The Law & Politics of the Caspian Sea in the Twenty-first Century

The Positions and Views of Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, with Special Reference to Iran

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Author: Bahman Āqāyī,Bahman Aghai Diba

Publisher: Ibex Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 158814027X

Category: Law

Page: 182

View: 9313

The Caspian Sea has been the focus of states and peoples in and out of the area for the last decade. The surrounding states are interested in getting a decent share of the lake's resources. The industrial states are interested in taking the oil, gas and other natural wealth of the Caspian Sea to world markets as soon as possible. The populations of the littoral states, which are all ruled by undemocratic regimes, are concerned with whether their governments will retain their just rights in the Caspian Sea. They realise that the highest priority for their current rulers is to keep their grip on power, not their nation's present or future interests. How have the respective governments in Azerbaijan, the Federation of Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and especially, Iran, thought and acted in regard to the situation of the Caspian Sea and their interests? The issue has a special reference to Iran because it is experiencing a terrible situation in regard to the Caspian Sea due to the poor management of its foreign policy and international relations. Iran will end up with the smallest share of the Caspian Sea, whether it likes it or not. This is a serious setback for a country that once shared the Caspian Sea with the former Soviet Union. Iran's mismanagement of its Caspian Sea rights is a political and diplomatic lesson in what not to do. This book gives everyone, even those without legal or political backgrounds in this issue, an opportunity to survey the facts and history; and to analyse the legal and political realities of the present political situation of the world's largest lake.

The Economics and Politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin

The Redistribution of Oil Revenues in Azerbaijan and Central Asia

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Author: Boris Najman,Richard Pomfret,Gaël Raballand

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134079133

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 2786

The Caspian Basin region has boomed since the late 1990s due to new oil discoveries, new pipelines that have diversified countries' transport options and world oil prices that have risen from below $10 in 1998 to $70 in 2006. This book analyzes the experience of the Caspian countries during the oil boom. It is founded on empirical studies, using either macroeconomic tools or an analysis of public budgets, or microeconometric analysis of household survey data or fieldwork in oil-producing regions. Moving from aggregated to disaggregated analysis and, in-keeping with its emphasis on rigorous empirical analysis to the greatest extent possible, several chapters are written by specialists on the Caspian region. Whilst there is an emphasis on the economic consequences of the oil boom, the interdisciplinary aspects of the phenomenon are also recognized. Overall, the analysis is firmly rooted in the region, yet the empirical studies also provide a basis for drawing broader lessons about the effects of an oil boom.

A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea

Treaties, Diaries and Other Stories

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Author: G. Mirfendereski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230107575

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 8466

In a series of short stories that both inform and amuse, this book transports the reader across the windswept shores of the Caspian Sea and provides a provocative view of the wars, peace, intrigues, and betrayals that have shaped the political geography of this important and volatile region. The demise of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the eclipsing of the old Iranian-Soviet regime of the sea have given rise to new challenges for the regional actors and unprecedented opportunities for international players to tap into the area's enormous oil and gas resources, third in size only behind Siberia and the Persian Gulf. This book explores the historical themes that inform and animate the more immediate and familiar discussions about petroleum, pipelines, and ethnic conflict in the Caspian region.

The Caspian Sea

A Quest for Environmental Security

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Author: William Ascher,Natalia Mirovitskaya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401140324

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 4700

This volume is based on the presentations and deliberations of an Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) "Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security" that was held on March 15-19, 1999, in Venice (Italy). The Workshop was sponsored by the NATO's Division for Scientific and Environmental Affairs, with additional support provided by the Trust for Mutual Understanding (USA). It was organized by Duke University's Center for International Development Research with the guidance of the International Committee of scientists from Russia, United States. Georgia and Italy and organizational assistance rendered by Venice International University. The Caspian Sea region is of profound importance from the perspective of global and regional environmental security. New geopolitical and economic circumstances have created a mixture of competition. reluctant collaboration, and legal, political, economic and ideological wrangling. There is an intense debate over how the Caspian and its resources should be divided among littoral states and how these resources are to be developed. While most littoral states and the international companies strive to develop the area's immense hydrocarbon potential, it is clear that the Caspian's unique and fragile ecosystem is at risk.

The Post-Soviet Decline of Central Asia

Sustainable Development and Comprehensive Capital

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Author: Eric W. Sievers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317793366

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 4209

Sievers draws on his experience of Central Asia to take on the task of explaining the remarkable economic declines of the post-Soviet Central Asian states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) in the past decade, and the turn of these states towards despotism.

