The Middle East Oil Decade and Beyond

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Author: Gad G. Gilbar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135248508

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 7694

This study of fundamental aspects of the oil decade examines the influence of oil production, export and revenues on domestic, regional and international relations. It highlights the expansion of higher education in the Arab world, and the increase in demand for industrial and consumer goods.

Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa

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Author: Anthony Tirado Chase

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317613759

Category: Social Science

Page: 522

View: 6472

Recent events such as ‘Iran’s Green Revolution’ and the ‘Arab Uprisings’ have exploded notions that human rights are irrelevant to Middle Eastern and North African politics. Increasingly seen as a global concern, human rights are at the fulcrum of the region’s on-the-ground politics, transnational intellectual debates, and global political intersections. The Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa: emphasises the need to consider human rights in all their dimensions, rather than solely focusing on the political dimension, in order to understand the structural reasons behind the persistence of human rights violations; explores the various frameworks in which to consider human rights—conceptual, political and transnational/international; discusses issue areas subject to particularly intense debate—gender, religion, sexuality, transitions and accountability; contains contributions from perspectives that span from global theory to grassroots reflections, emphasising the need for academic work on human rights to seriously engage with the thoughts and practices of those working on the ground. A multidisciplinary approach from scholars with a wide range of expertise allows the book to capture the complex dynamics by which human rights have had, or could have, an impact on Middle Eastern and North African politics. This book will therefore be a key resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern and North African politics and society, as well as anyone with a concern for Human Rights across the globe.

Nahost Jahrbuch 1997

Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft in Nordafrika und dem Nahen und Mittleren Osten

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322950883

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3586

die Komoren zu, die seit 1993 Mitglied sind. Diese Staaten werden im Afrika-Jahrbuch behan delt. Nicht konsequent ist die Gruppierung aller Golfstaaten in einem einzigen Länderbeitrag. Diese Staaten sind zwar alle Mitglieder im Golf-Kooperationsrat. Dies trifft aber auch auf Saudi-Arabien zu, dem die Herausgeber jedoch in jedem Fall eine eigenständige Rubrik zuweisen wollten. Die Entwicklungen in den nach dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion in Zentralasien Ende 1991 entstandenen Republiken mit überwiegend islamischer Bevölkerung wurden im Nahost-Jahrbuch 1992 erstmals in den Themenbeiträgen berücksichtigt. Auch in Zukunft werden in den Themenbeiträgen wichtige Konflikte und Entwicklungen Beachtung finden. Die im Jahrbuch gebrauchte geographische Bezeichnung Zentralasien umfaßt sowohl das eigent liche Zentralasien (Staaten Kasachstan, Kirgistan, Tadschikistan, Turkmenistan und Usbeki stan) als auch das transkaukasische Aserbaidschan. Querverweise auf andere (Länder-)Beiträge des Jahrbuches, in denen sich zum gleichen Sachverhalt ebenfalls Ausführungen oder Ergänzungen finden, erfolgen durch Pfeil (--». Verweise auf Beiträge in früheren Ausgaben des Jahrbuches erfolgen in ähnlicher Form. Zum Beispiel wird auf den Iran-Beitrag im Nahost-Jahrbuch 1987 folgendermaßen hingewiesen: (--> Iran, JB 1987). Unter der Rubrik Regionalorganisationen werden die Arabische Liga, der Golfkoopera tionsrat, die Arabische Maghrebunion, die Organisation Islamische Konferenz und die OPEC abgehandelt.

China's Energy Strategy

The Impact on Bejing's Maritime Policies

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Author: Gabriel Collins,Andew Erickson,Lyle Goldstein,William Murray

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 1612511511

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

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A variety of viewpoints is offered in this timely analysis of China's economy and the future shape of Beijing's energy consumption. The authors, all noted authorities in the fields of economics, diplomacy, energy, and defense, consider an unprecedented range of influences and factors to avoid the limitations of looking at the subject myopically or with political bias. They conclude that while energy insecurity could eventually lead to an arms race at sea or even a naval conflict that neither side wants, there is ample room for Sino-American energy dialogue and cooperation in the maritime domain.

