The Long Shadow of Temperament

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Author: Jerome Kagan,Nancy Snidman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674039261

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 304

View: 2087

We have seen these children--the shy and the sociable, the cautious and the daring--and wondered what makes one avoid new experience and another avidly pursue it. At the crux of the issue surrounding the contribution of nature to development is the study that Jerome Kagan and his colleagues have been conducting for more than two decades. In The Long Shadow of Temperament, Kagan and Nancy Snidman summarize the results of this unique inquiry into human temperaments, one of the best-known longitudinal studies in developmental psychology. These results reveal how deeply certain fundamental temperamental biases can be preserved over development. Identifying two extreme temperamental types--inhibited and uninhibited in childhood, and high-reactive and low-reactive in very young babies--Kagan and his colleagues returned to these children as adolescents. Surprisingly, one of the temperaments revealed in infancy predicted a cautious, fearful personality in early childhood and a dour mood in adolescence. The other bias predicted a bold childhood personality and an exuberant, sanguine mood in adolescence. These personalities were matched by different biological properties. In a masterly summary of their wide-ranging exploration, Kagan and Snidman conclude that these two temperaments are the result of inherited biologies probably rooted in the differential excitability of particular brain structures. Though the authors appreciate that temperamental tendencies can be modified by experience, this compelling work--an empirical and conceptual tour-de-force--shows how long the shadow of temperament is cast over psychological development.

Essentials of Temperament Assessment

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Author: Diana Joyce

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470594049

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 8821

Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to effectively conduct a comprehensive temperament assessment Understanding temperament has the potential to better inform treatment and intervention choices as well as promote awareness for qualities that are somewhat malleable. Essentials of Temperament Assessment presents balanced coverage of those instruments that directly measure temperament qualities in adults and children. This guide enables mental health professionals to select the method that best fits the situations, groups of people, and programs that are involved. With an overview of clinical applications of temperament assessments, Essentials of Temperament Assessment gathers as many resources as possible to enable professionals to make their own judgment about the most appropriate temperament assessments, including: New York Longitudinal Scales Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) Carey Temperament Scales (CTS) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) Student Styles Questionnaire (SSQ) Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, this book is designed to help busy mental health professionals, and those in training, quickly acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of major psychological assessment instruments. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered. Offering a myriad of ways to assess temperament, Essentials of Temperament Assessment arms professionals with the most appropriate technique or combination of techniques for their particular temperament assessment purposes.

Brain Rules for Baby (Updated and Expanded)

How to Raise a Smart and Happy Child from Zero to Five

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Author: John Medina

Publisher: Pear Press

ISBN: 0983263396

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 336

View: 2159

What’s the single most important thing you can do during pregnancy? What does watching TV do to a child’s brain? What’s the best way to handle temper tantrums? Scientists know. In his New York Times bestseller Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina showed us how our brains really work—and why we ought to redesign our workplaces and schools. Now, in Brain Rules for Baby, he shares what the latest science says about how to raise smart and happy children from zero to five. This book is destined to revolutionize parenting. Just one of the surprises: The best way to get your children into the college of their choice? Teach them impulse control. Brain Rules for Baby bridges the gap between what scientists know and what parents practice. Through fascinating and funny stories, Medina, a developmental molecular biologist and dad, unravels how a child’s brain develops – and what you can do to optimize it. You will view your children—and how to raise them—in a whole new light. You’ll learn: Where nature ends and nurture begins Why men should do more household chores What you do when emotions run hot affects how your baby turns out, because babies need to feel safe above all TV is harmful for children under 2 Your child’s ability to relate to others predicts her future math performance Smart and happy are inseparable. Pursuing your child’s intellectual success at the expense of his happiness achieves neither Praising effort is better than praising intelligence The best predictor of academic performance is not IQ. It’s self-control What you do right now—before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and through the first five years—will affect your children for the rest of their lives. Brain Rules for Baby is an indispensable guide.

