The Monkey Wars

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Author: Deborah Blum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198025405

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 8427

The controversy over the use of primates in research admits of no easy answers. We have all benefited from the medical discoveries of primate research--vaccines for polio, rubella, and hepatitis B are just a few. But we have also learned more in recent years about how intelligent apes and monkeys really are: they can speak to us with sign language, they can even play video games (and are as obsessed with the games as any human teenager). And activists have also uncovered widespread and unnecessarily callous treatment of animals by researchers (in 1982, a Silver Spring lab was charged with 17 counts of animal cruelty). It is a complex issue, made more difficult by the combative stance of both researchers and animal activists. In The Monkey Wars, Deborah Blum gives a human face to this often caustic debate--and an all-but-human face to the subjects of the struggle, the chimpanzees and monkeys themselves. Blum criss-crosses America to show us first hand the issues and personalities involved. She offers a wide-ranging, informative look at animal rights activists, now numbering some twelve million, from the moderate Animal Welfare Institute to the highly radical Animal Liberation Front (a group destructive enough to be placed on the FBI's terrorist list). And she interviews a wide variety of researchers, many forced to conduct their work protected by barbed wire and alarm systems, men and women for whom death threats and hate mail are common. She takes us to Roger Fouts's research center in Ellensburg, Washington, where we meet five chimpanzees trained in human sign language, and we visit LEMSIP, a research facility in New York State that has no barbed wire, no alarms--and no protesters chanting outside--because its director, Jan Moor-Jankowski, listens to activists with respect and treats his animals humanely. And along the way, Blum offers us insights into the many side-issues involved: the intense battle to win over school kids fought by both sides, and the danger of transplanting animal organs into humans. "As it stands now," Blum concludes, "the research community and its activist critics are like two different nations, nations locked in a long, bitter, seemingly intractable political standoff....But if you listen hard, there really are people on both sides willing to accept and work within the complex middle. When they can be freely heard, then we will have progressed to another place, beyond this time of hostilities." In The Monkey Wars, Deborah Blum gives these people their voice.

Search and Clear

Critical Responses to Selected Literature and Films of the Vietnam War

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Author: William J. Searle

Publisher: Popular Press

ISBN: 9780879724290

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 215

View: 7880

Search and Clear demonstrates that the seeds of war were implicit in American culture, distinguishes between literature spawned by Vietnam and that of other conflicts, reviews the literary merits of works both well and little known, and explores the assumptions behind and the persistence of stereotypes associated with the consequences of the Vietnam War. It examines the role of women in fiction, the importance of gender in Vietnam representation, and the mythic patterns in Oliver Stone’s Platoon. Essayists sharply scrutinize American values, conduct, and conscience as they are revealed in the craft of Tim O’Brien, Philip Caputo, Michael Herr, Stephen Wright, David Rabe, Bruce Weigl, and others.

Ethical Issues in HIV Vaccine Trials

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Author: T. Kerns

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230380018

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 2716

This book explores some of the complex ethical quandaries entailed by proposed phase III HIV preventive vaccine trials. The book argues that such trials must be initiated as soon as politically and ethically feasible on the one hand, and that no such trials should be undertaken until we can assure full compliance with the Nuremberg Code and the WHO/CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects on the other. The tension between these two positions is fully detailed and suggestions offered for how to think about possible resolutions.

Love at Goon Park

Harry Harlow and the Science of Affection

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Author: Deborah Blum

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0465026060

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 2500

In the early twentieth century, affection between parents and their children was discouraged—psychologists thought it would create needy kids, and doctors thought it would spread infectious disease. It took a revolution in psychology to overturn these beliefs and prove that touch ensures emotional and intellectual health. In Love at Goon Park, Pulitzer Prize winner Deborah Blum charts this profound cultural shift by tracing the story of Harry Harlow—the man who studied neglect and its life-altering consequences on primates in his lab. The biography of both a man and an idea, Love at Goon Park ultimately invites us to examine ourselves and the way we love.

Monkey Wars

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Author: Richard Kurti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0385744412

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 409

View: 9528

When rhesus monkeys are brutally massacred on the streets of Kolkata by a troop of power hungry langur monkeys, a young langur soldier's life is changed forever.

Waiting for Wolves in Japan

An Anthropological Study of People-wildlife Relations

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Author: John Knight

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199255184

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5010

In the 1990s a Japanese conservationist group, inspired by North American examples, launched a campaign for the reintroduction of the wolf in Japan. In addition to restoring Japan's natural heritage, the main reason offered for its reintroduction is that the wolf would be the saviour of uplandareas of Japan suffering from wildlife pestilence. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork on the Kii Peninsula in western Japan, one of the areas nominated for reintroduction, this book critically examines the problem of people-wildlife conflicts in Japan from a social anthropological perspective.Focusing on wild boar, monkeys, deer, serow, and bears, it describes the relationship to these animals on the part of farmers, foresters, hunters, and tourists. This detailed case study shows that conflicts with wildlife are inextricably bound up with social conflict among people, and that wildlifepestilence must therefore be understood in terms of its symbolic, as well as material dimensions.

