The Master and His Emissary

The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World

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Author: Iain McGilchrist

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030014878X

Category: History

Page: 597

View: 901

Why is the brain divided? The difference between right and left hemispheres has been puzzled over for centuries. In a book of unprecedented scope, Iain McGilchrist draws on a vast body of recent brain research, illustrated with case histories, to reveal that the difference is profound—not just this or that function, but two whole, coherent, but incompatible ways of experiencing the world. The left hemisphere is detail oriented, prefers mechanisms to living things, and is inclined to self-interest, where the right hemisphere has greater breadth, flexibility, and generosity. This division helps explain the origins of music and language, and casts new light on the history of philosophy, as well as on some mental illnesses. In the second part of the book, McGilchrist takes the reader on a journey through the history of Western culture, illustrating the tension between these two worlds as revealed in the thought and belief of thinkers and artists, from Aeschylus to Magritte. He argues that, despite its inferior grasp of reality, the left hemisphere is increasingly taking precedence in the modern world, with potentially disastrous consequences. This is truly a tour de force that should excite interest in a wide readership.

Warum wir denken, was wir denken

Wie unsere Überzeugungen und Mythen entstehen. Die deutsche Erstausgabe von "Maps of Meaning"

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Author: Jordan B. Peterson

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3961212457

Category: Psychology

Page: 1008

View: 2760

Warum entstehen in verschiedenen Kulturen stets ähnliche Mythen und Glaubensvorstellungen? Und was sagt das über menschliche Denkprozesse und unser Verständnis von Welt aus? Der klinische Psychologe und Bestsellerautor Jordan B. Peterson erklärt mithilfe der Psychoanalyse und der neuesten Erkenntnisse aus der Neuropsychologie, dass hinter diesen kulturellen Phänomenen grundlegende, psychologische Strukturen angelegt sind, die dazu dienen, das Leben tagtäglich zu bewältigen. Bahnbrechend und provokant analysiert der kanadische Kulturkritiker anhand zahlreicher Beispiele die Bedeutung unseres Glaubens, gibt beeindruckende Einblicke in das Wesen und die Funktion unseres Gehirns und lehrt uns dadurch ein verantwortungsvolleres Miteinander.

Neustart im Kopf

Wie sich unser Gehirn selbst repariert

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Author: Norman Doidge

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593508397

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 7284

Die erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten unseres Gehirns Unser Gehirn ist nicht - wie lange angenommen - eine unveränderliche Hardware. Es kann sich vielmehr auf verblüffende Weise umgestalten und sogar selbst reparieren - und das bis ins hohe Alter. Diese Erkenntnis ist die wohl sensationellste Entdeckung der Neurowissenschaften. "Dr. Doidge, ein hervorragender Psychiater und Forscher, erkundet die Neuroplastizität in Begegnungen mit Pionieren der Forschung und mit Patienten, die von den neuen Möglichkeiten der Rehabilitation profitiert haben. ... Das Buch ist ein absolut außergewöhnliches und hoffnungsvolles Zeugnis der Möglichkeiten des menschlichen Gehirns." Oliver Sacks "...ein faszinierender Abriss der jüngsten Revolution in den Neurowissenschaften!" The New York Times "Das Gehirn ist kein fertig verdrahteter Denkapparat, der im Laufe des Lebens immer weiter verschleißt. Es kann sich umorganisieren, umformen und manchmal kann es sogar wachsen. Der Psychologe Norman Doidge erklärt neueste Ergebnisse der Hirnforschung: Durch einfühlsam geschilderte Beispiele macht er sie für jedermann verständlich und nachvollziehbar." Deutschlandfunk

Ways of Attending

How our Divided Brain Constructs the World

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Author: Iain McGilchrist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 042978869X

