The Intensification of surveillance

crime, terrorism and warfare in the information age

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Author: Kirstie Ball,Frank Webster

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: 9780745319957

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 4824

Shocking expose of surveillance methods. Shows how we can combat crime without eroding civil liberties.

Our Biometric Future

Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance

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Author: Kelly A. Gates

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814732798

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 6307

Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to “see” the human face—to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another—commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology. While computer scientists are developing FRT in order to design more intelligent and interactive machines, businesses and states agencies view the technology as uniquely suited for “smart” surveillance—systems that automate the labor of monitoring in order to increase their efficacy and spread their reach. Tracking this technological pursuit, Our Biometric Future identifies FRT as a prime example of the failed technocratic approach to governance, where new technologies are pursued as shortsighted solutions to complex social problems. Culling news stories, press releases, policy statements, PR kits and other materials, Kelly Gates provides evidence that, instead of providing more security for more people, the pursuit of FRT is being driven by the priorities of corporations, law enforcement and state security agencies, all convinced of the technology’s necessity and unhindered by its complicated and potentially destructive social consequences. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability.

The Ethics of Intelligence

A new framework

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Author: Ross W. Bellaby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966613

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 4734

This book starts from the proposition that the field of intelligence lacks any systematic ethical review, and then develops a framework based on the notion of harm and the establishment of Just Intelligence Principles. As the professional practice of intelligence collection adapts to the changing environment of the twenty-first century, many academic experts and intelligence professionals have called for a coherent ethical framework that outlines exactly when, by what means and to what ends intelligence is justified. Recent controversies, including reports of abuse at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib, allegations of extraordinary rendition programmes and the ever-increasing pervasiveness of the ‘surveillance state’, have all raised concerns regarding the role of intelligence in society. As a result, there is increased debate regarding the question of whether or not intelligence collection can be carried out ethically. The Ethics of Intelligence tackles this question by creating an ethical framework specifically designed for intelligence that is capable of outlining under what circumstances, if any, different intelligence collection activities are ethically permissible. The book examines three of the main collection disciplines in the field of intelligence studies: imagery intelligence, signals intelligence and human intelligence. By applying the ethical framework established at the beginning of the book to these three important intelligence collection disciplines, it is possible to better understand the ethical framework while also demonstrating its real-life applicability. This book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, ethics, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR.

New Visualities, New Technologies

The New Ecstasy of Communication

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Author: Dr Hille Koskela,Professor J Macgregor Wise

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404432

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 5031

Back in the 1980s Jean Baudrillard wrote that public space was collapsing due to a double obscenity: 'The most intimate operation of your life becomes the potential grazing ground of the media....The entire universe also unfolds unnecessarily on your home screen.' He termed this the ecstasy of communication. But today, your everyday life is not just the potential grazing ground of the media, but of anyone with a camera, and the entire universe unfolds not just at home but in the palm of your hand virtually anywhere you travel. Bringing together a transdisciplinary team of leading scholars and artists from North America, Europe and Asia, this volume documents and theorizes this new visibility. It focuses on the proliferation of a range of new visual technologies, examining questions of subjectivity, agency, and surveillance as well as mapping and theorizing new practices of visuality within this new visual assemblage. New Visualities, New Technologies addresses the pressing need for the conceptual understanding of new forms of seeing, looking, presenting, and hiding.

Surveillance, Capital and Resistance

Theorizing the Surveillance Subject

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Author: Michael McCahill,Rachel L. Finn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135089337

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 9999

Surveillance, Capital and Resistance is a major contribution to current debates on the subjective experience of surveillance. Based on a large research project undertaken in a Northern City in the UK and focusing mainly on the use of surveillance in the context of policing and security, the book explores how a diverse range of social groups (‘school children’, ‘political protesters’, ‘offenders’, ‘unemployed people’, ‘migrants’, and ‘police officers’) experience and respond to being monitored by ‘new surveillance’ technologies such as CCTV surveillance cameras and computers. The book interweaves surveillance theory with the work of Pierre Bourdieu to argue that the distribution of various forms of ‘capital’ – economic, social, cultural and symbolic – in any given ‘field’ operate as a range of goods or resources that structure the dynamics of surveillance practices and power relations, including the ability to contest surveillance. The term surveillance capital is introduced to refer to the tacit knowledge and everyday forms of cultural know-how that allow surveillance subjects to contest surveillance in a variety of local and specific settings. The book is essential reading for anyone that might be interested in how people experience and respond to the new surveillance measures currently used in the crime control field. It will be key reading for students and academics interested in surveillance studies, childhood studies, media studies, criminal justice and migration studies.

