The History of Migration in Europe

Perspectives from Economics, Politics and Sociology

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Author: Francesca Fauri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131767829X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 9769

The History of Migration in Europe belies several myths by arguing, for example, that immobility has not been the "normal" condition of people before the modern era. Migration (far from being an income-maximizing choice taken by lone individuals) is often a household strategy, and local wages benefit from migration. This book shows how ssuccesses arise when governments liberalize and accompany the international movements of people with appropriate legislation, while failures take place when the legislation enacted is insufficient, belated or ill shaped. Part I of this book addresses mainly methodological issues. Past and present migration is basically defined as a cross-cultural movement; cultural boundaries need prolonged residence and active integrationist policies to allow cross-fertilization of cultures among migrants and non-migrants. Part II collects chapters that examine the role of public bodies with reference to migratory movements, depicting a series of successes and failures in the migration policies through examples drawn from the European Union or single countries. Part III deals with challenges immigrants face once they have settled in their new countries: Do immigrants seek "integration" in their host culture? Through which channels is such integration achieved, and what roles are played by citizenship and political participation? What is the "identity" of migrants and their children born in the host countries? This text's originality stems from the fact that it explains the complex nature of migratory movements by incorporating a variety of perspectives and using a multi-disciplinary approach, including economic, political and sociological contributions.

Die Getriebenen

Merkel und die Flüchtlingspolitik: Report aus dem Innern der Macht

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Author: Robin Alexander

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641208106

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3496

Ein dramatisches Kapitel jüngster deutscher Geschichte – und ein Insider-Report aus dem Innern der Macht. Die Grenzöffnung für Flüchtlinge im Herbst 2015 hat das Land gespalten – die einen preisen Angela Merkels moralische Haltung, die andern geißeln die Preisgabe von Souveränität. Doch was als planvolles Handeln erscheint, ist in Wahrheit eine Politik des Durchwurstelns, des Taktierens und Lavierens, befeuert von hehren Idealen und Opportunismus. Robin Alexander zeigt, dass die politischen Akteure Getriebene sind, zerrieben zwischen selbst auferlegten Zwängen und den sich überschlagenden Ereignissen. Robin Alexander blickt als Korrespondent der »Welt am Sonntag« seit Jahren hinter die Kulissen des Kanzleramtes - in seinem Buch, das auf Recherchen in Berlin, Brüssel, Wien, Budapest und der Türkei basiert, rekonstruiert er minutiös die Schlüsselentscheidungen von sechs Schicksalsmonaten - und erzählt am Beispiel des wohl dramatischsten Kapitels der jüngeren deutschen Geschichte davon, wie heute Politik gemacht wird.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

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Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1234

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Der siebte Mensch

Eine Geschichte über Migration und Arbeit in Europa

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Author: John Berger,Jean Mohr

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104901619

Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 9322

Der Klassiker zu Migration und Arbeit in Europa - so aktuell wie nie. Jetzt neu auflegt im FISCHER Taschenbuch! ›Der siebte Mensch‹ untersucht die Situation der Migranten und Wanderarbeiter – in Text und Bild, mit Geschichten und Erzählungen. Es war das erste Buch, das John Berger gemeinsam mit Jean Mohr ganz den Erfahrungen und Folgen der Migration widmete – und es ist wie ›Sehen‹ längst ein Klassiker der Moderne. Die Neuausgabe erscheint mit einem aktuellen Vorwort von John Berger. John Berger, der große europäische Erzähler und Essayist, feiert im November 2016 seinen 90. Geburtstag. Seine Essays zu Kunst und Fotografie sind aus der Ästhetik des 20. Jahrhunderts nicht mehr wegzudenken. Meisterhaft finden seine Erzählungen und Romane eine sinnliche Antwort auf die Frage, wie wir heute leben. »Es gibt niemals genug von John Berger!« Tilda Swinton

Statistics and Reality

Concepts and Measurements of Migration in Europe

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Author: Heinz Fassmann,Ursula Reeger,Wiebke Sievers

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089640525

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 2927

"Worldwide harmonisation of migration statistics is something international bodies dream of. And yet, attempts by organisations needing comparative data have not proven very successful thus far. More than just problematising the incomparability of migrati

Deutschland schafft sich ab

Wie wir unser Land aufs Spiel setzen

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Author: Thilo Sarrazin

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641048982

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 2033

Thilo Sarrazin beschreibt mit seiner profunden Erfahrung aus Politik und Verwaltung die Folgen, die sich für Deutschlands Zukunft aus der Kombination von Geburtenrückgang, problematischer Zuwanderung und wachsender Unterschicht ergeben. Er will sich nicht damit abfinden, dass Deutschland nicht nur älter und kleiner, sondern auch dümmer und abhängiger von staatlichen Zahlungen wird. Sarrazin sieht genau hin, seine Analyse schont niemanden. Er zeigt ganz konkret, wie wir die Grundlagen unseres Wohlstands untergraben und so den sozialen Frieden und eine stabile Gesellschaft aufs Spiel setzen. Deutschland läuft Gefahr, in einen Alptraum zu schlittern. Dass das so ist, weshalb das so ist und was man dagegen tun kann, davon handelt dieses Buch.

