The Making of Black Revolutionaries


Author: James Forman

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295976594

Category: Political Science

Page: 568

View: 3909

This eloquent and provocative autobiography, originally published in 1972, records a day by day, sometimes hour by hour, compassionate account of the events that took place in the streets, meetings, churches, jails, and in people's hearts and minds in the 1960s civil rights movement. During the 1960s James Forman served as Executive Secretary and Director of International Affairs of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. He is now Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at American University in Washington, D.C., and President of the Unemployment and Poverty Action Committee. He is the author of six other books.

From Selma to Montgomery

The Long March to Freedom


Author: Barbara Harris Combs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136173765

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 576

On March 7, 1965, a peaceful voting rights demonstration in Selma, Alabama, was met with an unprovoked attack of shocking violence that riveted the attention of the nation. In the days and weeks following "Bloody Sunday," the demonstrators would not be deterred, and thousands of others joined their cause, culminating in the successful march from Selma to Montgomery. The protest marches led directly to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, a major piece of legislation, which, ninety-five years after the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, made the practice of the right to vote available to all Americans, irrespective of race. From Selma to Montgomery chronicles the marches, placing them in the context of the long Civil Rights Movement, and considers the legacy of the Act, drawing parallels with contemporary issues of enfranchisement. In five concise chapters bolstered by primary documents including civil rights legislation, speeches, and news coverage, Combs introduces the Civil Rights Movement to undergraduates through the courageous actions of the freedom marchers.

Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities


Author: Rychetta Watkins

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 1617031623

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1456

Images of upraised fists, afros, and dashikis have long dominated the collective memory of Black Power and its proponents. The “guerilla” figure-taking the form of the black-leather-clad revolutionary within the Black Panther Party-has become an iconic trope in American popular culture. That politically radical figure, however, has been shaped as much by Asian American cultural discourse as by African American political ideology. From the Asian-African Conference held in April of 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia, onward to the present, Afro-Asian political collaboration has been active and influential. In Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities, author Rychetta Watkins uses the guerilla figure as a point of departure and shows how the trope’s rhetoric animates discourses of representation and identity in African American and Asian American literature and culture. In doing so, she examines the notion of “Power,” in terms of ethnic political identity, and explores collaborating-and sometimes competing-ethnic interests that have drawn ideas from the concept. The project brings together a range of texts-editorial cartoons, newspaper articles, novels, visual propaganda, and essays-that illustrate the emergence of this subjectivity in Asian American and African American cultural productions during the Power period, roughly 1966 through 1981. After a case study of the cultural politics of academic anthologies and the cooperation between Frank Chin and Ishmael Reed, the volume culminates with analyses of this trope in Sam Greenlee’s The Spook Who Sat by the Door, Alice Walker’s Meridian, and John Okada’s No No Boy.

Richard Wright

An Annotated Bibliography of Criticism and Commentary, 1983–2003


Author: Keneth Kinnamon

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476609128

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 499

View: 836

African-American writer Richard Wright (1908–1960) was celebrated during the early 1940s for his searing autobiography (Black Boy) and fiction (Native Son). By 1947 he felt so unwelcome in his homeland that he exiled himself and his family in Paris. But his writings changed American culture forever, and today they are mainstays of literature and composition classes. He and his works are also the subjects of numerous critical essays and commentaries by contemporary writers. This volume presents a comprehensive annotated bibliography of those essays, books, and articles from 1983 through 2003. Arranged alphabetically by author within years are some 8,320 entries ranging from unpublished dissertations to book-length studies of African American literature and literary criticism. Also included as an appendix are addenda to the author’s earlier bibliography covering the years from 1934 through 1982. This is the exhaustive reference for serious students of Richard Wright and his critics.

The Making of Black Female Revolutionaries - Growing Consciousness and Change of Identity in the Autobiographies of Assata Shakur and Elaine Brown


Author: Jessica Menz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638947629


