The Modern Presidency & Civil Rights

Rhetoric on Race from Roosevelt to Nixon

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Author: Garth E. Pauley

Publisher: Texas A & M University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 259

View: 6248

Every president since Franklin Roosevelt has confronted civil rights issues during his tenure in the White House, and most have faced intense demands to speak publicly about the nation's racial problems and possible solutions. Indeed, modern American presidents have become a major focal point for the civil rights struggle. In The Modern Presidency and Civil Rights, Garth E. Pauley examines modern presidents' communicative and symbolic involvement in these matters, focusing on four crucial speeches, the circumstances surrounding them, and their effect on public attitudes and policy. Pauley's perspective is both historical and critical. It explores the pattern of presidential discourse on race in the modern era and considers the promise and limitations of presidential talk with regard to civil rights. The four significant episodes of American presidential speech Pauley examines are: Harry Truman's address of June 29, 1947, to the NAACP; Dwight Eisenhower's national address on September 24, 1957, following the integration crisis at Little Rock; John F. Kennedy's speech on June 11, 1963, labeling civil rights as primarily a moral issue; and Lyndon Johnson's voting rights message of March 15, 1965. Historical background is provided by a discussion of Roosevelt's racial stance. Pauley's analysis is guided by several assumptions about the presidency, civil rights, and rhetoric, beginning with the assumption that presidential rhetoric matters. Pauley examines the role of rhetoric in leadership, policy making, and the political meanings and interpretations that form the political culture. Following in the tradition of his discipline, Pauley gives both close analysis of the speech text itself and consideration of the historical situation surrounding the speech.

2001

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Author: Massimo Mastrogregori

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110951401

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 2365

Annually published since 1930, the International bibliography of Historical Sciences (IBOHS) is an international bibliography of the most important historical monographs and periodical articles published throughout the world, which deal with history from the earliest to the most recent times. The works are arranged systematically according to period, region or historical discipline, and within this classification alphabetically. The bibliography contains a geographical index and indexes of persons and authors.

The Presidency and Rhetorical Leadership

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Author: Leroy G. Dorsey

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603440561

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 6474

Successful presidential leadership depends upon words as well as deeds. In this multifaceted look at rhetorical leadership, twelve leading scholars in three different disciplines provide in-depth studies of how words have served or disserved American presidents. At the heart of rhetorical leadership lies the classical concept of prudence, practical wisdom that combines good sense with good character. From their disparate treatments of a range of presidencies, an underlying agreement emerges among the historians, political scientists, and communication scholars included in the volume. To be effective, they find, presidents must be able to articulate the common good in a particular situation and they must be credible on the basis of their own character. Who they are and what they can do are thus twin pillars of successful rhetorical leadership. Leroy G. Dorsey introduces these themes, and David Zarefsky picks them up in looking at the historical development of rhetorical leadership within the office of the presidency. Each succeeding chapter then examines the rhetorical leadership of a particular president, often within the context of a specific incident or challenge that marked his term in office. Chapters dealing with George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan, and Bill Clinton offer the specifics for a clearer understanding of how rhetoric serves leadership in the American presidency. This book provides an indispensable addition to the literature on the presidency and in leadership studies.

Rhetoric As Currency

Hoover, Roosevelt and the Great Depression

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Author: Davis W. Houck

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781585441099

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 3016

Hoover, the president of economic depression; Roosevelt the president of recovery—the public images of these two men are so firmly fixed that they offer shorthand ways to talk about the era we know as the Great Depression. Yet their views on economic policy for taking the country out of its greatest economic calamity were not so different as is often supposed. Indeed, the famed journalist Walter Lippmann once claimed that Roosevelt’s legislative measures represented “a continuous evolution of the Hoover measures.” Moreover, both Hoover and Roosevelt shared a Keynesian conviction that public confidence was vital to recovery. They differed markedly, of course, in their ability to restore that confidence. Roosevelt’s advantage lay not just in his position in the changing of the guard. He employed a skilled staff of speech writers, and he had the negative example of Hoover before him from which to plot rhetorical strategies that would be more effective. In Rhetoric as Currency, Houck uses the historical context of the Great Depression to explore the relationship of rhetoric to the economy and specifically economic recovery. He closely analyzes Hoover’s rhetorical corpus from March 4, 1929, through March 3, 1933, and Roosevelt’s from January 3, 1930, through June 16, 1933. This longitudinal study allows him to understand rhetoric as a process rather than a series of isolated, discrete products. Houck first examines Hoover’s presidential rhetoric, tracing its paradoxes and the radical shift that occurred in the final year of his administration. The Depression, in his rhetoric, was a foe to be vanquished by an optimistic Christian and civic faith, not federal legislation. Once he determined that federal intervention was indeed required, he could not return to the dais; rather, he relied on an antagonistic press to carry his message of confidence. Abdicating the rhetorical pulpit, he left it in the hands of those opposed to him. Houck then studies the economic rhetoric of Franklin Roosevelt as governor, candidate, president-elect, and finally president. He traces the key similarities and differences in Roosevelt's economic rhetoric with particular attention to an embodied economics, wherein recovery was premised less on mental optimism than a physical, active confidence.

