The Importance of Common Metrics for Advancing Social Science Theory and Research

A Workshop Summary

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Social Science Evidence for Use,Committee on Advancing Social Science Theory: The Importance of Common Metrics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030921100X

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

View: 7450

In February 2010, the National Research Council convened a workshop to investigate the feasibility of developing well-grounded common metrics to advance behavioral and social science research, both in terms of advancing the development of theory and increasing the utility of research for policy and practice. The Workshop on Advancing Social Science Theory: The Importance of Common Metrics had three goals: To examine the benefits and costs involved in moving from metric diversity to greater standardization, both in terms of advancing the development of theory and increasing the utility of research for policy and practice. To consider whether a set of criteria can be developed for understanding when the measurement of a particular construct is ready to be standardized. To explore how the research community can foster a move toward standardization when it appears warranted. This book is a summary of the two days of presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop.

Perils of Information Age

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Author: Pranav Prabhash

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 1947949144

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 3065

Inexpensive data storage and computational capabilities, together with the internet, have ushered in the Information Age, providing tremendous benefits that we are reaping with great success. However, there are negative side effects of easily available abundant information from diverse sources. Information has fostered a plethora of knowledge subjects that are not all equal. Vulnerabilities of the scientific method are getting exposed more often and thereby eroding science’s credibility with the general public. Our mental capacity has limitations in dealing with the quantity and variety of the information overload. Far from being just a criticism, Perils of Information Age is an intellectual trip based on thought experiments, head-smacking experiences, and curious observations. It lays out a structured framework that outlines how to assess and deal with the perils of Information Age—the impotency of certain college majors and academic training, the junk science behind statistical studies analyzing complexity, the analysis-paralysis of data analytics, and increasing strain on our cognitive abilities.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

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Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9484

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research

The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems

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Author: Henk F. Moed,Wolfgang Glänzel,Ulrich Schmoch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402027550

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 2006

This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science–Technology Interface. The Editor’s Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook’s scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: – practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; – research students in this field; – scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; – policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.

Race, Ethnicity, and Health

A Public Health Reader

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Author: Thomas A. LaVeist,Lydia A. Isaac

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118086988

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 486

Race, Ethnicity and Health, Second Edition, is a new andcritical selection of hallmark articles that address healthdisparities in America. It effectively documents the need for equaltreatment and equal health status for minorities. Intended as aresource for faculty and students in public health as well as thesocial sciences, it will be also be valuable to public healthadministrators and frontline staff who serve diverse racial andethnic populations. The book brings together the bestpeer reviewed research literature from the leading scholars andfaculty in this growing field, providing a historical and politicalcontext for the study of health, race, and ethnicity, with keyfindings on disparities in access, use, and quality. This volumealso examines the role of health care providers in healthdisparities and discusses the issue of matching patients anddoctors by race. There has been considerable new research since the originalmanuscript’s preparation in 2001 and publication in 2002, andreflecting this, more than half the book is newcontent. New chapters cover: reflections on demographicchanges in the US based on the current census; metrics andnomenclature for disparities; theories of genetic basis fordisparities; the built environment; residential segregation;environmental health; occupational health; health disparities inintegrated communities; Latino health; Asian populations; stressand health; physician/patient relationships; hospital treatment ofminorities; the slavery hypertension hypothesis; geographicdisparities; and intervention design.

Aggressive Behavior

Current Perspectives

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Author: L.Rowell Huesmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306445538

Category: Psychology

Page: 305

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Discusses theories of aggression; peers, sex-roles, and aggression; environmental investigation and mitigation of aggression; development of adult aggression; and group aggression in adolescents and adults. In this important work, twelve eminent scholars review the theoretical work on human aggressive behavior.

Human Behavior and Environment

Advances in Theory and Research

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Author: Irwin Altman,Joachim F. Wohlwill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468408089

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 1652

The papers comprising this second volume of Human Behavior and the Environment represent, as do their predecessors, a cross section of current work in the broad area of problems dealing with interrelation ships between the physical environment and human behavior, at both the individual and the aggregate levels. Considering the two volumes as a unit, we have included papers covering a broad spectrum of problems ranging from the theoretical to the applied, and from the disciplinary-based to the interdisciplinary and professional. Approxi mately half of the papers are written by psychologists, with the remainder coming, in part, from such other disciplines as sociology, geography, and from such diverse applied and professional fields as natural recreation, landscape architecture, urban planning, and opera tions research. The volumes thus provide an overview of work on current topical problems. Yet, as the field is developing, specialization is inevitably increasing apace, and the editors as well as the publisher have become convinced of the desirability for futu're volumes in this series to be organized along topical lines, with successive volumes devoted to different aspects of this rather sprawling field. Thus, Volume 3, currently in the planning stage, will be devoted exclusively to the interaction of children with the physical environment, considered from diverse viewpoints, again including authors from diverse fields of specialization.

