The International Seabed Authority and the Precautionary Principle

Balancing Deep Seabed Mineral Mining and Marine Environmental Protection


Author: Aline L. Jaeckel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004332286

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 3343

In The International Seabed Authority and the Precautionary Principle, Aline L. Jaeckel offers an insightful analysis of the work of the International Seabed Authority and examines whether the Authority is implementing the precautionary principle in regulating and managing deep seabed minerals.

Deep-sea Biodiversity and Ecosystems

A Scoping Report on Their Socio-economy, Management and Governanace


Author: Sybille van den Hove,Vincent Moreau

Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint

ISBN: 9789280728927

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 84

View: 5981

The objective of this report is to provide an overview of the key socio-economic, management and governance issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of deep-sea ecosystems and biodiversity. The report highlights our current understanding of these issues and identifies topics and areas that need further investigation to close gaps in knowledge. It also explores the needs and means for interfacing research with policy with a view to contributing to the political processes regarding deep-sea and high-seas governance, which are currently ongoing in various international flora within and outside the UN system. In addition, the report provides guidance on the future direction and focus of research on environmental, socio-economic and governance aspects in relation to the deep-sea.

A Dual Approach to Ocean Governance

The Cases of Zonal and Integrated Management in International Law of the Sea


Author: Yoshifumi Tanaka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317188322

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 3723

Taking the North-East Atlantic Ocean as an example of regional practice, this book addresses the dual approach to ocean governance in international law. It examines the interaction between zonal and integrated management approaches and the conservation of marine living resources and marine biological diversity. The study examines the limitations of the traditional zonal approach and suggests new possibilities for conformity between sovereign states, international law and sustainable development.

Handbook on Marine Environment Protection

Science, Impacts and Sustainable Management


Author: Markus Salomon,Till Markus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319601563

Category: Science

Page: 1024

View: 979

This handbook is the first of its kind to provide a clear, accessible, and comprehensive introduction to the most important scientific and management topics in marine environmental protection. Leading experts discuss the latest perspectives and best practices in the field with a particular focus on the functioning of marine ecosystems, natural processes, and anthropogenic pressures. The book familiarizes readers with the intricacies and challenges of managing coasts and oceans more sustainably, and guides them through the maze of concepts and strategies, laws and policies, and the various actors that define our ability to manage marine activities. Providing valuable thematic insights into marine management to inspire thoughtful application and further study, it is essential reading for marine environmental scientists, policy-makers, lawyers, practitioners and anyone interested in the field.

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies


Author: Biliana Cicin-Sain,David Vanderzwaag,Miriam C. Balgos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131765806X

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 8690

This comprehensive handbook, prepared by leading ocean policy academics and practitioners from around the world, presents in-depth analyses of the experiences of fifteen developed and developing nations and four key regions of the world that have taken concrete steps toward cross-cutting and integrated national and regional ocean policy. All chapters follow a common framework for policy analysis. While most coastal nations of the world already have a variety of sectoral policies in place to manage different uses of the ocean (such as shipping, fishing, oil and gas development), in the last two decades, the coastal nations covered in the book have undertaken concerted efforts to articulate and implement an integrated, ecosystem-based vision for the governance of ocean areas under their jurisdiction. This includes goals and procedures to harmonize existing uses and laws, to foster sustainable development of ocean areas, to protect biodiversity and vulnerable resources and ecosystems, and to coordinate the actions of the many government agencies that are typically involved in oceans affairs. The book highlights the serious conflicts of use in most national ocean zones and the varying attempts by nations to follow the prescriptions emanating from the 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention and the outcomes of the 1992, 2002, and 2012 sustainable development summits. The interrelationship among uses and processes in the coast and ocean requires that ocean governance be integrated, precautionary, and anticipatory. Overall, the book provides a definitive state-of-the-art review and analysis of national and regional ocean policies around the world.

Cries of the Sea

World Inequality, Sustainable Development and the Common Heritage of Humanity


Author: Peter B. Payoyo

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041105042

Category: Law

Page: 547

View: 8573

A treasure lies at the bottom of the oceans. This treasure takes the form of a legal and ethical principle which may illuminate the potential for an enriching international community in a world of growing disparities. It is the principle of the Common Heritage of Humanity. The 1982 United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea delineated an Area and then proclaimed the Area and its resources 'the common heritage of mankind'. The author suggests that the terms 'common', 'heritage', and 'humanity' invite a larger perspective on the law underlying the Convention. Cries of the Sea provides a unique view of 'the deep blue sea' through the lens of the politics of international ocean law and policy and in particular through the exposition of the Common Heritage of Humanity as a fundamental principle of international law. The book explains why - and how - the Common Heritage principle constitutes an indispensable ingredient in any global programme for sustainable development. Legal philosophers and practitioners alike, in the ocean arena and beyond, will find that this work offers an intriguing intellectual and moral challenge. This book received the first Arvid Pardo Prize for outstanding scholarship on the Law of the Sea.

