The Logics of Social Structure

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Author: Kyriakos M. Kontopoulos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521032698

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 429

An interesting approach to the study of social structure, drawing on developments in the physical, biological and cognitive sciences.

The Logic of British and American Industry

A Realistic Analysis of Economic Structure and Government

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Author: Philip Sargant Florence

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415313506

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 4433

Summarizing the facts about the prevailing sizes of industrial firms or plants and the patterns of industrial location in Britain and America, this book also interprets the facts in basic terms such as technical requirements and consumer habits. Examining investment and human resource management, the contrasts and (unexpected) similarities in the industrial structure and government of the two countries are analysed. The book includes new research into the real seat of power in the British joint stock company and compares the results with the realities of the American corporation.

Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

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Author: J. Wiatr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400993536

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 3172

Modern philosophy has benefited immensely from the intelligence, and sensitivity, the creative and critical energies, and the lucidity of Polish scholars. Their investigations into the logical and methodological foundations of mathematics, the physical and biological sciences, ethics and esthetics, psychology, linguistics, economics and jurisprudence, and the social science- all are marked by profound and imaginative work. To the centers of empiricist philosophy of science in Vienna, Berlin and Cambridge during the first half of this century, one always added the great school of analytic and methodol ogical studies in Warsaw and Lwow. To the world centers of Marxist theoretical practice in Berlin, Moscow, Paris, Rome and elsewhere, one must add the Poland of the same era, from Ludwik Krzywicki (1859-1941) onward. American socialists and economists will remember the careful work of Oscar Lange, working among us for many years and then after 1945 in Warsaw, always humane, logical, objective. In this volume, our friend and colleague, Jerzy J. Wiatr, has assembled a representative set of recent essays by Polish social scientists and philosophers. Each of these might lead the reader far beyond this book, to look into the Polish Sociological Bulletin which has been publishing Polish sociological studies in English for several decades, to study other translations of books and papers by these authors, and to reflect upon the interplay of logical, phenomenological, Marxist, empiricist and historical learning in modern Polish social understanding.

Economic, Social and Demographic Thought in the XIXth Century

The Population Debate from Malthus to Marx

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Author: Yves Charbit

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402099606

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 2220

According to current understanding, Malthus was hostile to an excess of population because it caused social sufferings, while Marx was favourable to demographic growth in so far as a large proletariat was a factor aggravating the contradictions of capitalism. This is unfortunately an oversimplification. Both raised the same crucial question: when considered as an economic variable, how does population fit into the analysis of economic growth? Even though they started from the same analytical standpoint, Marx established a very different diagnosis from that of Malthus and built a social doctrine no less divergent. The book also discusses the theoretical and doctrinal contribution of the liberal economists, writing at the onset of the industrial revolution in France (1840-1870), and those of their contemporary, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, who shared with Marx the denunciation of the capitalist system. By paying careful attention to the social, economic, and political context, this book goes beyond the shortcomings of the classification between pro- and anti-populationism. It sheds new light over nineteenth century controversies over population in France, a case study for Europe.

The Logic of Social Research

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Author: Arthur L. Stinchcombe

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226774916

Category: History

Page: 354

View: 7586

Arthur L. Stinchcombe has earned a reputation as a leading practitioner of methodology in sociology and related disciplines. Throughout his distinguished career he has championed the idea that to be an effective sociologist, one must use many methods. This incisive work introduces students to the logic of those methods. The Logic of Social Research orients students to a set of logical problems that all methods must address to study social causation. Almost all sociological theory asserts that some social conditions produce other social conditions, but the theoretical links between causes and effects are not easily supported by observation. Observations cannot directly show causation, but they can reject or support causal theories with different degrees of credibility. As a result, sociologists have created four main types of methods that Stinchcombe terms quantitative, historical, ethnographic, and experimental to support their theories. Each method has value, and each has its uses for different research purposes. Accessible and astute, The Logic of Social Research offers an image of what sociology is, what it's all about, and what the craft of the sociologist consists of.

Social Theory as Science (Routledge Revivals)

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Author: Russell Keat,John Urry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136839240

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 395

This book, written by a philosopher interested in the problems of social science and scientific method, and a sociologist interested in the philosophy of science, presents a novel conception of how we should think about and carry out the scientific study of social life. This book combines an evaluation of different conceptions of the nature of science with an examination of important sociological theorists and frameworks. This second edition of the work was originally published in 1982.