Page: 92

View: 2854

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,15, University of Bayreuth, 40 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In this thesis I will first briefly outline general aspects of the autobiographical genre, with emphasis on the tradition of life narratives written by African Americans. As this thesis focuses on two autobiographies written by women, I will also go into major characteristic aspects that distinguish their personal accounts from men's before introducing the autobiographies of Assata Shakur and Elaine Brown within the larger context. Chapter three will be dedicated to a closer look on their works. I will focus on Shakur's and Brown's representations of themselves as black women and their becoming revolutionaries within the dynamics of gender and power. I will illustrate important aspects of their identity formation during childhood and adolescence, e.g. family backgrounds, school education, ghetto life and their relationship to male age mates, as well as their slow process of identity change due to growing critical awareness and introduction to the Black Power Movement. I will also focus on whether and if yes, how, their current identity is again challenged within the Black Power Movement and especially within and outside of the Black Panther Party. Lastly I will shortly concentrate on the autobiographies' respective closures and how the two women see themselves, directly after leaving organized struggle behind (Brown) or from exile several years later (Shakur). By writing their autobiographies Brown and Shakur take advantage of the opportunity to tell their version of the story. How the two women create their identity and depict themselves retrospectively as being quite different from their public image will be the central focus of this paper.

Negro in the Making of America

Third Edition Revised, Updated, and Expanded


Author: Benjamin Quarles,V.P. Franklin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684818884

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 1581

This bestselling, definitive study of African Americans throughout history covers the full story of the African-American experience, from the arrival of slave ships in the early 1600s to the 20th century, when the black struggle for social and economic equality came to the forefront of American life. Included are portraits of such notable black figures as Nat Turner, Frederick Douglass, and Malcolm X.

Ich habe einen Namen



Author: Lawrence Hill

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832186557

Category: Fiction

Page: 575

View: 4553

Westafrika, Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts. Die kleine Aminata lebt mit ihren Eltern in einer friedlichen Dorfgemeinschaft. Doch der Sklavenhandel blüht, auf den Plantagen der neuen Kolonien braucht man Arbeitskräfte, und die britischen Machthaber sind skrupellos. Als Aminata elf Jahre alt ist, wird ihr Dorf überfallen und sie gefangengenommen. Auf einem Frachter bringt man sie mit vielen anderen Sklaven nach Amerika, wo sie an einen Großgrundbesitzer verkauft wird. Während der Wirren des Unabhängigkeitskriegs gelingt Aminata die Flucht. Sie folgt ihrem Herzen zurück nach Afrika und von dort nach London, um für die Befreiung der Schwarzen zu kämpfen. Ihre Geschichte ist das eindrückliche Porträt einer unglaublich starken Frau, die es geschafft hat, schwierigste Bedingungen zu überleben und dabei anderen zu helfen. Es ist eine Geschichte, die man nicht wieder vergisst, voller Hoffnung und Zuversicht.

Spectres of 1919

Class and Nation in the Making of the New Negro


Author: Barbara Foley

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252028465

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 9124

"World War I and the Russian Revolution profoundly reshaped the American social landscape, with progressive reforms first halted and then reversed in the name of anti-Bolshevism. Dissent was stifled as labor activists and minority groups came under intense attack, culminating in the racist and antiradical violence of the "Red Summer" of 1919. Foley shows that African Americans had a significant relationship with the organized Left and that the New Negro movement's radical politics of race was also the politics of class."--BOOK JACKET.

Slavery and the Making of America


Author: James Oliver Horton,Lois E. Horton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195304519

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 8050

The history of slavery is central to understanding the history of the United States. Slavery and the Making of America offers a richly illustrated, vividly written history that illuminates the human side of this inhumane institution, presenting it largely through stories of the slaves themselves. Readers will discover a wide ranging and sharply nuanced look at American slavery, from the first Africans brought to British colonies in the early seventeenth century to the end of Reconstruction. The authors document the horrors of slavery, particularly in the deep South, and describe the valiant struggles to escape bondage, from dramatic tales of slaves such as William and Ellen Craft to Dred Scott's doomed attempt to win his freedom through the Supreme Court. We see how slavery set our nation on the road of violence, from bloody riots that broke out in American cities over fugitive slaves, to the cataclysm of the Civil War. Along the way, readers meet such individuals as "Black Sam" Fraunces, a West Indian mulatto who owned the Queen's Head Tavern in New York City, a key meeting place for revolutionaries in the 1760s and 1770s and Sergeant William H. Carney, who won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery at the crucial assault on Fort Wagner duringthe Civil War as well as Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, a former slave who led freed African Americans to a new life on the American frontier.