Psychiatry

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Author: Allan Tasman,Jerald Kay,Jeffrey A. Lieberman,Michael B. First,Michelle Riba

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118753364

Category: Medical

Page: 2768

View: 1509

Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

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Author: David Sander,Klaus Scherer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021016

Category: Psychology

Page: 520

View: 967

Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

Anxious Kids, Anxious Parents

7 Ways to Stop the Worry Cycle and Raise Courageous and Independent Children

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Author: Lynn Lyons,Reid Wilson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0757317634

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 264

View: 5867

With anxiety at epidemic levels among our children, Anxious Kids, Anxious Parents offers a contrarian yet effective approach to help children and teens push through their fears, worries, and phobias to ultimately become more resilient, independent, and happy. How do you manage a child who gets stomachaches every school morning, who refuses after-school activities, or who is trapped in the bathroom with compulsive washing? Children like these put a palpable strain on frustrated, helpless parents and teachers. And there is no escaping the problem: One in every five kids suffers from a diagnosable anxiety disorder. Unfortunately, when parents or professionals offer help in traditional ways, they unknowingly reinforce a child's worry and avoidance. From their success with hundreds of organizations, schools, and families, Reid Wilson, PhD, and Lynn Lyons, LICSW, share their unconventional approach of stepping into uncertainty in a way that is currently unfamiliar but infinitely successful. Using current research and contemporary examples, the book exposes the most common anxiety-enhancing patterns—including reassurance, accommodation, avoidance, and poor problem solving—and offers a concrete plan with 7 key principles that foster change. And, since new research reveals how anxious parents typically make for anxious children, the book offers exercises and techniques to change both the children's and the parental patterns of thinking and behaving. This book challenges our basic instincts about how to help fearful kids and will serve as the antidote for an anxious nation of kids and their parents.

Sync Your Relationship, Save Your Marriage

Four Steps to Getting Back on Track

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Author: Peter Fraenkel, Ph.D.

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 0230115667

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 272

View: 4344

Award-winning couples therapist Peter Fraenkel argues that most relationship problems can be traced to partners being out of sync on the powerful but mostly hidden dimension of time. Differences in daily rhythms, personal pace, punctuality, time perspective, and priorities about how time is allocated can all lead to couple conflict. Yet the fascinating fact is that these polarizing time differences play a potent role in attracting lovers in the first place. In this trailblazing new book, he draws on his original research to show how a clearer understanding of these forces can improve the health of your relationship and even rescue a failing one.

Making Minds

How Theory of Mind Develops

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Author: Professor Henry M. Wellman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199334935

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 9128

Developmental psychologists coined the term "theory of mind" to describe how we understand our shifting mental states in daily life. Over the past twenty years researchers have provided rich, provocative data showing that from an early age, children develop a sophisticated and consistent "theory of mind" by attributing their desires, beliefs, and emotions to themselves and to others. Remarkably, infants barely a few months old are able to attend closely to other humans; two-year-olds can articulate the desires and feelings of others and comfort those in distress; and three- and four-year-olds can talk about thoughts abstractly and engage in lies and trickery. This book provides a deeper examination of how "theory of mind" develops. Building on his pioneering research in The Child's Theory of Mind (1990), Henry M. Wellman reports on all that we have learned in the past twenty years with chapters on evolution and the brain bases of theory of mind, and updated explanations of theory theory and later theoretical developments, including how children conceive of extraordinary minds such as those belonging to superheroes or supernatural beings. Engaging and accessibly written, Wellman's work will appeal especially to scholars and students working in psychology, philosophy, cultural studies, and social cognition.

Sex Offender Treatment

A Case Study Approach to Issues and Interventions

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Author: Daniel T. Wilcox,Tanya Garrett,Leigh Harkins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118674391

Category: Psychology

Page: 424

View: 6717

Sex Offender Treatment is an innovative case study-based guide to the treatment of sexual offenders, offering direct access to the insights and experience of experts in the field. The book describes case formulations, assessment processes, and treatment undertaken with specific sexual offender types. Takes an innovative case study approach to sexual offender assessment and treatment, sharing practical insights and real-world experience in a challenging field Coverage is organized by key offender populations and includes bipolar offenders, child sexual abusers, Internet offenders, psychopathic offenders, personality disordered offenders and female offenders This distinctive approach aids trainee and novice workers to recognise key treatment issues, and plan and implement courses of therapeutic engagement and intervention to improve offender self-control Contributors include Bill Marshall, Leam Craig, Phil Rich, Bill Lindsay and Tony Ward

Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders

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Author: Phil Rich

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470931974

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 1382

Praise for Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders, Second Edition "The Second Edition of Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders showcases Phil Rich's experience and mastery of the research and clinical literature. In my view, this is an excellent therapy book and, like its predecessor, will help practitioners to work effectively and ethically with juvenile offenders. It is destined to become a classic." —Tony Ward, PhD, DipClinPsy; Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand "Phil Rich is considered one of the world's leading authorities on how best to understand, assess, and treat juvenile sexual offenders, and this Second Edition of his excellent text shows why he is held in such high regard. All theoreticians, researchers, and practitioners whose work brings them in contact with juvenile sexual offenders should definitely read this remarkable book." —W. L. Marshall, OC, FRSC, PhD; Director, Rockwood Psychological Services, Ontario, Canada "Phil Rich's book, Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders, Second Edition offers new and thought-provoking ideas, updates, and information, especially on developmental pathways. This book is one of the few publications on juvenile sexual offending that offers something new and revealing to the field." —Robert E. Longo, LPC, NCC, ACS, BCIA-EEG, BCN; Serendipity Healing Arts, Lexington, North Carolina "Phil Rich masterfully fills the gap in the juvenile sexual offender treatment literature with a book that is neither introductory nor narrowly specialized. Seasoned veterans will appreciate his thoughtful and studied approach. Newcomers will find this book a vital go-to resource." —David Prescott, LICSW, Clinical Director, Becket Family of Services, Falmouth, Maine "Mind-blowingly brilliant—Rich by name and rich in depth, detail, description, and debate. An instant classic, Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders, Second Edition is both comprehensive and challenging with its material and messages, yet reassuringly accessible and practical." —Martin C. Calder, Calder Social Work Training and Consultancy, Leigh, Lancashire, UK THE LANDMARK TEXT FOR WORKING WITH JUVENILE SEXUAL OFFENDERS AND UNDERSTANDING SEXUALLY ABUSIVE BEHAVIOR IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS—NOW FULLY REVISED Thoroughly revised, the Second Edition of Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders guides mental health professionals through the breadth of assessment and intervention methods available for working with this special population, providing a succinct yet complete survey of the field, the etiological development of sexually abusive behavior in juveniles, and a reliable resource for assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation.

Handbook of Life-Span Development

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Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110800

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 4195

"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

The Long Shadow

The Morland Dynasty

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Author: Cynthia Harrod-Eagles

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0748132937

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 8914

1670: King Charles II's reign has brought peace and prosperity to the Morland family, but James II's ascent to the throne will shatter their restored fortunes. In Yorkshire, Morland Place has flourished during the Restoration, and in London the beautiful and sprited Annunciata, is now Countess of Chelmsford, a wealthy and well-connected woman, intimate with the Royal Family. But storm clouds gather over them all when the reign of James II brings rebellion and discord. Trouble is never far from Annunciata in these turbulent times. Jealousy, betrayal and violent death threaten her children, and for Annunciata herself comes the anguish of love lived in the long shadow of secrecy, a love that can only lead to tragedy.

The Long Shadow of Antiquity

What Have the Greeks and Romans Done for Us?

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Author: Gregory S. Aldrete,Alicia Aldrete

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350100536

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 334

A vivid exploration of the many ways the classical world remains relevant today, this is a passionate justification of why we continue to read about and study the lives and works of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Challenging the way the phrase 'That's just ancient history' is used to dismiss something as being irrelevant, Greg and Alicia Aldrete demonstrate just how much ancient Greece and Rome have influenced and shaped our world today in ways both large and small. From the more commonly known influences on politics, law, literature and timekeeping through to the everyday rituals and routines we take for granted when we exercise, dine, marry and dress, we are rooted in the ancient world. Even the political upheaval, celebrity obsession and blurring of public and private boundaries that we see in current news betray ancient characteristics - now brought to the fore here in a new final chapter. If you have ever wondered how far exactly we still walk in the footsteps of the ancients or wanted to understand how study of the classical world can inform and explain our lives today, this is the book for you.

Tyst

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Author: Susan Cain

Publisher: Natur & Kultur

ISBN: 9127136477

Category: Psychology

Page: 602

View: 6931

I en tid då de utåtriktade värderas högst tar Susan Cain ställning för de mer introverta personligheternas betydelse. Tyst är en både vetenskaplig och personlig bok som målar upp bilden av ett samhälle som i alla sammanhang hyllar den extroverta, vältaliga, oblyga och socialt kompetenta personen. Samhället undervärderar de lågmälda personligheterna, men faktum är att de introverta ofta är en tillgång för gruppen. Att vara introvert är inte detsamma som att vara blyg. Det handlar istället mer om var man hämtar energi. Extrovertapersoner stimuleras av sällskap och kontakt, medan introverta behöver avskildhet och lugna stunder. Tyst har blivit en internationell succé och rättigheterna är sålda till 30 länder. Susan Cains TED-talk har setts av över två miljoner människor och är ett av Bill Gates favoriter!

Brain, Mind and Medicine:

Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience

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Author: Harry Whitaker,C.U.M. Smith,Stanley Finger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387709673

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 778

No books have been published on the practice of neuroscience in the eighteenth century, a time of transition and discovery in science and medicine. This volume explores neuroscience and reviews developments in anatomy, physiology, and medicine in the era some call the Age of Reason, and others the Enlightenment. Topics include how neuroscience adopted electricity as the nerve force, how disorders such as aphasia and hysteria were treated, Mesmerism, and more.

