 1998, The Bible Myth was acclaimed for its scholarship and insight. Examining the troubling questions of why ancient Israel has no archaeological or documentary presence prior to and just after the Exodus from Egypt, Greenberg asks who were the earliest Israelites, where did they come from and under what circumstances did they come to power in Canaan? Challenging conventional wisdom in this field, he posits a radical new model for the study of biblical Israel. Provocative, polemical and erudite, this is essential reading.

The Origins of the Final Solution


Author: Christopher Browning

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448165865

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 7360

The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed, careful, and comprehensive analysis to date of the descent of the Nazi persecution of the Jews into mass murder: the Holocaust. Arguing that genocide was not a preconceived plan but rather a discovered possibility, Christopher Browning explains how Hitler's decision to murder the Jews en masse emerged in stages and by a process of elimination that gradually foreclosed plans for their expulsion from Europe. Only in the interval between late September and late October 1941 did the desire to "remove" the Jews intersect with the discovery of acceptable means of killing them on a large scale and with the euphoria of expected victory in Russia, all of which followed on from two years of 'race war' and 'racial imperialism' in eastern Europe that prepared 'ordinary Germans' for this fateful task.

Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages


Author: Moše Gîl

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004138827

Category: History

Page: 828

View: 7493

This book contains studies on the Jews in Muslim countries in the early Middle Ages, and is based on an extensive use of both Jewish and Muslim mediaeval sources. "Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages" has been selected by "Choice" as Outstanding Academic Title (2005).

Non-Jewish Origins of the Sephardic Jews, The


Author: Paul Wexler

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438423937

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 8703

Based on the premise that Jewish languages such as Judeo- Arabic, Ladino, and Yiddish offer crucial clues to ethnic origins, Wexler (linguistics, Tel-Aviv U.) challenges the prevailing view that Sephardic Jewry originated in Spain, asserting that they were in fact descended from Berber proselytes. The author finds remnants of this North African Berber and Arab substrate in the language and culture of the Sephardic Jews and presents an array of linguistic (as well as historical, literary, and ethnographic) data in support of his hypothesis. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Origin of Satan

How Christians Demonized Jews, Pagans, and Heretics


Author: Elaine Pagels

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307807363

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 2970

From the religious historian whose The Gnostic Gospels won both the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award comes a dramatic interpretation of Satan and his role on the Christian tradition. With magisterial learning and the elan of a born storyteller, Pagels turns Satan’s story into an audacious exploration of Christianity’s shadow side, in which the gospel of love gives way to irrational hatreds that continue to haunt Christians and non-Christians alike.

The Jewish Pesach and the Origins of the Christian Easter

Open Questions in Current Research


Author: Clemens Leonhard

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110927810

Category: Religion

Page: 518

View: 4268

Die Studie arbeitet die wichtigsten aktuellen Fragen zur frühen Geschichte von Pesach- und Osterfest auf und wirft neues Licht auf die Entwicklung dieser Feste. So zeigt der Autor, dass Exodus 12 einen ätiologischen Hintergrund des Pilgerfestes zur Zeit des Zweiten Tempels gibt. Anhand relevanter Texte (Pesach-Haggada, das „Gedicht der vier Nächte” aus der palästinischen Targum-Tradition, Ostervigil) weist die Studie nach, dass das christliche Osterfest als Reaktion auf das jüdische Pesach im 2. Jahrhundert n.Chr. entstanden ist und die Entwicklung des Oster-Sonntags diesem Brauch folgt.

A Dictionary of Jewish Names and Their History


Author: Benzion C. Kaganoff

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1568219539

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 250

View: 5791

This reference examines the history of Jewish forenames and surnames, tracing the origin of each name and the changes that have occured over generations.

Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World

Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian


Author: Louis H. Feldman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029276

Category: History

Page: 679

View: 512

Relations between Jews and non-Jews in the Hellenistic-Roman period were marked by suspicion and hate, maintain most studies of that topic. But if such conjectures are true, asks Louis Feldman, how did Jews succeed in winning so many adherents, whether full-fledged proselytes or "sympathizers" who adopted one or more Jewish practices? Systematically evaluating attitudes toward Jews from the time of Alexander the Great to the fifth century A.D., Feldman finds that Judaism elicited strongly positive and not merely unfavorable responses from the non-Jewish population. Jews were a vigorous presence in the ancient world, and Judaism was strengthened substantially by the development of the Talmud. Although Jews in the Diaspora were deeply Hellenized, those who remained in Israel were able to resist the cultural inroads of Hellenism and even to initiate intellectual counterattacks. Feldman draws on a wide variety of material, from Philo, Josephus, and other Graeco-Jewish writers through the Apocrypha, the Pseudepigrapha, the Church Councils, Church Fathers, and imperial decrees to Talmudic and Midrashic writings and inscriptions and papyri. What emerges is a rich description of a long era to which conceptions of Jewish history as uninterrupted weakness and suffering do not apply.

