The Mechanisms of Reactions at Transition Metal Sites


Author: Richard A. Henderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557463

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 2000

Understanding the mechanisms of the reactions at transition metal sites is a key component in designing synthetic methods, developing industrial homogeneous catalysts, and investigating metalloenzymes. These mechanisms are therefore an essential part of undergraduate chemistry courses. This primer provides a broad-based, systematic guide to the fundamentals of transition-metal mechanistic chemistry, including substitution, electron transfer, and reactions of ligands. It serves as an ideal text for undergraduate students with a foundation in basic inorganic chemistry but who are new to inorganic reaction mechanisms.

D-block Chemistry


Author: Mark J. Winter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0198700962

Category: Transition metal compounds

Page: 128

View: 6513

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. d-Block Chemistryprovides a succinct introduction to the field of transition metal chemistry, assuming little prior knowledge, and giving students a clear conceptual overview of the wide variety of d-block metal complexes.

Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry


Author: Mark J. Winter,John E. Andrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198792888

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 1770

'provides up-to-date information and clearly explains some of the principles, concepts, and rationale for the foundation of current understanding in inorganic chemistry.' Education in Chemistry, November 2001Intended to complement Foundations of Organic Chemistry, the best-selling Primer by Michael Hornby and Josephine Peach, this text is a broad overview of inorganic chemistry. Writing in an informal and relaxed style, Mark Winter and John Andrew cover the basics and also highlight the industrial and environmental relevance of inorganic chemistry.

Magnetism and Transition Metal Complexes


Author: F. E. Mabbs,D. J. Machin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462846

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 520

This text presents a detailed view of the calculation methods involved in the magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Starting at an elementary level, it proceeds gradually through theory and calculations to offer sufficient background for original work in the field. No specialized knowledge of magnetism is assumed in the introductory chapters, which offer basic definitions and generalizations of magnetic behavior and briefly review both crystal field theory and perturbation theory. Succeeding chapters explore calculations of the magnetic properties of cubic and axially distorted complexes. Featuring the complete calculation for spin-orbit coupling and magnetic field perturbations for one d-configuration, the text also discusses derivations and results for other configurations. Other topics include the magnetism of polynuclear species, in which antiferromagnetic ordering occurs over small numbers of centers. Detailed calculations by the dipolar coupling approach are given, and the results are applied to a number of studies from the literature.

Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts

Innovations in Organic Synthesis


Author: Jiro Tsuji

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471560272

Category: Science

Page: 477

View: 3612

Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts Innovations in OrganicSynthesis Jiro Tsuji Emeritus Professor, Tokyo Institute ofTechnology, Japan Numerous innovative and practical syntheticmethods using transition metal complexes as either catalysts orreagents have been developed over the last 35 years. TransitionMetal Reagents and Catalysts combines the varied applications oftransition metal complexes in a unique and timely book in thisrapidly advancing area of organic synthesis. This text is an easilyunderstandable and enjoyable read for organic chemists who are notyet familiar with organo-transition metal chemistry. TransitionMetal Reagents and Catalysts presents: * Complete coverage of nearly 35 years of transition metal complexchemistry * An in-depth treatment of many innovative syntheticmethodologies * A rational classification of all reactions according tosubstrates and reaction mechanisms * Examples of important applications of transition metal catalysedreactions. A knowledge of organic synthesis using transition metal complexesis a must for all synthetic organic chemists. Written for chemistswho wish to apply novel synthetic methods using transition metalcomplexes to solve problems in organic and pharmaceuticalchemistry, such as synthesis of fine and bulk chemicals and naturalproducts, Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts is an essentialreference source and an indispensible research companion.

Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry - Volume II


Author: Ivano Bertini

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262159

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 8641

Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry is the component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry in the Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources deals with the discipline which studies the chemistry of the elements of the periodic table. It covers the following topics: From simple to complex compounds; Chemistry of metals; Inorganic synthesis; Radicals reactions with metal complexes in aqueous solutions; Magnetic and optical properties; Inorganometallic chemistry; High temperature materials and solid state chemistry; Inorganic biochemistry; Inorganic reaction mechanisms;Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis; Cluster and polynuclear compounds; Structure and bonding in inorganic chemistry; Synthesis and spectroscopy of transition metal complexes; Nanosystems;Computational inorganic chemistry; Energy and inorganic chemistry. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Inorganic Reactions in Water


Author: Ronald Rich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540739629

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 9812

Organized to facilitate reference to the reagents involved, this book describes the reactions of the elements and their mostly simpler compounds, primarily inorganic ones and primarily in water. The book makes available some of the more comprehensive coverage of descriptive aqueous chemistry found in older sources, but now corrected and interpreted with the added insights of the last seven decades.

Organometallics: Complexes with transition metal-carbon [sigma]-bonds


Author: Manfred Bochmann

Publisher: Oxford Chemistry Primers

ISBN: 0198557507

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 91

View: 6249

This succinct text outlines the main classes of transition metal organometallic complexes and introduces the reader to the chemistry of compounds with metal-carbon s-bonds: metal carbonyls, metal alkyls, and metal alkylidenes and alkylidnes. The synthetic methods leading to each class ofcompounds are illustrated with pertinent examples, followed by the discussion of characteristic structures and reactivity patterns. The aim is to allow undergraduate students a quick overview over this area of chemistry. Highlights and excursions stress general principles and relate the materialto specific applications such as catalytic processes.

Organometallic Reaction Mechanisms Of The Nontransition Elements


Author: Donald Matteson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323141226

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 7914

Organometallic Reaction Mechanisms of the Nontransition Elements provides selected significant developments in organometallic reaction mechanisms and outlines a self-consistent set of interpretations of these mechanisms. This book is organized into eight chapters and begins with discussions on bonding in theoretically important types of organometallic compounds and the potential surfaces and their relation to mechanisms. This is followed by significant chapters on electrophilic displacement reactions. Polar 1,2-addition and elimination reactions are covered in a separate chapter. Radical and photochemical reactions are described in the concluding chapters of the book, including the reverse reaction involving incorporation of a free metal and an organic halide into an organometallic compound. Organic chemists and researchers will find this book invaluable.

Kinetics and Mechanism of Reactions of Transition Metal Complexes


Author: Ralph G. Wilkins

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527282531

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 6141

This thoroughly revised and updated edition of one of the classics of kinetics text books continues the successful concept of the 1974 edition: In its first part, a simplified approach to the determination of rate laws and mechnisms is given steadily working up to complex situations. In the following chapters the principles developed there are extensively used in a comprehensive account of reactions of transition metal complexes, including reactions of biological signifacance. The text is illustrated by numerous figures and tables. Points of further interest are highlighted in special insets. 140 problems, taken from the original literature, enable the student to apply and deepen his newly acquired knowledge and make the book highly useful for courses in inorganic and organometallic reaction mechanisms. Furthermore, a wealth of over 1700 references renders it an indispensable work for the active researcher.

Recent Advances in Hydride Chemistry


Author: Maurizio Peruzzini,Rinaldo Poli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080540337

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 4627

This book has been conceived to collect the most important recent advances in all areas of hydride chemistry research, including chemical reactivity, instrumental investigation, theory, and applications in the areas of catalysis, biochemistry and materials science. Many of the chapters have been written by the plenary lecturers of the EURO-Hydrides 2000 conference, but other leading scientists in this field have also been invited to contribute. The first part of the book focuses on the chemistry and catalysis of transition metal hydrides. Another block of chapters illustrates the most recent advances in the application of instrumental techniques to the study of the properties and reactivity of hydride compounds. The final part of the book illustrates the relevance of metal-hydrogen bonds in biochemistry and materials science. All of the chapters of this book have been evaluated by independent reviewers.