The Temperamental Thread

How Genes, Culture, Time and Luck Make Us who We are

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Author: Jerome Kagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781932594508

Category: Medical

Page: 255

View: 3622

Temperament is the single most pervasive aspect of us and our fellow human beings. We notice it; we gossip about it; we make judgments based on it; we unconsciously shape our lives around it. In The Temperamental Thread, developmental psychologist Jerome Kagan draws on decades of research to describe the nature of temperament--the in-born traits that underlie our responses to experience. Along the way he answers such questions as, How does the temperament we are born with affect the rest of our lives? Are we set at birth on an irrevocable path of optimism or pessimism? Must a fussy baby always become an anxious adult? Kagan paints a picture of temperament as a thread that, when woven with those of life experiences, forms the whole cloth of an individual's personality. He presents solid evidence to show how genes, gender, culture, and chance interact with temperament and influence a mature personality. He explains how temperament sets the stage for the many personality variations that we see all around us. Research into temperament, powered by the new tools of neuroscience and psychological science, is enriching our understanding of others in every context, from our closest relationships to those in workplaces, schools, and even casual encounters. Jerome Kagan shows us how.

Im Schatten des Berges

Roman

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Author: Gregory David Roberts

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641188563

Category: Fiction

Page: 992

View: 2121

Eine Liebeserklärung an Bombay und an das Leben! „Shantaram“ hat Millionen Leser auf der ganzen Welt berührt. Die Geschichte von Lindsay Ford, dem Australier, der aus dem Gefängnis ausbrach, in Mumbai untertauchte, als Arzt im Slum arbeitete und um die Liebe seines Lebens kämpfte, lebt in ihren Herzen weiter. Lindsay Ford wurde zu Shantaram, und die Stadt Mumbai zu seiner Heimat. Am Ende verlor er einen Menschen, den er über alles liebte, wie einen Vater verehrte: den Mafiaboss Khaderbhai. Zwei Jahre sind seitdem vergangen, und seit Khaderbhai nicht mehr mehr da ist, bekämpfen sich die verschiedenen Gangs der Stadt immer unerbittlicher, die Gewalt eskaliert. Auf der Suche nach einem Ausweg begegnet Lin einem heiligen Mann, der alles infrage stellt, was Lin zu wissen glaubte. Am liebsten würde er die Stadt verlassen, ein neues Leben beginnen. Doch zwei Dinge halten ihn zurück: Karla, seine große Liebe, und ein fatales Versprechen, das er nicht brechen kann ...

Die Unsterblichen

Roman

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Author: Chloe Benjamin

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641207088

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 1864

Wie würdest du leben, wenn du wüsstest, an welchem Tag du stirbst? Sommer 1969: Wie ein Lauffeuer spricht sich in der New Yorker Lower East Side herum, dass eine Wahrsagerin im Viertel eingetroffen ist, die jedem Menschen den Tag seines Todes vorhersagen kann. Neugierig machen sich die vier Geschwister Gold auf den Weg. Nichtsahnend, dass dieses Wissen für jeden von ihnen auf unterschiedliche Weise zum Verhängnis wird. Simon, den Jüngsten, zieht es Anfang der 1980-er Jahre nach San Francisco, wo er nach Liebe sucht und alle Vorsicht über Bord wirft. Klara, verwundbar und träumerisch, wird als Zauberkünstlerin zur Grenzgängerin zwischen Realität und Illusion. Daniel findet nach 9/11 Sicherheit als Arzt bei der Army. Varya wiederum widmet sich der Altersforschung und lotet die Grenzen des Lebens aus. Doch um welchen Preis?

Der Schleier der Macht

Die Lieder der Erde 3 - Roman

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Author: Elspeth Cooper

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641131693

Category: Fiction

Page: 672

View: 1684

An den nördlichen Grenzen des Reiches Eador versucht die Seherin Teia eine Invasion der Barbaren zu verhindern. In der glühenden Wüste von Gimrael sinnt der Magier Gair noch immer auf Rache für den Tod seiner geliebten Aysha. Und in den eisigen Hallen der Könige plant sein alter Widersacher Savin eine Intrige, die Herrscher und Reiche zu Fall bringen könnte. Sie alle sind bereit, für ihre Ziele zu kämpfen, doch sind sie auch bereit zu sterben, wenn der Tag der letzten Schlacht kommt?