Archeology of the Circle

New and Selected Poems

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Author: Bruce Weigl

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802195199

Category: Poetry

Page: 240

View: 547

With Song of Napalm, Bruce Weigl established himself as a poet of incomparable power and lyric fury, whose work stands as an elegy to the countless lives dramatically altered by war. Archeology of the Circle brings together the major work of one of America’s greatest poets. Collected here for the first time from eight volumes of poetry and spanning two decades, Archeology of the Circle also includes Weigl’s most recent poems, which take a dramatic turn toward a hard-bitten and sensuous lyric. Out of the horror of individual experience, Bruce Weigl has fashioned poetry that offers solace to disillusionment and bears transcendent resonance for all of us. Archeology of the Circle illustrates Bruce Weigl’s remarkable creative achievements and signifies his own personal and spiritual salvation through his writing.

A Drowning Man is Never Tall Enough

Poems

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Author: Patrick Lawler

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820311586

Category: Poetry

Page: 82

View: 2416

This is a poetry of excursions: into maps of lost territories, into the thoughts of a man with no legs, into the life of a town marked by disasters. Patrick Lawler moves into the slender lines of shattered glass, the spaces between lyric and narrative, between metamorphosis and mutation. From the artful surface of a Russian novel, rich with symbolism and white bears, to a survivor's unwillingness to immerse himself in life or leave it, the poems in A Drowning Man Is Never Tall Enough hunger for a language beyond the solid, for the fragmentation that makes a scene complete.

Vertical Elegies 5

The Section : Sonnets

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Author: Sam Truitt

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820325040

Category: Poetry

Page: 69

View: 1300

A collection of sixty-nine sonnets seeks to capture the dizzying speed and hallucinogenic landscape of modern of urban life. Winner of the Contemporary Poetry Series competition. (Poetry)

Approximate Darling

Poems

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Author: Lee Upton

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820318110

Category: Poetry

Page: 88

View: 6162

In her most ambitious collection of poems to date, Lee Upton extends and deepens her experiments with perception and language. Drawn into the orbit of her poems are multiple figurations--a Dante-inspired guide and a Leonardo da Vinci cartoon, Hamlet's Gertrude, and Lewis Carroll's Alice--and Emily Dickinson, Beatrix Potter, Louise Bogan, and Sylvia Plath. While investigating elements of women's biological, emotional, and spiritual experiences that prove particularly recalcitrant to language, she draws her attention to the "relentless experiment" of pregnancy and childbirth. Upton examines fleeting moments when objects are seen at the periphery of vision and draws upon the language we use in contemplating the psychic aftereffects of contemporary violence, dispossession, and exclusion.

Saunter

Poems

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Author: Joshua McKinney

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820323312

Category: Poetry

Page: 73

View: 2800

Joshua McKinney's debut collection of poetry, Saunter, shows immense devotion to and passion for language in all its aspects. He intensely attends to words and delights in the play of accidental connections and complications. Such amusement and playfulness with oppositions is evidenced in lines like: "an opening / a cello scales / some stairs. Risen, / a thought falls." McKinney's awareness of the complex resonance of literary history and current issues of language comes through in his dedication to making the appearance of language, not just its sound or its relative meaning, an integral aspect of his poems. Meanwhile, the subject matter is often surprisingly mythic and mysterious, championing absolute freedom and wildness. His intricate verse is sincere in its observations while turning inward on itself, sauntering in designed indirection.

The Patriot

Poems

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Author: Christopher Davis

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820319919

Category: Poetry

Page: 89

View: 5714

The Patriot is the chronicle of a deeply personal attempt to rebuild a sense of self and safety in an unstable environment. Christopher Davis's poems address destructive forces, including the murder of a younger brother and the impact of AIDS on modern gay culture. These elements blend with the dangers of a world in which love and death are cruelly inseparable, and in which the insinuations of consumer culture into the psyche destroy security, but in which dark humor and the beauty of imagery combat despair. In language electric with imagination, these poems utter a mangled, stuttering, contemporary echo of Walt Whitman's poetry, cheated out of its joyous confidence but constructing, in the words of the author, a "weak bridge away from suicide."

Civilian Histories

Poems

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Author: Lee Upton

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820321851

Category: Poetry

Page: 91

View: 9391

Upton's poems about dreams transform the often mundane qualitiy of life in an overly materialistic America into something imaginative and spiritual. --Andy Brumer, The New York Times Book Review.