Mechanisms in Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Epoxidation Catalysis


Author: S. Ted Oyama

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080558011

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 9439

The catalytic epoxidation of olefins plays an important role in the industrial production of several commodity compounds, as well as in the synthesis of many intermediates, fine chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The scale of production ranges from millions of tons per year to a few grams per year. The diversity of catalysts is large and encompasses all the known categories of catalyst type: homogeneous, heterogeneous, and biological. This book summarizes the current status in these fields concentrating on rates, kinetics, and reaction mechanisms, but also covers broad topics including modeling, computational simulation, process concepts, spectroscopy and new catalyst development. The similarities and distinctions between the different reaction systems are compared, and the latest advances are described. * Comprehensive listing of epoxide products * Broad comparison of turnover frequencies of homogeneous, hetergeneous, main-group, biomimetic and biological catalysts * Analysis of the general strengths and weaknesses of varied catalytic systems * Detailed description of the mechanisms of reaction for classical and emerging catalysts

Chemical Modelling Volume 11


Author: Michael Springborg,Jan-Ole Joswig

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849739544

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 4254

In a field as diverse as Chemical Modelling it can be difficult to keep up with the literature, or discover the latest applications of computational and theoretical chemistry. Specialist Periodical Reports present comprehensive and critical reviews of the recent literature, providing the reader with informed opinion and latest detailed information in their field. The latest volume of Chemical Modelling presents a diverse range of authors invited by the volume editors. Topics include Quantum Chemistry of Large Systems, Theoretical Studies of Special Relativity in Atoms and Molecules, MOFs: From Theory Towards Applications, and Multi-Scale Modelling. Other chapters look at Catalysis, Descriptive DFT, Phase Transitions. An essential resource for experienced researchers and those just entering the field of chemical modelling, this latest Specialist Periodical Report is an essential resource for any research group active in the field or chemical sciences library.

The Lightest Metals

Science and Technology from Lithium to Calcium


Author: Timothy P. Hanusa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118703286

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 677

The first seven metals in the periodic table are lithium, beryllium, sodium, magnesium, aluminium, potassium and calcium, known collectively as the “lightest metals”. The growing uses of these seven elements are enmeshing them ever more firmly into critical areas of 21st century technology, including energy storage, catalysis, and various applications of nanoscience. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and recent advances in the science and technology of the lightest metals. Opening chapters of the book describe major physical and chemical properties of the metals, their occurrence and issues of long-term availability. The book goes on to disucss a broad range of chemical features, including low oxidation state chemistry, organometallics, metal-centered NMR spectroscopy, and cation-π interactions. Current and emerging applications of the metals are presented, including lithium-ion battery technology, hydrogen storage chemistry, superconductor materials, transparent ceramics, nano-enhanced catalysis, and research into photosynthesis and photoelectrochemical cells. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry:

Characterisation Methods in Inorganic Chemistry


Author: Mark T. Weller,Mark T. (Professor of Energy Materials Weller, University of Bath),Nigel A. (Senior Lecturer in Inorganic Chemistry Young, University of Hull)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199654413


Page: 464

View: 2941

Characterisation Methods in Inorganic Chemistry provides a fresh alternative to the existing theoretical and descriptive inorganic chemistry texts by adopting a techniques-based approach and providing problem-solving opportunities to show how analytical methods are used to help us characteriseinorganic compounds. The text covers the full range of analytical techniques employed by inorganic chemists, emphasizing those in most frequent use: NMR, diffraction, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and IR. The additional coverage on other techniques allows readers to study these less widely used methods when relevant to theirspecific course material. Each chapter follows a clear, structured format, which begins with a brief introduction to the technique and basic theory behind it before moving on to data collection and analysis, typical data and interpretation, with numerous worked examples, self- tests and problems. Online Resource Centre:For registered adopters of the book: * Figures and tables of data from the book, ready to download* Additional problems and exercisesFor students:* Answers to self-test questions* Additional problems and data sets

NMR Spectroscopy in Inorganic Chemistry


Author: Jonathan A. Iggo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198558903

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 6337

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most important characterization technique in synthetic chemistry today. By giving a simple overview of the relevant theory, in non-mathematical terms, and avoiding the 'pattern recognition' approach frequently adopted, this book demystifies NMR. It contains examples from many different areas of Inorganic Chemistry which are closely related to the theory described.

