The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest

A Selection of Ancient Sources in Translation

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Author: M. M. Austin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139455794

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 1042

The Hellenistic period began with the considerable expansion of the Greek world through the Macedonian conquest of the Persian empire and ended with Rome becoming the predominant political force in that world. This new and enlarged edition of Michel Austin's seminal work provides a panoramic view of this world through the medium of ancient sources. It now comprises over three hundred texts from literary, epigraphic and papyrological sources which are presented in original translations and supported by introductory sections, detailed notes and references, chronological tables, maps, illustrations of coins, and a full analytical index. The first edition has won widespread admiration since its publication in 1981. Updated with reference to the most recent scholarship on the subject, this new edition will prove invaluable for the study of a period which has received increasing recognition.

Das Edikt des Artaxerxes

eine Untersuchung zum religionspolitischen und historischen Umfeld von Esra 7,12-26

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Author: Sebastian Grätz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110179675

Category: Religion

Page: 343

View: 6257

Das in Esr 7 überlieferte Schreiben eines Königs Artaxerxes an Esra wird vor dem Hintergrund königlicher hellenistischer Stiftungen und Schenkungen interpretiert. Es zeigt sich, dass sich der in der hellenistischen Königsideologie verankerte Euergetismus nicht für die persische Königsideologie nachweisen lässt. Mit Esr 7 ist daher wahrscheinlich bereits (früh-)hellenistischer Boden betreten. Hieraus ergeben sich zunächst Konsequenzen für das Verständnis des Schreibens als historische Quelle, dann aber auch für diejenigen historischen Modelle, die die Entstehung der Tora maßgeblich aus Esr 7 zu erklären suchen.

Die Jüdische Revolution

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Author: Johannes Bernhardt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 305006482X

Category: History

Page: 740

View: 6651

168 v. Chr. griff der Seleukide Antiochos IV. in den Kult von Jerusalem ein. Gegen diese Manahmen formierte sich unter den Hasmonaern eine Erhebung, die zur Wiederherstellung des Kultes, zur Etablierung der Hasmonaer als Hohepriester und zur Unabhangigkeit Judaas fuhrte. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht Ursachen, Entwicklung und Folgen der hasmonaischen Erhebung und fasst sie als historischen Prozess. Die kritische Forschung hat sich seit ihren Anfangen um ein tieferes Verstandnis der Erhebung bemuht. Aufgrund der schwierigen Quellenlage ist aber in kaum einem Punkt Konsens erzielt worden: Man suchte entweder in der seleukidischen oder judaischen Vorgeschichte nach Erklarungen fur Kulteingriffe, hat diese entweder in langfristige Entwicklungen eingeordnet oder kontingente Geschehnisse betont und hat die Motive der historischen Akteure entweder politisch oder religios gedeutet. Die vorliegende Arbeit ist der Versuch einer integrativen Deutung und legt das Konzept der politischen Theologie zugrunde. Unter diesen Bedingungen lasst sich zeigen, dass Antiochos IV. verstarkt auf die Sakralisierung seiner Herrschaft setzte und dass es in judaischen Machtkampfen zu einer zunehmenden Theologisierung der Politik kam. Als Antiochos IV. dann 168 v. Chr. eine Schmach durch die Romer hinnehmen musste und in Judaa ein Burgerkrieg ausbrach, verschrankten sich die Probleme des Seleukidenreichs und Judaas in einem hochgradig kontingenten Szenario: Antiochos IV. ordnete seine kultische Verehrung in Jerusalem an, und die Hasmonaer traten in den judaischen Machtkampfen fur die Rettung der Religion an. Langfristig verfolgten die Hasmonaer sowohl politische als auch religiose Ziele, vor allem ihre Etablierung als Hohepriester. Dies hatte schlielich eine religiose Mobilisierung der Judaer und die Ausbildung der ethnoreligiosen Identitat des Judentums zur Folge. Insgesamt vollzog sich eine Judische Revolution.

