The Origin of Names, Words and Everything in Between

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Author: Patrick Foote

Publisher: Mango Media Inc.

ISBN: 1633538516

Category: Reference

Page: 200

View: 4633

The Origins of Names Explained Explore the world of names: What is something that literally everything in existence has in common? It all has a name! With Name Explain, you can learn the origins of these names. From countries and cities to toys and animals to even planets, learn the etymology of interesting words in a fun and entertaining way. Learn new things: Why is New York called New York? Name Explain has the answer for you. While author Patrick Foote, of the YouTube channel also called Name Explain, doesn’t claim to know everything, he has garnered a lot of knowledge about language over the years and he’s excited to get to share it with you in this new format. Be entertained by education: Learning doesn’t have to be boring. With his fun sense of humor, Patrick explains each name with jokes and quips you’re bound to enjoy. Full of pictures and packed with great information, Name Explain has a variety of topics that are bound to intrigue anyone interested in the origins of the words we use every day. Find fun facts: Name Explain is full of interesting facts that are great to keep in your mental pocket. You’ll be able to pull out fun information about words and language all the time, informing and amusing yourself and your friends for ages. Name Explain does exactly what it says it does—it explains names in a fun and easy-to-digest way. After reading this book, you will: • Know why, exactly, Russia is called Russia • Be able to entertain yourself and your friends with interesting fun facts • Discover the origins of the names of planets, animals, countries, and much more

The New Book of Magical Names

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Author: Phoenix McFarland

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 9780738703954

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 415

View: 7942

With more than 5,000 names to choose from, this book is the only lexicon of non-Christian names and their meanings in print. Discover the folklore behind a name, and learn specific rituals to unleash its power.

The Meaning of Everything

The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary

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Author: Simon Winchester OBE

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199813643

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 9141

'The greatest enterprise of its kind in history,' was the verdict of British prime minister Stanley Baldwin in June 1928 when The Oxford English Dictionary was finally published. With its 15,490 pages and nearly two million quotations, it was indeed a monumental achievement, gleaned from the efforts of hundreds of ordinary and extraordinary people who made it their mission to catalogue the English language in its entirety. In The Meaning of Everything, Simon Winchester celebrates this remarkable feat, and the fascinating characters who played such a vital part in its execution, from the colourful Frederick Furnivall, cheerful promoter of an all-female sculling crew, to James Murray, self-educated son of a draper, who spent half a century guiding the project towards fruition. Along the way we learn which dictionary editor became the inspiration for Kenneth Grahame's Ratty in The Wind in the Willows, and why Tolkien found it so hard to define 'walrus'. Written by the bestselling author of The Surgeon of Crowthorne and The Map That Changed the World, The Meaning of Everything is an enthralling account of the creation of the world's greatest dictionary.

Neurolinguistics Historical and Theoretical Perspectives

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Author: Charles P. Bouton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461595703

Category: Psychology

Page: 286

View: 8982

A discussion of the relationship between the human body and language seems to be the inevitable result of any reflexion by man on his particular condi tion. This has held true since the earliest records in written tradition. It may be an excessively ambitious undertaking to try to catalogue the themes in that reflexion and reconstruct its successive stages within the confines of a book of fairly modest proportions such as this one; but the challenge has been stimulating enough to call for a response. The long research work that preceded the writing of this book and the large collection of source material accumulated over a period of several years at least afford the writer the satisfaction of appreciating more than anyone else the care for accuracy and completeness that went into the gradual reduction of this text to manageable proportions. Moreover, it is hoped to make available to all those interested at a later date the rich and rare corpus of documents that forms the basis of this book, in an anthology of selected readings. It was originally intended to publish these documents in a companion volume to this book.

The Great Mosaic Eye

Embodied Language Evolution and Society

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Author: Robin Allott

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469146304

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 600

View: 6260

This is a revised and extended version of the Great Mosaic Eye originally published in 2001. There have been major changes in neuroscience and in language research since then. Apparently disparate segments of research have started to come together and it is necessary to recast both the structure and the content of the book. The extended title of the book with the addition of the word Society reflects this. Another important change is that the book as originally published fell into two halves, part 1 being the text of the book and part 2 an inserted CD which included a great deal of additional material that made possible important graphical and video content not easily presented in text form. This new edition attempts to integrate all the material contained in the earlier edition but relying on links to the Internet for material in place of that contained in the inserted CD. This new book, as indeed was the case for the earlier version, was intended to bring together a mass of material which had been published separately over more than 40 years under the titles The Physical Foundation of Language (first published 1973 and recently reprinted), The Motor Theory of Language (1989), The Natural Origin of Language: The Structural Inter-relation of Language Vision and Action, The Child and the World: How the child acquires language - How language mirrors the world (2005). All these are now in print so that it is not necessary to repeat in this book much of the extensive discussion in the earlier books - all supplemented by other recent material readily accessible on the Internet at

Is That a Fish in Your Ear?