Category: Psychology

Page: 32

View: 5875

Attention is not just receptive, but actively creative of the world we inhabit. How we attend makes all the difference to the world we experience. And nowadays in the West we generally attend in a rather unusual way: governed by the narrowly focussed, target-driven left hemisphere of the brain. Forget everything you thought you knew about the difference between the hemispheres, because it will be largely wrong. It is not what each hemisphere does – they are both involved in everything – but how it does it, that matters. And the prime difference between the brain hemispheres is the manner in which they attend. For reasons of survival we need one hemisphere (in humans and many animals, the left) to pay narrow attention to detail, to grab hold of things we need, while the other, the right, keeps an eye out for everything else. The result is that one hemisphere is good at utilising the world, the other better at understanding it. Absent, present, detached, engaged, alienated, empathic, broad or narrow, sustained or piecemeal, attention has the power to alter whatever it meets. The play of attention can both create and destroy, but it never leaves its object unchanged. How you attend to something – or don’t attend to it – matters a very great deal. This book helps you to see what it is you may have been trained by our very unusual culture not to see.

Great Myths of the Brain

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Author: Christian Jarrett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118312708

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 3498

Great Myths of the Brain introduces readers to the field of neuroscience by examining popular myths about the human brain. Explores commonly-held myths of the brain through the lens of scientific research, backing up claims with studies and other evidence from the literature Looks at enduring myths such as “Do we only use 10% of our brain?”, “Pregnant women lose their mind”, “Right-brained people are more creative” and many more. Delves into myths relating to specific brain disorders, including epilepsy, autism, dementia, and others Written engagingly and accessibly for students and lay readers alike, providing a unique introduction to the study of the brain Teaches readers how to spot neuro hype and neuro-nonsense claims in the media

At The Crossroads of Emotion and Reason

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Author: Jayanta Banerjee

Publisher: Palibrio

ISBN: 1463388586

Category: Poetry

Page: 166

View: 3684

Illusion has many real examples in nature. This working table I am writing on, a piece of wood, is so firm, so rigid, so static that it is hard to believe that literally trillions of electrons in it are moving almost at the speed of light. Its rigidity is an illusion, like a magic. This universe is a Magic Kingdom in the Disney World!

Neue Gedanken - neues Gehirn

Die Wissenschaft der Neuroplastizität beweist, wie unser Bewusstsein das Gehirn verändert - Vorwort von Daniel Goleman

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Author: Sharon Begley

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641012678

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 512

View: 8492

Naturwissenschaft am Wendepunkt: Die Grundlagen der Gehirnphysiologie müssen neu definiert werden. Lange Zeit hielt man das Gehirn des Menschen für unveränderlich – vergleichbar der Hardware eines Computers. Inzwischen sprechen viele wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse dagegen. Damit nähert sich die Wissenschaft des Nervensystems dem spirituellen Weltbild des Ostens, das davon ausgeht, dass der Geist die Materie beherrscht. Die Implikationen dessen, was Wissenschaftler heute als „Neuroplastizität“ bezeichnen, sind revolutionär. Die renommierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Sharon Begley beschreibt hier die spannende Entwicklung der Neurowissenschaften, die durch Zusammenarbeit mit Meditationsmeistern herauszufinden versuchen, wie und in welchem Maße Gedanken und Emotionen unser Gehirn beeinflussen. Buddhistische Erfahrungen belegen: Wir können Depression in Freude verwandeln und Aggression in Mitgefühl. Das heißt: Wir sind nicht Opfer unserer Gene, sondern selbst verantwortlich für unser Denken und Fühlen. • Eindrucksvolle Bestätigung buddhistischer Bewusstseins- und Meditationserfahrungen. • Hervorragender Wissenschaftsjournalismus: Die atemberaubenden Konsequenzen der „Neuroplastizität“.

Geschichte der Welt Die Welt vor 600

Frühe Zivilisationen

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Author: Akira Iriye,Jürgen Osterhammel,Hans-Joachim Gehrke

