Mapping Reality

An Evolutionary Realist Methodology for the Natural and Social Sciences

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Author: Jane Azevedo

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791432075

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 1077

Using the insights of evolutionary epistemology, the author develops a new naturalist realist methodology of science, and applies it to the conceptual, practical, and ethical problems of the social sciences.

Engineering Perspectives of Human Society

Application of Control Theory, Game Theory, and Information Theory to Social Phenomena

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Author: Robert Zahn

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594540066

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 1348

Special interest categories: sociology; social economics; political science; globalisation. What determines individuals' rational behaviors in various social systems? How can we predict the long-term effects of a social policy? What governs the evolution path of human society? How will human society evolve in the future? This book addresses these perplexing questions about human society from a fresh angle. By applying engineering principles of control theory, game theory and information theory to fundamental social phenomena, Zhibo Zhang constructs a coherent scientific theory of human society and explores its real-world implications on domestic and international policies. Engineering Perspectives of Human Society analyzes the underlying governing mechanisms of human behaviors and makes a convincing case that seeking win-win solutions is in the best interests of all parties. Supported with historical facts, this book evaluates determining factors of the failure of various social structures including the Chinese feudal societies, Arabic civilisation and communist states. capitalism as well as its potential failure modes. It presents an optimistic assessment of the future society and argues persuasively that the globalisation and the current global power distribution with the United States and its allies being the sole superpower will lead to a long-lasting world peace.

Practical Social Research

Project Work in the Community

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349247391

Category:

Page: 328

View: 5296

Sociology

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Author: Robert Van Krieken,Daphne Habibis,Philip Smith,Brett Hutchins,Greg Martin,Karl Maton

Publisher: Pearson Higher Education AU

ISBN: 1442562366

Category: Social Science

Page: 527

View: 5951

Building upon the success of previous editions, this fully revised edition of Sociology lays the foundations for understanding sociology in Australia. The depth and breadth of the book ensures its value not only for first-year students, but for sociology majors requiring on-going reference to a range of theoretical perspectives and current debates. This fifth Australian edition continues to build on the book’s reputation for coverage, clarity and content, drawing upon the work of leading Australian sociologists as well as engaging with global social trends and sociological developments.

Research Methods for Sport Studies

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Author: Chris Gratton,Ian Jones

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415268776

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2404

This textbook is essential reading for those undertaking research into sport from a social science or management approach, either as part of an academic course, or for those employed within sport-related industries. It provides a step-by-step guide to the research process, from the concept stage through to the presentation of results. Throughout the book, the research methodology is brought to life through the use of relevant case studies and examples.

Sociology in Perspective

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Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 2625

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Introduction to Politics and Society

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Author: Shaun Best

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971313

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 7397

Introduction to Politics and Society draws on examples from popular political culture in order to convey how politics operates in the contemporary world. Examples illustrate the meaning of theories and show the relevance of central theoretical debates. Planned and developed with an eye to the needs of students, the book is an extraordinary resource for undergraduate teaching and study needs. It will be required reading for undergraduate students in sociology, politics and social policy.

Seeds of Bankruptcy

Sociological Bias Against Business and Freedom

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Author: David Marsland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bankruptcy

Page: 238

View: 2232

Social Psychology in Transition

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Author: Lloyd Strickland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461587654

Category: Psychology

Page: 361

View: 6340

Emergence of Individual Differences in Social Context ROBERT B. ZAJONC A priest who was a heavy smoker once asked his bishop if it was all right if he smoked while praying. Appalled, the bishop chastised the priest for the very thought of soiling the solemn moment of prayer with such a filthy habit. Some years passed and the bishop came again through our priest's parish. And our tormented priest asked again about his predicament. But he asked a somewhat different question: "Your excellency," he said, "is it all right to pray while smoking?" There was no hesitation in the bishop's answer. "Of course!" he said. "There is nothing in the world that should keep you from praying. You can always pray, my son. You should miss no opportunity to pray. Whenever you wish to pray, by all means pray!" The relationship between individual differences and social psychology is roughly the same as between smoking and praying. Many social psychologists, and especially experimental social psycholOgists, are openly disdainful of individ ual difference variables. They avoid them in their studies and refuse to incor porate them in theories. The reasons for their (and we really should say "my" because the author is no exception in this matter) attitude are not obvious.

