The Myth of Progress

Toward a Sustainable Future

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Author: Tom Wessels

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1611684161

Category: Science

Page: 155

View: 4429

A provocative critique of Western progress from a scientific perspective

Science and the Myth of Progress

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Author: Mehrdad M. Zarandi

Publisher: World Wisdom, Inc

ISBN: 9780941532471

Category: Religion

Page: 331

View: 9143

A collection of essays by scholars, philosophers, and scientists offering penetrating answers to some of the most important questions of the day.

Women, Technology, and the Myth of Progress / Mysearchlab Access Code

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Author: Eileen B. Leonard

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780205678914

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 4188

MySearchLab provides students with a complete understanding of the research process so they can complete research projects confidently and efficiently. Students and instructors with an internet connection can visit www.MySearchLab.com and receive immediate access to thousands of full articles from the EBSCO ContentSelect database. In addition, MySearchLab offers extensive content on the research process itself–including tips on how to navigate and maximize time in the campus library, a step-by-step guide on writing a research paper, and instructions on how to finish an academic assignment with endnotes and bibliography. This book explores reproductive, household, and office technology in order to challenge popular notions of technology as progressive for women. It argues that technology gives its benefits differentially, depending on such critical social issues as race, gender, and class. Topics in this provocative analysis include the social construction of technology, the status of women, reproductive technology, office technology, household technology, the myth of progress, and implications for social change. A provocative read for anyone interested in women's issues with regard to household, workplace, and reproductive technological breakthroughs.

Not the Future We Ordered

Peak Oil, Psychology, and the Myth of Progress

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Author: John Michael Greer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429916655

Category: Psychology

Page: 158

View: 3479

For well over half a century, since the first credible warnings of petroleum depletion were raised in the 1950s, contemporary industrial civilization has been caught in a remarkable paradox: a culture more focused on problem solving than any other has repeatedly failed to deal with, or even consider, the problem most likely to bring its own history to a full stop. The coming of peak oil-the peaking and irreversible decline of world petroleum production-poses an existential threat to societies in which every sector of the economy depends on petroleum-based transport, and no known energy source can scale up extensively or quickly enough to replace dwindling oil supplies. Resolute action on personal, local, national, and global levels over the decades just passed might have staved off a future of economic contraction, political turmoil, and immense human suffering. Instead, governments and populations of all the world's industrial nations collectively closed their eyes to the impending crisis.Not The Future We Ordered is the first study of the psychological dimensions of that decision and its consequences, as a case study in the social psychology of collective failure, and as an issue with which psychologists and therapists will be confronted repeatedly in the years ahead. At the core of the modern world's inability to come to grips with the challenge of peak oil are a set of beliefs that amount to a civil religion of progress, in which the concept of progress is credited with the invincibility and beneficence other religions assign to their gods. This civil religion of progress lends legitimacy to policies that subordinate all other values to economic growth, place blind faith in untested technologies, and rule out serious consideration of the long-term downsides of today's trends.The religious faith in progress that makes such policies seem sensible, and provides justification for the marginalization of alternative views, has become one of the core factors driving contemporary societies headlong toward a wrenching confrontation with the hard limits of a finite planet. As the gap widens between today's expectations of perpetual progress and tomorrow's experiences, peak oil will become a significant mental health issue across the currently industrialized world. When "the future we ordered" fails to show up on schedule, cognitive dissonance and other psychological impacts common in times of severe cultural dislocation will likely show up as well, driving counterproductive responses on the personal and collective scales. Understanding the psychology that backed industrial civilization into a corner called "peak oil" is a crucial step in dealing with these consequences, and to this, Not The Future We Ordered offers a clear and readable guide

The World As It Is

Dispatches on the Myth of Human Progress

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Author: Chris Hedges

Publisher: Nation Books

ISBN: 1568586612

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 4558

Many liberals are disappointed with Barack Obama. Some talk of “betrayal,” while others are writing abject letters to the White House asking the president to come back to his “true self.” Chris Hedges, however, is a progressive who doesn't feel betrayed. “Obama was and is a brand,” he argues. “He is a product of the Chicago political machine. He has been skillfully packaged by the corporate state.” In his newest book, Hedges argues that the conscious inertia of the left is destroying the progressive movement. Inaction and empty moral posturing leads not to change, but to an orgy of self-adulation and self-pity. Hedges argues that the gravest danger we face as a nation is not from the far right, although the right may well inherit power. Instead, the threat comes from a bankrupt liberal class that has lost the will to fight and the moral courage to stand up for what it espouses.