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406641113

Category: History

Page: 1082

View: 4105

Von der Altsteinzeit bis zur Spätantike reicht das große Panorama, das im ersten Band der Geschichte der Welt entworfen wird – eine grandiose Darstellung von mehr als 2,7 Millionen Jahren Kultur- und Ereignisgeschichte der Menschheit. Sie reicht von den Anfängen der Menschwerdung über den Beginn des Ackerbaus, das Aufblühen der frühen Hochkulturen bis zur Epoche der griechisch-römischen Welt und dem Ende der Gupta-Zeit in Indien, dem Niedergang der Sui-Dynastie in China und dem Aufkommen des Islam. Dieser Band über ferne Zeiten und alte Kulturen der Menschheit liefert den Schlüssel zum Verständnis auch jüngerer Epochen, wurden sie doch nachhaltig von Kulturen geprägt, die bereits untergegangen waren, lange bevor die Schrift erfunden wurde. Die meisterhafte Beschreibung der frühen Zivilisationen erhellt gleichermaßen das schriftlose Dunkel der Frühgeschichte wie den kulturellen Reichtum des Alten Orients, Ägyptens und der Klassischen Antike, aber auch der indischen und ostasiatischen Staatenwelt. Alle Beiträge sind großzügig mit Karten, Plänen, Abbildungen und Zeittafeln ausgestattet. Mit Beiträgen von Hans-Joachim Gehrke, Mark Edward Lewis (übersetzt von Andreas Wirthensohn), Axel Michaels, Hermann Parzinger und Karen Radner

The Oxford Handbook of Theology and Modern European Thought

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Author: Nicholas Adams,George Pattison,Graham Ward

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626651

Category: Religion

Page: 720

View: 6752

'Modern European thought' describes a wide range of philosophies, cultural programmes, and political arguments developed in Europe in the period following the French Revolution. Throughout this period, many of the wide range of 'modernisms' (and anti-modernisms) had a distinctly religious and even theological character-not least when religion was subjected to the harshest criticism. Yet for all the breadth and complexity of modern European thought and, in particular, its relations to theology, a distinct body of themes and approaches recurred in each generation. Moreover, many of the issues that took intellectual shape in Europe are now global, rather than narrowly European, and, for good or ill, they form part of Europe's bequest to the world-from colonialism and the economic theories behind globalisation through to democracy to terrorism. This volume attempts to identify and comment on some of the most important of these. The thirty chapters are grouped into six thematic parts, moving from questions of identity and the self, through discussions of the human condition, the age of revolution, the world (both natural and technological), and knowledge methodologies, concluding with a section looking explicitly at how major theological themes have developed in modern European thought. The chapters engage with major thinkers including Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Schleiermacher, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky, Barth, Rahner, Tillich, Bonhoeffer, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Wittgenstein, and Derrida, amongst many others. Taken together, these new essays provide a rich and reflective overview of the interchange between theology, philosophy and critical thought in Europe, over the past two hundred years.

The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory

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Author: Paul Holmes,Steve Farnfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317647149

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

View: 7281

The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory provides a broadly based introduction to attachment theory and associated areas, written in an accessible style by experts from around the world. The book covers the basic theories of attachment and discusses the similarities and differences of the two predominant schools of attachment theory. The book provides an overview of current developments in attachment theory, explaining why it is important not only to understanding infant and early child development but also to adult personality and the care we provide to our children. The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory provides detailed descriptions of the leading schools of attachment theory as well as discussions of this potentially confusing and contentious area, and includes a chapter on the neuropsychological basis of attachment. The book also examines other domains and diagnoses that can be confused with issues of attachment and assesses contexts when different approaches may be more suitable. Providing a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the theories of attachment, The Routledge Handbook of Attachment: Theory is an indispensable guide for professionals working with children and families in community and court-based settings, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists and social workers, clinicians in training and students.

The Challenge of Things

Thinking Through Troubled Times

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Author: A. C. Grayling

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408864630

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 4020

A. C. Grayling's lucid and stimulating books, based on the idea that philosophy should engage with the world and make itself useful, are immensely popular. The Challenge of Things joins earlier collections like The Reason of Things and Thinking of Answers, but this time to collect Grayling's recent writings on the world in a time of war and conflict. In describing and exposing the dark side of things, he also explores ways out of the habits and prejudices of mind that would otherwise trap us forever in the deadly impasses of conflicts of all kinds. Whether he is writing about the First World War and its legacy, free speech, the advantages of an atheist prime minister or the role of science in the arts, his essays are always enlightening, enlivening and hopeful.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness

