The Guatemala Reader

History, Culture, Politics

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Author: Greg Grandin,Elizabeth Oglesby

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822351072

Category: History

Page: 663

View: 8234

DIVAn interdisciplinary anthology on the largest, most populous nation in Central America, covering Guatemalan history, culture, literature and politics and containing many primary sources not previously published in English./div

Youth in Postwar Guatemala

Education and Civic Identity in Transition

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Author: Michelle J. Bellino

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813588014

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 4028

In the aftermath of armed conflict, how do new generations of young people learn about peace, justice, and democracy? Michelle J. Bellino describes how, following Guatemala’s civil war, adolescents at four schools in urban and rural communities learn about their country’s history of authoritarianism and develop civic identities within a fragile postwar democracy. Through rich ethnographic accounts, Youth in Postwar Guatemala, traces youth experiences in schools, homes, and communities, to examine how knowledge and attitudes toward historical injustice traverse public and private spaces, as well as generations. Bellino documents the ways that young people critically examine injustice while shaping an evolving sense of themselves as civic actors. In a country still marked by the legacies of war and division, young people navigate between the perilous work of critiquing the flawed democracy they inherited, and safely waiting for the one they were promised.

Environmentalism under Authoritarian Regimes

Myth, Propaganda, Reality

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Author: Stephen Brain,Viktor Pál

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351007041

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5502

Since the early 2000s, authoritarianism has risen as an increasingly powerful global phenomenon. This shift has not only social and political implications, but also environmental implications: authoritarian leaders seek to recast the relationship between society and the government in every aspect of public life, including environmental policy. When historians of technology or the environment have investigated the environmental consequences of authoritarian regimes, they have frequently argued that authoritarian regimes have been unable to produce positive environmental results or adjust successfully to global structural change, if they have shown any concern for the environment at all. Put another way, the scholarly consensus holds that authoritarian regimes on both the left and the right generally have demonstrated an anti-environmentalist bias, and when opposed by environmentalist social movements, have succeeded in silencing those voices. This book explores the theme of environmental politics and authoritarian regimes on both the right and the left. The authors argue that in instances when environmentalist policies offer the possibility of bolstering a country’s domestic (nationalist) appeal or its international prestige, authoritarian regimes can endorse and have endorsed environmental protective measures. The collection of essays analyzes environmentalist initiatives pursued by authoritarian regimes, and provides explanations for both the successes and failures of such regimes, looking at a range of case studies from a number of countries, including Brazil, China, Poland, and Zimbabwe. The volume contributes to the scholarly debate about the social and political preconditions necessary for effective environmental protection. This book will be of great interest to those studying environmental history and politics, environmental humanities, ecology, and geography.

Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection [4 volumes]

The Definitive Resource and Document Collection

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Author: Paul R. Bartrop,Steven Leonard Jacobs

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610693647

Category: Political Science

Page: 2270

View: 5035

This massive, four-volume work provides students with a close examination of 10 modern genocides enhanced by documents and introductions that provide additional historical and contemporary context for learning about and understanding these tragic events. • Provides a comprehensive examination of 10 modern genocides together in a single reference work, written by experts to be easily readable by advanced high school, undergraduate, and graduate students • Includes a collection of documents with each genocide section that also contains appropriate introductions to set the historical and contemporary context • Addresses not only the sobering reality of these different modern genocides but the pervasive, long-term consequences and impact on the communities affected by them • Supplies Analyze sections that allow for critical thinking while providing readers with insight into some of the most controversial and significant issues involving genocide • Serves as a gateway to further explorations regarding questions on genocide prevention, intervention, and the delivery of humanitarian aid

Ethnic Groups of the Americas

An Encyclopedia

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Author: James Minahan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610691636

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 9581

Intended to help students explore ethnic identity—one of the most important issues of the 21st century—this concise, one-stop reference presents rigorously researched content on the national groups and ethnicities of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Adiós Niño

The Gangs of Guatemala City and the Politics of Death

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Author: Deborah T. Levenson

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822395622

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8020

In Adiós Niño: The Gangs of Guatemala City and the Politics of Death, Deborah T. Levenson examines transformations in the Guatemalan gangs called Maras from their emergence in the 1980s to the early 2000s. A historical study, Adiós Niño describes how fragile spaces of friendship and exploration turned into rigid and violent ones in which youth, and especially young men, came to employ death as a natural way of living for the short period that they expected to survive. Levenson relates the stark changes in the Maras to global, national, and urban deterioration; transregional gangs that intersect with the drug trade; and the Guatemalan military's obliteration of radical popular movements and of social imaginaries of solidarity. Part of Guatemala City's reconfigured social, political, and cultural milieu, with their members often trapped in Guatemala's growing prison system, the gangs are used to justify remilitarization in Guatemala's contemporary postwar, post-peace era. Portraying the Maras as microcosms of broader tragedies, and pointing out the difficulties faced by those youth who seek to escape the gangs, Levenson poses important questions about the relationship between trauma, memory, and historical agency.

