The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

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Author: Julian Jaynes

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547527543

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 4105

At the heart of this classic, seminal book is Julian Jaynes's still-controversial thesis that human consciousness did not begin far back in animal evolution but instead is a learned process that came about only three thousand years ago and is still developing. The implications of this revolutionary scientific paradigm extend into virtually every aspect of our psychology, our history and culture, our religion -- and indeed our future.

The Jaynes Legacy

Shining New Light Through the Cracks of the Bicameral Mind

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Author: Lawrence Wile

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1845409728

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 250

View: 2648

Julian Jaynes' 1976 book, The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, continues to arouse an unsettling ambivalence. Richard Dawkins called it "either complete rubbish or a work of consummate genius, nothing in between". The present book suggests that the bicameral mind is a phantasm; the dating of the origin of consciousness contradicts archeological and literary evidence; and the theory contributes nothing toward explaining why some physical states are conscious while others are not because the nonconscious bicameral brain is neurophysiologically equivalent to the conscious brain. However, the author pays tribute to Jaynes's work as a work of "consummate genius" because it compels us to re-evaluate the significance of humankind's earliest traditions and texts that might shine light on the "very suspicious totem of evolutionary mythology" that consciousness has evolved continuously and gradually from worms to man. The present book suggests that the evolution of the relationship between consciousnesses, mass, energy, and spacetime radically changed nearly 6,000 years ago during the epigenetic, evolutionary degeneration of a little-known, threadlike structure originating from the center of the central nervous system called Reissner's fiber. The earliest Egyptian, Hebrew, Indian and Chinese traditions, buried beneath the dust of fallen Babel and thousands of years of distortions and disguisings, describe this process during the origin of religion and mystical traditions.

Discussions With Julian Jaynes

The Nature of Consciousness and the Vagaries of Psychology

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Author: Brian J. McVeigh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781536100549

Category:

Page: 70

View: 4074

In 1976, the late Julian Jaynes of Princeton University published the groundbreaking The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind in which he argued that before the twelfth century BC, the minds of individuals were of a different neurocultural organisation. Rather than being consciously self-aware as people nowadays think of it, the behavior of our ancient predecessors was governed by religiously-inflected voices and visions. These were produced by a two-chambered or bicameral mentality: language areas in the right hemisphere (the ruler or god side) organised advice and admonishments and coded them into hallucinatory experiences that were conveyed over the anterior commissure to the left hemispheres corresponding language regions (the follower or person side). Brian J. McVeigh, a student of Julian Jaynes, took the opportunity in 1991 to record a series of informal, wide-ranging, and unstructured discussions with Jaynes, considered a controversial maverick of the psychology world. Weaving their way in and out of the discussions are the following themes: a clarification of the meaning of consciousness; the relation between linguistics, consciousness and language study as a crucial method to reveal this relation; the history of psychology and its prejudices (e.g., the marginalisation of consciousness as a research topic, ignoring socio-historical aspects of psyche, the significance of religion, the fraudulence of Freudianism, and the overuse, vagueness, and emptiness of cognitive); and some practical, therapeutic implications of Jayness ideas on consciousness. This book will appeal to anyone interested in the emergence of consciousness, language and cognition, cultural psychology, the history of psychology, and the neurocultural transformation of our species. A glossary of names provides useful historical context. Presenting a series of wide ranging and thought-provoking conversations with Julian Jaynes, who was one of the most insightful and original thinkers of the twentieth century, Discussions with Julian Jaynes constitutes an important contribution to the growing literature on Jaynes and his ideas.

Experimentell-psychologische Untersuchungen über das Urteil

Eine Einleitung in die Logik

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Author: K. Marbe

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3845740922

Category: Psychology

Page: 112

View: 7397

K. Marbe nutzt die Methode der Psychologie, um das menschliche Urteil zu erforschen. In experimentellen Untersuchungen widmet er sich den Urteilsvorstellungen und – gebärden, analysiert Urteilsworte und Urteilssätze, bevor er sich dem Gesamtwesen des Urteils zuwendet. Am Ende diskutiert er das Problem des Verstehens und des Beurteilens der wahrgenommenen Urteile. Sorgfältig bearbeiteter Nachdruck der Originalausgabe von 1901.