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Author: Amanda Ie,Christelle T. Ngnoumen,Ellen J. Langer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118294912

Category: Psychology

Page: 1248

View: 785

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness brings together the latest multi-disciplinary research on mindfulness from a group of international scholars: Examines the origins and key theories of the two dominant Western approaches to mindfulness Compares, contrasts, and integrates insights from the social psychological and Eastern-derived perspectives Discusses the implications for mindfulness across a range of fields, including consciousness and cognition, education, creativity, leadership and organizational behavior, law, medical practice and therapy, well-being, and sports 2 Volumes

From Object to Experience

The New Culture of Architectural Design

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Author: Harry Francis Mallgrave

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350059544

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 9808

Harry Francis Mallgrave combines a history of ideas about architectural experience with the latest insights from the fields of neuroscience, cognitive science and evolutionary biology to make a powerful argument about the nature and future of architectural design. Today, the sciences have granted us the tools to help us understand better than ever before the precise ways in which the built environment can affect the building user's individual experience. Through an understanding of these tools, architects should be able to become better designers, prioritizing the experience of space - the emotional and aesthetic responses, and the sense of homeostatic well-being, of those who will occupy any designed environment. In From Object to Experience, Mallgrave goes further, arguing that it should also be possible to build an effective new cultural ethos for architectural practice. Drawing upon a range of humanistic and biological sources, and emphasizing the far-reaching implications of new neuroscientific discoveries and models, this book brings up-to-date insights and theoretical clarity to a position that was once considered revolutionary but is fast becoming accepted in architecture.

Why Humans Like to Cry

Tragedy, Evolution, and the Brain

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Author: Michael Trimble

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199693188

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 753

Humans are unique in shedding tears of sorrow. We do not just cry over our own problems: we seek out sad stories, go to film and the theatre to see Tragedies, and weep in response to music. What led humans to develop such a powerful social signal as tears, and to cultivate great forms of art which have the capacity to arouse us emotionally? Friedrich Nietzsche argued that Dionysian drives and music were essential to the development of Tragedy. Here, the neuropsychiatrist Michael Trimble, using insights from modern neuroscience and evolutionary biology, attempts to understand this fascinating and unique aspect of human nature--Book jacket.

The Brain

Die Geschichte von dir

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Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641183154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 5068

Unterhaltend und fundiert: Ein Pageturner über die Hirnforschung Die Hirnforschung macht rasante Fortschritte, aber nur selten treten wir einen Schritt zurück und fragen uns, was es heißt, ein Lebewesen und Mensch zu sein. Der renommierte Neurowissenschaftler David Eagleman nimmt uns mit auf die Reise durch das Gewirr aus Milliarden von Hirnzellen und Billionen von Synapsen – und zu uns selbst. Das sonderbare Rechengewebe in unserem Schädel ist der Apparat, mit dem wir uns in der Welt orientieren, Entscheidungen treffen und Vorstellungen entwickeln. Seine unendlich vielen Zellen bringen unser Bewusstsein und unsere Träume hervor. In diesem Buch baut Bestsellerautor David Eagleman eine Brücke zwischen der Hirnforschung und uns, den Besitzern eines Gehirns. Er hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. Denn ein besseres Verständnis unseres inneren Kosmos wirft auch ein neues Licht auf unsere persönlichen Beziehungen und unser gesellschaftliches Zusammenleben: wie wir unser Leben lenken, warum wir lieben, was wir für wahr halten, wie wir unsere Kinder erziehen, wie wir unsere Gesellschaftspolitik verbessern und wie wir den menschlichen Körper auf die kommenden Jahrhunderte vorbereiten können.

Born Bad

Original Sin and the Making of the Western World

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Author: James Boyce

Publisher: Black Inc.