Guatemala, the Question of Genocide

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Author: Elizabeth A. Oglesby,Diane M. Nelson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138301757

Category: Genocide

Page: 262

View: 7098

In Guatemala, it was called the "trial of the century": the 2013 prosecution of former de facto head of state (1982-1983) General José Efraín Ríos Montt and his intelligence chief, General José Mauricio Rodríguez Sánchez, on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity against the Maya-Ixil people. Ríos Montt's seventeen-month reign was one of the bloodiest periods in Guatemala's history, with "scorched earth" massacres, the destruction of hundreds of Maya communities, and militarized resettlement of Mayas into "model villages." Ríos Montt was convicted on all charges. Ten days later, a higher court vacated the verdict on dubious procedural grounds. Nevertheless, Guatemala's genocide trial, held in the domestic courts in the country where the crimes were committed, was precedent-setting. In this volume, Guatemalan and international scholars rigorously explore the complexities of the Guatemala experience and reflect upon the case's implications for understanding and prosecuting the category of genocide more broadly. Topics include: the nexus of racism and counterinsurgency in explaining Guatemala's genocide; the politics of Maya collective memory; the intersections of gender, sexuality, and ethnicity in genocide; the decades-long interconnections of national and transnational justice processes that brought the case to trial; and the limits and contributions of tribunal justice. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Genocide Research.

Ein unvergänglicher Sommer

Roman

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Author: Isabel Allende

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758926

Category: Fiction

Page: 350

View: 2375

Ein Schneesturm in Brooklyn, und den Auffahrunfall tut Richard als belanglose Episode ab. Aber kaum ist der eigenbrötlerische Professor zuhause, steht die Fahrerin des anderen Autos vor der Tür. Evelyn ist völlig aufgelöst: In ihrem Kofferraum liegt eine Leiche. Zur Polizei kann sie nicht, denn das scheue guatemaltekische Kindermädchen ist illegal im Land. Richard wendet sich Hilfe suchend an Lucía, seine draufgängerische chilenische Untermieterin, die ebenfalls an der Uni tätig ist. Lucía drängt zu einer beherzten Aktion: Die Leiche muss verschwinden. Hals über Kopf machen sie sich auf den Weg in die nördlichen Wälder, auf eine Reise, die die drei zutiefst verändern wird. Und am Rande dieses Abenteuers entsteht etwas zwischen Richard und Lucía, von dem sie beide längst nicht mehr zu träumen gewagt hatten. »Nicht die Schwerkraft hält unser Universum im Gleichgewicht, sondern die Liebe.« Isabel Allende erzählt uns eine Geschichte, wie nur sie es kann, beseelt, humorvoll und lebensklug. Eine Geschichte von Flucht, Verlust und spätem Neuanfang. Und davon, wie viel wir Menschen erleiden können, ohne unsere Hoffnung zu verlieren.

Men of the Global South

A Reader

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Author: Adam Jones

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842775134

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 2325

Men of the Global South: A Reader is the most diverse and accessible volume yet published on men and masculinities throughout the developing world. A Reader that also offers a wide range of original contributions, it explores male experience in a uniquely vivid and accessible way. Adam Jones provides a framing introduction that surveys the growing literature on Southern men and masculinities, and links it to the broader study of gender and development. Six main sections portray different aspects of male experience in the global South: "Family and Sexuality," "Ritual & Belief," "Work," "Governance and Conflict," "Migrations," and "Masculinities in Motion." The text, richly complemented by a number of photographs, serves as an ideal introduction to the lives of men and boys from Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America/the Caribbean. This book will appeal to students and scholars of gender and development, as well as to general readers interested in gaining a greater understanding and appreciation of men’s roles, challenges, and contributions worldwide.

Viva Colores!

A Salute to the Indomitable People of Guatemala

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Author: Paola Gianturco,David Hill

Publisher: powerHouse Books

ISBN: 9781576873359

Category: History

Page: 151

View: 6408

Profiles a variety of ordinary Guatemalans who are making a difference in their communities, including activists and artists, and offers photographs that highlight the use of color in Guatemalan folk art and everyday life.

Culture and Customs of Guatemala

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Author: Maureen E. Shea

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313305962

Category: History

Page: 151

View: 1074

Discusses the traditions, culture, religion, media, literature, and arts of Guatemala.