Beyond Sand and Oil: The Nuclear Middle East

The Nuclear Middle East

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Author: Jack Caravelli

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313387060

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 531

This text provides an up-to-date overview of nuclear weapons in the politically fragile Middle East, discussing the evolution and future of national programs, as well as the current challenge posed by Iran. • Each chapter chronologically identifies key milestones in the nuclear programs of the selected nations • Contains maps depicting areas of the Middle East • Provides a comprehensive discussion by country of the nuclear weapons programs that have evolved in the Middle East since the 1950s • Other key issues are addressed, specifically the evolution of the India-Pakistan nuclear rivalry and the current dangers posed by Pakistan's "Muslim bomb"

Democracy in the Arab World

Explaining the Deficit

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Author: Samir A. Makdisi,Ibrahim Elbadawi

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9780415779999

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 7991

Despite notable socio-economic development in the Arab region, a deficit in democracy and political rights has continued to prevail. This book examines the major reasons underlying the persistence of this democracy deficit over the past decades and touches on the prospects for deepening the process of democratization in the Arab World. Contributions from major scholars in the region give a cross country analysis of economic development, political institutions and social factors, and the impact of oil wealth and regional wars, and present a model for democracy in the Arab world. Case studies are drawn from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Sudan and the Gulf region, building on these cross-country analyses and probing beyond the modelâe(tm)s main global variables. Looking beyond the effect of oil and conflicts, the chapters illustrate how specific socio-political history of the country concerned, fear of fundamentalist groups, collusion with foreign powers and foreign interventions, and the co-option of the elites by the state contribute to these problems of democratization. Situating the democratic position of the Arab World in a global context, this book is an important contribution to the field of Middle Eastern politics, development studies, and studies on conflict and democracy.

The Oil Curse

How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations

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Author: Michael L. Ross

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841925

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 542

Countries that are rich in petroleum have less democracy, less economic stability, and more frequent civil wars than countries without oil. What explains this oil curse? And can it be fixed? In this groundbreaking analysis, Michael L. Ross looks at how developing nations are shaped by their mineral wealth--and how they can turn oil from a curse into a blessing. Ross traces the oil curse to the upheaval of the 1970s, when oil prices soared and governments across the developing world seized control of their countries' oil industries. Before nationalization, the oil-rich countries looked much like the rest of the world; today, they are 50 percent more likely to be ruled by autocrats--and twice as likely to descend into civil war--than countries without oil. The Oil Curse shows why oil wealth typically creates less economic growth than it should; why it produces jobs for men but not women; and why it creates more problems in poor states than in rich ones. It also warns that the global thirst for petroleum is causing companies to drill in increasingly poor nations, which could further spread the oil curse. This landmark book explains why good geology often leads to bad governance, and how this can be changed.

The Political Economy of the Middle East: International economic relations

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Author: Tim Niblock,Rodney Wilson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781858989365

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 495

Volume 2 in the POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE MIDDLE EAST series, a collection of 18 articles which discuss international relations of the Middle East in the latter part of the twentieth century. It includes issues such as trade, production, imports and exports, foreign investment and labour migration.

Regional Economic Integration in the Middle East and North Africa

Beyond Trade Reform

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Author: Mustapha Rouis,Steven R. Tabor

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082139729X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 781

This book summarizes the constraints to and opportunities for deepening economic integration within the MENA region and beyond. Trade and investment reform are discussed together with physical connectivity, cross-border trade facilitation, infrastructure networks, and the vital role of logistics.