A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939

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Author: Jonathan Wagner

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774812168

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 7993

Human migration figures prominently in modern world history, and has played a pivotal role in shaping the Canadian national state. Yet while much has been written about Canada's multicultural heritage, little attention has been paid to German migrants although they compose Canada's third largest European ethnic minority. A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 addresses that gap in the record. Jonathan Wagner considers why Germans left their home country, why they chose to settle in Canada, who assisted their passage, and how they crossed the ocean to their new home, as well as how the Canadian government perceived and solicited them as immigrants. He examines the German context as closely as developments in Canada, offering a new, more complete approach to German-Canadian immigration. This book will appeal to students of German Canadiana, as well as to those interested in Canadian ethnic history, and European and modern international migration.

Paths of Integration

Migrants in Western Europe (1880-2004)

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Author: Leo Lucassen,David Feldman,Jochen Oltmer

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568832

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 1135

Why do some migrants integrate quickly, while others become long-term minorities? What is the role of the state in the settlement process? To what extent are experiences in the past different from the present? Are the recent migrants really integrating in another way than those in the past? Is Islam indeed an obstacle to integration? These are some of the burning questions, which dominate the current politicized debate on immigration in Western Europe. In this book, leading historians and social scientists analyze and compare a variety of settlement processes in past and present migration to Western Europe. Identifying general factors in the process of adaptation of new immigrants, the contributors trace social changes effected by recent European immigration, and the parallels with the great American migration of the 1880s-1920s. The history of migration to Western Europe and the way these migrants found their place in the receiving societies, is not only essential to understand the way nations deal with newcomers in the present, but also constitutes a highly interesting laboratory for different paths of integration now and then. By analyzing and comparing a wealth of settlement processes both in the past and in the present this book is both a bold interdisciplinary endeavor, and at the same time the first attempt to identify general factors underlying the way migrants adapt to their new surroundings, as well as how societies change under the influence of immigration. The chapters in the book both look at specific groups in various periods, but also analyses the structure of the state, churches unions and other important organized actors in Western European nation states. Moreover, the results are embedded in the more theoretical American literature on the comparison of old and new migrants. All chapters have an explicit comparative perspective, either by comparing different groups or different periods, whereas the general conclusion ties together the various outcomes in a systematic way, highlighting the main answers to the central questions about the various outcomes of settlement processes. --Publisher.

Labor Migration in the Atlantic Economies

The European and North American Working Classes During the Period of Industrialization

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Author: Dirk Hoerder

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: 9780313246371

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 491

View: 3112

This collection of essays revises and broadens scholarly assumptions about the history of migration in search of work. The book begins with a critique of current concepts in migration history and a general survey of European labor migration from the 1820s to the 1920s. The following section discusses important emigration and immigration countries and examines in detail the problems of internal European migration in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The author then focuses on the acculturation of labor migrants on both sides of the Atlantic. The final section of this work tackles the much neglected question of return migration. A bibliographic essay, as well as numerous graphs, maps, and illustrations, supplement this collection of essays.

Migration in European History

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Author: Klaus Bade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470754575

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 3409

Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, migration has become a major cause for concern in many European countries, but migrations to, from and within Europe are nothing new, as Klaus Bade reminds us in this timely history. A history of migration to, from and within Europe over a range of eras, countries and migration types. Examines the driving forces and currents of migration, their effects on the cultures of both migrants and host populations, including migration policies. Focuses on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, particularly the period from the Second World War to the present. Illuminates concerns about migration in Europe today. Acts as a corrective to the alarmist reactions of host populations in twenty-first century Europe.

European Migration in the Late Twentieth Century

Historical Patterns, Actual Trends, and Social Implications

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Author: Heinz Fassmann,Rainer Münz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 8204

The discussions of migration to Switzerland, Italy and Austria give this book a special flavour, since these countries are not often included in studies of foreign migration . . . One important contribution of this book is that the case studies show how migration, in spite of numerous differences, can give rise to similar issues. The historical approach brings the second contribution into perspective: continuity of debate and of policy reactions. Jan van Weesep, European Journal of Population On the whole, the volume has handbook-like qualities and will remain both a reference work and a summary of major issues for a long time. It will do so even if new developments should invalidate some of the well-reasoned analyses of trends. No scholar venturing beyond the limiting confines of mono-country research will be able to do without it. Dirk Hoerder, International Migration Review The chapters on East Europe do an excellent job of laying out what is known about population movements to and from the region, both in the past and since the upheaval in the Communist world in the late eighties. Gary P. Freeman, Journal of Public Policy The migration specialist will probably be most interested in the section on East-Central Europe, and find much of the content on western Europe fairly familiar. The more general reader, coming to the subject fresh, will value this book as a thorough entry into major trends, issues and debates, on both international and national scales. For both, it will provide access to useful statistical material and interpretations in a wide range of foreign languages. . . . a welcome addition to the literature in this important field. Political Geography . . . a good summary of the state of knowledge of aspects of recent migration trends in Europe. Dudley Baines, Population Studies Migration in Europe is a pressing social and political issue for the policy makers of the 1990s. Drawing upon a wide body of knowledge, expertise and analysis, European Migration in the Late Twentieth Century combines an important survey with a series of detailed country studies on migration in Europe. The authoritative overview essay by the editors examines migration to and within Europe. They compare the flows during the last forty years with the present situation, detailing both the magnitude and geography of migration over this period. This is followed by thirteen individual country studies each of which features an historical introduction to emigration and immigration in the featured country, quantitative data sets and a detailed assessment of the social and political implications. These studies specially prepared by leading scholars cover the United Kingdom, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy, Israel, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslavia and the former USSR. This comprehensive and scholarly book will be welcomed by teachers and researchers of social sciences and history for presenting new insights on one of the key political, social and economic issues facing modern Europe.