For Freedom of Other Men

Civil Rights, Black Power, and the United Farm Workers, 1965-1973


Author: Lauren Ashley Araiza

Publisher: N.A


Category: Black power

Page: 300

View: 9323

"For Freedom of Other Men: Civil Rights, Black Power, and the United Farm Workers, 1965-1973," examines the participation of organizations from the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements in the strikes and boycotts began by the UFW. The organizations examined here are the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Urban League, and the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. These organizations assisted the UFW in various capacities, including lending staff, sharing resources, walking picket lines, participating in boycotts, writing protest letters, and publicly declaring their support. The activities of these organizations on behalf of the farm workers serve as a case study to indicate the radicalism of each organization. Although each of these organizations sought African-American equality and empowerment, those that were truly radical were those that sought multi-racial equality, cooperation, and solidarity. In the case of the UFW, the most radical Civil Rights and Black Power organizations gave the most substantial support to the farm workers. But regardless of the amount of assistance provided, the aid given to the UFW demonstrates that, to different degrees, the major organizations of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements were all concerned with the plight of Mexican-Americans. Furthermore, the actions of these organizations prove that both movements benefited all Americans, not just African-Americans, in concrete ways. However, when some of these organizations adopted a nationalistic stance and prioritized the concerns of African-Americans over those of other minorities, they became ineffectual and hastened their own demise.

Patrick Pearse

The Making of a Revolutionary


Author: J. Augusteijn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230290698

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 8708

Patrick Pearse was not only leader of the 1916 Easter Rising but also one of the main ideologues of the IRA. Based on new material on his childhood and underground activities, this book places him in a European context and provides an intimate account of the development of his ideas on cultural regeneration, education, patriotism and militarism.

Eric Williams and the Making of the Modern Caribbean


Author: Colin A. Palmer

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807888506

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 3738

Born in Trinidad, Eric Williams (1911-81) founded the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago's first modern political party in 1956, led the country to independence from the British culminating in 1962, and became the nation's first prime minister. Before entering politics, he was a professor at Howard University and wrote several books, including the classic Capitalism and Slavery. In the first scholarly biography of Williams, Colin Palmer provides insights into Williams's personality that illuminate his life as a scholar and politician and his tremendous influence on the historiography and politics of the Caribbean. Palmer focuses primarily on the fourteen-year period of struggles for independence in the Anglophone Caribbean. From 1956, when Williams became the chief minister of Trinidad and Tobago, to 1970, when the Black Power-inspired February Revolution brought his administration face to face with a younger generation intellectually indebted to his revolutionary thought, Williams was at the center of most of the conflicts and challenges that defined the region. He was most aggressive in advocating the creation of a West Indies federation to help the region assert itself in international political and economic arenas. Looking at the ideas of Williams as well as those of his Caribbean and African peers, Palmer demonstrates how the development of the modern Caribbean was inextricably intertwined with the evolution of a regional anticolonial consciousness.

To Wake the Nations

Race in the Making of American Literature


Author: Eric J. Sundquist

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674893313

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 705

View: 4557

This powerful book argues that white culture in America does not exist apart from black culture. The revolution of the rights of man that established this country collided long ago with the system of slavery, and we have been trying to reestablish a steady course for ourselves ever since. To Wake the Nations is urgent and rousing: we have integrated our buses, schools, and factories, but not the canon of American literature. That is the task Eric Sundquist has assumed in a book that ranges from politics to literature, from Uncle Remus to African American spirituals. But the hallmark of this volume is a sweeping reevaluation of the glory years of American literature--from 1830 to 1930--that shows how white literature and black literature form a single interwoven tradition. By examining African America's contested relation to the intellectual and literary forms of white culture, Sundquist reconstructs the main lines of American literary tradition from the decades before the Civil War through the early twentieth century. An opening discussion of Nat Turner's "Confessions," recorded by a white man, Thomas Gray, establishes a paradigm for the complexity of meanings that Sundquist uncovers in American literary texts. Focusing on Frederick Douglass's autobiographical books, Herman Melville's Benito Cereno, Martin Delany's novel Blake; or the Huts of America, Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson, Charles Chesnutt's fiction, and W.E.B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk and Darkwater, Sundquist considers each text against a rich background of history, law, literature, politics, religion, folklore, music, and dance. These readings lead to insights into components of the culture at large: slavery as it intersected with postcolonial revolutionary ideology; literary representations of the legal and political foundations of segregation; and the transformation of elements of African and antebellum folk consciousness into the public forms of American literature. "Almost certainly the finest book yet written on race and American literature," writes Arnold Rampersad of Princeton University. To Wake the Nations "amounts to a startlingly penetrating commentary on American culture, a commentary that should have a powerful impact on areas far beyond the texts investigated here."

