The Old Army in the Big Bend of Texas

The Last Cavalry Frontier, 1911-1921

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Author: Thomas Smith

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1625110480

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 3779

Even before Pancho Villa’s 1916 raid on Columbus, New Mexico, and the following punitive expedition under General John J. Pershing, the U.S. Army was strengthening its presence on the southwestern border in response to the Mexican Revolution of 1910. Manning forty-one small outposts along a three-hundred mile stretch of the Rio Grande region, the army remained for a decade, rotating eighteen different regiments, primarily cavalry, until the return of relative calm. The remote, rugged, and desolate terrain of the Big Bend defied even the technological advances of World War I, and it remained very much a cavalry and pack mule operation until the outposts were finally withdrawn in 1921. With The Old Army in the Big Bend of Texas: The Last Cavalry Frontier, 1911–1921, Thomas T. “Ty” Smith, one of Texas’s leading military historians, has delved deep into the records of the U.S. Army to provide an authoritative portrait, richly complemented by many photos published here for the first time, of the final era of soldiers on horseback in the American West.

The Old Army in the Big Bend of Texas, 1911-1921

The Last Cavalry Frontier

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Author: Thomas Smith

Publisher: Texas State Historical Assn

ISBN: 9781625110473

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 5651

Even before Pancho Villa's 1916 raid on Columbus, New Mexico, and the following punitive expedition under General John J. Pershing, the U.S. Army was strengthening its presence on the southwestern border in response to the Mexican Revolution of 1910. Manning forty-one small outposts along a three-hundred mile stretch of the Rio Grande region, the army remained for a decade, rotating eighteen different regiments, primarily cavalry, until the return of relative calm. The remote, rugged, and desolate terrain of the Big Bend defied even the technological advances of World War I, and it remained very much a cavalry and pack mule operation until the outposts were finally withdrawn in 1921. With The Old Army in the Big Bend of Texas: The Last Cavalry Frontier, 1911-1921, Thomas T. "Ty" Smith, one of Texas's leading military historians, has delved deep into the records of the U.S. Army to provide an authoritative portrait, richly complemented by many photos published here for the first time, of the final era of soldiers on horseback in the American West.

Testimonio: A Documentary History of the Mexican-American Struggle for Civil Rights

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Author: F. Arturo Rosales

Publisher: Arte Publico Press

ISBN: 9781611923025

Category: Civil rights movements

Page: 425

View: 8240

Beginning with the early 1800s and extending to the modern era, Rosales collects illuminating documents that shed light on the Mexican-American quest for life, liberty, and justice. Documents include petitions, correspondence, government reports, political proclamations, newspaper items, congressional testimony, memoirs, and even international treaties.

The Old Army in Texas

A Research Guide to the U.S. Army in Nineteenth-century Texas

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Author: Thomas T. Smith

Publisher: Texas State Historical Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 2227

A comprehensive and authoritative single-source reference for the activities of the regular army in the Lone Star State in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Beginning with a series of maps that sketch the evolution of fort and camp locations on the frontier, Smith furnishes an overview essay, and includes in the guide sections on the departmental commanders and the military organization of the state, a dictionary of two hundred and thirty-three posts, forts, and camps in Texas, provides a year by year snapshot of total army strength in the state, the regiments assigned, and the garrisons and commanders of each major fort and camp.

Texas Then & Now

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Author: Richard Reynolds

Publisher: Big Earth Publishing

ISBN: 1565795512

Category: Photography

Page: 156

View: 3275

By using the same locations and angles as in the original historic photographs, well-known Texas photographer Richard Reynolds retakes the images, illuminating the march of progress in the Lone Star State. Divided into six regions, the entire state is presented, from small towns to big cities and natural areas. An encapsulated history accompanies each photograph.

