The Idea Factory

Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation

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Author: Jon Gertner

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101561084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 7685

From its beginnings in the 1920s until its demise in the 1980s, Bell Labs-officially, the research and development wing of AT&T-was the biggest, and arguably the best, laboratory for new ideas in the world. From the transistor to the laser, from digital communications to cellular telephony, it's hard to find an aspect of modern life that hasn't been touched by Bell Labs. In The Idea Factory, Jon Gertner traces the origins of some of the twentieth century's most important inventions and delivers a riveting and heretofore untold chapter of American history. At its heart this is a story about the life and work of a small group of brilliant and eccentric men-Mervin Kelly, Bill Shockley, Claude Shannon, John Pierce, and Bill Baker-who spent their careers at Bell Labs. Today, when the drive to invent has become a mantra, Bell Labs offers us a way to enrich our understanding of the challenges and solutions to technological innovation. Here, after all, was where the foundational ideas on the management of innovation were born. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Gescheiterte Innovationen

Fehlschläge und technologischer Wandel

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Author: Reinhold Bauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593379739

Category: Creative ability in technology

Page: 351

View: 3711

The Joy of x

Die Schönheit der Mathematik

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Author: Steven Strogatz

Publisher: Kein & Aber AG

ISBN: 3036992693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 4797

Mathematik durchdringt den ganzen Kosmos. Das weiß jeder, doch nur die wenigsten verstehen die Zusammenhänge wirklich. Steven Strogatz nimmt uns bei der Hand und spaziert mit uns durch diese Welt der Weisheit, Klarheit und Eleganz. Als Reiseleiter geht er neue, erfrischende Wege, deutet auf Besonderheiten, schildert Hintergründe und erklärt die unsichtbaren Mechanismen. Wir erfahren unter anderem von dem Wunder des Zählens, der genialen Einfachheit der Algebra, dem ewigen Erbe Newtons, dem Tango mit Quadraten, der Zweisamkeit von Primzahlen und der Macht des Unendlichen. Mit all seiner Begeisterung, seinem Scharfblick und seinem leichtem Ton hat Steven Strogatz ein herrliches Buch für alle geschrieben, die ihr Verständnis von Mathematik auf eine neue Art vertiefen möchten.

Digitale Kommunikation

Vernetzen, Multimedia, Sicherheit

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Author: Christoph Meinel,Harald Sack

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540929223

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 422

View: 4378

Internet und World Wide Web basieren auf dem Vermögen, Informationen und Medien jeder Art in digitalisierter Form über Nachrichtenkanäle zu transportieren und zu verbreiten. Die Autoren erläutern Grundlagen und geschichtliche Hintergründe der digitalen Kommunikation und geben einen Überblick über Methoden und Verfahren der Kodierung von Text-, Audio-, Grafik- und Videoinformation, die im Internet zur Anwendung kommen. Zahlreiche Abbildungen sowie Sachindex, Personenindex und Glossar zu jedem Kapitel erhöhen den praktischen Nutzen dieses Handbuchs.

Best Practices in Assessment of Research and Development Organizations

Summary of a Workshop

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Laboratory Assessments Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309266165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 52

View: 6398

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)--recognizing that information and insights gained through continual examination of practices for organizational assessment are useful for decision makers at organizations across the deferral, industrial, academic, and national laboratory sectors-recently requested that the National Research Council (NRC) organize a panel to review best practices in assessment of research and development (R&D) organizations. In response, the NRC established the Panel for Review of Best Practices in Assessment of Research and Development Organizations. The panel was charged to consider means of assessing the following in a manner that satisfies the requirements of NIST to perform effective assessments but also identifies assessment methods that can be applied selectively to other R&D organizations. These methods include: technical merit and quality of the science and engineering work, the adequacy of the resources available to support high-quality work, the effectiveness of the agency's delivery of the services and products required to fulfill its goals, the degree to which the agency's current and planned R&D portfolio supports its mission, as well as the agency's flexibility to respond to changing economic, political, social and technological contexts. As one means of data gathering, among others that the panel is performing toward development of a final report of its findings, the panel organized a planning committee for a workshop on best practices in assessment of R&D organizations. Best Practices in Assessment of Research and Development Organizations: Summary of a Workshop reviews the workshop conducted at the Keck Center of the National Academies in Washington, D.C., on March 19, 2012.