Mensch, Maschine, Maschinenmenschen

Multidisziplinäre Perspektiven auf die Serie Westworld

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Author: Brigitte Georgi-Findlay,Katja Kanzler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658218150

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 108

View: 4960

Dieses Buch setzt sich mit der viel diskutierten HBO-Serie Westworld auseinander. Aus multidisziplinären Perspektiven fragen die Autor*innen danach, wie die Science-Fiction/Western-Serie als Erzählung funktioniert und dabei Aspekte des Posthumanismus, Fragen künstlicher Intelligenz und das Verhältnis von Mensch und Maschine problematisiert.

Regenschirm

Roman

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Author: Will Self

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455812546

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 4894

Eine literarischeTour de force von einem der wichtigsten zeitgenössischen Autoren Englands. 1918: Audrey Death, Feministin, Sozialistin und Arbeiterin in einer Londoner Munitionsfabrik, fällt der Europäischen Schlafkrankheit zum Opfer, eine Epidemie, die sich in ganz Europa ausbreitete, ein Drittel seiner Opfer tötete und ein zweites Drittel in die Irrenhäuser jener Zeit verbannte. 1971: Zachary Busner, Psychiater, entdeckt bei seinem Antrittsbesuch im Friern Mental Hospital eine ältere Frau, die dort seit 49 Jahren vor sich hin dämmert, kann ihre Krankheit richtig behandeln und holt sie ins Leben zurück - mit ungeahnten Folgen. Audreys Erinnerungen an eine untergegangene Welt, ihre Familie, die sie vergaß, ihre Liebhaber und ihr Engagement für die Sozialisten, verwebt Will Self mit Busners Versuchen, Licht in ihre verschattete Welt zu bringen, und mit den Erinnerungen, die der Jahrzehnte später pensionierte Psychiater hat an jene Zeit und seine Patientin, die er in ein Leben zurückgeholt hat, das nicht mehr ihres werden konnte.

Mentopolis

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Author: Marvin Lee Minsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783608931174

Category:

Page: 342

View: 6488

Computing Methodologies -- Artificial Intelligence.

Beiträge Zur Natürlichen Zuchtwahl: Eine Reiche Von Essais

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Author: Alfred Russel Wallace,Adolf Bernhard Meyer

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270439199

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 1834

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Oralität und Literalität

Die Technologisierung des Wortes

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Author: Walter J. Ong

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658109726

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 5926

Walter J. Ongs Standardwerk erweist sich vor dem Hintergrund des heutigen Wandels von Medien, Kultur und Gesellschaft als relevanter denn je: Es bietet in anschaulicher Weise Einblicke in den Charakter mündlicher und schriftlicher Gesellschaften und führt damit vor Augen, welche zentrale Bedeutung der Transformation von Kommunikation für die gesellschaftliche und kulturelle Entwicklung zukommt. Ong zeichnet nach, wie tiefgreifend unsere gesamte Kultur durch den Übergang von der mündlichen zur schriftlichen und dann zur elektronischen Kommunikation, durch die Entwicklung des Schreibens und Druckens umgestaltet worden ist. Dieses Buch zeigt eindrucksvoll die unterschiedliche Bedeutung mündlicher und schriftlicher Kommunikationsweisen und hilft, die ‚zweite Oralität’ einer digitalen Medienumgebung zu verstehen. Es beantwortet Fragen wie: welchen Stellenwert hat gesprochene Sprache in einer schriftbasierten Gesellschaft? Wie haben sich Kulturen durch immer leistungsfähigere Aufzeichnungstechniken verändert? Und in welchem Spannungsverhältnis befinden sich Oralität und Literalität im elektronischen Zeitalter?