The Violence of the Morning

Poems

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Author: Calvin Bedient

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820323909

Category: Poetry

Page: 97

View: 3424

Groundbreaking new poetry evokes a wide range of influences, from Kant to the Upanishads, while making deep exploratory journeys into the complexities of sexual relationships, disease, heartbreak, and death. Winner of the Contemporary Poetry Series Competition. Original.

What Animals Want

Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

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Author: Larry Carbone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882991

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 7442

Larry Carbone, a veterinarian who is in charge of the lab animal welfare assurance program at a major research university, presents this scholarly history of animal rights. Biomedical researchers, and the less fanatical among the animal rights activists will find this book reasonable, humane, and novel in its perspective. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate.

International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

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Author: Alexander Gillespie

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191022470

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 8652

This second edition of International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics revises and expands this groundbreaking study into the question of why the environment is protected in the international arena. This question is rarely asked because it is assumed that each member of the international community wants to achieve the same ends. However, in his innovative study of international environmental ethics, Alexander Gillespie explodes this myth. He shows how nations, like individuals, create environmental laws and policies which are continually inviting failure, as such laws can often be riddled with inconsistencies, and be ultimately contradictory in purpose. Specifically, he seeks a nexus between the reasons why nations protect the environment, how these reasons are reflected in law and policy, and what complications arise from these choices. This book takes account of the numerous developments in international environmental law and policy that have taken place the publication of the first edition, most notably at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and the 2012 'Rio + 20' United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. Furthermore, it addresses recent debates on the economic value of nature, and the problems of the illegal trade in species and toxic waste. The cultural context has also been considerably advanced in the areas of both intangible and tangible heritage, with increasing attention being given to conservation, wildlife management, and the notion of protected areas. The book investigates the ways in which progress has been made regarding humane trapping and killing of animals, and how, in contrast, the Great Apes initiative, and similar work with whales, have failed. Finally, the book addresses the fact that while the notion of ecosystem management has been embraced by a number of environmental regimes, it has thus far failed as an international philosophy.

A Communion of Subjects

Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics

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Author: Paul Waldau,Kimberley Christine Patton

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 720

View: 5857

A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including Thomas Berry (cultural history), Wendy Doniger (study of myth), Elizabeth Lawrence (veterinary medicine, ritual studies), Marc Bekoff (cognitive ethology), Marc Hauser (behavioral science), Steven Wise (animals and law), Peter Singer (animals and ethics), and Jane Goodall (primatology) consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into humans' relationships with animals and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live. Contributors examine Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Daoism, Confucianism, African religions, traditions from ancient Egypt and early China, and Native American, indigenous Tibetan, and Australian Aboriginal traditions, among others. They explore issues such as animal consciousness, suffering, sacrifice, and stewardship in innovative methodological ways. They also address contemporary challenges relating to law, biotechnology, social justice, and the environment. By grappling with the nature and ideological features of various religious views, the contributors cast religious teachings and practices in a new light. They reveal how we either intentionally or inadvertently marginalize "others," whether they are human or otherwise, reflecting on the ways in which we assign value to living beings. Though it is an ancient concern, the topic of "Religion and Animals" has yet to be systematically studied by modern scholars. This groundbreaking collection takes the first steps toward a meaningful analysis.

Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills

Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills

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Author: William Hillix,Duane Rumbaugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306477393

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 5871

Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language. These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our closest animal kin. This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed in studies of animal language ability.

Die Stadt des Affengottes

Eine unbekannte Zivilisation, ein mysteriöser Fluch, eine wahre Geschichte

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Author: Douglas Preston

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641203929

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6490

Eine wahre Indiana-Jones-Geschichte - eine archäologische Sensation Schon seit dem 16. Jahrhundert gab es Gerüchte über eine Provinz im Regenwald von Honduras, deren Städte reich und prachtvoll seien, ganz besonders die Weiße Stadt, auch Stadt des Affengottes genannt. Immer wieder machten sich Abenteurer und Archäologen auf die Suche nach den Zeugnissen dieser Zivilisation, die offenbar nicht zu den Mayas gehörte. Manchmal stießen sie tatsächlich auf Ruinen, aber eine wirkliche Erforschung war in dem von giftigen Schlangen und tödlichen Krankheitserregern verseuchten und vom Dschungel überwucherten Gelände unmöglich. Erst die moderne Lasertechnik, mit deren Hilfe das Gelände aus der Luft gescannt wird, ermöglichte genauere Hinweise, wo sich größere Ansiedlungen befinden. Um sie vor Ort zu untersuchen muss man sich allerdings auch heute noch auf den beschwerlichen Weg durch den Dschungel machen. Der Schriftsteller und Journalist Douglas Preston schloss sich kürzlich einer archäologischen Expedition an. Sie fand tatsächlich die eindrucksvollen Ruinen einer untergegangenen Stadt, aber sie zahlte am Ende auch einen hohen Preis.