Der seltsamste Mensch

Das verborgene Leben des Quantengenies Paul Dirac

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Author: Graham Farmelo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366256579X

Category: Science

Page: 613

View: 6835

Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er war einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik. Und er war 1933 der jüngste Theoretiker, der den Nobelpreis für Physik erhalten hatte. Dirac war seltsam wortkarg, nahm alles wörtlich und seine gehemmte Art zu kommunizieren und seine mangelnde Empathiefähigkeit wurden legendär. Während seiner erfolgreichsten Schaffensperiode bestanden seine Postkarten ins Elternhaus nur aus Berichten über das Wetter. Auf der Basis zuvor nicht entdeckter Unterlagen aus dem Familienarchiv verbindet Graham Farmelo eine kenntnisreiche Schilderung der wissenschaftlichen Leistungen mit einem einfühlsamen Portrait des Individuums Paul Dirac. Er zeigt einen Menschen, der trotz extremer sozialer Gehemmtheit fähig ist zur Liebe und zu treuer Freundschaft. Der seltsamste Mensch ist eine außerordentliche menschlich berührende Story ebenso wie ein fesselnder Bericht über eine der aufregendsten Zeiten der Wissenschaftsgeschichte.

Ghachar Ghochar

Roman

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Author: Vivek Shanbhag

Publisher: Aufbau Digital

ISBN: 3841216161

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 1146

Aufstieg und Fall einer indischen Familie. Als der Onkel des jungen Erzählers in den Handel mit Gewürzen einsteigt, ändert er über Nacht das Schicksal der ganzen Familie. Der einst mittellose Clan zieht in ein großzügiges Haus in einer reichen Wohngegend, verschafft sich neue Möbel und einen neuen Bekanntenkreis. Doch mit dem plötzlichen Reichtum werden auch die Abhängigkeiten neu verteilt: An dem Erfolg des Onkels hängt nun das gesamte Wohl der Familie. Und dieses gilt es zu schützen, um jeden Preis. Notfalls auch vor den eigenen Familienmitgliedern. In einem feinen Wechselspiel von Auslassungen und Andeutungen erzählt Vivek Shanbhag vom moralischen Verfall einer indischen Familie. Ein großer Roman, der die Geschichte eines ganzen Landes in sich trägt. »Ein Feuerwerkskörper von einem Roman.« Publishers Weekly »Feinstes literarisches Handwerk.« Deborah Smith, The Guardian

The Persistence of Innovation in Government

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Author: Sandford F. Borins

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725612

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 2443

Sandford Borins addresses the enduring significance of innovation in government as practiced by public servants, analyzed by scholars, discussed by media, documented by awards, and experienced by the public. In The Persistence of Innovation in Government, he maps the changing landscape of American public sector innovation in the twenty-first century, largely by addressing three key questions: • Who innovates? • When, why, and how do they do it? • What are the persistent obstacles and the proven methods for overcoming them? Probing both the process and the content of innovation in the public sector, Borins identifies major shifts and important continuities. His examination of public innovation combines several elements: his analysis of the Harvard Kennedy School's Innovations in American Government Awards program; significant new research on government performance; and a fresh look at the findings of his earlier, highly praised book Innovating with Integrity: How Local Heroes Are Transforming American Government. He also offers a thematic survey of the field's burgeoning literature, with a particular focus on international comparison.

Leading

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Author: Alex Ferguson,Michael Moritz

Publisher: books4success

ISBN: 3864703352

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 4105

Als Trainer von Manchester United (1986 bis 2013) gewann Sir Alex Ferguson 38 Titel,unter anderem 13-mal die englische Meisterschaft, fünfmal den FA Cup, zweimal dieChampions League und einmal den Europapokal der Pokalsieger. 1999 wurde er von Queen Elisabeth II zum Ritter geschlagen. Nach einer erstaunlichen Karriere – zunächst in Schottland, dann über 27 Jahre bei Manchester United – legt Sir Alex Ferguson "Leading" vor, in dem der größte Fußballtrainer aller Zeiten die zentralen Führungsentscheidungen seiner 38-jährigen Teammanager-Karriere analysiert und, gemeinsam mit seinem Freund und Koautor Sir Michael Moritz, die Lektionen herausarbeitet, die jeder im Geschäftsleben und im Leben verwenden kann, um langfristig transformative Erfolge zu erzielen. Von Einstellungskriterien zu Entlassungsentscheidungen, vom Umgang mit Veränderung zu Teamwork, von der Souveränität in der Vorstandsetage bis zur Reaktion auf Misserfolg und Widerstände: "Leading" ist so inspirierend wie praktisch und ein Nachschlagewerk für jede Führungskraft im Beruf, im Sport und im Leben.