LAST FRONTIERS OF THE MIND

CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL AGE

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Author: MOHANDAS MOSES

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120328518

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 4741

In this original and brilliantly written book, Mohandas Moses has embarked on a daring theme-the challenge of artificial intelligence to the human mind and human creativity. The mind, he says, is the greatest invention in the universe; it has created the greatest works of art and science: its dimensions and potential are yet to be fathomed. But now the marvellous human mind stands challenged by the machine. To illustrate the central theme of his book, the author has brought together the views of a galaxy of eminent philosophers, cognitive scientists and neuroscientists who have explored the phenomenon and evolution of the human mind and consciousness, and the growth of Artificial Intelligence. The author describes the contribution made by the 'Artificial Intelligentsia', the human-computer interaction, and emphasizes the formidable power of the machine mind to usurp the grandeur of the human mind. He has described the manner in which memory, language, creativity, mathematics, teaching-learning and chess-playing could be altered by the digital culture. He says that 'the question we need to ask ourselves as thinking men is-would we like to sense sensations, experience experiences and think thoughts with under-standing as human beings should or are our personas to be blue matched to the template of the machine mind?' With erudition and wry humour the author takes the reader on a fascinating journey of exploration. Written with brilliance and clarity, there is freshness in his perspective and a lucid presentation of ideas. This book will be of great interest as much to academics, experts on artificial intelligence, as to the general reader who wishes to know about the challenges to the human intellect and creativity in the digital age.

Perils of the Soul

Ancient Wisdom and the New Age

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Author: John R. Haule

Publisher: Weiser Books

ISBN: 9781578631070

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 279

View: 3422

In this text, join Jungian analyst John Haule on a tour of New Age beliefs and practices to reach a comprehensive historical perspective that shows just how far from new the New Age actually is.

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

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Author: Keith Roberts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526857

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 9812

To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

The Master and His Emissary

The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World

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Author: Iain McGilchrist

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300170173

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 4594

Why is the brain divided? The difference between right and left hemispheres has been puzzled over for centuries. In a book of unprecedented scope, Iain McGilchrist draws on a vast body of recent brain research, illustrated with case histories, to reveal that the difference is profound—not just this or that function, but two whole, coherent, but incompatible ways of experiencing the world. The left hemisphere is detail oriented, prefers mechanisms to living things, and is inclined to self-interest, where the right hemisphere has greater breadth, flexibility, and generosity. This division helps explain the origins of music and language, and casts new light on the history of philosophy, as well as on some mental illnesses. In the second part of the book, McGilchrist takes the reader on a journey through the history of Western culture, illustrating the tension between these two worlds as revealed in the thought and belief of thinkers and artists, from Aeschylus to Magritte. He argues that, despite its inferior grasp of reality, the left hemisphere is increasingly taking precedence in the modern world, with potentially disastrous consequences. This is truly a tour de force that should excite interest in a wide readership.

Das Bewusstsein und Die Bikamerale Psyche

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Author: Christopher Poppe

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640851676

Category:

Page: 40

View: 984

Facharbeit (Schule) aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Psychologie - Lernpsychologie, Intelligenzforschung, Note: 1-, Gymnasium Athenaeum, Stade, Veranstaltung: Lernpsychologie, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Was ist Bewusstsein und woher kommt es? Ist es moglich, dass Bewusst- sein, wie wir es kennen, sich erst entwickelte? Die vorgelegte Facharbeit beschaftigt sich mit der von Julian Jaynes entwickelten These, dass sich das menschliche Gehirn bis vor ungefahr 3000 Jahren in einem Zustand befand, den er als bikamerale Psyche bezeichnet. Diese These prasentierte er in dem 1982 publizierten Werk The Origin of Consciousness in The Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, welches drei Bucher umfasst. Im ersten Buch beschaftigt er sich mit dem Bewusstsein, in dem zwei- ten mit dem Beweismaterial und im dritten mit den Auswirkungen auf die aktuelle Zeit. Ich habe mich entschlossen meine Facharbeit ebenso zu gliedern, mich aber auf das vorgestellte Modell des Bewusstseins und der bikameralen Psyche zu konzentrieren. Jaynes Hauptthese ist die der bikameralen Psyche. Dennoch gibt es ne- ben ihnen noch 3. Nebenthesen." Die erste ist, dass Bewusstsein auf Sprache basiert. Die zweite ist, dass man den Zeitpunkt der Entstehung des Bewusstseins datieren kann und die dritte, dass es eine neurophysio- logische Grundlage fur die bikamerale Psyche gibt."