Translation and the Meaning of Everything

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Author: David Bellos

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141969628

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 744

People speak different languages, and always have. The Ancient Greeks took no notice of anything unless it was said in Greek; the Romans made everyone speak Latin; and in India, people learned their neighbours' languages - as did many ordinary Europeans in times past. But today, we all use translation to cope with the diversity of languages. Without translation there would be no world news, not much of a reading list in any subject at college, no repair manuals for cars or planes, and we wouldn't even be able to put together flat pack furniture. Is That a Fish in Your Ear? ranges across the whole of human experience, from foreign films to philosophy, to show why translation is at the heart of what we do and who we are. What's the difference between translating unprepared natural speech, and translating Madame Bovary? How do you translate a joke? What's the difference between a native tongue and a learned one? Can you translate between any pair of languages, or only between some? What really goes on when world leaders speak at the UN? Can machines ever replace human translators, and if not, why? The biggest question is how do we ever really know that we've grasped what anybody else says - in our own language or in another? Surprising, witty and written with great joie de vivre, this book is all about us, and how we understand each other.

Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn

Leaving Everything as It Is

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Author: John G. Gunnell

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538340

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1972

A distinctive feature of Ludwig Wittgenstein's work after 1930 was his turn to a conception of philosophy as a form of social inquiry, John G. Gunnell argues, and Thomas Kuhn's approach to the philosophy of science exemplified this conception. In this book, Gunnell shows how these philosophers address foundational issues in the social and human sciences, particularly the vision of social inquiry as an interpretive endeavor and the distinctive cognitive and practical relationship between social inquiry and its subject matter. Gunnell speaks directly to philosophers and practitioners of the social and human sciences. He tackles the demarcation between natural and social science; the nature of social phenomena; the concept and method of interpretation; the relationship between language and thought; the problem of knowledge of other minds; and the character of descriptive and normative judgments about practices that are the object of inquiry. Though Wittgenstein and Kuhn are often criticized as initiating a modern descent into relativism, this book shows that the true effect of their work was to undermine the basic assumptions of contemporary social and human science practice. It also problematized the authority of philosophy and other forms of social inquiry to specify the criteria for judging such matters as truth and justice. When Wittgenstein stated that "philosophy leaves everything as it is," he did not mean that philosophy would be left as it was or that philosophy would have no impact on what it studied, but rather that the activity of inquiry did not, simply by virtue of its performance, transform the object of inquiry.

The Portable Enlightenment Reader

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Author: Various

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101127971

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 704

View: 404

The Age of Enlightenment of the 18th century, also called the Age of Reason, was so named for an intellectual movement that shook the foundations of Western civilization. In championing radical ideas such as individual liberty and an empirical appraisal of the universe through rational inquiry and natural experience, Enlightenment philosophers in Europe and America planted the seeds for modern liberalism, cultural humanism, science and technology, and laissez-faire Capitalism This volume brings together works from this era, with more than 100 selections from a range of sources. It includes examples by Kant, Diderot, Voltaire, Newton, Rousseau, Locke, Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, and Paine that demonstrate the pervasive impact of Enlightenment views on philosophy and epistemology as well as on political, social, and economic institutions.

Advanced Methods of Electrophysiological Signal Analysis and Symbol Grounding?

Dynamical Systems Approaches to Language

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Author: Carsten Allefeld,Peter Beim Graben,Jürgen Kurths

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604560220

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 2889

What is the origin of meaning? How does the brain achieve symbolic computation? What are the neural correlates of cognitive processes? These challenging questions at the borderline between neuroscience, cognitive science, nonlinear dynamics, and philosophy are related to the symbol grounding problem: How is the meaning of words and utterances grounded in the dynamics of the brain and in the evolution of beings alive interacting with each other and with their environments? Simply by convention? Or is there an inherent correctness of names, of syllables, or even of sounds? This new book examines these important issues and presents probing analyses of the latest research.

The Journal of Classical and Sacred Philology

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Author: Anonymous

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108053521

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 396

View: 5952

The 1855 issues of a short-lived academic journal, published the same year, illuminates classics and theology in mid-nineteenth-century Cambridge.

Modernity, a World of Confusion:Causes

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Author: Jack Stanfield

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465321837

Category: Philosophy

Page: 205

View: 7610

Have you ever wondered why society is getting cruder and ruder, with stress, depression and mental illness rising and little joy felt? Why children behave badly and schools are failing? Why trust has vanished with your identity? And why sex is oozing out of every aspect of the culture? We live in a skeptical age with the country splintering into special interest groups claiming to be victims and requiring special treatment, and a Congress thats deadlocked in partisan bickering. There is anger and tension and really intolerable things being tolerated, placing women and children in danger. If you have such questions, this is your book, an inquiry into the spirit of the age. Examined are root causes for the darkened culture, immoral behavior, and rejection of traditions. The age glorifies science and technical progress, and yet is unhappy and sickly. Individualism surmounts community concerns creating narcissistic people tending toward nihilism, where the self is the center of the universe. The postmodern culture throws away things, relationships, and lives, like it disposes of outdated items. Logic is replaced with how I feel, and reliance on personal experience for making decisions. Relativism is accepted in ethics and for determining truth, so that it is my truth and your truth, and objectivity and common sense are lost. Science is erecting the abstract man, who, in the process, has lost heart and a sense of reality, living in a delusional world. The result is a profusion of confusion.