Collective Genius

The Art and Practice of Leading Innovation

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Author: Linda A. Hill,Greg Brandeau,Emily Truelove,Kent Lineback

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 1422187594

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7243

Why can some organizations innovate time and again, while most cannot? You might think the key to innovation is attracting exceptional creative talent. Or making the right investments. Or breaking down organizational silos. All of these things may help—but there’s only one way to ensure sustained innovation: you need to lead it—and with a special kind of leadership. Collective Genius shows you how. Preeminent leadership scholar Linda Hill, along with former Pixar tech wizard Greg Brandeau, MIT researcher Emily Truelove, and Being the Boss coauthor Kent Lineback, found among leaders a widely shared, and mistaken, assumption: that a “good” leader in all other respects would also be an effective leader of innovation. The truth is, leading innovation takes a distinctive kind of leadership, one that unleashes and harnesses the “collective genius” of the people in the organization. Using vivid stories of individual leaders at companies like Volkswagen, Google, eBay, and Pfizer, as well as nonprofits and international government agencies, the authors show how successful leaders of innovation don’t create a vision and try to make innovation happen themselves. Rather, they create and sustain a culture where innovation is allowed to happen again and again—an environment where people are both willing and able to do the hard work that innovative problem solving requires. Collective Genius will not only inspire you; it will give you the concrete, practical guidance you need to build innovation into the fabric of your business.

Be a Great Boss: The Hill Collection (4 Items)

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Author: Linda A. Hill,Kent Lineback

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 1625277822

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1033

View: 7322

This digital collection, curated by Harvard Business Review, offers seminal ideas by leadership expert and Harvard Business School professor Linda A. Hill. It includes three of her most popular books—Becoming a Manager, Being the Boss (coauthor), and Collective Genius (coauthor)—as well as the influential 2011 Harvard Business Review article, “Are You a Good Boss—or a Great One?,” which Hill coauthored with Kent Lineback. Hill is an in-demand teacher and mentor to professionals worldwide on the topics of managing change, cross-organizational relationships, global strategy, innovation, talent management, and leadership development. This collection offers the best reading on how to be an effective leader and a better boss—resulting in enhanced personal and professional success and a better-performing organization. All four works included in the set are influential in the field of leadership and have been embraced by practitioners everywhere, who use Hill’s advice to become better at what they do. Linda A. Hill is Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School and the faculty chair of its Leadership Initiative. She has chaired numerous executive education programs at the school. Hill serves on numerous boards of directors, boards of trustees, and advisory boards, and her work and ideas are featured regularly in international media.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019854X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 6654

Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.

The Metropolitan Revolution

How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy

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Author: Bruce Katz,Jennifer Bradley

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815721528

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1198

Across the US, cities and metropolitan areas are facing huge economic and competitive challenges that Washington won't, or can't, solve. The good news is that networks of metropolitan leaders – mayors, business and labor leaders, educators, and philanthropists – are stepping up and powering the nation forward. These state and local leaders are doing the hard work to grow more jobs and make their communities more prosperous, and they're investing in infrastructure, making manufacturing a priority, and equipping workers with the skills they need. In The Metropolitan Revolution, Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley highlight success stories and the people behind them. · New York City: Efforts are under way to diversify the city's vast economy · Portland: Is selling the "sustainability" solutions it has perfected to other cities around the world · Northeast Ohio: Groups are using industrial-age skills to invent new twenty-first-century materials, tools, and processes · Houston: Modern settlement house helps immigrants climb the employment ladder · Miami: Innovators are forging strong ties with Brazil and other nations · Denver and Los Angeles: Leaders are breaking political barriers and building world-class metropolises · Boston and Detroit: Innovation districts are hatching ideas to power these economies for the next century The lessons in this book can help other cities meet their challenges. Change is happening, and every community in the country can benefit. Change happens where we live, and if leaders won't do it, citizens should demand it. The Metropolitan Revolution was the 2013 Foreword Reviews Bronze winner for Political Science.