Relations of Production

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Author: Helen Lackner,David Seddon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113627443X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 4109

First Published in 1978. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Soviet Studies in Social Sciences

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Author: Zafar Imam

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: 211

View: 6101

Translations of twelve articles selected from Russian academic journals and research publications.

Toward a Science of Man in Society

A Positive Approach to the Integration of Social Knowledge

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Author: K.W. Kapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401036608

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 9377

THIS study is concerned with the search for a new unity of social knowledge and social inquiry. As such it is addressed to all those who see in the present compartmentalization and special ization of the social sciences the reason for the bewildering pro liferation of subject matters, the preoccupation with trivia and the failure to make the maximum use of our knowledge for human welfare. More specifically, I am addressing this book to those who are dealing with "interdisciplinary" problems such as the study of foreign areas, the analysis of sociocultural change, economic development of "backward" economies and the planning and teaching of "integrated" courses in the social sciences. The book suggests an answer to the question, How can our specialized knowledge about man and society be unified? As such the study reflects the conviction that all scientific knowledge, in order to make the greatest possible contribution to human welfare, must become comprehensive in character. In fact, such knowledge differs from popular and common-sense understanding precisely by the fact that it is systematically formulated and held together in terms of a few unifying conceptual frameworks. Indeed, all scientific understanding is, above all, an effort to simplify by unifying what has long appeared as unrelated and disparate. Those who believe that compartmentalization and specialization are the royal road to success in the social sciences may find this an irritating book.

Key Perspectives in Criminology

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Author: Tierney John,John Tierney

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335240585

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 7598

Key Perspectives in Criminology is not simply a dictionary of criminology, but a welcome introduction for those with a genuine interest in the terms, concepts, themes and debates in the field.

Logics of History

Social Theory and Social Transformation

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Author: William H. Sewell Jr.

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226749198

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 3969

While social scientists and historians have been exchanging ideas for a long time, they have never developed a proper dialogue about social theory. William H. Sewell Jr. observes that on questions of theory the communication has been mostly one way: from social science to history. Logics of History argues that both history and the social sciences have something crucial to offer each other. While historians do not think of themselves as theorists, they know something social scientists do not: how to think about the temporalities of social life. On the other hand, while social scientists’ treatments of temporality are usually clumsy, their theoretical sophistication and penchant for structural accounts of social life could offer much to historians. Renowned for his work at the crossroads of history, sociology, political science, and anthropology, Sewell argues that only by combining a more sophisticated understanding of historical time with a concern for larger theoretical questions can a satisfying social theory emerge. In Logics of History, he reveals the shape such an engagement could take, some of the topics it could illuminate, and how it might affect both sides of the disciplinary divide.

Democratization of Expertise?

Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making

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Author: Sabine Maasen,Sabine Maassen,P. Weingart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402037535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 8905

"Based on a conference on "Scientific Expertise and Political Decision-Making," held at the Institute for Science Studies at the Univ. Of Basel, Switzerland, December 4-6, 2003"--Pref.

Sociopolitical Ecology

Human Systems and Ecological Fields

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Author: Frederick L. Bates

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306456534

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2354

Sociopolitical Ecology introduces the concept of `ecological field' to replace that of `ecosystem' and extends the boundaries of self-referential systems to a new, more complex level of analysis. Ecological field refers to an overarching system that contains many self-referential (or autopoietic) systems that interact in a common space, with human beings placed squarely in the middle of all natural ecological networks. The focus of this fascinating study is the interlocking pattern of relations among human beings within an ecological field - what the author designates as `sociopolitical ecology'. The book argues that most societies are not self-contained systems, but rather ecological fields, that is complexes of several interacting systems.