Frontier and Future Development of Information Technology in Medicine and Education

ITME 2013

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Author: Shaozi Li,Qun Jin,Xiaohong Jiang,James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400776187

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3581

View: 8350

IT changes everyday’s life, especially in education and medicine. The goal of ITME 2013 is to further explore the theoretical and practical issues of IT in education and medicine. It also aims to foster new ideas and collaboration between researchers and practitioners.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6234

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Practical Social Network Analysis with Python

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Author: Krishna Raj P.M.,Ankith Mohan,K.G. Srinivasa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319967460

Category: Computers

Page: 329

View: 4730

This book focuses on social network analysis from a computational perspective, introducing readers to the fundamental aspects of network theory by discussing the various metrics used to measure the social network. It covers different forms of graphs and their analysis using techniques like filtering, clustering and rule mining, as well as important theories like small world phenomenon. It also presents methods for identifying influential nodes in the network and information dissemination models. Further, it uses examples to explain the tools for visualising large-scale networks, and explores emerging topics like big data and deep learning in the context of social network analysis. With the Internet becoming part of our everyday lives, social networking tools are used as the primary means of communication. And as the volume and speed of such data is increasing rapidly, there is a need to apply computational techniques to interpret and understand it. Moreover, relationships in molecular structures, co-authors in scientific journals, and developers in a software community can also be understood better by visualising them as networks. This book brings together the theory and practice of social network analysis and includes mathematical concepts, computational techniques and examples from the real world to offer readers an overview of this domain.

Cultural Economics

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Author: Ruth Towse,Abdul Khakee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642773281

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

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Cultural economics as a field of research involves two areas, culture and economy. These two areas have been traditionally regarded as each other's antithesis. However, the economic aspects of culture have increasingly become a matter of everyday reality for persons working in the cultural field. The economy of culture has always been in the focus of political interest. Political decisions concerning such priority areas as the development of regional institutions, support to the artists and cultural programmes for children and youth have important economic implications. This book deals with a range of topics in cultural economics. It contains original papers by economists workingin the field from 15 different countries and covers a host of both theoretical and practical issues, covering the performing arts, arts marketsand museums. It represents an up-to-date statement of the application of economic ideas to cultural questions.

NASA SP.

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Author: United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aeronautics

Page: N.A

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Social Media Marketing in Tourism and Hospitality

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Author: Roberta Minazzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319051822

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 163

View: 2085

This book describes ongoing developments in social media within the tourism and hospitality sector, highlighting impacts on both the demand and the supply side. It offers a combination of theory and practice, with discussion of real-life business experiences. The book is divided into three parts, the first of which provides an overview of recent trends in social media and user-generated content, clarifies concepts that are often used in an overlapping way and examines the “digitization of word of mouth” via online networks. The second part analyzes the impacts that social media can have on traveler behavior for each step in the travel process and also on suppliers, highlighting opportunities, threats and strategies. In the third part of the book, future potential trends deriving from the mobile marketing technologies are explored and possible methods for social monitoring by means of key performance indicators are examined. It is considered how engaging customers and prospects by means of social media might increase customer loyalty, foster electronic word-of-mouth communication, and consequently have important effects on corporate sales and revenues. The discussion encompasses methods to measure company performance on each of the social media in order to understand the optimal mix that will support and improve business strategies.

The Future of Identity in the Information Society

Challenges and Opportunities

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Author: Kai Rannenberg,Denis Royer,André Deuker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642018203

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 508

View: 1516

Digitising personal information is changing our ways of identifying persons and managing relations. What used to be a "natural" identity, is now as virtual as a user account at a web portal, an email address, or a mobile phone number. It is subject to diverse forms of identity management in business, administration, and among citizens. Core question and source of conflict is who owns how much identity information of whom and who needs to place trust into which identity information to allow access to resources. This book presents multidisciplinary answers from research, government, and industry. Research from states with different cultures on the identification of citizens and ID cards is combined towards analysis of HighTechIDs and Virtual Identities, considering privacy, mobility, profiling, forensics, and identity related crime. "FIDIS has put Europe on the global map as a place for high quality identity management research." –V. Reding, Commissioner, Responsible for Information Society and Media (EU)