Design a better business

Neue Werkzeuge, Fähigkeiten und Mindsets für Strategie und Innovation

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Author: Patrick Pijl,Justin Lokitz,Lisa Kay Solomon

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800652145

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 7711

Eine außergewöhnliche Reise in die Welt von Innovation und Strategie – ein außergewöhnliches Buch. Persönliche Geschichten und Erfahrungen von 30 Designern und Autoritäten ihres Gebiets - 8 Kapitel - 48 Case Studies - 20 Werkzeuge - 24 Downloads - 7 Kernfähigkeiten - 30 Designer - 36 Hacks - >150 Illustrationen Die Welt um uns ist voller Unsicherheit. Aber innerhalb dieser Unsicherheit existieren unglaublich viele Möglichkeiten, neue Geschäftsmodelle zu entwickeln. Diese Möglichkeiten kannst du entdecken. Du musst dafür nur lernen, wie du darauf schaust. Ob du eine Führungskraft bist, ein angehender Gründer, Innovator, Investor, Change Agent oder Student: Design a Better Business macht dich mit neuen Werkzeugen, Fähigkeiten und Mindsets bekannt, um Ambiguität zu meistern und Werte aus der Unsicherheit der Business-Welt heraus zu entwickeln. Es ist eine Design-Reise, wie du sie vielleicht noch nicht erlebt hast: Schritt für Schritt vom ersten Funken einer Idee bis hin zur Skalierung deines Geschäfts. Dieses Buch stellt dir 20 strategische Werkzeuge vor, macht dich mit sieben zentralen Fähigkeiten und viele Fallstudien (ING Bank, Audi, Autodesk, Toyota Financial Services) sowie den Ideen von 29 Visionären vertraut: Steve Blank spricht über Innovation, Alex Osterwalder über Business Modelling oder Nancy Duarte über Storytelling. Es hilft dir, das richtige Team im volatilen Umfeld zusammenzustellen und eine Balance zu finden zwischen deinem Blick auf die Welt und den neuen Gedanken der Umwelt.

How We Got to Now

Six Innovations That Made the Modern World

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Author: Steven Johnson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698154509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 2555

From the New York Times–bestselling author of Where Good Ideas Come From and Farsighted, a new look at the power and legacy of great ideas. In this illustrated history, Steven Johnson explores the history of innovation over centuries, tracing facets of modern life (refrigeration, clocks, and eyeglass lenses, to name a few) from their creation by hobbyists, amateurs, and entrepreneurs to their unintended historical consequences. Filled with surprising stories of accidental genius and brilliant mistakes—from the French publisher who invented the phonograph before Edison but forgot to include playback, to the Hollywood movie star who helped invent the technology behind Wi-Fi and Bluetooth—How We Got to Now investigates the secret history behind the everyday objects of contemporary life. In his trademark style, Johnson examines unexpected connections between seemingly unrelated fields: how the invention of air-conditioning enabled the largest migration of human beings in the history of the species—to cities such as Dubai or Phoenix, which would otherwise be virtually uninhabitable; how pendulum clocks helped trigger the industrial revolution; and how clean water made it possible to manufacture computer chips. Accompanied by a major six-part television series on PBS, How We Got to Now is the story of collaborative networks building the modern world, written in the provocative, informative, and engaging style that has earned Johnson fans around the globe.

Making Things Move

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Author: Dustyn Roberts

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868991409

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 5820

In Making Things Move –Die Welt bewegen lernen Sie die Welt der Mechanik und Maschinen auf eine ganz neue und unterhaltsame Weise kennen. Verstehen Sie die Regeln und Gesetze der Mechanik durch nicht-technische Erklärungen, einleuchtende Beispiele und tolle Do-It-Yourself-Projekte: von beweglichen Kunstinstallationen über kreative Spielzeuge bis hin zu arbeitserleichternden Geräten. Zahlreiche Fotos, Illustrationen, Screenshots und 3-D-Modelle begleiten jedes Projekt. Making Things Move – Die Welt bewegen setzt bei den vorgestellten Do-It-Yourself-Projekten auf Standardteile aus dem Baumarkt, leicht beziehbaren Materialien über den Versandhandel und allgemeine Herstellungstechniken, die sich jeder leicht aneignen kann. Einfache Projekte zu Beginn des Buches verhelfen Ihnen zu soliden DIY-Kenntnissen, die in den komplexeren Projekten im weiteren Verlauf des Buches erneut zur Anwendung kommen. Ein Ausflug in die Welt der Elektronik am Ende des Buches führt Sie in die Funktions- und Steuerungsweise des Microcontrollers Arduino ein. Mit Making Things Move – Die Welt bewegen werden Ihre kreativen Ideen zur bewegten Wirklichkeit.

