The Mechanisms of Reactions at Transition Metal Sites

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Author: Richard A. Henderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557463

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 3791

Understanding the mechanisms of the reactions at transition metal sites is a key component in designing synthetic methods, developing industrial homogeneous catalysts, and investigating metalloenzymes. These mechanisms are therefore an essential part of undergraduate chemistry courses. This primer provides a broad-based, systematic guide to the fundamentals of transition-metal mechanistic chemistry, including substitution, electron transfer, and reactions of ligands. It serves as an ideal text for undergraduate students with a foundation in basic inorganic chemistry but who are new to inorganic reaction mechanisms.

Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry - Volume II

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Author: Ivano Bertini

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262159

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 5026

Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry is the component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Inorganic and Bio-Inorganic Chemistry in the Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources deals with the discipline which studies the chemistry of the elements of the periodic table. It covers the following topics: From simple to complex compounds; Chemistry of metals; Inorganic synthesis; Radicals reactions with metal complexes in aqueous solutions; Magnetic and optical properties; Inorganometallic chemistry; High temperature materials and solid state chemistry; Inorganic biochemistry; Inorganic reaction mechanisms;Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis; Cluster and polynuclear compounds; Structure and bonding in inorganic chemistry; Synthesis and spectroscopy of transition metal complexes; Nanosystems;Computational inorganic chemistry; Energy and inorganic chemistry. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs

Organometallics: Complexes with transition metal-carbon [sigma]-bonds

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Author: Manfred Bochmann

Publisher: Oxford Chemistry Primers

ISBN: 0198557507

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 91

View: 8908

This succinct text outlines the main classes of transition metal organometallic complexes and introduces the reader to the chemistry of compounds with metal-carbon s-bonds: metal carbonyls, metal alkyls, and metal alkylidenes and alkylidnes. The synthetic methods leading to each class ofcompounds are illustrated with pertinent examples, followed by the discussion of characteristic structures and reactivity patterns. The aim is to allow undergraduate students a quick overview over this area of chemistry. Highlights and excursions stress general principles and relate the materialto specific applications such as catalytic processes.

The Lightest Metals

Science and Technology from Lithium to Calcium

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Author: Timothy P. Hanusa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118703286

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 2007

The first seven metals in the periodic table are lithium, beryllium, sodium, magnesium, aluminium, potassium and calcium, known collectively as the “lightest metals”. The growing uses of these seven elements are enmeshing them ever more firmly into critical areas of 21st century technology, including energy storage, catalysis, and various applications of nanoscience. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and recent advances in the science and technology of the lightest metals. Opening chapters of the book describe major physical and chemical properties of the metals, their occurrence and issues of long-term availability. The book goes on to disucss a broad range of chemical features, including low oxidation state chemistry, organometallics, metal-centered NMR spectroscopy, and cation-π interactions. Current and emerging applications of the metals are presented, including lithium-ion battery technology, hydrogen storage chemistry, superconductor materials, transparent ceramics, nano-enhanced catalysis, and research into photosynthesis and photoelectrochemical cells. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry: http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eibc

Transition Metal Sulphides

Chemistry and Catalysis

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Author: Th. Weber,Roel Prins,R.A. van Santen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792352556

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 1606

Hydrotreating catalysis with transition metal sulphides is one of the most important areas of industrial heterogeneous catalysis. The present book deals with the chemical and catalytic aspects of transition metal sulphides, focusing on their use in hydrotreating catalysis. The book¿s 12 chapters present reviews of solid-state, coordination and organometallic chemistry, surface science and spectroscopic studies, quantum chemical calculations, catalytic studies with model and real catalysts, as well as refinery processes. A presentation of state-of-the-art background to pertinent work in the field. Can be used as an introduction to the chemical and catalytic properties of transition metal sulphides as well as an advanced level reference.

Catalysis for Green Energy and Technology

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Author: Samira Bagheri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319431048

Category: Science

Page: 207

View: 5420

This book describes the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of biofuels and biochemicals, focusing primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes expected to play a decisive role in the "green" production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. The book also includes general sections exploring the entire chain of biomass production, conversion, environment, economy, and life-cycle assessment.

Activating Unreactive Substrates

The Role of Secondary Interactions

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Author: Carsten Bolm,F. Ekkehardt Hahn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352762547X

Category: Science

Page: 481

View: 8486

The use of secondary interactions for the activation of non-reactive substrates constitutes a new and modern approach in catalysis. This first comprehensive treatment of this important research field covers the entire field and reveals the links between the various chemical disciplines. It thus adopts an interdisciplinary approach, making it of interest to the whole chemical community. A must for organic, inorganic, catalytic and complex chemists, as well as those working with/on organometallics.