International Law and the Genetic Resources of the Deep Sea


Author: David Kenneth Leary

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004155007

Category: Law

Page: 297

View: 4928

Deep-sea genetic resources and the interest of the biotechnology industry in their exploitation are emerging as a significant challenge for international oceans governance. This book is the first comprehensive examination of this issue and explores its relationship with marine scientific research and other activities in the deep sea. As well as a detailed survey of the state of industry interest in this new field of biotechnology it also sets out proposals for future sustainable management of these resources utilizing many existing international law and policy regimes.

The Stockholm Declaration and Law of the Marine Environment


Author: Myron H. Nordquist,John Norton Moore,Said Mahmoudi

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041199409

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 5277

This collection of essays commemorates the Thirtieth Anniversary of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment. The opening presentation is by the distinguished former Foreign Minister of Sweden, Dr. Hans Blix, a primary author of the Stockholm Declaration. A second keynote abstract is by Professor Bjorn Lomborg, the renowned author of The Skeptical Environmentalist. The third keynote essay is by the United Nations Under Secretary-General of Legal Affairs, Hans Correl. The remainder of the volume includes contributions by six judges from the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority, senior representatives from the Food and Agriculture Organization, International Maritime Organization, World Bank, Swedish Foreign Ministry and United States Department of State along with 25 professors and environmental law experts from 15 countries. The collection provides a comprehensive, in-depth review of the historic achievement as well as current relevance of the 1972 Stockholm Declaration as a landmark achievement in international environmental law.


The Official Magazine of the Oceanography Society


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Oceanography

Page: N.A

View: 6138

Oceans Policy

New Institutions, Challenges, and Opportunities


Author: Myron H. Nordquist,John Norton Moore

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041111821

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 4105

"Oceans Policy: New Institutions, Challenges and Opportunities" draws attention to three new international institutions created by the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea. The International Seabed Authority located in Jamaica governs global activities to convert polymetallic resources into reserves of metal. The Legal Counsel for the Authority provides the first public review of the Authority's draft Mining Code containing the rules, regulations, and procedures for deep seabed mining. The second institution dealt with is the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Professor Louis Sohn outlines several innovative uses of advisory opinions available to the Tribunal while the President of the Tribunal reports on a busy first year of work by this new institution located in Hamburg. Other items discussed are the jurisdiction of the Tribunal and its working methods, including its rules, proceedings and internal procedures. The third international institution established to implement the 1980 Convention is the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf beyond 200 nautical miles. An explanation is given of the geographical context for the development of the legal concept of the Continental Shelf. The principal problems that the Commission must resolve are summarized, in particular with respect to the definition in the Convention of the outer limit of the Continental Shelf. The fourth part of this work is focused on the global challenges posed by drug trafficking in the Caribbean region. The international legal framework governing intercepting illegal drug shipments at sea is analyzed. Recent counter-drug initiatives undertaken at the International Maritime Organization are thenreviewed. The book also contains discussion of the growing threat to ocean freedom posed by piracy and armed robbery at sea, as well as the increasing problems in reconciling the rules for salvage of shipwrecks and underwater archeology. The publication is based on a conference held in Jamaica that was organized by the Center for Oceans Law and Policy, University of Virginia School of Law.

Handbuch Umweltethik


Author: Konrad Ott,Jan Dierks,Lieske Voget-Kleschin

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476051935

Category: Philosophy

Page: 367

View: 1790

Wie kaum eine andere Bereichsethik befasst sich die Umweltethik einerseits mit Grundfragen der Philosophie (Naturphilosophie, Anthropologie, politische Philosophie) und berührt andererseits verschiedene Politikfelder (Klimapolitik, Naturschutz, Land- und Forstwirtschaft etc.). Das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Grundlagenreflexion und Politiknähe wird zusammengehalten durch argumentative Begründungen des Umwelt-, Tier- und Naturschutzes, die Kernbereiche der Umweltethik sind. Das Handbuch stellt den umweltethischen Diskurs hinsichtlich seiner Begrifflichkeit, seiner Geschichte, seiner ethischen Grundlagen, der wesentlichen Handlungsfelder und der Bezüge zu Nachbarwissenschaften dar.