The Legal Status of the Caspian Sea

Current Challenges and Prospects for Future Development

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Author: Barbara Janusz-Pawletta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662447304

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 7834

This book analyzes the legal and economic situation concerning the removal and allocation of the natural resources in the Caspian Sea – the largest enclosed body of salt water in the world, which not only constitutes a fragile ecosystem with great fishery resources, but is also rich in oil and gas deposits. The economic advantages gained from the development of oil and gas are the basis for the economic and social development of the riparian states, but also cause significant transboundary harm to the ecosystem of the Caspian Sea. The book contends that, if the local environment grows more heavily contaminated through the extraction of mineral resources, it could lead to environmentally induced violence. It describes the ongoing conflicts, which are primarily due to various riparian states’ territorial claims concerning the extraction of oil and gas resources, and argues that the current legal framework on the use and protection of the Caspian Sea is obsolete. Thus, the main objective of the book is to point out corresponding international legal mechanisms that could be used in order to settle these disputes and protect the Caspian Sea’s fragile environment from transboundary harm.

The Stockholm Declaration and Law of the Marine Environment

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Author: Myron H. Nordquist,John Norton Moore,Said Mahmoudi

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041199409

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 2865

This collection of essays commemorates the Thirtieth Anniversary of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment. The opening presentation is by the distinguished former Foreign Minister of Sweden, Dr. Hans Blix, a primary author of the Stockholm Declaration. A second keynote abstract is by Professor Bjorn Lomborg, the renowned author of The Skeptical Environmentalist. The third keynote essay is by the United Nations Under Secretary-General of Legal Affairs, Hans Correl. The remainder of the volume includes contributions by six judges from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority, senior representatives from the Food and Agriculture Organization, International Maritime Organization, World Bank, Swedish Foreign Ministry and United States Department of State along with 25 professors and environmental law experts from 15 countries. The collection provides a comprehensive, in-depth review of the historic achievement as well as current relevance of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration as a landmark achievement in international environmental law.

Der Berg-Karabach-Konflikt

Eine juristische Analyse

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Author: Heiko Krüger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364201724X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 142

View: 5938

Der Band beschäftigt sich mit den rechtlichen Aspekten des Konflikts um Berg-Karabach. Aktuelle Entwicklungen machen deutlich, dass die juristischen Aspekte von Sezessionskonflikten sukzessive verwischen und auch im Rahmen internationaler Konfliktlösungsbemühungen ins Hintertreffen geraten. Die umstrittene Anerkennung des Kosovo durch zahlreiche Staaten im Jahr 2008 sowie die Anerkennung Abchasiens und Südossetiens durch Russland sind zwei Beispiele dafür. Ziel des Autors ist es, die Aufmerksamkeit stärker auf die rechtlichen Positionen zu lenken.

Security Flashpoints

Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation ; [twenty-first Annual Seminar Held at the UN Plaza Hotel in New York City from February 7 - 8, 1997]

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Author: Myron H. Nordquist,John Norton Moore,University of Virginia. Center for Oceans Law and Policy

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041110565

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 8161

"Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military" "Confrontation" covers a range of controversial issues rife with potential for provoking military confrontation in the world's salt water areas. Understanding the factual setting for flashpoints in the oceans requires an appreciation of the geographic circumstances of the disputants. This work starts with a global overview of island disputes provided by two leading geographers. They examine the pivotal relationship between sovereignty claims to islands and delimitation of ocean boundaries throughout the world. The most serious and complicated series of island disputes exists in the South China Sea where multiple national claims are asserted to sovereignty over the Spratly and Paracel Islands. This work gives not only an update on the status of the informal negotiations over the past several years but also the most complete insider's account so far made available in print of the unresolved issues. A suggestion is made for a constructive step toward a peaceful solution by outlining a Spratly Resource Development Agency. Another area that is brought to the attention is Southeastern Europe: the Danube River, the Adriatic Sea, the Caspian and Black Seas with particular emphasis on navigation through the Dardanelles; a definitive analysis is given of the critical freedom of navigation issues in the Strait of Hormuz as well as a comprehensive commentary on the outstanding boundary delimitation controversies in the Persian Gulf. The island and delimitation disputes in East Asian seas are also extensively discussed. The book finishes with a concept of adding political power to the legal doctrine of critical date' in settling maritimeboundary disputes. This work is of particular importance to lawyers involved in the seminal role that the Rule of Law plays for the peaceful resolution of ocean disputes. The work is based on a conference jointly sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, the Center for Oceans Law and Policy and the Center for National Security Law, University of Virginia School of Law.