Russia Gathers Her Jews

The Origins of the "Jewish Question" in Russia, 1772-1825


Author: John Klier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780875801179

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 4526

Kings of the Jews

The Origins of the Jewish Nation


Author: Norman Gelb

Publisher: Jewish Publication Society

ISBN: 0827609132

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 5507

We all know about King David and King Solomon, but what about the kings Omri and Uzziah? Of the more than fifty monarchs who sat on the throne of the Jews for over 1000 years, most of us can recall only a few. What we do remember about them has been colored by legend and embellishment. In Kings of the Jews, Norman Gelb tells us the real stories of them all. And in doing so, he reveals how a remarkably resilient people survived divisions, discord, and conquest to forge a vibrant identity that has lasted to the present day. Kings of the Jews explores some of the most dramatic periods in Jewish history: those of the united Israelite kingdom under David and Solomon, the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the Babylonian exile, and the destruction of the Second Temple and the Roman conquest of Jerusalem. With illustrations, maps, chronologies, and index.

Taking Root

The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community


Author: Gerald J. J. Tulchinsky

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9780874516098

Category: Religion

Page: 341

View: 2615

"Jews seeking a new life in Canada faced problems beyond those of other immigrants. Farm colonists often lived in communities too small to afford a rabbi or ritual slaughterer, or even to form a minyan for worship. In French Canada, Protestant and Catholic school boards battled over who was responsible for educating Jewish children. In the cities, the socialist philosophies of Jews fleeing the poverty and oppression of Europe were anathema to aggressive New World capitalists. And when suspicion or resentment arose, there was always someone to revive the old antisemitic slurs and myths." "Taking Root is the meticulously researched record of how Canadian Jewry coped with these obstacles, and flourished despite them. The book covers the 160 years from the beginnings of the community in the 1760s to the end of the First World War, including the great European upheavals that forever changed the lives of the Jews of Eastern Europe and their migration to Canada." "Canada's Jews took root in a nation with a distinctive history, political structure, and cultural diversity Gerald Tulchinsky weaves the threads of Canadian Jewish history into the wider Canadian fabric, and shows how the unique character of this history reflects the political, economic, and social development of the country" "Drawing on letters, synagogue records, diaries, newspapers, and biographies, as well as a host of archival sources, Tulchinsky makes Taking Root not just a historical account, but a very personal one."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Origin of Ashkenazi Jewry

The Controversy Unraveled


Author: Jits van Straten

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110236052

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 8804

Where do East European Jews about 90 percent of Ashkenazi Jewry descend from? This book conveys new insights into a century-old controversy. Jits van Straten argues that there is no evidence for the most common assumption that German Jews fled en masse to Eastern Europe to constitute East European Jewry. Dealing with another much debated theory, van Straten points to the fact that there is no way to identify the descendants of the Khazars in the Ashkenazi population. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the author draws heavily on demographic findings which are vital to evaluate the conclusions of modern DNA research. Finally, it is suggested that East European Jews are mainly descendants of Ukrainians and Belarussians."

The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1450 to 1800


Author: Paolo Bernardini,Norman Fiering

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571814302

Category: History

Page: 567

View: 1468

Jews and Judaism played a significant role in the history of the expansion of Europe to the west as well as in the history of the economic, social, and religious development of the New World. They played an important role in the discovery, colonization, and eventually exploitation of the resources of the New World. Alone among the European peoples who came to the Americas in the colonial period, Jews were dispersed throughout the hemisphere; indeed, they were the only cohesive European ethnic or religious group that lived under both Catholic and Protestant regimes, which makes their study particularly fruitful from a comparative perspective. As distinguished from other religious or ethnic minorities, the Jewish struggle was not only against an overpowering and fierce nature but also against the political regimes that ruled over the various colonies of the Americas and often looked unfavorably upon the establishment and tleration of Jewish communities in their own territory. Jews managed to survive and occasionally to flourish against all odds, and their history in the Americas is one of the more fascinating chapters in the early modern history of European expansion.

The Death of Death

Resurrection and Immortality in Jewish Thought


Author: Neil Gillman

Publisher: Jewish Lights Publishing

ISBN: 1580230814

Category: Fiction

Page: 318

View: 9558

Combines astute scholarship with keen historical, theological and liturgical insights to outline the evolution of Jewish thought about bodily resurrection and spiritual immortality. A strikingly innovative statement on resurrection and immortality