The Measure of Reality

Quantification in Western Europe, 1250-1600

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Author: Alfred W. Crosby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521639903

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 7222

Profiles the time in European history when people believed that time, space, and distance could be measured, given a number, broken into smaller pieces, and studied.

For Adam's Sake: A Family Saga in Colonial New England

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Author: Allegra di Bonaventura

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0871403471

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 4907

“Incomparably vivid . . . as enthralling a portrait of family life [in colonial New England] as we are likely to have.”—Wall Street Journal In the tradition of Laurel Thatcher Ulrich’s classic, A Midwife’s Tale, comes this groundbreaking narrative by one of America’s most promising colonial historians. Joshua Hempstead was a well-respected farmer and tradesman in New London, Connecticut. As his remarkable diary—kept from 1711 until 1758—reveals, he was also a slave owner who owned Adam Jackson for over thirty years. In this engrossing narrative of family life and the slave experience in the colonial North, Allegra di Bonaventura describes the complexity of this master/slave relationship and traces the intertwining stories of two families until the eve of the Revolution. Slavery is often left out of our collective memory of New England’s history, but it was hugely impactful on the central unit of colonial life: the family. In every corner, the lines between slavery and freedom were blurred as families across the social spectrum fought to survive. In this enlightening study, a new portrait of an era emerges.

Ecological Imperialism

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Author: Alfred W. Crosby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107569877

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 2317

A fascinating study of the important role of biology in European expansion, from 900 to 1900.

Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World

Optics, Theology and Religious Life

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Author: Dallas G. Denery II

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443814

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3837

During the later Middle Ages people became increasingly obsessed with vision, visual analogies and the possibility of visual error. In this book Dallas Denery addresses the question of what medieval men and women thought it meant to see themselves and others in relation to the world and to God. Exploring the writings of Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus, Peter Aureol and Nicholas of Autrecourt in light of an assortment of popular religious guides for preachers, confessors and penitents, including Peter of Limoges' Treatise on the Moral Eye, he illustrates how the question preoccupied medieval men and women on both an intellectual and practical level. This book offers a unique interdisciplinary examination of the interplay between religious life, perspectivist optics and theology. Denery presents significant new insights into the medieval psyche and conception of the self, ensuring that this book will appeal to historians of medieval science and those of medieval religious life and theology.

Europe

A Cultural History

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Author: Peter Rietbergen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317606299

Category: History

Page: 666

View: 5348

This third, revised and augmented edition of Peter Rietbergen’s highly acclaimed Europe: A Cultural History provides a major and original contribution to the study of Europe. From ancient Babylonian law codes to Pope Urban’s call to crusade in 1095, and from Michelangelo on Italian art in 1538 to Sting’s songs in the late twentieth century, the expressions of the culture that has developed in Europe are diverse and wide-ranging. This exceptional text expertly connects this variety, explaining them to the reader in a thorough and yet highly readable style. Presented chronologically, Europe: A Cultural History examines the many cultural building blocks of Europe, stressing their importance in the formation of the continent’s ever-changing cultural identities. Starting with the beginnings of agricultural society and ending with the mass culture of the early twenty-first century, the book uses literature, art, science, technology and music to examine Europe’s cultural history in terms of continuity and change. Rietbergen looks at how societies developed new ways of surviving, believing, consuming and communicating throughout the period. His book is distinctive in paying particular attention to the ways early Europe has been formed through the impact of a variety of cultures, from Celtic and German to Greek and Roman. The role of Christianity is stressed, but as a contested variable, as are the influences from, for example, Asia in the early modern period and from American culture and Islamic immigrants in more recent times. Since anxieties over Europe's future mount, this third edition text has been thoroughly revised for the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Moreover, it now also includes a 'dossier' of some seventeen essay-like vignettes that highlight cultural phenomena said to be characteristic of Europe: social solidarity, capitalism, democracy and so forth. With a wide selection of illustrations, maps, excerpts of sources and even lyrics from contemporary songs to support the arguments, this book both serves the general reader as well as students of historical and cultural studies.

From Plato to NATO

The Idea of the West and Its Opponents

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Author: David Gress

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439119015

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 8686

An in-depth intellectual history of the Western idea and a passionate defense of its importance to America's future, From Plato to NATO is the first book to make sense of the legacy of the West at a time when it is facing its greatest challenges. Readers of Francis Fukuyama, John Gray, Samuel Huntington, and other analysts of the dilemmas of Western nations in the twenty-first century will find in David Gress's original account a fuller description of what the West really is and how, with the best of intentions, it has been misrepresented. Most important, they will encounter a new vision of Western identity and how it can be recovered. Early in the twentieth century, American educators put together a story of Western civilization, its origins, history, and promise that for the subsequent fifty years remained at the heart of American college education. The story they told was of a Western civilization that began with the Greeks and continued through 2,500 years of great books and great ideas, culminating in twentieth-century progressive liberal democracy, science, and capitalist prosperity. In the 1960s, this Grand Narrative of the West came under attack. Over the next thirty years, the critics turned this old story into its opposite: a series of anti-narratives about the evils, the failures, and the betrayals of justice that, so they said, constituted Western history. The victory of Western values at the end of the cold war, the spread of democracy and capitalism, and the worldwide impact of American popular culture have not revived the Grand Narrative in the European and American heartlands of the West. David Gress explains this paradox, arguing that the Grand Narrative of the West was flawed from the beginning: that the West did not begin in Greece and that, in morality and religion, the Greeks were an alien civilization whose contribution was mediated through Rome and Christianity. Furthermore, in assuming a continuity from the Greeks to modern liberalism, we have mistakenly downplayed or rejected everything in between, focusing on the great ideas and the great books rather than on real history with all its ambiguities, conflicts, and contradictions. The heart of Gress's case for the future of the West is that the New must remember its roots in the Old and seek a synthesis. For as the attacks have demonstrated, the New West cannot stand alone. Its very virtues -- liberty, reason, progress -- grew out of the Old West and cannot flourish when removed from that rich soil.