A Companion to the Hellenistic World

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Author: Andrew Erskine

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470997311

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 6205

Covering the period from the death of Alexander the Great to the celebrated defeat of Antony and Cleopatra at the hands of Augustus, this authoritative Companion explores the world that Alexander created but did not live to see. Comprises 29 original essays by leading international scholars Essential reading for courses on Hellenistic history Combines narrative and thematic approaches to the period Draws on the very latest research Covers a broad range of topics, spanning political, religious, social, economic and cultural history

Historical Roots of the Old Testament (1200–63 BCE)

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Author: Richard D. Nelson

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1628370068

Category: Religion

Page: 314

View: 3801

A thorough overview of the history of ancient Israel for research and classroom use Richard D. Nelson charts the beginning of the Iron Age and the emergence of Israel and its literature, including the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the downfall of Israel, Judah in the Assyrian and Babylonian periods, Yehud and Persia, and the Hellenistic period. Each chapter provides a summary of the period under consideration, a historical reconstruction of the period, based on biblical and extrabiblical evidence; a critical study of the biblical literature deriving from or associated with the period, and theological conclusions that readers may draw from the relevant biblical texts. Features: Balanced coverage of controversial topics Extensive bibliographies at the beginning of each chapter Lists of rulers and key dates for reference and classroom use

Taken at the Flood

The Roman Conquest of Greece

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Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664146

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 8621

The Romans first set military foot on Greek soil in 229 BCE; only sixty or so years later it was all over, and shortly thereafter Greece became one of the first provinces of the emerging Roman Empire. It was an incredible journey - a swift, brutal, and determined conquest of the land to whose art, philosophy, and culture the Romans owed so much. Rome found the eastern Mediterranean divided, in an unstable balance of power, between three great kingdoms - the three Hellenistic kingdoms that had survived and flourished after the wars of Alexander the Great's Successors: Macedon, Egypt, and Syria. Internal troubles took Egypt more or less out of the picture, but the other two were reduced by Rome. Having established itself, by its defeat of Carthage, as the sole superpower in the western Mediterranean, Rome then systematically went about doing the same in the east, until the entire Mediterranean was under her control. Apart from the thrilling military action, the story of the Roman conquest of Greece is central to the story of Rome itself and the empire it created. As Robin Waterfield shows, the Romans developed a highly sophisticated method of dominance by remote control over the Greeks of the eastern Mediterranean - the cheap option of using authority and diplomacy to keep order rather than standing armies. And it is a story that raises a number of fascinating questions about Rome, her empire, and her civilization. For instance, to what extent was the Roman conquest a planned and deliberate policy? What was it about Roman culture that gave it such a will for conquest? And what was the effect on Roman intellectual and artistic culture, on their very identity, of their entanglement with an older Greek civilization, which the Romans themselves recognized as supreme?

Land and Economy in Ancient Palestine

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Author: Jack Pastor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134722648

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9877

Land and Economy in Ancient Palestine is a study of the economic crises throughout the Second Temple Period. It establishes that the single factor of the economy which united all aspects of life in ancient society was land. Through study of a wide variety of sources, including the New Testament and classical authors, Jack Pastor looks at who owned land, and how they came to possess it. He examines the various ramifications of landownership in ancient society to ascertain its effect on livelihoods, government policies and revenues. A special emphasis is placed on debt and famine as social and economic problems with ties to the landholding structure.

Ancient Greek Laws

A Sourcebook

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Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134749945

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 9532

In this comprehensive and accessible sourcebook, Ilias Arnaoutoglou presents a collection of ancient Greek laws, which are situated in their legal and historical contexts and are elucidated with relevant selections from Greek literature and epigraphical testimonies. A wide area of legislative activity in major and minor Greek city-states, ranging from Delphoi and Athens in mainland Greece, to Gortyn in Crete, Olbia in South Russia and Aegean cities including Ephesos, Samos and Thasos, is covered. Ilias Arnaoutoglou divides legislation into three main areas: * the household - marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption, sexual offences and personal status * the market-place - trade, finance, sale, coinage and leases * the state - constitution, legislative process, public duties, colonies, building activities, naval forces, penal regulations, religion, politics and inter-state affairs. Dr Arnaoutoglou explores the significance of legislation in ancient Greece, the differences and similarities between ancient Greek legislation and legislators and their modern counterparts and also provides fresh translations of the legal documents themselves.