Maya Cultural Activism in Guatemala

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Author: Edward F. Fischer,R. McKenna Brown

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292789238

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 6007

Maya Cultural Activism in Guatemala marks a new era in Guatemalan studies by offering an up-to-the-minute look at the pan-Maya movement and the future of the Maya people as they struggle to regain control over their cultural destiny. The successful emergence of what is in some senses a nationalism grounded in ethnicity and language has challenged scholars to reconsider their concepts of nationalism, community, and identity. Editors Edward F. Fischer and R. McKenna Brown have brought together essays by virtually all the leading U.S. experts on contemporary Maya communities and the top Maya scholars working in Guatemala today. Supplementing scholarly analysis of Mayan cultural activism is a position statement originating within the movement and more wide-ranging and personal reflections by anthropologists and linguists who have worked with the Maya over the years. Among the broader issues that come in for examination are the complex relations between U.S. Mayanists and the Mayan cultural movement, efforts to promote literacy in Mayan languages, the significance of woven textiles and native dress, the relations between language and national identity, and the cultural meanings that the present-day Maya have encountered in ancient Mayan texts and hieroglyphic writing.

The Blood of Guatemala

A History of Race and Nation

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Author: Greg Grandin

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822324959

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 2425

DIVA study of the political and cultural formation of one of Guatemala's indigenous communities that explores the nationalization of ethnicity, the preservation of Mayan identity, and the formation of a brutally repressive state./div

Heikle Gespräche

Worauf es ankommt, wenn viel auf dem Spiel steht

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Author: Kerry Patterson,Al Switzler,Joseph Grenny,Ron McMillan

Publisher: Linde Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3709402522

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 9257

Der New-York-Times-Bestseller in der 2. Auflage Ob am Arbeitsplatz, in der Partnerschaft, der Familie oder im Freundeskreis, wir alle kommen hin und wieder in die Lage, heikle Dinge offen ansprechen zu müssen. Aber wer führt schon gern Gespräche, bei denen Meinungsverschiedenheiten, Einwände und Ärger vorprogrammiert sind? Viele Menschen schrecken davor zurück, weil sie nicht wissen, wie sie sich in solchen Situationen richtig verhalten sollen. Genau dabei hilft dieses Buch. Der Bestseller liefert praktische Tipps und Techniken und zeigt nun bereits in der zweiten, überarbeiteten Auflage, wie man schwierige Gespräche konstruktiv meistert und auch über unangenehme Themen gelassen diskutiert.

Italica

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Italian language

Page: N.A

View: 4570

"Bibliography of Italian studies in America" in each number, 1924-48.

Shattered Hope

The Guatemalan Revolution and the United States, 1944-1954

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Author: Piero Gleijeses

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691025568

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 3125

The most thorough account yet available of a revolution that saw the first true agrarian reform in Central America, this book is also a penetrating analysis of the tragic destruction of that revolution. In no other Central American country was U.S. intervention so decisive and so ruinous, charges Piero Gleijeses. Yet he shows that the intervention can be blamed on no single "convenient villain." "Extensively researched and written with conviction and passion, this study analyzes the history and downfall of what seems in retrospect to have been Guatemala's best government, the short-lived regime of Jacobo Arbenz, overthrown in 1954, by a CIA-orchestrated coup."--Foreign Affairs "Piero Gleijeses offers a historical road map that may serve as a guide for future generations. . . . [Readers] will come away with an understanding of the foundation of a great historical tragedy."--Saul Landau, The Progressive "[Gleijeses's] academic rigor does not prevent him from creating an accessible, lucid, almost journalistic account of an episode whose tragic consequences still reverberate."--Paul Kantz, Commonweal

The Guatemalan Military Project

A Violence Called Democracy

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Author: Jennifer Schirmer

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200594

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6037

In 1999, the Guatemala truth commission issued its report on human rights violations during Guatemala's thirty-six-year civil war that ended in 1996. The commission, sponsored by the UN, estimates the conflict resulted in 200,000 deaths and disappearances. The commission holds the Guatemalan military responsible for 93 percent of the deaths. In The Guatemalan Military Project, Jennifer Schirmer documents the military's role in human rights violations through a series of extensive interviews striking in their brutal frankness and unique in their first-hand descriptions of the campaign against Guatemala's citizens. High-ranking officers explain in their own words their thoughts and feelings regarding violence, political opposition, national security doctrine, democracy, human rights, and law. Additional interviews with congressional deputies, Guatemalan lawyers, journalists, social scientists, and a former president give a full and balanced account of the Guatemalan power structure and ruling system. With expert analysis of these interviews in the context of cultural, legal, and human rights considerations, The Guatemalan Military Project provides a successful evaluation of the possibilities and processes of conversion from war to peace in Latin America and around the world.