ISBN: 1922231649

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5540

“Original sin is the Western world’s creation story.” According to the doctrine of original sin, humans are born bad and only God’s grace can bring salvation. In this captivating book, acclaimed historian James Boyce shows how these ideas have shaped the Western view of human nature right up to the present. The legacy of original sin takes many forms, including the distinctive discontent of Western people – the feelings of guilt and inadequacy associated not with doing wrong, but with being wrong. As well as an innovative history of Christianity, Boyce offers new insights into the making of the West. Born Bad traces a fascinating journey from Adam and Eve all the way to Adam Smith and Richard Dawkins in this sweeping story of a controversial idea and its remarkable influence. “What is wrong with me? This question has haunted the West for fifteen hundred years, but until recently it came with an answer – which was called original sin. Western people believed they were “born bad” because they had inherited the sin of the first humans.” — James Boyce “This highly original, readable book shows how the Christian idea that we are all somehow fundamentally warped has helped to shape democratic politics, free markets, sexual anxieties and even debates about whether dead babies go to heaven.” — Marion Maddox, author of God Under Howard and Taking God to School

Parenting from the Inside Out

How a Deeper Self-Understanding Can Help You Raise Children Who Thrive: 10th Anniversary Edition

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Author: Daniel J. Siegel MD,Mary Hartzell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101662697

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 336

View: 3760

An updated edition—with a new preface—of the bestselling parenting classic by the author of "BRAINSTORM: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain" In Parenting from the Inside Out, child psychiatrist Daniel J. Siegel, M.D., and early childhood expert Mary Hartzell, M.Ed., explore the extent to which our childhood experiences shape the way we parent. Drawing on stunning new findings in neurobiology and attachment research, they explain how interpersonal relationships directly impact the development of the brain, and offer parents a step-by-step approach to forming a deeper understanding of their own life stories, which will help them raise compassionate and resilient children. Born out of a series of parents' workshops that combined Siegel's cutting-edge research on how communication impacts brain development with Hartzell's decades of experience as a child-development specialist and parent educator, this book guides parents through creating the necessary foundations for loving and secure relationships with their children.

The God of the Left Hemisphere

Blake, Bolte Taylor and the Myth of Creation

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Author: Roderick Tweedy

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 178181192X

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 6008

The God of the Left Hemisphere explores the remarkable connections between the activities and functions of the human brain that writer William Blake termed 'Urizen' and the powerful complex of rationalising and ordering processes which modern neuroscience identifies as 'left hemisphere' brain activity. The book argues that Blake's profound understanding of the human brain is finding surprising corroboration in recent neuroscientific discoveries, such as those of the influential Harvard neuro-anatomist Jill Bolte Taylor, and it explores Blake's provocative supposition that the emergence of these rationalising, law-making, and 'limiting' activities within the human brain has been recorded in the earliest Creation texts, such as the Hebrew Bible, Plato's Timaeus, and the Norse sagas. Blake's prescient insight into the nature and origins of this dominant force within the brain allows him to radically reinterpret the psychological basis of the entity usually referred to in these texts as 'God'.The book draws in particular on the work of Bolte Taylor, whose study in this area is having a profound impact on how we understand mental activity and processes. Bolte Taylor was listed as one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People in 2008 and her book recounting her research into left and right brain activity spent seventeen weeks in the New York Times best-seller list. The God of the Left Hemisphere also dovetails in many exciting and provocative ways with Iain McGilchrist's recent study of the impact of brain lateralisation on human culture in The Master and his Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World (2009). It is significant in this respect that McGilchrist also sees Blake's figure of Urizen as an 'instantiation of the left hemisphere take on the world'.In the second part of the book the author extends Blake's understanding of Urizenic activities and functions into a broader discussion concerning the place of both religion and rationality in contemporary culture. In particular, he examines Blake's contention that whilst religion and rationalistic science are supposed to be at loggerheads, symptomatic of a 'two cultures' divide, what they resemble more are different (or rival) versions of essentially similar systems of thoughts ('R1' and 'R2'). In order to clarify the nature of this relationship the author updates Blake's original imagery of mills and machinery to denote Urizenic processes and employs instead the more modern metaphor of rival operating systems, battling it out for supremacy of the left brain. Blake's presentation of Urizen as the 'Holy Reasoning Power' succinctly captures what he saw as the underlying rationalizing processes of orthodox religion as well as the religious and largely unconscious nature of much post-Newtonian science.