Mappings

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Author: Denis Cosgrove

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861898363

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 4439

Mappings explores what mapping has meant in the past and how its meanings have altered. How have maps and mapping served to order and represent physical, social and imaginative worlds? How has the practice of mapping shaped modern seeing and knowing? In what ways do contemporary changes in our experience of the world alter the meanings and practice of mapping, and vice versa? In their diverse expressions, maps and the representational processes of mapping have constructed the spaces of modernity since the early Renaissance. The map's spatial fixity, its capacity to frame, control and communicate knowledge through combining image and text, and cartography's increasing claims to scientific authority, make mapping at once an instrument and a metaphor for rational understanding of the world. Among the topics the authors investigate are projective and imaginative mappings; mappings of terraqueous spaces; mapping and localism at the 'chorographic' scale; and mapping as personal exploration. With essays by Jerry Brotton, Paul Carter, Michael Charlesworth, James Corner, Wystan Curnow, Christian Jacob, Luciana de Lima Martins, David Matless, Armand Mattelart, Lucia Nuti and Alessandro Scafi

Germs, Seeds and Animals: Studies in Ecological History

Studies in Ecological History

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Author: Alfred W. Crosby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317469844

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2628

This book is the first comprehensive introduction to contemporary Turkmenistan in English.

Ordo Orbis Terrae

Die Weltsicht in den Mappae mundi des frühen und hohen Mittelalters

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Author: Brigitte Englisch

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3050048263

Category: History

Page: 655

View: 6629

Das Werk von Brigitte Englisch ist eine Mentalitätsgeschichte des frühen und hohen Mittelalters, die kartographische Quellen unter methodisch neuen Aspekten erschließt. Die mittelalterlichen Aussagen zur Erschaffung der Welt lassen keinen Zweifel über Urheber und Gestaltungsprinzip. Die Erschaffung der aus Himmel, Erde und Meeren bestehenden Welt geschah nicht planlos: Die von Gott geschaffene Welt ist nach Maß, Zahl und Gewicht bis ins kleinste Detail geordnet. Diese Überzeugung einer vollendeten, planmäßigen Erschaffung der Welt bildet einen zentralen Faktor in der Mentalität der mittelalterlichen Menschen. Folglich sind auch die mittelalterlichen Abbildungen der Welt als Ausdruck dieser von Gott eingesetzten Ordnung zu betrachten und vor diesem Hintergrund zu interpretieren. Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchung steht die Frage, ob und inwieweit sich die Prämisse der von Gott nach einem Weltplan eingerichteten Schöpfung, die damit bestimmten Kriterien der Ordnung unterworfen sein muss, in den Quellen, die den Faktor Raum im frühen und hohen Mittelalter behandeln, nachweisen lässt.

The Virtual Representation of the Past

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Author: Mark Greengrass,Lorna M. Hughes

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754672883

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 6917

This unique book critically evaluates the virtual representation of the past through digital media. A distinguished team of leading experts in the field approach digital research in history and archaeology from contrasting viewpoints, including philosoph

Transforming History

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Author: Aron Thompson

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 1584204613

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 6180

America's Forgotten Pandemic

The Influenza of 1918

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Author: Alfred W. Crosby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521541756

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 1437

Tracing the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 that claimed over 25 million lives worldwide.

Kolumbus' Erbe

Wie Menschen, Tiere, Pflanzen die Ozeane überquerten und die Welt von heute schufen

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Author: Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364403771X

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 4278

«Das beste Sachbuch des Jahres.» TIME Die Entdeckung Amerikas war für das Leben auf unserem Planeten das folgenreichste Ereignis seit dem Aussterben der Dinosaurier. Denn: Millionen Jahre waren die Hemisphären weitgehend voneinander isoliert gewesen. Mit Kolumbus traten sie in einen Austausch. Menschen und Pflanzen, Tiere und Krankheiten gelangten per Schiff in neue Lebensräume und schufen eine Welt, in der nichts blieb, wie es einmal gewesen war. Das hatte auch gravierende politische Konsequenzen: Der «kolumbische Austausch» trug mehr als alles andere dazu bei, dass Europa zur Weltmacht aufstieg und China verdrängte. Charles C. Mann zeichnet ein spannendes Panorama dieser Vorgänge, das Kontinente und Jahrhunderte umfasst. Ein großartiges Lesevergnügen für alle Wissensdurstigen! «Herausragend.» The New York Times «Ein faszinierendes und vielschichtiges Buch, das auf vorbildliche Weise sprechende Fakten mit gutem Geschichtenerzählen vereint.» The Washington Post

1918 - Die Welt im Fieber

Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte

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Author: Laura Spinney

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259589

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 1525

Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.

Konfession, Bild und Macht

Visualisierung als katholisches Herrschafts- und Disziplinierungskonzept in Rom und im habsburgischen Schlesien (1560-1740)

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Author: Jens Baumgarten

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783935549899

Category: Art

Page: 323

View: 7296