The New Institutionalism in Sociology

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Author: Mary C. Brinton,Victor Nee

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804742764

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 894

Institutions play a pivotal role in structuring economic and social transactions, and understanding the foundations of social norms, networks, and beliefs within institutions is crucial to explaining much of what occurs in modern economies. This volume integrates two increasingly visible streams of research—economic sociology and new institutional economics—to better understand how ties among individuals and groups facilitate economic activity alongside and against the formal rules that regulate economic processes via government and law. Reviews "This volume is a welcome addition to the expanding literature on institutional analysis. . . . Besides sociologists, we are afforded the pleasure of contributions from anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, and scholars located in schools of law and education. . . . One of the pleasures of the volume is the wide range of topics, times, and locales addressed by the authors. . . . In all these diverse situations, the application of institutional queries and approaches enhances our understanding and appreciation of the endlessly rich and diverse nature of social life."—Contemporary Society "This admirable book makes a strong contribution to institutional theory, has many excellent chapters . . . and is a model for interdisciplinary exchange and cross-fertilization. . . . It is dense with interesting ideas and points for debate, and I heartily recommend it."—Sociological Research Online

The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis

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Author: Walter W. Powell,Paul J. DiMaggio

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618594X

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 3727

Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both often-cited foundation works and the latest writings of scholars associated with the "institutional" approach to organization analysis. In their introduction, the editors discuss points of convergence and disagreement with institutionally oriented research in economics and political science, and locate the "institutional" approach in relation to major developments in contemporary sociological theory. Several chapters consolidate the theoretical advances of the past decade, identify and clarify the paradigm's key ambiguities, and push the theoretical agenda in novel ways by developing sophisticated arguments about the linkage between institutional patterns and forms of social structure. The empirical studies that follow—involving such diverse topics as mental health clinics, art museums, large corporations, civil-service systems, and national polities—illustrate the explanatory power of institutional theory in the analysis of organizational change. Required reading for anyone interested in the sociology of organizations, the volume should appeal to scholars concerned with culture, political institutions, and social change.

Die Weltgesellschaft

soziologische Analysen

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Author: Rudolf Stichweh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Globalization

Page: 274

View: 8363

Zbornik že prej objavljenih prispevkov.

New Institutionalism in Education, The

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Author: Heinz-Dieter Meyer,Heinz-Dieter Meyer Brian Rowan

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791481085

Category: Education

Page: 234

View: 8895

The New Institutionalism in Education brings together leading academics to explore the ongoing changes in K–12 and higher education in both the United States and abroad. The contributors show that current educational trends—including the increased globalization of education, the growing emphasis on educational markets and school choice, the rise of accountability systems, and the persistent influence of business groups like textbook manufacturers and test makers on educational policy—can best be understood when observed through an institutional lens. Because schools and universities are organizations that are stabilized by deeply institutionalized rules, they are subject to the enduring problem of substantive educational reform. This book gives researchers and policy analysts conceptual tools and empirical assessments to gauge the possibilities for institutional reform and innovation.

Revisiting Institutionalism in Sociology

Putting the “Institution” Back in Institutional Analysis

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Author: Seth Abrutyn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134463561

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 874

There may not be a concept so central to sociology, yet so vaguely defined in its contemporary usages, than institution. In Revisiting Institutionalism in Sociology, Abrutyn takes an in-depth look at what institutions are by returning to some of the insights of classical theorists like Max Weber and Herbert Spencer, the functionalisms of Talcott Parsons and S.N. Eisenstadt, and the more recent evolutionary institutionalisms of Gerhard Lenski and Jonathan Turner. Returning to the idea that various levels of social reality shape societies, Abrutyn argues that institutions are macro-level structural and cultural spheres of action, exchange, and communication. They have emergent properties and dynamics that are not reducible to other levels of social reality. Rather than fall back on old functionalist solutions, Abrutyn offers an original and synthetic theory of institutions like religion or economy; the process by which they become autonomous, or distinct cultural spaces that shape the color and texture of action, exchange, and communication embedded within them; and how they gain or lose autonomy by theorizing about institutional entrepreneurship. Finally, Abrutyn lays bare the inner workings of institutions, including their ecology, the way structure and culture shape lower-levels of social reality, and how they develop unique patterns of stratification and inequality founded on their ecology, structure, and culture. Ultimately, Abrutyn offers a refreshing take on macrosociology that brings functionalist, conflict, and cultural sociologies together, while painting a new picture of how the seemingly invisible macro-world influences the choices humans make and the goals we set.

The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management

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Author: Paul L. Ingram,Brian S. Silverman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762309032

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 398

View: 7965

In this exciting volume, a diverse and accomplished group of scholars work to integrate theories of institutions with strategic management. The research they present examines a wide range of industrial contexts, ranging from American retailing at the end of the nineteenth century, to German tax law at the beginning of the twenty-first.