International Migration in Europe

New Trends and New Methods of Analysis

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Author: Corrado Bonifazi

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568948

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 6722

Literaturangaben

Internationale Migration

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Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 3552

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.

Asian Migrants in Europe

Transcultural Connections

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Author: Sylvia Hahn,Stanley Nadel

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847102540

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 6754

This volume explores the renewal of Asian migration to Europe that began in the late 18th century while still in the frame of the colonial regime. It counters the construction of an unchanging East versus a dynamic West developed in the 19th century; of static, rooted populations versus adventurous young men seeking opportunities afar (the producers of this cliche overlooked migrating women). These essays provide analyses of some of the migrants from the different societies of Asia in Europe. They focus on migrants from East and South Asia and explore their different experiences in Europe from the 18th century to the present.

New Patterns of Irregular Migration in Europe

Seminar Report 12 and 13 November 2002, Council of Europe

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Author: Stéphane de Tapia

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287153000

Category: Emigration and immigration law

Page: 81

View: 5695

Based on the discussions and findings of a Council of Europe expert seminar meeting, held in Strasbourg in November 2002, as well as a literature review, this publication considers the complex and interrelated issues involved in irregular migration flows in Europe, including illegal migration, applications for and refusal of asylum, and traffic in human beings. It also considers possible options for improving reception and migration policy management in Europe. Conclusions drawn include that closing external borders or implementing strict migration policies in countries of transit or arrival are often ineffective, benefiting criminal networks whilst contributing to rising fears in host countries.

The Role of Migration in the History of the Eurasian Steppe

Sedentary Civilization vs. 'Barbarian' and Nomad

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Author: NA NA

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349618373

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 6835

Throughout their entire history, the sedentary civilizations of China and Europe had to deal with nomads and barbarians. This unique volume explores their drastically different responses: China 'chose' containment while Europe 'chose' expansion. Migration played a crucial role in this interaction. Issuing from two population centers, the sedentary one in the West and the nomadic one in the East, two powerful population streams confronted each other in the Eurasian Steppe. This confrontation was a crucial factor in determining patterns of Eurasian history - it destroyed existing states, created new ones, and drastically changed the balance of power. Even today, while Russian populations in Asia contract, the population pressures in China and Central Asia continue to build and are likely to spill over across the border. This book shows how we are witnessing the beginning of a new cycle of the age-old contest.

Crossing Over

Comparing Recent Migration in the United States and Europe

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Author: Holger Henke

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739109618

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 7751

Despite growing cultural and economic homogenization across the globe, the visible presence of immigrant communities stands out in many metropolises of the world. In almost all major cities the cultural and physical presence of various ethnic or religious groups is very much in evidence. Yet, until now, the academic treatment of international migration has mostly been confined to limited case studies, single ethnic groups, or single locations. Crossing Over offers an alternative to this method, bringing together a diverse group of academics charged with submitting new research that juxtaposes experiences and draws on comparisons between aspects of migration in Europe and the United States. The essays focus on two main issues: security issues heightened by recent terrorist activities and the question of citizenship, identity, and host-guest interaction. The result is a collection of accessible research essays that shed light on both the parallels and differences that exist for immigrant groups across continents and cultures."

The Cambridge Survey of World Migration

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Author: Robin Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521444057

Category: Social Science

Page: 570

View: 456

Leading scholars consider issues such as migration patterns, the flights of refugees and illegal migration.

Security, Insecurity and Migration in Europe

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Author: Gabriella Lazaridis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317057880

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 4918

Having often been framed in terms of security concerns, migration issues have simultaneously given rise to issues of insecurity: on the one hand, security of borders, political, societal and economic security/insecurity in the host country; on the other, social, legal and economic concerns about human security, with regard to both EU citizens and migrants entering Europe. In terms of state security, migration is a core target of increasingly globally networked surveillance capabilities, whilst with respect to human security, it exposes the gap between the protections that migrants formally enjoy under international law and the realities they experience as they travel and work across different countries. Drawing on the latest research from across the EU, Security, Insecurity and Migration explores the concerns of states with regard to migration and the need to protect the fundamental rights of migrants. An interdisciplinary examination of the issues of security and insecurity raised by migration for states, their citizens and migrants themselves, this book will be of interest to scholars of politics, sociology and geography researching migration, race and ethnicity, human and state security and EU politics and policy.