Democracy in Practice

Ceremony and Ritual in Parliament

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Author: S. Rai,R. Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137361913

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 4700

This collection makes a compelling case for the importance of studying ceremony and ritual in deepening our understanding of modern democratic parliaments. It reveals through rich case studies that modes of behaviour, the negotiation of political and physical spaces and the creation of specific institutional cultures, underpin democracy in practice

Histories of State Surveillance in Europe and Beyond

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Author: Kees Boersma,Rosamunde van Brakel,Chiara Fonio,Pieter Wagenaar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104936

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 6427

Does the development of new technology cause an increase in the level of surveillance used by central government? Is the growth in surveillance merely a reaction to terrorism, or a solution to crime control? Are there more structural roots for the increase in surveillance? This book attempts to find some answers to these questions by examining how governments have increased their use of surveillance technology. Focusing on a range of countries in Europe and beyond, this book demonstrates how government penetration into private citizens' lives was developing years before the ‘war on terrorism.’ It also aims to answer the question of whether central government actually has penetrated ever deeper into the lives of private citizens in various countries inside and outside of Europe, and whether citizens are protected against it, or have fought back. The main focus of the volume is on how surveillance has shaped the relationship between the citizen and the State. The contributors and editors of the volume look into the question of how central government came to intrude on citizens’ private lives from two perspectives: identification card systems and surveillance in post-authoritarian societies. Their aim is to present the heterogeneity of the European historical surveillance past in the hope that this might shed light on current trends. Essential reading for criminologists, sociologists and political scientists alike, this book provides some much-needed historical context on a highly topical issue.

Globalisation, Citizenship and the War on Terror

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Author: Maurice Mullard,Bankole Cole

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 1431

'This is an important book. We are entering a new era. Mainstream politics has become decadent. We need to think afresh. This book helps that complicated process.' - the Rt Hon Clare Short MP This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary collection of original papers explores the link between globalisation, citizenship and the war on terror. Ideas from sociology, criminology, political science and development studies are incorporated into the contributors' examination of the nature of globalisation and the war on terror. Using theoretical frameworks, analysing current issues and reflecting on existing literature and past events, they illustrate how the processes of globalisation and the war on terror are shaping and defining citizenship both globally and within nation states.

Mobile Communication and Society

A Global Perspective

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Author: Manuel Castells,Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol,Jack Linchuan Qiu,Araba Sey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262262304

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 8613

Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life -- or all of the above? Mobile Communication and Society looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local. Drawing on data gathered from around the world, the authors explore who has access to wireless technology, and why, and analyze the patterns of social differentiation seen in unequal access.They explore the social effects of wireless communication -- what it means for family life, for example, when everyone is constantly in touch, or for the idea of an office when workers can work anywhere. Is the technological ability to multitask further compressing time in our already hurried existence? The authors consider the rise of a mobile youth culture based on peer-to-peer networks, with its own language of texting, and its own values. They examine the phenomenon of flash mobs, and the possible political implications. And they look at the relationship between communication and development and the possibility that developing countries could "leapfrog" directly to wireless and satellite technology. This sweeping book -- moving easily in its analysis from the United States to China, from Europe to Latin America and Africa -- answers the key questions about our transformation into a mobile network society.

Big Data

Die Revolution, die unser Leben verändern wird

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Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger,Viktor; Cukier Mayer-Schönberger

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864144590

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9926

Ob Kaufverhalten, Grippewellen oder welche Farbe am ehesten verrät, ob ein Gebrauchtwagen in einem guten Zustand ist – noch nie gab es eine solche Menge an Daten und noch nie bot sich die Chance, durch Recherche und Kombination in der Daten¬flut blitzschnell Zusammenhänge zu entschlüsseln. Big Data bedeutet nichts weniger als eine Revolution für Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik. Es wird die Weise, wie wir über Gesundheit, Erziehung, Innovation und vieles mehr denken, völlig umkrempeln. Und Vorhersagen möglich machen, die bisher undenkbar waren. Die Experten Viktor Mayer-Schönberger und Kenneth Cukier beschreiben in ihrem Buch, was Big Data ist, welche Möglichkeiten sich eröffnen, vor welchen Umwälzungen wir alle stehen – und verschweigen auch die dunkle Seite wie das Ausspähen von persönlichen Daten und den drohenden Verlust der Privatsphäre nicht.