The Marine Environment and Sustainable Development

Law, Policy, and Science : Proceedings, the Law of the Sea Institute Twenty-fifth Annual Conference, August 6-9, 1991, Malmö, Sweden


Author: Law of the Sea Institute. Conference

Publisher: Law of the Sea Inst

ISBN: 9780911189254

Category: Law

Page: 688

View: 5820

Handbook on Ocean Politics & Law


Author: James C. F. Wang

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313264344

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 8889

Provides background information and analysis on contemporary ocean use issues. Coverage includes the development of ocean law, the evolving uses of oceans, data on living and non-living ocean resources, the environmental impact of pollution and national claims over ocean exploration.

Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development

An Independent Publication from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway


Author: Olav Schram Stokke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853839290

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 25

View: 2896

Independent, high-quality analysis of the growing number of international agreements on environment and developmentEssential reference for lawyers, policy makers and professionals in international affairsCompiled and edited by the Fridjtof Nansen Institute, Norway, this is an authoritative and comprehensive reference to all international agreements on environment and development. It details the objectives, status, rules, funding and implementation of each instrument. Essays by leading authorities assess the achievements and shortcomings of international co-operation. International governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and participating countries are profiled.



Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Offshore oil well drilling

Page: N.A

View: 5651

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

A Commentary


Author: Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510424

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 3307

The international community has long grappled with the issue of safeguarding the environment and encouraging sustainable development, often with little result. The 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development was an emphatic attempt to address this issue, setting down 27 key principles for the international community to follow. These principles define the rights of people to sustainable development, and the responsibilities of states to safeguard the common environment. The Rio Declaration established that long term economic progress required a connection to environmental protection. It was designed as an authoritative and comprehensive statement of the principles of sustainable development law, an instrument to take stock of the past international and domestic practice, a guide for the design of new multilateral environmental regimes, and as a reference for litigation. This commentary provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the principles of the Declaration, written by over thirty inter-disciplinary contributors, including both leading practitioners and academics. Each principle is analysed in light of its origins and rationale. The book investigates each principle's travaux préparatoires setting out the main points of controversy and the position of different countries or groups. It analyses the scope and dimensions of each principle, providing an in-depth understanding of its legal effects, including whether it can be relied before a domestic or international court. It also assesses the impact of the principles on subsequent soft law and treaty development, as well as domestic and international jurisprudence. The authors demonstrate the ways in which the principles interact with each other, and finally provide a detailed analysis of the shortcomings and future potential of each principle. This book will be of vital importance to practitioners, scholars, and students of international environomental law and sustainable development.

Saving the Oceans Through Law

The International Legal Framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment


Author: James Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198707320

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 6241

The oceans cover more than seventy per cent of the surface of the planet and they provide many vital ecosystem services. However, the health of the world's oceans has been deteriorating over the past decades and the protection of the marine environment has emerged as one of the most pressing legal and political challenges for the international community. An effective solution depends upon the cooperation of all states towards achieving agreed objectives. This book provides a critical assessment of the role that international law plays in this process, by explaining and evaluating the various legal instruments that have been negotiated in this area, as well as key trends in global ocean governance. Starting with a detailed analysis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the book considers the main treaties and other legal texts that seeks to prevent, reduce, and control damage to the marine environment caused by navigation, seabed exploitation, fishing, dumping, and land-based activities, as well as emerging pressures such as ocean noise and climate change. The book demonstrates how international institutions have expanded their mandates to address a broader range of marine environmental issues, beyond basic problems of pollution control to include the conservation of marine biological diversity and an ecosystems approach to regulation. It also discusses the development of diverse regulatory tools to address anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment and the extent to which states have adopted a precautionary approach in different maritime sectors. Whilst many advances have been made in these matters, this book highlights the need for greater coordination between international institutions, as well as the desirability of developing stronger enforcement mechanisms for international environmental rules.

Green Globe Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development 1996

An Independent Publication on Environment and Development from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway


Author: Helge Ole Bergesen,Georg Parmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Environmental policy

Page: 368

View: 6211

This Yearbook's main objective is to demonstrate how far the international community has come in solving specific environment and development problems, what the main obstacles are to effective international solutions, and what needs to be done to overcome such barriers. It focuses on the achievements and shortcomings of international cooperation, enabling the reader to distinguish between rhetoric and reality in environmental politics at the world level.