The Myth of Black Progress

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Author: Alphonso Pinkney

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521310475

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 198

View: 9761

Examines the standing of Blacks in American society and argues that race is still an important factor in relations between Blacks and whites

The Myth of Modernity

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Author: Charles Baudouin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138829114

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3378

First published in 1950, this was a new work by Charles Baudouin, world-famous French psychologist and takes its title from the opening chapter, which examines the transformation of the myth of Progress, characteristic of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, into the myth of Modernity, characteristic of the time of writing. The author has little sympathy for a development which he regards as essentially vulgar; the myth of Progress, he says, had its aspiration and gave man reasons for reaching out for better things, but the myth of Modernity seems to give humanity reasons only for fleeing from itself, reasons for unhappiness, inasmuch as the man who runs away from himself is an unhappy man . This chapter is characteristic of those that follow on Baudelaire, Verlaine and other literary topics; on Art and the Epoch, The Prestige of Action, Technique versus Mysticism, Opinion and Tolerance, etc. A broad humanity and a gentle irony are the characteristic features of this simulating book, now available again to be enjoyed in its historical context. "

The Silence of Animals

On Progress and Other Modern Myths

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Author: John Gray

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0374229171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

View: 7764

A sophisticated investigation into the persistence of myth in the modern world draws on a wide range of memoirs, poems, fiction and philosophy to explore how the human imagination is compelled by hardship into worlds beyond real experience. By the author of Straw Dogs.

Invisible Men

Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress

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Author: Becky Pettit

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610447786

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 1370

For African American men without a high school diploma, being in prison or jail is more common than being employed—a sobering reality that calls into question post-Civil Rights era social gains. Nearly 70 percent of young black men will be imprisoned at some point in their lives, and poor black men with low levels of education make up a disproportionate share of incarcerated Americans. In Invisible Men, sociologist Becky Pettit demonstrates another vexing fact of mass incarceration: most national surveys do not account for prison inmates, a fact that results in a misrepresentation of U.S. political, economic, and social conditions in general and black progress in particular. Invisible Men provides an eye-opening examination of how mass incarceration has concealed decades of racial inequality. Pettit marshals a wealth of evidence correlating the explosion in prison growth with the disappearance of millions of black men into the American penal system. She shows that, because prison inmates are not included in most survey data, statistics that seemed to indicate a narrowing black-white racial gap—on educational attainment, work force participation, and earnings—instead fail to capture persistent racial, economic, and social disadvantage among African Americans. Federal statistical agencies, including the U.S. Census Bureau, collect surprisingly little information about the incarcerated, and inmates are not included in household samples in national surveys. As a result, these men are invisible to most mainstream social institutions, lawmakers, and nearly all social science research that isn't directly related to crime or criminal justice. Since merely being counted poses such a challenge, inmates' lives—including their family background, the communities they come from, or what happens to them after incarceration—are even more rarely examined. And since correctional budgets provide primarily for housing and monitoring inmates, with little left over for job training or rehabilitation, a large population of young men are not only invisible to society while in prison but also ill-equipped to participate upon release. Invisible Men provides a vital reality check for social researchers, lawmakers, and anyone who cares about racial equality. The book shows that more than a half century after the first civil rights legislation, the dismal fact of mass incarceration inflicts widespread and enduring damage by undermining the fair allocation of public resources and political representation, by depriving the children of inmates of their parents' economic and emotional participation, and, ultimately, by concealing African American disadvantage from public view.

The Improving State of the World

Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives on a Cleaner Planet

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Author: Indur M. Goklany

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1930865988

Category: Nature

Page: 516

View: 9696

A guide to how human well-being has steadily improved with economic growth, technological change, and free trade combining to power a "cycle of progress" that has led to unprecedented improvements in human well-being.

Alternative Science

Challenging the Myths of the Scientific Establishment

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Author: Richard Milton

Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co

ISBN: 9780892816316

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 272

View: 3574

This tour of the scientific frontier makes a strong case that the alternative science of today will be the hard science of the future.

We Shot the War

Overseas Weekly in Vietnam

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Author: Lisa Nguyen

Publisher: Hoover Press

ISBN: 0817921664

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7641

We Shot the War: Overseas Weekly in Vietnam examines the legacy of one of the most popular and eccentric newspapers to cover the Vietnam War. With its mix of hard-hitting military exposés, pinups, and comic strips, Overseas Weekly earned a reputation as a muckraking truth teller. Time magazine called it "the least popular publication at the Pentagon." From 1966 to 1972, the paper's reporters and photographers tackled controversial topics, including courts-martial, racial discrimination, drug use, and opposition to command. And they published some of the most intimate portraits of American GIs and Vietnamese civilians, taken with the specific purpose of documenting the daily life of individuals caught in the world's most grueling and disputed conflict. Through striking photographs and personal essays, We Shot the War brings viewers behind the viewfinders of photojournalists who covered the conflict and introduces readers to two extraordinary women: founder Marion von Rospach and Saigon office bureau chief Ann Bryan. Together, they fought for the right of women to report in combat zones and argued against media censorship. Foreword by Eric Wakin Contributors: Cynthia Copple, Art Greenspon, Don Hirst, Brent Procter

Big Is Beautiful

Debunking the Myth of Small Business

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Author: Robert D. Atkinson,Michael Lind