Writing JFK

Presidential Rhetoric and the Press in the Bay of Pigs Crisis

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Author: Thomas W. Benson

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781585442812

Category: History

Page: 129

View: 6139

Following the dramatic Bay of Pigs fiasco in 1961, President John F. Kennedy moved to repair the damage the invasion had done to his image and to his relations with the press. Thomas W. Benson examines two speeches and a press conference held by JFK in the days after the crisis, shedding light on how the structures of speech writing influence the texts of the speeches and policy formation, as well as the ways the press mediates and even helps to formulate presidential rhetoric. Writing JFK: Speechwriting and the Press in the Bay of Pigs Crisis provides the full text of both speeches and the press conference, as well as Benson’s analysis of what would come to be known as “spin control.” He demonstrates how the speeches display the implicit collaboration of Kennedy with his speech writers and the press to create a depiction of Kennedy as a political and moral agent. A central feature of the book is Benson’s exploration of “the enormous power of the presidency to compel press restraint and to command the powers of publicity.” In this brief but intensive examination, Benson holds a magnifying glass of rhetorical inquiry to the processes of contemporary government. These speeches have never before been studied in such depth, and Benson has drawn on many sources to arrive at unique historical and critical understanding of them. The resulting insight into the relationship among the press, politics, and public policy will appeal to all those interested in politics and rhetoric, the power of the American president, and the legacy of JFK.

Race and Multiraciality in Brazil and the United States

Converging Paths?

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Author: G. Reginald Daniel

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027102884X

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7670

Although both Brazil and the United States inherited European norms that accorded whites privileged status relative to all other racial groups, the development of their societies followed different trajectories in defining white/black relations. In Brazil pervasive miscegenation and the lack of formal legal barriers to racial equality gave the appearance of its being a “racial democracy,” with a ternary system of classifying people into whites (brancos), multiracial individuals (pardos), and blacks (pretos) supporting the idea that social inequality was primarily associated with differences in class and culture rather than race. In the United States, by contrast, a binary system distinguishing blacks from whites by reference to the “one-drop rule” of African descent produced a more rigid racial hierarchy in which both legal and informal barriers operated to create socioeconomic disadvantages for blacks. But in recent decades, Reginald Daniel argues in this comparative study, changes have taken place in both countries that have put them on “converging paths.” Brazil’s black consciousness movement stresses the binary division between brancos and negros to heighten awareness of and mobilize opposition to the real racial discrimination that exists in Brazil, while the multiracial identity movement in the U.S. works to help develop a more fluid sense of racial dynamics that was long felt to be the achievement of Brazil’s ternary system. Against the historical background of race relations in Brazil and the U.S. that he traces in Part I of the book, including a review of earlier challenges to their respective racial orders, Daniel focuses in Part II on analyzing the new racial project on which each country has embarked, with attention to all the political possibilities and dangers they involve.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4943

America, history and life

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Author: American Bibliographical Center,EBSCO Publishing (Firm)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 6533

Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

Mixed messages

multiracial identities in the "color-blind" era

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Author: David L. Brunsma

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 7564

Examines what we know about multiracial identitiesand the implications of those identities for fundamental issues of justice and equality.

Gender

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Author: Fumiko Nishizaki,Amerika Gakkai (Japan)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Japan