Catalytic Kinetics

Chemistry and Engineering


Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin,Tapio Salmi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444634630

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 3028

Catalytic Kinetics: Chemistry and Engineering, Second Edition offers a unified view that homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic catalysis form the cornerstone of practical catalysis. The book has an integrated, cross-disciplinary approach to kinetics and transport phenomena in catalysis, but still recognizes the fundamental differences between different types of catalysis. In addition, the book focuses on a quantitative chemical understanding and links the mathematical approach to kinetics with chemistry. A diverse group of catalysts is covered, including catalysis by acids, organometallic complexes, solid inorganic materials, and enzymes, and this fully updated second edition contains a new chapter on the concepts of cascade catalysis. Finally, expanded content in this edition provides more in-depth discussion, including topics such as organocatalysis, enzymatic kinetics, nonlinear dynamics, solvent effects, nanokinetics, and kinetic isotope effects. Fully revised and expanded, providing the latest developments in catalytic kinetics Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and enzymatic-catalysis Provides necessary tools and new concepts for researchers already working in the field of catalytic kinetics Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field Examples and exercises following each chapter make it suitable as an advanced course book

Reaction Mechanisms in Carbon Dioxide Conversion


Author: Michele Aresta,Angela Dibenedetto,Eugenio Quaranta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 366246831X

Category: Science

Page: 409

View: 950

This book provides an analysis of the reaction mechanisms relevant to a number of processes in which CO2 is converted into valuable products. Several different processes are considered that convert CO2 either in specialty chemicals or in bulk products or fuels. For each reaction, the mechanism is discussed and the assessed steps besides the dark sites of the reaction pathway are highlighted. From the insertion of CO2 into E-X bonds to the reduction of CO2 to CO or other C1 molecules or else to C2 or Cn molecules, the reactions are analysed in order to highlight the known and obscure reaction steps. Besides well known reaction mechanisms and energy profiles, several lesser known situations are discussed. Advancing knowledge of the latter would help to develop efficient routes for the conversion of CO2 into valuable products useful either in the chemical or in the energy industry. The content of this book is quite different from other books reporting the use of CO2. On account of its clear presentation, “Reaction Mechanisms in Carbon Dioxide Conversion” targets in particular researchers, teachers and PhD students.

Energetics of Organometallic Species


Author: José A. Martinho Simões

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401124663

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 4219

An overview of modern organometallic thermochemistry, made by some of the most active scientists in the area, is offered in this book. The contents correspond to the seventeen lectures delivered at the NATO ASI Energetics of Organometallic Species (Curia, Portugal, September 1991), plus three other invited contributions from participants of that summer school. These papers reflect a variety of research interests, and discuss results obtained with several techniques. It is therefore considered appropriate to add a few preliminary words, attempting to bring some unity out of that diversity. In the first three chapters, results obtained by classical calorimetric methods are described. Modern organometallic thermochemistry started in Manchester, with Henry Skinner, and his pioneering work is briefly surveyed in the first chapter. The historical perspective is followed by a discussion of a very actual issue: the trends of stepwise bond dissociation enthalpies. Geoff Pilcher, another Manchester thermochemist, makes, in chapter 2, a comprehensive and authoritative survey of problems found in the most classical of thermochemical techniques - combustion calorimetr- applied to organometallic compounds. Finally, results from another classical technique, reaction-solution calorimetry, are reviewed in the third chapter, by Tobin Marks and coworkers. More than anybody else, Tobin Marks has used thermochemical values to define synthetic strategies for organometallic compounds, thus indicating an application of thermochemical data of which too little use has been made so far.