World Antiquarianism

Comparative Perspectives

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Author: Alain Schnapp

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606061488

Category: Art

Page: 464

View: 3344

The term antiquarianism refers to engagement with the material heritage of the past—an engagement that preceded the modern academic discipline of archaeology. Antiquarian activities result in the elaboration of particular social behaviors and the production of tools for exploring the collective memory. This book is the first to compare antiquarianism in a global context, examining its roots in the ancient Near East, its flourishing in early modern Europe and East Asia, and its manifestations in nonliterate societies of Melanesia and Polynesia. By establishing wide-reaching geographical and historical perspectives, the essays reveal the universality of antiquarianism as an embodiment of the human mind and open new avenues for understanding the representation of the past, from ancient societies to the present.

Moral Lessons of the Twentieth Century

Gorbachev and Ikeda on Buddhism and Communism

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Author: M.S. Gorbachev

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857731947

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1786

Mikhail Gorbachev and Daisaku Ikeda are contemporaries raised in different cultures: Gorbachev is a statesman whose origins are the Marx-inspired world of Communism while Ikeda is Buddhist inspired by the thirteenth-century Japanese sage, Nichiren. Moral Lessons of the Twentieth Century emerges from a series of conversations between these two men. Together they explore their experiences of life amidst the turmoil of the twentieth century and together they search for a common ethical basis for future development. Their wide-rangeing and often inspiring discussions take place in politics, economics, history, religion and spirituality, and epitomise the value of informed intercultural dialogue and reflection. They conclude that peace, progress and social justice can only be achieved through honest communication and cultural exchange. As the new century begins, they have sought to turn the spotlight on the challenges which face humanity.

Gershom Scholem and the Mystical Dimension of Jewish History

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Author: Joseph Dan

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814718124

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 3786

"An excellent overview of the history of Jewish mysticism from its early beginnings to contemporary Hasidism...scholarly and complex." —Library Journal "An excellent work, clear and solidly documented by Joseph Dan on Gershom Scholem and on his work." —Notes Bibliographiques "An excellent guide to Scholem's work." —Christian Century

Communication Games

The Semiotic Foundation of Culture

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Author: Eduardo Neiva

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311089775X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

View: 3356

Communication Games is a new and radical interpretation of the relationship between culture and communication. It explores the idea that culture and communication studies should be seen predominantly in relation to struggles and conflicts within the social arena. It criticizes the conventional heritage of the social sciences and humanities. Culture and communication are conceived not merely as means of integrating social actors, but as semiotic ways of providing fitness indicators that allow for the resolution of competition between individuals. From the perspective of Peircean semiotics and the Darwinian understanding of life processes, Communication Games redefines culture in terms of Darwin's notion of sexual selection. Moving on from the realization that sexual selection creates individual organisms with conflicting interests, Communication Games emphasizes the contribution of game theory to semiotics and communication studies. The book demonstrates how cooperation and shared conventions eventually emerge, and how conflicts are resolved through the display of costly and inflated signs. It is from these inflated signs and the escalation of excessive messages that cultures gain a certain degree of stability. Communication Games proposes a new way of understanding culture, communication, and semiotic exchange in terms of game theory.

Dream Encounters

Seeing Your Destiny from God's Persepctive

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Author: Barbie Breathitt

Publisher: Destiny Image Publishers

ISBN: 0768485479

Category: Self-Help

Page: 288

View: 1416

Uniquely inspired, and written to convince the greatest skeptics, as well as educate the most ardent believer, Dream Encounters will bring God’s perspective, and understanding to the symbolic, visual love letters he gives in the mysterious world of dreams. Take a journey into the subconscious night parables of the soul, and learn how dream truths impact your waking world by offering direction, purpose, and destiny. Gain valuable keys to success by unlocking the mysteries of your dreams.

Semantic Interpretation and the Resolution of Ambiguity

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Author: Graeme Hirst

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521428989

Category: Computers

Page: 263

View: 1476

In this particularly well written volume Graeme Hirst presents a theoretically motivated foundation for semantic interpretation (conceptual analysis) by computer, and shows how this framework facilitates the resolution of both lexical and syntactic ambiguities.

Interpretation in International Law

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Author: Andrea Bianchi,Daniel Peat,Matthew Windsor

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038709

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 2418

International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.

Nationalismen in Europa

West- und Osteuropa im Vergleich

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Author: Ulrike von Hirschhausen,Jörn Leonhard

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 9783892444794

Category: Europe

Page: 452

View: 9910