God's Country Or Devil's Playground

The Best Nature Writing from the Big Bend of Texas

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Author: Barney Nelson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292755802

Category: Nature

Page: 321

View: 9347

The dramatic desert landscapes of the Big Bend country along the Texas-Mexico border reminded historian Walter Prescott Webb of "an earth-wreck in which a great section of country was shaken down, turned over, blown up, and set on fire." By contrast, naturalist Aldo Leopold considered the region a mountainous paradise in which even the wild Mexican parrots had no greater concern than "whether this new day which creeps slowly over the canyons is bluer or golder than its predecessors, or less so." Whether it impresses people as God's country or as the devil's playground, the Big Bend typically evokes strong responses from almost everyone who lives or visits there. In this anthology of nature writing, Barney Nelson gathers nearly sixty literary perspectives on the landscape and life of the Big Bend region, broadly defined as Trans-Pecos Texas and northern Chihuahua, Mexico. In addition to Leopold and Webb, the collection includes such well-known writers as Edward Abbey, Mary Austin, Roy Bedichek, and Frederick Olmsted, as well as a wide range of voices that includes explorers, trappers, cowboys, ranch wives, curanderos, college presidents, scientists, locals, tourists, historians, avisadores, and waitresses. Following a personal introduction by Barney Nelson, the pieces are grouped thematically to highlight the distinctive ways in which writers have responded to the Big Bend.

Cheyenne Autumn

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Author: Mari Sandoz

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803292123

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 282

View: 5228

Records the struggles of the northern Cheyenne who battled the United States Cavalry in an effort to return to their Yellowstone homelands

Wings over the Mexican Border

Pioneer Military Aviation in the Big Bend

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Author: Kenneth Baxter Ragsdale

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292787812

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 9574

Against a backdrop of revolution, border banditry, freewheeling aerial dramatics, and World War II comes this compelling look at the rise of U.S. combat aviation at an unlikely proving ground—a remote airfield in the rugged reaches of the southwestern Texas borderlands. Here, at Elmo Johnson's Big Bend ranch, hundreds of young Army Air Corps pilots demonstrated the U.S. military's reconnaissance and emergency response capabilities and, in so doing, dramatized the changing role of the airplane as an instrument of war and peace. Kenneth Ragsdale's gripping account not only sets the United States squarely in the forefront of aerial development but also provides a reflective look at U.S.-Mexican relations of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, particularly the tense days and aftermath of the Escobar Rebellion of 1929. He paints a vivid picture of the development of the U.S. aerial strike force; the character, ideals, and expectations of the men who would one day become combat leaders; and the high esteem in which U.S. citizens held the courageous pilots. Particularly noteworthy is Ragsdale's portrait of Elmo Johnson, the Big Bend rancher, trader, and rural sage who emerges as the dominant figure at one of the most unusual facilities in the annals of the Air Corps. Wings over the Mexican Border tells a stirring story of the American frontier juxtaposed with the new age of aerial technology.

The Great Unknown of the Rio Grande

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Author: Louis F. Aulbach

Publisher: Louis F. Aulbach

ISBN: 0976521350

Category: Big Bend National Park (Tex.)

Page: 101

View: 9051

"This is a guide for canoeing, kayaking or rafting the section of the Rio Grande in Big Bend National Park beginning at Terlingua Creek, the exit point for Santa Elena Canyon, and ending at the bridge at La Linda, the starting point for trips through the Lower Canyons."--Introduction.

The Big Bend

A History of the Last Texas Frontier

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Author: Ronnie C. Tyler

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9780890967065

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 430

A long needed account of the human invasion of this rugged Texas desert land.

HoodÕs Texas Brigade in the Civil War

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Author: Edward B. Williams

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786490640

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 2909

Of the many infantry brigades in Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, John Bell Hood’s Texas Brigade earned the reputation as perhaps the premier unit. From 1862 until Lee’s surrender at Appomattox, the brigade fought in most of the major campaigns in the Eastern Theater and several more in the Western, including the Seven Days, Second Manassas (Second Bull Run), Sharpsburg (Antietam), Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Knoxville, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, the siege of Richmond and Petersburg, and Appomattox. Distinguished for its fierce tenacity and fighting ability, the brigade suffered some of the war’s highest casualties. This volume chronicles Hood’s Texas Brigade from its formation through postwar commemorations, providing a soldier’s-eye view of the daring and bravery of this remarkable unit.