International Encyclopedia of Civil Society

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Author: Helmut K. Anheier,Stefan Toepler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387939962

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 8417

Recently the topic of civil society has generated a wave of interest, and a wealth of new information. Until now no publication has attempted to organize and consolidate this knowledge. The International Encyclopedia of Civil Society fills this gap, establishing a common set of understandings and terminology, and an analytical starting point for future research. Global in scope and authoritative in content, the Encyclopedia offers succinct summaries of core concepts and theories; definitions of terms; biographical entries on important figures and organizational profiles. In addition, it serves as a reliable and up-to-date guide to additional sources of information. In sum, the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the contours of civil society, social capital, philanthropy and nonprofits across cultures and historical periods. For researchers in nonprofit and civil society studies, political science, economics, management and social enterprise, this is the most systematic appraisal of a rapidly growing field.

Kein Held für einen Tag

Geheime Missionen, tödliche Einsätze, harte Niederlagen – Mein Leben als Navy Seal

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Author: Mark Owen,Kevin Maurer

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641146615

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1038

Bereit zum Kampf – ein Elitesoldat enthüllt, was wirklich zählt Mission erfüllt war ein Millionenerfolg. Aber Mark Owen war nicht nur dabei, als Osama bin Laden starb, er nahm während seiner 13 Jahre als Navy SEAL an über 100 wichtigen Einsätzen teil. Zum ersten Mal bietet Owen jetzt exklusive Einblicke in den Alltag eines Navy SEALs und enthüllt, wie er zum Teamleiter einer der besten Elitetruppen der Welt wurde: dem SEAL Team 6. Spannend, packend, aufsehenerregend! Nach wie vor sind unendlich viele Legenden in Umlauf über die Navy SEALs – Grund genug für Mark Owen, erstmals von seinen zutiefst persönlichen Erfahrungen und von den vielen Missionen jenseits der Schlagzeilen zu erzählen: »Mit Kein Held für einen Tag möchte ich die persönliche Seite des Krieges zeigen, die Herausforderungen, Entbehrungen und alles, was ich während meiner Zeit als Navy SEAL fürs Leben lernte. Als SEALs sind wir dazu angehalten, diese Werte und alles, was wir gelernt haben, weiterzugeben, damit andere das Gleiche für die nächste Generation tun können. Mit Kein Held für einen Tag möchte ich dies auch für meine Leser tun.« Von der Härte der Trainings bis zum Einsatz auf dem Schlachtfeld: Mark Owen nimmt uns mit in den Alltag eines Navy SEALs – Kampfgeist, Teamgeist, Nervenkitzel hautnah!

Die globale Überwachung

Der Fall Snowden, die amerikanischen Geheimdienste und die Folgen

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Author: Glenn Greenwald

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426425165

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8577

Bereits in seinen ersten Artikeln über die NSA-Affäre brachte Glenn Greenwald das ganze Ausmaß der Massenüberwachung im digitalen Zeitalter ans Licht. Seine Berichterstattung, für die er mit dem Pulitzer-Preis ausgezeichnet wurde, löste international ein politisches Erdbeben aus. In seinem Buch deckt Greenwald anhand einer Fülle von brisanten Geheimdokumenten aus dem Archiv des Whistleblowers Edward Snowden die illegalen Praktiken der amerikanischen Geheimdienste auf. Alles und jeder wird ausgespäht, die Bevölkerung steht unter Kollektivverdacht. Meinungsfreiheit wird im Namen der Sicherheit unterdrückt, und es gibt keine Privatsphäre mehr – nirgends.

Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

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Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 5662

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

Robocalypse

Roman

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Author: Daniel H. Wilson

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426411199

Category: Fiction

Page: 576

View: 4515

In einem Labor experimentieren Wissenschaftler mit einer überlegenen künstlichen Intelligenz – bis sie beginnt, sich zu wehren: ARCHOS bringt sämtliche Maschinen der Welt unter seine Kontrolle, vom kleinsten Computer bis zum tödlichen Waffensystem. Die Robocalypse bringt die Menschheit an den Rand der Auslöschung – doch die Maschinen haben nicht mit dem Mut der Menschen gerechnet...