Black Marxism

The Making of the Black Radical Tradition


Author: Cedric J. Robinson

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807876121

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 7258

In this ambitious work, first published in 1983, Cedric Robinson demonstrates that efforts to understand black people's history of resistance solely through the prism of Marxist theory are incomplete and inaccurate. Marxist analyses tend to presuppose European models of history and experience that downplay the significance of black people and black communities as agents of change and resistance. Black radicalism must be linked to the traditions of Africa and the unique experiences of blacks on western continents, Robinson argues, and any analyses of African American history need to acknowledge this. To illustrate his argument, Robinson traces the emergence of Marxist ideology in Europe, the resistance by blacks in historically oppressive environments, and the influence of both of these traditions on such important twentieth-century black radical thinkers as W. E. B. Du Bois, C. L. R. James, and Richard Wright.

Becoming King

Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader


Author: Troy Jackson

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813173175

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 4090

“The history books may write it Reverend King was born in Atlanta, and then came to Montgomery, but we feel that he was born in Montgomery in the struggle here, and now he is moving to Atlanta for bigger responsibilities.”—Member of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, November 1959 Preacher—this simple term describes the twenty-five-year-old Ph.D. in theology who arrived in Montgomery, Alabama, to become the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954. His name was Martin Luther King Jr., but where did this young minister come from? What did he believe, and what role would he play in the growing activism of the civil rights movement of the 1950s? In Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Making of a National Leader, author Troy Jackson chronicles King’s emergence and effectiveness as a civil rights leader by examining his relationship with the people of Montgomery, Alabama. Using the sharp lens of Montgomery’s struggle for racial equality to investigate King’s burgeoning leadership, Jackson explores King’s ability to connect with the educated and the unlettered, professionals and the working class. In particular, Jackson highlights King’s alliances with Jo Ann Robinson, a young English professor at Alabama State University; E. D. Nixon, a middle-aged Pullman porter and head of the local NAACP chapter; and Virginia Durr, a courageous white woman who bailed Rosa Parks out of jail after Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white person. Jackson offers nuanced portrayals of King’s relationships with these and other civil rights leaders in the community to illustrate King’s development within the community. Drawing on countless interviews and archival sources, Jackson compares King’s sermons and religious writings before, during, and after the Montgomery bus boycott. Jackson demonstrates how King’s voice and message evolved during his time in Montgomery, reflecting the shared struggles, challenges, experiences, and hopes of the people with whom he worked. Many studies of the civil rights movement end analyses of Montgomery’s struggle with the conclusion of the bus boycott and the establishment of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Jackson surveys King’s uneasy post-boycott relations with E. D. Nixon and Rosa Parks, shedding new light on Parks’s plight in Montgomery after the boycott and revealing the internal discord that threatened the movement’s hard-won momentum. The controversies within the Montgomery Improvement Association compelled King to position himself as a national figure who could rise above the quarrels within the movement and focus on attaining its greater goals. Though the Montgomery struggle thrust King into the national spotlight, the local impact on the lives of blacks from all socioeconomic classes was minimal at the time. As the citizens of Montgomery awaited permanent change, King left the city, taking the lessons he learned there onto the national stage. In the crucible of Montgomery, Martin Luther King Jr. was transformed from an inexperienced Baptist preacher into a civil rights leader of profound national importance.

The Making of Portuguese Democracy


Author: Kenneth Maxwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521585965

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 7410

This vividly-written book is the first comprehensive assessment of the origins of the present-day democratic regime in Portugal to be placed in a broad international historical context. After a vibrant account of the collapse of the old regime in 1974, it studies the complex revolutionary period that followed, and the struggle in Europe and Africa to define the future role of Europe's then poorest country. International repercussions are examined and comparisons are drawn with the more general collapse of communism in the late 1980s.

The Making of Terrorism


Author: Michel Wieviorka

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226896533

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 511

Revised and reissued in light of recent events, this classic and now increasingly important book is an exception in the literature on terrorism. Based on complex observations of actual movement participants, Wieviorka's book addresses a broad spectrum of terrorist activity—from Italian left-wing terrorists to Basque nationalist groups to the international terrorism of Palestine and the Middle East. The result is an incisive analysis of what terrorists believe and what they hope to achieve through their actions. For this new edition, Wieviorka adds new material that remaps the state of terrorism after the events of 2001.

The Birth of a Nation

Nat Turner and the Making of a Movement


Author: Nate Parker

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501156586

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 7213

This tie-in to the film surveys the history and legacy of Nat Turner, the leader of one of the most renowned slave rebellions on American soil, while also exploring Turner's relevance to contemporary dialogues on race relations and offering commentary on the making of the film.