The Guevara Legacy

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Author: J. Choate Parker

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595721621

Category: Fiction

Page: 244

View: 4661

Provocative fast-paced action story chronicles the confrontation and checkmate of American world power by an Alliance of Middle Eastern and Central Asian Islamic Republics put together by the brilliant new President of Iran, Saladin al Hassan. The powerful but mysterious Compaa del Mundo (CdelM) helps Saladin and the Alliance finesse their objectives. Leading the action for CdelM, Ben and his beautiful wife Elena Garcia Sandoval, heirs apparent of Guevara's legacy, experience the highest levels of international politics, terrorism, intrigue, ambition, revenge, family tragedy and love.

Quicksilver

Terlingua and the Chisos Mining Company

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Author: Kenneth Baxter Ragsdale

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9780890961889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 9503

Before Terlingua achieved some notoriety as the site of the annual World Championship Chili Cookoff, the ghost town was the bustling center of the mercury mining industry in the United States. Quicksilver tells the story of the company town and its feudal lord, Chicago industrialist Howard E. Perry, who built a hilltop mansion overlooking the dry domain. Based on many primary sources, this solidly researched and historically sound book tells of profit, power, and loss; of U.S. Army protection from the effects of revolution south of the border; of Depression-era maneuverings and labor unrest; and of a region that holds growing fascination for thousands of visitors each year. Color and authenticity come from the author's interviews with such individuals as Robert Cartledge, who for nearly three decades worked as store clerk, purchasing agent, and finally general manager of the Chisos Mining Company in Terlingua.

The Empire Strikes Out

How Baseball Sold U.S. Foreign Policy and Promoted the American Way Abroad

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Author: Robert Elias

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595585281

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 4550

Is the face of American baseball throughout the world that of goodwill ambassador or ugly American? Has baseball crafted its own image or instead been at the mercy of broader forces shaping our society and the globe? The Empire Strikes Out gives us the sweeping story of how baseball and America are intertwined in the export of “the American way.” From the Civil War to George W. Bush and the Iraq War, we see baseball’s role in developing the American empire, first at home and then beyond our shores. And from Albert Spalding and baseball’s first World Tour to Bud Selig and the World Baseball Classic, we witness the globalization of America’s national pastime and baseball’s role in spreading the American dream. Besides describing baseball’s frequent and often surprising connections to America’s presence around the world, Elias assesses the effects of this relationship both on our foreign policies and on the sport itself and asks whether baseball can play a positive role or rather only reinforce America’s dominance around the globe. Like Franklin Foer in How Soccer Explains the World, Elias is driven by compelling stories, unusual events, and unique individuals. His seamless integration of original research and compelling analysis makes this a baseball book that’s about more than just sports.

The Story of Big Bend National Park

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Author: John Jameson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292788622

Category: Nature

Page: 212

View: 4881

A breathtaking country of rugged mountain peaks, uninhabited desert, and spectacular river canyons, Big Bend is one of the United States' most remote national parks and among Texas' most popular tourist attractions. Located in the great bend of the Rio Grande that separates Texas and Mexico, the park comprises some 800,000 acres, an area larger than the state of Rhode Island, and draws over 300,000 visitors each year. The Story of Big Bend National Park offers a comprehensive, highly readable history of the park from before its founding in 1944 up to the present. John Jameson opens with a fascinating look at the mighty efforts involved in persuading Washington officials and local landowners that such a park was needed. He details how money was raised and land acquired, as well as how the park was publicized and developed for visitors. Moving into the present, he discusses such issues as natural resource management, predator protection in the park, and challenges to land, water, and air. Along the way, he paints colorful portraits of many individuals, from area residents to park rangers to Lady Bird Johnson, whose 1966 float trip down the Rio Grande brought the park to national attention. This history will be required reading for all visitors and prospective visitors to Big Bend National Park. For everyone concerned about our national parks, it makes a persuasive case for continued funding and wise stewardship of the parks as they face the twin pressures of skyrocketing attendance and declining budgets.

The Glory Guys

The Story of the U.S. Army Rangers

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Author: Mona D. Sizer

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publications

ISBN: 1589794761

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9492

From the eighteenth century to today, US Army Rangers are the special group of men who have led the way in America's most troubled times. Their missions are fraught with danger and awesome responsibility. Here are stories of the Ranger Officers, whose names became associated forever with the men they commanded. From the French and Indian War to Iraq and Afghanistan, these brave men have led the way in war after war united by comradeship, courage, patriotism, and pride.