Neo-Institutionalismus

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Author: Raimund Hasse,Georg Krücken

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839400287

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 9334

Der soziologische Neo-Institutionalismus hat seine Ursprünge in der US-amerikanischen Organisationssoziologie. Im Vordergrund stehen Fragen des institutionellen Wandels und des gesellschaftlichen Umgangs mit institutionellen Vorgaben. Dabei liegt ein besonderes Augenmerk auf der gesellschaftlichen Durchsetzung und Einbettung vorherrschender Grundüberzeugungen rationalen Handelns. Die Insignien moderner Rationalität werden in ganz unterschiedlichen Handlungsbereichen aufgespürt. Der Band führt in die Grundlagen des Neo-Institutionalismus ein, er beschreibt die wichtigsten empirischen Ergebnisse und diskutiert theoretische Weiterentwicklungen. Darüber hinaus werden in der vorliegenden zweiten Auflage Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zur Netzwerksoziologie, zu den Strukturtheorien von Giddens und Bourdieu sowie zur Systemtheorie Luhmanns benannt.

Why Institutions Matter

The New Institutionalism in Political Science

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Author: Vivien Lowndes,Mark Roberts

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137329130

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 4679

This important new text provides a broad-ranging introduction to the 'new' institutional theories which have become increasingly influential in recent years and gives an assessment of their application and utility in political analysis.

Der „Neue Institutionalismus“

Studien zum Vergleich seiner Forschungsprogramme

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Author: Michael Schmid

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658202335

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 8828

Der Band versammelt Arbeiten zur Rekonstruktion wirtschaftssoziologischer und institutionenökonomischer Forschungsprogramme. Ziel der Darstellungen ist der Vergleich, deren Themenstellungen und Erklärungsreichweite und der Nachweis, dass eine interdisziplinär integrierte Theorie- und Modellentwicklung erwartbar und fruchtbringend ist. Der Inhalt• Soziologie und Ökonomie• Das institutionentheoretische Forschungsprogramm Die ZielgruppenStudierende und Lehrende der Wirtschaftssoziologie, der Organisationstheorie und der Institutionenökonomik Der AutorProf. Dr. Michael Schmid war an der Universität der Bundeswehr in München tätig.

Handbook of New Institutional Economics

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Author: Claude Ménard,Mary M. Shirley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354069305X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 884

View: 2477

New Institutional Economics (NIE) has skyrocketed in scope and influence over the last three decades. This first Handbook of NIE provides a unique and timely overview of recent developments and broad orientations. Contributions analyse the domain and perspectives of NIE; sections on legal institutions, political institutions, transaction cost economics, governance, contracting, institutional change, and more capture NIE's interdisciplinary nature. This Handbook will be of interest to economists, political scientists, legal scholars, management specialists, sociologists, and others wishing to learn more about this important subject and gain insight into progress made by institutionalists from other disciplines. This compendium of analyses by some of the foremost NIE specialists, including Ronald Coase, Douglass North, Elinor Ostrom, and Oliver Williamson, gives students and new researchers an introduction to the topic and offers established scholars a reference book for their research.

Macht und Gesellschaftsstruktur

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Author: James Samuel Coleman,Viktor J. Vanberg

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783163419018

Category: Political Science

Page: 130

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Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

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Author: Klaus Kraemer,Florian Brugger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658081848

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 1124

Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

Rational Choice

Eine Kritik am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft. Übersetzung aus dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt

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Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486831607

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 7505

In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

Betrachtungen über die Repräsentativregierung

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Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518735179

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5773

Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

New Institutionalism

Theory and Analysis

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Author: André Lecours

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802048811

Category: Political Science

Page: 363

View: 5382

Featuring discussions of comparative politics, public policy, and international relations, this collection from editor André Lecours is a comprehensive examination of the subject, making it a crucial addition to any political scientist?s library.

Copyfight

The Global Politics of Digital Copyright Reform

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Author: Blayne Haggart

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666234

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 9319

Widespread file sharing has led content industries – publishers and distributors of books, music, films, and software – to view their customers as growing threats to their survival. Content providers and their allies, especially the U.S. government, have pushed for stronger global copyright policies through international treaties and domestic copyright reforms. Internet companies, individuals, and public-interest groups have pushed back, with massive street protests in Europe and online “internet blackouts” that derailed the 2012 U.S. Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA). But can citizens or smaller countries really stand in the way of the U.S. copyright juggernaut? To answer this question, Copyfight examines the 1996 World Intellectual Property Organization internet treaties that began the current digital copyright regime. Blayne Haggart follows the WIPO treaties from negotiation to implementation from the perspective of three countries: the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Using extensive interviews with policymakers and experts in these three countries, Haggart argues that not all the power is in the hands of the U.S. government. Small countries can still set their own course on copyright legislation, while growing public interest in copyright issues means that even the United States might move away from ever-increasing copyright protection.

A Theory of Fields

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Author: Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977143

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1325

Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science. A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.

Unverdientes Vermögen

Soziologie des Erbrechts

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Author: Jens Beckert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593375922

Category: Inheritance and succession

Page: 423

View: 9030