Creating a Learning Society

A New Approach to Growth, Development, and Social Progress

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Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Bruce C. Greenwald

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 830

It has long been recognized that an improved standard of living results from advances in technology, not from the accumulation of capital. It has also become clear that what truly separates developed from less-developed countries is not just a gap in resources or output but a gap in knowledge. In fact, the pace at which developing countries grow is largely a function of the pace at which they close that gap. Thus, to understand how countries grow and develop, it is essential to know how they learn and become more productive and what government can do to promote learning. In Creating a Learning Society, Joseph E. Stiglitz and Bruce C. Greenwald cast light on the significance of this insight for economic theory and policy. Taking as a starting point Kenneth J. Arrow's 1962 paper "Learning by Doing," they explain why the production of knowledge differs from that of other goods and why market economies alone typically do not produce and transmit knowledge efficiently. Closing knowledge gaps and helping laggards learn are central to growth and development. But creating a learning society is equally crucial if we are to sustain improved living standards in advanced countries. Combining accessible prose with technical economic analysis, Stiglitz and Greenwald provide new models of "endogenous growth," up-ending thowhe thinking about both domestic and global policy and trade regimes. They show well-designed government trade and industrial policies can help create a learning society, and how poorly designed intellectual property regimes can retard learning. They also explain how virtually every government policy has effects, both positive and negative, on learning, a fact that policymakers must recognize. They demonstrate why many standard policy prescriptions, especially those associated with "neoliberal" doctrines focusing on static resource allocations, have impeded learning. Among the provocative implications are that free trade may lead to stagnation whereas broad-based industrial protection and exchange rate interventions may bring benefits—not just to the industrial sector, but to the entire economy. The volume concludes with brief commentaries from Philippe Aghion and Michael Woodford, as well as from Nobel Laureates Kenneth J. Arrow and Robert M. Solow.

How to Become Innovative

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Author: Tony Davila,Marc Epstein,Robert Shelton,Jonathan M. Cagan,Craig M. Vogel

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 0133742628

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 817

View: 4044

Making Innovation Work presents a formal innovation process proven to work at HP, Microsoft, and Toyota to help ordinary managers drive top and bottom line growth from innovation. The authors have drawn on their unsurpassed innovation consulting experience -- as well as the most thorough review of innovation research ever performed. They'll show what works, what doesn't, and how to use management tools to dramatically increase the payoff from innovation investments. Learn how to define the right strategy for effective innovation, how to structure an organization to innovate best, how to implement management systems to assess ongoing innovation, how to incentivize teams to deliver, and much more. This book offers the first authoritative guide to using metrics at every step of the innovation process -- from idea creation and selection through prototyping and commercialization. This updated edition refreshes the examples used throughout the book and features a new introduction that gives currency to the principles covered throughout. ¿ For years, Creating Breakthrough Products has offered an indispensable roadmap for uncovering new opportunities, identifying what customers really value, and building products and services that redefine markets -- or create entirely new markets. Now, the authors have thoroughly updated their classic book, adding brand-new chapters on service design and global innovation, plus new insights, best practices, and case studies from both U.S. and global companies. Their new second edition presents: Revolutionary (Apple-style) and evolutionary (Disney-style) approaches to innovation: choosing between them, and making either one work More coverage of Value Opportunity Analysis and ethnography New case studies ranging from Navistar's latest long-haul truck to P+G's reinvention of Herbal Essences, plus updates to existing cases New coverage of the emerging environment of product-service ecosystems Additional visual maps and illustrations that make the book more intuitive and accessible Readers will find new insights into identifying Product Opportunity Gaps that can lead to enormous success, navigating the "Fuzzy Front End" of product development, and leveraging contributions from diverse product teams -- while staying relentlessly focused on their customers' values and lifestyles, from strategy through execution.