The Comanche Empire

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Author: Pekka Hamalainen (Hämäläinen)

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300145137

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 1125

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a Native American empire rose to dominate the fiercely contested lands of the American Southwest, the southern Great Plains, and northern Mexico. This powerful empire, built by the Comanche Indians, eclipsed its various European rivals in military prowess, political prestige, economic power, commercial reach, and cultural influence. Yet, until now, the Comanche empire has gone unrecognized in American history. This compelling and original book uncovers the lost story of the Comanches. It is a story that challenges the idea of indigenous peoples as victims of European expansion and offers a new model for the history of colonial expansion, colonial frontiers, and Native-European relations in North America and elsewhere. Pekka Hämäläinen shows in vivid detail how the Comanches built their unique empire and resisted European colonization, and why they fell to defeat in 1875. With extensive knowledge and deep insight, the author brings into clear relief the Comanches’ remarkable impact on the trajectory of history.

Wanted

Historic County Jails of Texas

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Author: Edward A. Blackburn

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1585444987

Category: Architecture

Page: 424

View: 3880

Along with the settlement of the Texas frontier came rustlers, public drunks, gunfighters, and other outlaws. A jail in which to incarcerate the lawbreakers was thus often the first public building raised in a new town. Later, as government developed, public buildings—notably county courthouses and jails—assumed not only practical but also symbolic importance. The architecture of these buildings in the nineteenth century reflected the power and status with which the community imbued the government; many of the same architects applied the aesthetic standards of the day to both. In later years, the safety and at least limited comfort of the prisoners became concerns and jails were remodeled or abandoned to other uses in favor of modern, more utilitarian structures. In this heavily illustrated guide to the historic county jails of Texas, Ed Blackburn Jr. takes readers to each of the 254 counties in the state, presenting brief histories and of the counties and their structures that housed their criminals. He provides general information about the architecture and location of the buildings and, when possible, describes the present uses of those that have been decommissioned. Interviews with local officials, historians, and newspaper publishers have yielded colorful anecdotes for many of the jails. Revealing photographs of many of the old jails have been gathered from local and archival sources, and Blackburn himself has taken pictures of extant buildings. Together, these words and images not only provide a survey of the way Texans have housed their criminals, but also, with the aid of thumbnail maps of county locations, offer residents and tourists throughout the state a guide to a fascinating aspect of architectural and cultural history.

The Reminiscences of Major General Zenas R. Bliss, 1854-1876

From the Texas Frontier to the Civil War and Back Again

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Author: Zenas Randall Bliss

Publisher: Texas State Historical Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 519

View: 8053

The "Reminiscences" of Maj. Gen. Zenas R. Bliss are a remarkably detailed account of his army service in Texas before and after the Civil War. Many scholars consider Bliss's recollections to be one of the best from a soldier of the "Old Army." It has become a staple primary resource for Texas frontier research for the last three decades. Bliss's memoirs serve as a rare and important window into Texas' military, political, cultural, and geographical history. The memoirs cover Bliss's graduation at West Point in 1854, his antebellum service at Fort Duncan, Camp Hudson, and Fort Davis, as well as his return to the Texas frontier in 1870, and end with his duties at Fort Davis in 1876. Details also describe his capture by Texas Confederate forces in 1861, his tribulations as a prisoner of war, and his subsequent Civil War experiences as a Union regimental commander at Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, and Petersburg, where he was at the battle of the Crater. For gallantry at Fredericksburg, he received the Congressional Medal of Honor. While commanding buffalo soldiers at Fort Duncan in 1870, Bliss conceived the idea of enlisting Seminole-Negro Indians from Mexico as army scouts. After successfully lobbying the departmental commander and the War Department for approval, Bliss formed the first band of Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts in August of 1870. The unit served the army with extraordinary devotion and distinction until 1912. Bliss served in Texas longer than any other army officer (twenty-three years) and rose in rank from second lieutenant to departmental commander. Possessing a keen sense of humor, an eye for detail, and a boisterous social nature, his lively account of the people and places of the antebellum and post-Civil War Texas frontier is among the very best of Texas history.