Beyond Oil and Gas

The Methanol Economy

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Author: George A. Olah,Alain Goeppert,G. K. Surya Prakash

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527644636

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 2520

The world is currently consuming about 85 million barrels of oil a day, and about two-thirds as much natural gas equivalent, both derived from non-renewable natural sources. In the foreseeable future, our energy needs will come from any available alternate source. Methanol is one such viable alternative, and also offers a convenient solution for efficient energy storage on a large scale. In this updated and enlarged edition, renowned chemists discuss in a clear and readily accessible manner the pros and cons of humankind's current main energy sources, while providing new ways to overcome obstacles. Following an introduction, the authors look at the interrelationship of fuels and energy, and at the extent of our non-renewable fossil fuels. They also discuss the hydrogen economy and its significant shortcomings. The main focus is on the conversion of CO2 from industrial as well as natural sources into liquid methanol and related DME, a diesel fuel substitute that can replace LNG and LPG. The book is rounded off with an optimistic look at future possibilities. A forward-looking and inspiring work that vividly illustrates potential solutions to our energy and environmental problems.

The Middle East and South Asia

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Author: Malcolm B. Russell,Ray L. Cleveland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781887985352

Category: Middle East

Page: 260

View: 6915

Oil and Security

A World beyond Petroleum

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Author: E.G. Frankel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402063822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 4998

Increasing petroleum costs, supply uncertainties, political factors, and environmental damage are forcing a radical move towards alternatives. This book provides an up-to-date review of the socio-economic, political, and environmental factors forcing a new approach to global energy developments and use. It reviews alternative fuel and energy conversion technology developments that will help create a cleaner and more secure future.

Beyond the Ruling Class

Strategic Elites in Modern Society

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Author: Suzanne Infeld Keller

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412818117

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 6772

Influential minorities have existed in some form in all human societies. Throughout history', such elites have evoked varied responses--respeet. hos-tility, i'ear. envy, imitation, but never indifference. While certain elite groups have been of only passing historical importance, strategic elites, whose mem-bers are national and international leaders, today are ultimately responsible for the realization of social goals and for the continuity of the social order in a swiftly changing world. This volume, which first appeared in 1963. marked" a major advance in our theoretical understanding of these elites, why they are needed, how they operate, and what effect they have on society. Drawing upon the work of such classical writers as Saint-Simon. Marx. Durkheim. Mosca. Pareto. and Michels, and such modern scholars as Mann-heim. Lasswell, Aron. Mills, and Parsons, the author presents a challenging theory of elites that provides the framework for her examination of their co-existence, their social origins, and their rise and decline. The elites discussed here include political, diplomatic, economic, and military, as well as scientific, cultural, and religious ones. Systematically, the author surveys available em-pirical data concerning American society, and selected materials on Great Brit-ain. Germany, the Soviet Union, and the developing nations of Asia and Africa. Written with clarity and distinction. Ifayond the Ruling Class remains a thorough and provocative treatment, rich in empirical insights, of a subject that will compel the attention of political scientists, sociologists, and historians concerned with themes of power, influence, and leadership in national and international life. Her new introduction to Beyond the Ruling Class is at once an appraisal of the current status of elite studies and a careful self-evaluation of her efforts.

A History of Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century

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Author: Edward Roger John Owen,Roger Owen,Şevket Pamuk

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860642760

Category: Middle East

Page: 310

View: 6859

This text offers an examination of the economic history of the principal Arab countries, Turkey and Israel since 1918. Using the state as its major economic analysis, it charts the growth of national income and issues of welfare and distribution over two periods, 1918-1945 and 1945-1990. Important trends are explored, including the patterns of colonial economic management, import substitution, the impact of the 1970s oil boom, and the current process of liberalization and structural adjustment.

Over a Barrel

Breaking the Middle East Oil Cartel

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Author: Raymond J. Learsy

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1418551821

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4105

Longtime commodities trader Raymond J. Learsy lifts the veil of the Mideast oil cartel, showing how OPEC manipulates the oil markets and destabilizes the world's economy. With refreshing candor and an insider's perspective, Learsy explains how OPEC: twists bogus perceptions of oil scarcity to hike prices and gain political power is compromised by Islamist terrorist connections that fuel anti-American hatred with dollars from our own wallets keeps Third-World nations in abject poverty despite their rich oil deposits and became the de facto master of Iraq's newly liberated oil fields A sharp, sweeping survey of OPEC's methods of economic dominance, this book explains how to bust the Mideast oil cartel and chart our own course toward energy independence.