Mitochondrial Oxidative Phosphorylation

Nuclear-Encoded Genes, Enzyme Regulation, and Pathophysiology

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Author: Bernhard Kadenbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461435730

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 532

This book will describe the nuclear encoded genes and their expressed proteins of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Most of these genes occur in eukaryotic cells, but not in bacteria or archaea. The main function of mitochondria, the synthesis of ATP, is performed at subunits of proton pumps (complexes I, III, IV and V), which are encoded on mitochondrial DNA. The nuclear encoded subunits have mostly a regulatory function. However, the specific physiological functions of the nuclear encoded subunits of complexes I, III, IV, and V are mostly unknown. New data indicates that they are essential for life of higher organisms, which is characterized by an adult life without cell division (postmeiotic stage) in most tissues, after the juvenile growth. For complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase) some of these subunits occur in tissue-specific (subunits IV, VIa, VIb, VIIa, VIII), developmental-specific (subunits IV, VIa, and VIIa) as well as species-specific isoforms. Defective genes of some subunits were shown to induce mitochondrial diseases. Mitochondrial genes and human diseases will also be covered.

Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks

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Author: Fabrizio Cavani,Stefania Albonetti,Francesco Basile,Alessandro Gandini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527698221

Category: Science

Page: 758

View: 9715

An up-to-date and two volume overview of recent developments in the field of chemocatalytic and enzymatic processes for the transformation of renewable material into essential chemicals and fuels. Experts from both academia and industry discuss catalytic processes currently under development as well as those already in commercial use for the production of bio-fuels and bio-based commodity chemicals. As such, they cover drop-in commodity chemicals and fuels, as well as bio-based monomers and polymers, such as acrylic acid, glycols, polyesters and polyolefins. In addition, they also describe reactions applied to waste and biomass valorization and integrated biorefining strategies. With its comprehensive coverage of the topic, this is an indispensable reference for chemists working in the field of catalysis, industrial chemistry, sustainable chemistry, and polymer synthesis.

Nucleic Acid-metal Ion Interactions

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Author: Nicholas V. Hud

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854041958

Category: Medical

Page: 433

View: 2560

Provides a perspective on nucleic acid-metal ion interactions with an emphasis on experimental biophysical studies which will prove indispensable to biophysicists and molecular biologists.

Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: A. McAuley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851863051

Category: Reference

Page: 472

View: 562

Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage of progress in the major areas of chemical research. Written by experts in their specialist fields the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, supplying regular critical in-depth accounts of progress in particular areas of chemistry. For over 80 years the Royal Society of Chemistry and its predecessor, the Chemical Society, have been publishing reports charting developments in chemistry, which originally took the form of Annual Reports. However, by 1967 the whole spectrum of chemistry could no longer be contained within one volume and the series Specialist Periodical Reports was born. The Annual Reports themselves still existed but were divided into two, and subsequently three, volumes covering Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry. For more general coverage of the highlights in chemistry they remain a 'must'. Since that time the SPR series has altered according to the fluctuating degree of activity in various fields of chemistry. Some titles have remained unchanged, while others have altered their emphasis along with their titles; some have been combined under a new name whereas others have had to be discontinued. The current list of Specialist Periodical Reports can be seen on the inside flap of this volume.

Advances in Catalysis

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080565200

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 6274

Advances in Catalysis

Free Radical Mechanisms of Tissue Injury

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Author: Mary Treinen Moslen,Charles V. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849351617

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 4478

This timely volume describes the contributions of free radicals and reactive oxygen species to disease processes in a variety of tissues. Topics include the roles of lipid peroxide-modified lipoproteins in atherosclerosis, peroxidation products in retinopathy, reactive oxygen species and neutrophils in mycardial ischemia-reflow injury, iron and reactive oxygen species in hemoglobin-mediated CNS damage and in asbestos-mediated lung injury. Critical reviews examine the evidence for radical species in ethanol-induced liver injury and in muscular dystrophy. The wealth of new information presented makes this book valuable for teaching and an important reference volume for researchers exploring problems in human disease.

Principles and Techniques of Practical Biochemistry

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Author: Keith Wilson,John Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521658737

Category: Medical

Page: 784

View: 2010

New edition of biochemistry textbook which introduces principles and techniques used in undergraduate practical classes.

Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis and Control

A Reference of Theory and Best-Practice Methods

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Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 7400

Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

The Enzymes

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Author: Paul D. Boyer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0121227103

Category: Science

Page: 886

View: 1110

Fundamentals of Molecular Catalysis

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532134

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 2632

Almost all contemporary organic synthesis involve transition metal complexes as catalysts or particular reagents. The aim of this book is to provide the reader with detailed accounts of elementary processes within molecular catalysis to allow its development and as an aid in designing novel catalytic systems. The book comprises authoritative reviews on elementary processes from experts working at the forefront of organometallic chemistry. · This is the first book that focuses on elementary processes in transition metal complexes for understanding catalytic mechanisms · Provides detailed description of elementary processes involved in catalytic cycles by experts in the field · Provides an overview of the mechanisms of various homogeneous catalyses