Networks of Power

Organizational Actors at the National, Corporate, and Community Levels

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Author: Robert Perrucci,Harry R. Potter

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367477

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 2673

Large organizations, particularly corporations, possess considerable resources, and with that comes considerable power, often extending beyond a single community or nation-state. Networks among large corporations enhance that power to the point that they exert a major impact on national and multinational economies and policies, influencing decision-making to achieve their own goals. Networks of Power applies interorganizational analysis to the study of power in three main areas: national policy domains, community influence structures, and national corporate structures. The main body of the text is comprised of original research by the leading authorities in the field and covers such areas as national policy decisions in health and energy, corporate structure, innovative theoretical and methodological approaches, and a critical review of network analysis of interorganizational relations and power. Also presented is an agenda for future research.

The Use of Models in the Social Sciences

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Author: Lyndhurst Collins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136444963

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6834

Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1976 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Mathematical Ideas and Sociological Theory

Current State and Prospects

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Author: Thomas J. Fararo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677166353

Category:

Page: 185

View: 584

First Published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Transformation of the Student Career

University Study in Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden

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Author: Michael Nugent

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135933758

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 7366

This study examines the transformation of the structural characteristics and ideological assumptions of university study in these three countries between the mid-1950s and the early 1990s.

Hector-Neri Castañeda

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Author: H. Tomberlin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400945345

Category: Philosophy

Page: 443

View: 5196

The aim of this series is to inform both professional philosophers and a larger readership (of social and natural scientists, methodologists, mathematicians, students, teachers, publishers, etc.) about what is going on, who's who, and who does what in contemporary philosophy and PROFILES is designed to present the research activity and the logic. results of already outstanding personalities and schools and of newly emerging ones in the various fields of philosophy and logic. There are many Festschrift volumes dedicated to various philosophers. There is the celebrated Library of Living Philosophers edited by P. A. Schipp whose format influenced the present enterprise. Still they can only cover very little of the contemporary philosophical scene. Faced with a tremendous expansion of philosophical information and with an almost frightening division of labor and increasing specialization we need systematic and regular ways of keeping track of what happens in the profession. PROFILES is intended to perform such a function. Each volume is devoted to one or several philosophers whose views and results are presented and discussed. The profiled philosopher(s) will summarize and review his (their) own work in the main fields of significant contribution. This work will be discussed and evaluated by invited contributors. Relevant historical and/or biographical data, an up-to-date bibliography with short abstracts of the most important works and, whenever possible, references to significant reviews and discussion will also be included.

Political/Cultural Identity

Citizens and Nations in a Global Era

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Author: P W Preston

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761950264

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 3659

This interdisciplinary book overviews political and cultural identity in the context of changes across the political landscape. These changes - from the fall of the Berlin Wall to the recent Islamic revival - have profoundly altered the received ideas that define political cultures throughout the world. In this context the author draws together the diverse strands of literature to throw light on the impact on identity of a changing global environment. Peter Preston analyzes political, cultural and economic identities which lie at the centre of individual actions and social structure. This analysis is fleshed out by a detailed examination of specific regional cases, including: the realignment of Europe; the sharp rise of Pa

Encyclopedia of Phenomenology

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Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401588813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 765

View: 7977

This encyclopedia presents phenomenological thought and the phenomenological movement within philosophy and within more than a score of other disciplines on a level accessible to professional colleagues of other orientations as well as to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Entries average 3,000 words. In practically all cases, they include lists of works "For Further Study." The Introduction briefly chronicles the changing phenomenological agenda and compares phenomenology with other 20th Century movements. The 166 entries are a baut matters of seven sorts: ( 1) the faur broad tendencies and periods within the phenomenological movement; (2) twenty-three national traditions ofphenomenology; (3) twenty-two philosophical sub-disciplines, including those referred to with the formula "the philosophy of x"; (4) phenomenological tendencies within twenty-one non-philosophical dis ciplines; (5) forty major phenomenological topics; (6) twenty-eight leading phenomenological figures; and (7) twenty-seven non-phenomenological figures and movements ofinteresting sim ilarities and differences with phenomenology. Conventions Concern ing persons, years ofbirth and death are given upon first mention in an entry ofthe names of deceased non-phenomenologists. The names of persons believed tobe phenomenologists and also, for cross-referencing purposes, the titles of other entries are printed entirely in SMALL CAPITAL letters, also upon first mention. In addition, all words thus occurring in all small capital letters are listed in the index with the numbers of all pages on which they occur. To facilitate indexing, Chinese, Hungarian, and Japanese names have been re-arranged so that the personal name precedes the family name.