The Hellenistic Period

Historical Sources in Translation

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Author: Roger S. Bagnall,Peter Derow

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405143444

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8158

This book presents in translation 175 of the most revealingdocuments that have survived on stone and papyrus from theHellenistic period. Presents over 150 sources in translation. Captures the political, social, economic and religious dynamismof the Hellenistic kingdoms and cities. Covers the entire Hellenistic world, with extensive coverage ofthe Ptolemaic kingdom.

Roman Imperialism

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Author: Andrew Erskine

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 074862905X

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 7189

The transformation of Rome from a small central Italian city-state into the sole Mediterranean superpower has long proved fascinating and controversial. At its height the Roman Empire extended from Britain in the North to Libya in the South and from Spain in the West to Syria in the East. It has impressed not only by its extent but also by its longevity. Andrew Erskine examines the course and nature of Roman expansion, focusing on explanations, ancient and modern, the impact of Roman rule on the subject and the effect of empire on the imperial power. All these topics have created a tremendous amount of discussion among scholars, not least because the study of Roman imperialism has always been informed by contemporary perceptions of international power relations. The book is divided into two halves. Part I treats some of the main issues in modern debates about Roman imperialism, while Part II offers a selection of the most important source material allowing readers to enter these debates themselves

The Septuagint and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria

A Study in the Narrative of the 'Letter of Aristeas'

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Author: Sylvie Honigman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134462948

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9234

The Letter of Aristeas tells the story of how Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt commissioned seventy scholars to translate the Hebrew Bible into Greek. Long accepted as a straightforward historical account of a cultural enterprise in Ptolemaic Alexandria, the Letter nevertheless poses serious interpretative problems. Sylvie Honigman argues that the Letter should not be regarded as history, but as a charter myth for diaspora Judaism. She expounds its generic affinities with other works on Jewish history from Ptolemaic Alexandria, and argues that the process of translation was simultaneously a process of establishing an authoritative text, comparable to the work on the text of Homer being carried out by contemporary Greek scholars. The Letter of Aristeas is among the most intriguing literary productions of Ptolemaic Alexandria, and this is the first book-length study to be devoted to it.

The Greek World After Alexander 323–30 BC

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Author: Graham Shipley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134065310

Category: History

Page: 568

View: 6587

The Greek World After Alexander 323–30 BC examines social changes in the old and new cities of the Greek world and in the new post-Alexandrian kingdoms. An appraisal of the momentous military and political changes after the era of Alexander, this book considers developments in literature, religion, philosophy, and science, and establishes how far they are presented as radical departures from the culture of Classical Greece or were continuous developments from it. Graham Shipley explores the culture of the Hellenistic world in the context of the social divisions between an educated elite and a general population at once more mobile and less involved in the political life of the Greek city.

The Shaping of Western Civilization

From Antiquity to the Present

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Author: Michael Burger

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442694092

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 9146

Michael Burger's goal in this inexpensive overview is to provide a brief, historical narrative of Western civilization. Not only does its length and price separate this text from the competition, but its no-frills, uncluttered format and well-written, one-authored approach make it a valuable asset for every history student. The Shaping of Western Civilization begins with the ancient Near East and ends with globalization. Unlike other textbooks that pile on dates and facts, Shaping is a more coherent and interpretive presentation. Burger's skills as writer and synthesizer will enable students to obtain the background required to ask meaningful questions of primary sources. In addition to suggestions for further reading, this overview includes over 50 images and 22 maps.

The Shaping of Western Civilization, Volume I

From Antiquity to the Mid-Eighteenth Century

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Author: Michael Burger

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607580

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 6716

Michael Burger's goal in this inexpensive overview is to provide a brief, historical narrative of Western civilization. Not only does its length and price separate this text from the competition, but its no-frills, uncluttered format and well-written, one-authored approach make it a valuable asset for every history student. The Shaping of Western Civilization: From Antiquity to the Mid-Eighteenth Century begins with the ancient Near East and ends with the mid-eighteenth century. Unlike other textbooks that pile on dates and facts, Shaping is a more coherent and interpretive presentation. Burger's skills as writer and synthesizer will enable students to obtain the background required to ask meaningful questions of primary sources. In addition to suggestions for further reading, this overview includes over 40 images and 14 maps.