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262345676

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 4856

Why small business is not the basis of American prosperity, not the foundation of American democracy, and not the champion of job creation. In this provocative book, Robert Atkinson and Michael Lind argue that small business is not, as is widely claimed, the basis of American prosperity. Small business is not responsible for most of the country's job creation and innovation. American democracy does not depend on the existence of brave bands of self-employed citizens. Small businesses are not systematically discriminated against by government policy makers. Rather, Atkinson and Lind argue, small businesses are not the font of jobs, because most small businesses fail. The only kind of small firm that contributes to technological innovation is the technological start-up, and its success depends on scaling up. The idea that self-employed citizens are the foundation of democracy is a relic of Jeffersonian dreams of an agrarian society. And governments, motivated by a confused mix of populist and free market ideology, in fact go out of their way to promote small business. Every modern president has sung the praises of small business, and every modern president, according to Atkinson and Lind, has been wrong. Pointing to the advantages of scale for job creation, productivity, innovation, and virtually all other economic benefits, Atkinson and Lind argue for a “size neutral” policy approach in both the United States and around the world that would encourage growth rather than enshrine an anachronism. If we overthrow the “small is beautiful” ideology, we will be able to recognize large firms as the engines of progress and prosperity that they are.

The Gauntlet

A Challenge to the Myth of Progress

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Author: Arthur Joseph Penty

Publisher: I H S Press

ISBN: 9780971489493

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 95

View: 9329

Subtitled "A Challenge to the Myth of Progress," this collection includes selections from Old Worlds for New, Post-Industrialism, Towards a Christian Sociology, and Means and Ends. This first-ever anthology of Penty's works presents a compelling vision both of what's wrong with the world and of what kind of socio-economic order would help to make it right. The writings in this volume provide a sampling of Penty's thorough and persuasive critique of the myths that dominate modern economic and social thought. They also outline his intellectual and practical program for the restoration of such essentials in economic life as the dignity of labor, justice in pricing, equity in property distribution, quality in craftsmanship, preservation of rural culture, and, above all, the recognition of spiritual truth as the foundation of all real economic order.

The Tree of Knowledge and Other Essays

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Author: G. H. Von Wright

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004097643

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 8159

Humanism, modernity, and scientific rationality are examined critically in these collected essays. Developments in logic and philosophy are surveyed in the perspective of the closing century. Other essays include Musil and Mach, and Wittgenstein's place on the cultural map of the times.

Frontiers Of Illusion

Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress

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Author: Daniel Sarewitz

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439903728

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6740

For the past fifty years, science and technology—supported with billions of dollars from the U.S. government—have advanced at a rate that would once have seemed miraculous, while society's problems have grown more intractable, complex, and diverse. Yet scientists and politicians alike continue to prescribe more science and more technology to cure such afflictions as global climate change, natural resource depletion, overpopulation, inadequate health care, weapons proliferation, and economic inequality. Daniel Sarewitz scrutinizes the fundamental myths that have guided the formulation of science policy for half a century—myths that serve the professional and political interests of the scientific community, but often fail to advance the interests of society as a whole. His analysis ultimately demonstrates that stronger linkages between progress in science and progress in society will require research agendas that emerge not from the intellectual momentum of science, but from the needs and goals of society.

The Myth of Male Power

Why Men Are the Disposable Sex

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Author: Warren Farrell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781876451301

Category: Men

Page: 408

View: 621

...lies understanding. This is what bestselling author Warren Farrell discovered when he took a stand against established views of the male role in society, and pursued o course of study to find out who men really are. Here are the eye-opening, heart-rending, and undeniably enlightening results...

Highways of Progress

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Author: James J. Hill

Publisher: The Minerva Group, Inc.

ISBN: 089499025X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 372

View: 2165

From the time he was 18 in St. Paul, James J. Hill (1838-1916) dreamed of a ship and rail bridge to the riches of the mysterious Orient. Through a succession of jobs, he absorbed every detail of moving goods by land and by water, which contributed to the excellent management and low-cost operation of his railroad empire. He made financial history by shaping the Northern Securities Co., a holding device dissolved by the Supreme Court in 1904. As founder of the Great Northern Railway, Hill was an American railroad icon and one of Ayn Rand's industrialist heroes. After his retirement, he wrote "Highways of Progress," originally published in 1910, and toured the country speaking about the virtues of capitalism and a hard work ethic. Near the end of his life, James J. Hill was asked by a newspaper reporter to reveal the secret of his success. Hill responded with characteristic bluntness, "Work, hard work, intelligent work, and then more work." Hill became a pivotal force in the transformation of the Northwest as his railroad served as the backbone of American settlement, agricultural development and commercial expansion. Book jacket.

The Myth of the Framework

In Defence of Science and Rationality

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Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113597473X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 9604

In a career spanning sixty years, Sir Karl Popper has made some of the most important contributions to the twentieth century discussion of science and rationality. The Myth of the Framework is a new collection of some of Popper's most important material on this subject. Sir Karl discusses such issues as the aims of science, the role that it plays in our civilization, the moral responsibility of the scientist, the structure of history, and the perennial choice between reason and revolution. In doing so, he attacks intellectual fashions (like positivism) that exagerrate what science and rationality have done, as well as intellectual fashions (like relativism) that denigrate what science and rationality can do. Scientific knowledge, according to Popper, is one of the most rational and creative of human achievements, but it is also inherently fallible and subject to revision. In place of intellectual fashions, Popper offers his own critical rationalism - a view that he regards both as a theory of knowlege and as an attitude towards human life, human morals and democracy. Published in cooperation with the Central European University.