Fantasies of the New Class

Ideologies of Professionalism in Post–World War II American Fiction

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Author: Stephen Schryer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527470

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 9009

America's post–World War II prosperity created a boom in higher education, expanding the number of university-educated readers and making a new literary politics possible. Writers began to direct their work toward the growing professional class, and the American public in turn became more open to literary culture. This relationship imbued fiction with a new social and cultural import, allowing authors to envision themselves as unique cultural educators. It also changed the nature of literary representation: writers came to depict social reality as a tissue of ideas produced by knowledge elites. Linking literary and historical trends, Stephen Schryer underscores the exalted fantasies that arose from postwar American writers' new sense of their cultural mission. Hoping to transform capitalism from within, writers and critics tried to cultivate aesthetically attuned professionals who could disrupt the narrow materialism of the bourgeoisie. Reading Don DeLillo, Marge Piercy, Mary McCarthy, Saul Bellow, Ursula K. Le Guin, Ralph Ellison, and Lionel Trilling, among others, Schryer unravels the postwar idea of American literature as a vehicle for instruction, while highlighting both the promise and flaws inherent in this vision.

Sociology One

Principles of Sociological Analysis for Australians

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Author: Malcolm Waters

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780582712270

Category: Australia

Page: 477

View: 8299

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

An Introduction

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Author: David Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134714734

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8591

Chaos and complexity are the new buzz words in both science and contemporary society. The ideas they represent have enormous implications for the way we understand and engage with the world. Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences introduces students to the central ideas which surround the chaos/complexity theories. It discusses key concepts before using them as a way of investigating the nature of social research. By applying them to such familiar topics as urban studies, education and health, David Byrne allows readers new to the subject to appreciate the contribution which complexity theory can make to social research and to illuminating the crucial social issues of our day.

Self-Reinforcing Processes in and among Organizations

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Author: J. Sydow,G. Schreyögg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 7668

Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.

Sociology

A Brief Introduction

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Author: Alex Thio

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780205547098

Category: Social Science

Page: 502

View: 3999

"Sociology: A Brief Introduction," 7/EAlex Thio, "Ohio"" University" ISBN-10: 0205547095 Unique for its blend of style and substance, this introductory text uses a balanced and systematic application of sociological theory throughout to help students see the difference between myths and realities about society. Highlights of the new editionFour new sections in each chapter examine sociology's connection to the world around us: Sociological Frontier analyzes current social changes and trends. (For example: "Who Gets Tattoos and Why?") Current Events looks at recent world events through a sociological lens. (For example: "The War Trauma in Women Soldiers.") Today's Controversy investigates controversial issues in contemporary society. (For example: "Is the U.S. Losing Its World Leadership?") For a Better Life uses insights from sociology to show how we can improve our lives. (For example: "Unleash the Power of Nice.")

Childhood Socialization

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Author: Norman K. Denzin

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412819504

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 9508

Norman Denzin presents a social psychological account of how the lives of children are shaped by social interaction, particularly interaction with parents and other caretakers. He examines the special language of children, their socialization experiences, and the emergence of their selfconceptions- all as they occur in natural surroundings: daycare centers, homes, playgrounds, schools, and many other places. Denzin is concerned not with sequential developmental changes during childhood, but with how children themselves enter into the processes that lead to self-awareness, socialized abilities and attribute-such as pride, perceptiveness, dignity, and poise. Through his symbolic interactionist approach, Denzin shows how language-the key link between children and others-is required in everyday interpersonal relationships and how the sense of self develops as linguistic skills grow. He stresses the importance of play and games as processes by which children teach themselves about social behavior; he also shows that, for children, play takes on the seriousness of adults' work. Denzin maintains that the definitions of childhood by the 1970s had become detrimentally entrenched in educational and political policies regarding children. He recommends a new definition that recognizes children as individuals seeking meaning for their own actions. This book will be valuable to all social scientists concerned with symbolic and linguistic foundations of the socialization process. A new introduction reviews developments since publication of the original edition. This book raises the interactions between adults and children to a new level.

Theory and Methods in Social Research

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Author: Bridget Somekh,Cathy Lewin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446246320

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 7190

This new edition provides a scholarly and readable introduction to all the key qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and methods, enabling postgraduate and masters-level students and new researchers to reflect on which ones suit their needs and to receive guidance on how to find out more. With chapters written by experienced research practitioners, this second edition has been extensively expanded and updated. There are seven completely new chapters, as well as: - new material on literature reviews - a new introduction to quantitative methods - an expanded glossary - Weblinks with free access to a wide range of peer-reviewed journal articles - an annotated bibliography with conversational notes from authors in each chapter. This book will act as your 'expert friend' throughout your research project, providing advice, explaining key concepts and the implications for your research design, and illustrating these with examples of real research studies.