An Introduction to the New Testament, Second Edition

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Author: Charles B. Puskas,C. Michael Robbins

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621893316

Category: Religion

Page: 394

View: 4649

Studying the New Testament requires a determination to encounter this collection of writings on its own terms. This classic introduction by Charles B. Puskas, revised with C. Michael Robbins, provides helpful guidance. Since the publication of the first edition, which was in print for twenty years, a host of new and diverse cultural, historical, social-scientific, socio-rhetorical, narrative, textual, and contextual studies has been examined. Attentive also to the positive reviews of the first edition, the authors retain the original tripartite arrangement on 1) the world of the New Testament, 2) interpreting the New Testament, and 3) Jesus and early Christianity. This volume supplies readers with pertinent primary and secondary material. The new edition carries on a genuine effort to be nonsectarian, and although it is more of a critical introduction than a general survey, it is recommended to midlevel college and seminary students and to anyone who wants to be better informed about the New Testament.

Food and Society in Classical Antiquity

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Author: Peter Garnsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521645881

Category: History

Page: 175

View: 5249

A general study of food in antiquity, broadly based and comprehensive.

Juden unter der Herrschaft der Seleukiden. Die Machtpolitik des Antiochos IV. Epiphanes in Judäa

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Author: Pascal Böß

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668653607

Category: History

Page: 20

View: 6555

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, Note: 1,7, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Der einzige jemals unternommene Versuch, den Glauben des Judentums abzuschaffen, [muss] für alle Zeiten denkwürdig bleiben. Denn der Erfolg der Maßnahmen des Epiphanes hätte das Ende des Judentums bedeutet und damit auch die Entstehung von Christentum und Islam unmöglich gemacht“ (Bickermann, 1937). Die hier von Bickermann aufgeführte These stellt den historischen Sachverhalt des jüdischen Religionsverbots dar, erlassen durch den Seleukidenkönig Antiochos IV. Epiphanes 168 v. Chr. Die Konsequenzen, die dadurch entstanden wären, sind nur allzu gut nachvollziehbar. Vielmehr drängt sich die Intention des Religionsverbotes in den Vordergrund, das der hier ausdrücklich genannte „Epiphanes“ erließ, entgegen der üblichen Herrschaftspraxis der Seleukiden, die auf Fortführung der gegebenen Strukturen, Akzeptanz der lokalen Traditionen zur Zufriedenheit der Bevölkerung und somit zur Stabilität in den Provinzen ausgelegt war. Sein Vater Antiochos III. stärkte nach der Übernahme Judäas noch die jüdische Religion. Jedoch trug dieser maßgeblich zu der Verschärfung zu innerjüdischen Machtkämpfen bei, indem er im römisch-syrischen Krieg geschlagen wurde und im Friedensschluss 188 v. Chr. immense Reparationszahlungen auferlegt bekam, die ihn in den finanziellen Ruin trieben und sich durch die folgenden Generation zogen. Die ständige Geldnot der Seleukiden wirkte sich geradewegs auf Judäa aus, indem die seit dem 3. Jahrhundert intensivierte Rivalität zwischen dem Priestergeschlecht der Oniaden und des Tobiadengeschlechts, dadurch genährt wurde. Während der Herrschaft Antiochos IV. erfolgte ein wahres finanzielles Wettbieten um die Würde des Hohenpriesters, des höchsten Amtes im theokratischen Tempelstaat. Die Kumulation der Ereignisse führte letztendlich zum Religionsedikt, das nach aktuellem Forschungsstand definitiv nicht als Hellenisierungspolitik angesehen werden kann. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird der komplexen Problemstellung nachgegangen, inwiefern das Religionsedikt aus der Per- spektive des Seleukidenherrschers ein Missverständnis durch unglückliche Entscheidungen und Ratschläge oder eine kalkulierte, skrupellose Machtpolitik aus rein finanziellem Ansinnen war.