Material Politics

Disputes Along the Pipeline

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Author: Andrew Barry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111852909X

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 8204

In Material Politics, author Andrew Barry reveals that aswe are beginning to attend to the importance of materials inpolitical life, materials has become increasingly bound up with theproduction of information about their performance, origins, andimpact. Presents an original theoretical approach to politicalgeography by revealing the paradoxical relationship betweenmaterials and politics Explores how political disputes have come to revolve not aroundobjects in isolation, but objects that are entangled in evergrowing quantities of information about their performance, origins,and impact Studies the example of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline– a fascinating experiment in transparency and corporatesocial responsibility – and its wide-spread negativepolitical impact Capitalizes on the growing interdisciplinary interest,especially within geography and social theory, about the criticalrole of material artefacts in political life

An Historical Account of the British Trade Over the Caspian Sea:

With a Journal of Travels from London Through Russia Into Persia; and Back Again Through Russia, Germany and Holland. To which are Added, the Revolutions of Persia During the Present Century, with the Particular History of the Great Usurper Nadir Kouli. In Four Volumes

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Author: Jonas Hanway

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1738

International Energy Policy, the Arctic and the Law of the Sea

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Author: University of Virginia. Center for Oceans Law and Policy. Conference

Publisher: Center for Oceans Law and Poli

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 339

View: 606

Maritime policy and energy resources: Russia, China, United States. Also discusses Iceland, Turkey, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Arctic.

Troubled Waters

The Geopolitics of the Caspian Region

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Author: R. Hrair Dekmejian,Hovann H. Simonian

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860649226

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 4307

This is a comprehensive analysis of the politico-economic situation of this most volatile of regions.

Intermittency: The Concept of Historical Reason in Recent French Philosophy

The Concept of Historical Reason in Recent French Philosophy

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Author: Andrew Gibson

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748637583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 8682

Explores the concept of historical intermittency in 5 recent French philosophers. Andrew Gibson engages with five recent and contemporary French philosophers, Badiou, Jambet, Lardreau, Francoise Proust and Ranciere, who each produce a post-Hegelian philosophy of history founded on an assertion of the intermittency of historical value. Gibson explores this `anti-schematics of historical reason' and its implication for politics, ethics and aesthetics in a wide range of modern intellectual contexts, finding its necessary complement and most powerful expression in a wealth of modern art, chiefly modern literature. The result is a sustained reflection on the possible character of a contemporary philosophy of history and an important contribution to our knowledge of contemporary French philosophy.

The Caspian Region, Volume 1

A Re-Emerging Region

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Author: Moshe Gammer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135775478

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 9751

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, new states - most of them muslim - emerged in central Asia and the Caucasus. These new states proved to be both oil-rich and central in the strip of conflict and instability that stretches from central Europe to the Far East. This volume draws attention to previously neglected issues which could result in conflict: * the water problem and negotiation in central Asia * the issues of 'Southern Azerbaijan', Ajaria and Javakheti * the many problems of multi-ethnic Daghestan * two attempts at unity in the Northern Caucasus. The book also re-examines some of the established truths regarding the states around the Caspian Sea, and re-evaluates: * the validity of the term 'Caspian region' and the question of who should be included in this new region * the general belief that the Caspian region will be a geopolitical centre of the 21st century * the axiom that the dissolution of the USSR has reopened the 'Great Game'. Moreover, The Caspian Region thoughtfully re-examines the questions of democracy; of fundamentalist Islam and of the complex, ambivalent relationship between Islam and nationalism in the region.

Reframing the International

Law, Culture, Politics

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Author: Richard A. Falk,Lester Edwin J. Ruiz,R. B. J. Walker

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415931762

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 609

Re-Framing the International insists that, if we are to properly face the challenges of the coming century, we need to re-examine international politics and development through the prism of ethics and morality. International relations must now contend with a widening circle of participants reflecting the diversity and unevenness of status, memory, gender, race, culture and class. This volume challenge North America's privileged position in world politics, suggest initiatives for improving the quality of human existence in tangible ways, and critique the conventional wisdom on how we think we can create peace and justice. It shows that, when we develop projects for world reform, we must remember that the most basic prevailing assumptions of modern law, politics, and culture are by no means as obvious, natural, or progressive as we formerly thought.

Democracy in an Age of Globalisation

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Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402056621

Category: Political Science

Page: 351

View: 6118

In this book, the author develops a comprehensive analysis of the demands which the process of globalization exerts on the political organisations of humanity. The author starts from a diagnosis of the process of globalisation. The question central to the book can be formulated as follows: "How can the social, moral and legal achievements of the nation-state be retained while its structure is reshaped to satisfy the requirements of a globalised world?"