Page: 299

View: 8915

A Matter of Justice

Eisenhower and the Beginning of the Civil Rights Revolution

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Author: David A. Nichols

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

ISBN: 9781416541516

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 717

Fifty years after President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce a federal court order desegregating the city's Central High School, a leading authority on Eisenhower presents an original and engrossing narrative that places Ike and his civil rights policies in dramatically new light. Historians such as Stephen Ambrose and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., have portrayed Eisenhower as aloof, if not outwardly hostile, to the plight of African-Americans in the 1950s. It is still widely assumed that he opposed the Supreme Court's landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision mandating the desegregation of public schools, that he deeply regretted appointing Earl Warren as the Court's chief justice because of his role in molding Brown, that he was a bystander in Congress's passage of the civil rights acts of 1957 and 1960, and that he so mishandled the Little Rock crisis that he was forced to dispatch troops to rescue a failed policy. In this sweeping narrative, David A. Nichols demonstrates that these assumptions are wrong. Drawing on archival documents neglected by biographers and scholars, including thousands of pages newly available from the Eisenhower Presidential Library, Nichols takes us inside the Oval Office to look over Ike's shoulder as he worked behind the scenes, prior to Brown, to desegregate the District of Columbia and complete the desegregation of the armed forces. We watch as Eisenhower, assisted by his close collaborator, Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr., sifted through candidates for federal judgeships and appointed five pro-civil rights justices to the Supreme Court and progressive judges to lower courts. We witness Eisenhower crafting civil rights legislation, deftly building a congressional coalition that passed the first civil rights act in eighty-two years, and maneuvering to avoid a showdown with Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas, over desegregation of Little Rock's Central High. Nichols demonstrates that Eisenhower, though he was a product of his time and its backward racial attitudes, was actually more progressive on civil rights in the 1950s than his predecessor, Harry Truman, and his successors, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. Eisenhower was more a man of deeds than of words and preferred quiet action over grandstanding. His cautious public rhetoric -- especially his legalistic response to Brown -- gave a misleading impression that he was not committed to the cause of civil rights. In fact, Eisenhower's actions laid the legal and political groundwork for the more familiar breakthroughs in civil rights achieved in the 1960s. Fair, judicious, and exhaustively researched, A Matter of Justice is the definitive book on Eisenhower's civil rights policies that every presidential historian and future biographer of Ike will have to contend with.

Forthcoming Books

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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 8875

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3325

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

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Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4873

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Feuer und Zorn

Im Weißen Haus von Donald Trump

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Author: Michael Wolff

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364400207X

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 4023

Es ist das Enthüllungsbuch, das die Präsidentschaft von Donald Trump erschüttert: Michael Wolffs «Feuer und Zorn» ist ein eindrucksvolles Sittengemälde der amerikanischen Politik unter Trump. Im Mittelpunkt ein Präsident, den seine Mitarbeiter wie ein kleines Kind behandeln, und der umgeben ist von Inkompetenz, Intrigen und Verrat. Der Bestseller-Autor Wolff beschreibt das Chaos, das in den ersten Monaten im Weißen Haus geherrscht hat, er enthüllt, wie nah die Russland-Verbindung an Trump herangerückt ist und wie es zum Rauswurf des FBI-Chefs Comey kam. Und er liefert erstaunliche Details über das Privatleben dieses Präsidenten. Über zweihundert Interviews hat Wolff mit den engsten Mitarbeitern des US-Präsidenten geführt, darunter auch der ehemalige Chef-Berater Stephen Bannon: Noch nie ist es einem Journalisten gelungen, das Geschehen im Weißen Haus so genau nachzuzeichnen. Herausgekommen ist das einzigartige Porträt eines Präsidenten, der selbst nie damit gerechnet hat, die Wahl zu gewinnen. Michael Wolffs Bericht aus dem Weißen Haus unter Trump ist in den USA ein Bestseller: ein aktuelles politisches Buch, das das sich wie ein Königsdrama von Shakespeare liest.

John F. Kennedy

Ein unvollendetes Leben

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Author: Robert Dallek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570552209

Category:

Page: 759

View: 7385

Der Weg zur Knechtschaft

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Author: Friedrich A. von Hayek

Publisher: Lau-Verlag

ISBN: 3957681278

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8553

Das Kultbuch des renommierten Nationalökonomen und intellektuellen Gegenspielers von John Maynard Keynes. "Selten schafft es einmal ein Ökonom, mit einem Buch das breite Publikum aufzurütteln. Eine große Ausnahme bildet ›Der Weg zur Knechtschaft‹, jenes legendäre Buch des späteren Nobelpreisträgers Friedrich A. v. Hayek [...]. Ein Jahr vor Kriegsende popularisierte Hayek damit im Londoner Exil seine in den zwanziger und dreißiger Jahren gewonnenen Überzeugungen, vor allem die These, dass jeder Planwirtschaft eine Tendenz zum Totalitarismus innewohnt und dass es keinen Mittelweg zwischen Sozialismus und Marktwirtschaft geben kann. ›Der Weg zur Knechtschaft‹ hat zentrale Bedeutung für jene Ideen, die man heute, leicht missverständlich, als ›Neoliberalismus‹ bezeichnet; die Überzeugung, dass ökonomische Probleme am besten über freie Märkte gelöst werden sollen und der Anteil des Staates zurückgeführt werden sollte. Einprägsam besonders Hayeks Begründung, warum Planwirtschaft und Demokratie nicht zusammenpassen."

Rhetorik

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Author: Aristoteles,Heinrich Knebel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 207

View: 8180