The Great Decision

Jefferson, Adams, Marshall, and the Battle for the Supreme Court

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Author: Cliff Sloan,David McKean

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 145875894X

Category:

Page: 388

View: 8767

In 1800, the United States teetered on the brink of a second revolution. The presidential election between Adams and Jefferson was a bitterly contested tie, and the government neared collapse. The Supreme Court had no clear purpose or power - no one had even thought to build it a courtroom in the new capital city. When Adams sought to prolong his policies in defiance of the electorate by packing the courts, the fine words of the new Constitution could do nothing to stop him. It would take a man to make those words good, and America found him in John Marshall. The Great Decision tells the riveting story of Marshall and of the landmark court case, Marbury v. Madison, through which he empowered the Supreme Court and transformed the idea of the separation of powers into a working blueprint for our modern state. Rich in atmospheric detail, political intrigue, and fascinating characters, The Great Decision is an illuminating tale of America's formative years and of the evolution of our democracy.

Summary: The Great Decision

Review and Analysis of Cliff Sloan and David McKean's Book

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Author: BusinessNews Publishing

Publisher: Primento

ISBN: 2511002140

Category: Political Science

Page: 44

View: 8007

The must-read summary of Cliff Sloan and David McKean's book: “The Great Decision: Jefferson, Adams, Marshall, and the Battle for the Supreme Court”. This complete summary of "The Great Decision" by Cliff Sloan and David McKean provides an overview of the authors' account of the riveting court case that led Marshall to empower the Supreme Court and come up with the idea of separating powers in the way that they exist in today's modern state. Added-value of this summary: • Save time • Understand the role of the Supreme Court and the origins of its powers • Expand your knowledge of American politics and legislation To learn more, read "The Great Decision" and discover how the separation of powers into branches in the US first came about.

The Presidents and the Constitution

A Living History

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Author: Ken Gormley

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479872075

Category: Law

Page: 672

View: 6479

In this sweepingly ambitious volume, the nation’s foremost experts on the American presidency and the U.S. Constitution join together to tell the intertwined stories of how each American president has confronted and shaped the Constitution. Each occupant of the office—the first president to the forty-fourth—has contributed to the story of the Constitution through the decisions he made and the actions he took as the nation’s chief executive. By examining presidential history through the lens of constitutional conflicts and challenges, The Presidents and the Constitution offers a fresh perspective on how the Constitution has evolved in the hands of individual presidents. It delves into key moments in American history, from Washington’s early battles with Congress to the advent of the national security presidency under George W. Bush and Barack Obama, to reveal the dramatic historical forces that drove these presidents to action. Historians and legal experts, including Richard Ellis, Gary Hart, Stanley Kutler and Kenneth Starr, bring the Constitution to life, and show how the awesome powers of the American presidency have been shapes by the men who were granted them. The book brings to the fore the overarching constitutional themes that span this country’s history and ties together presidencies in a way never before accomplished. Exhaustively researched and compellingly presented, The Presidents and the Constitution shines new light on America’s brilliant constitutional and presidential history. Instructor's Guide

What Kind of Nation

Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and the Epic Stru

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Author: James F. Simon

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439127638

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 5957

What Kind of Nation is a riveting account of the bitter and protracted struggle between two titans of the early republic over the power of the presidency and the independence of the judiciary. The clash between fellow Virginians (and second cousins) Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall remains the most decisive confrontation between a president and a chief justice in American history. Fought in private as well as in full public view, their struggle defined basic constitutional relationships in the early days of the republic and resonates still in debates over the role of the federal government vis-à-vis the states and the authority of the Supreme Court to interpret laws. Jefferson was a strong advocate of states' rights who distrusted the power of the federal government. He believed that the Constitution defined federal authority narrowly and left most governmental powers to the states. He was suspicious of the Federalist-dominated Supreme Court, whose members he viewed as partisan promoters of their political views at the expense of Jefferson's Republicans. When he became president, Jefferson attempted to correct the Court's bias by appointing Republicans to the Court. He also supported an unsuccessful impeachment of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase. Marshall believed in a strong federal government and was convinced that an independent judiciary offered the best protection for the Constitution and the nation. After he was appointed by Federalist President John Adams to be chief justice in 1801 (only a few weeks before Jefferson succeeded Adams), he issued one far-reaching opinion after another. Beginning with the landmark decision Marbury v. Madison in 1803, and through many cases involving states' rights, impeachment, treason, and executive privilege, Marshall established the Court as the final arbiter of the Constitution and the authoritative voice for the constitutional supremacy of the federal government over the states. As Marshall's views prevailed, Jefferson became increasingly bitter, certain that the Court was suffocating the popular will. But Marshall's carefully reasoned rulings endowed the Court with constitutional authority even as they expanded the power of the federal government, paving the way for later Court decisions sanctioning many pivotal laws of the modern era, such as those of the New Deal, the Great Society, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In a fascinating description of the treason trial of Jefferson's former vice president, Aaron Burr, James F. Simon shows how Marshall rebuffed President Jefferson's claim of executive privilege. That decision served as precedent for a modern Supreme Court ruling rejecting President Nixon's claim that he did not have to hand over the Watergate tapes. More than 150 years after Jefferson's and Marshall's deaths, their words and achievements still reverberate in constitutional debate and political battle. What Kind of Nation is a dramatic rendering of a bitter struggle between two shrewd politicians and powerful statesmen that helped create a United States.

Constitutional Law for a Changing America

Rights, Liberties, and Justice

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Author: Lee Epstein,Thomas G. Walker

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483384039

Category: Political Science

Page: 848

View: 7756

Judicial decisions are influenced by myriad political factors, from lawyers and interest groups, to the shifting sentiments of public opinion, to the ideological and behavioral inclinations of the justices. In Constitutional Law for a Changing America: Rights, Liberties, and Justice, Ninth Edition authors Lee Epstein and Thomas G. Walker show how these dynamics shape the development of constitutional doctrine. Known for fastidious revising and streamlining, the authors incorporate the latest scholarship in the fields of both political science and legal studies and offer rock-solid analysis of both classic and contemporary landmark cases, including key opinions handed down through the 2015 session. Filled with additional supporting material—photographs of the litigants, sidebars comparing the U.S. with other nations, and "Aftermath" boxes that tell the stories of the parties' lives after the Supreme Court has acted—the text encourages greater student engagement with the material and a more complete understanding of the American constitution.

The Second Amendment

A Biography

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Author: Michael Waldman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476747466

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 4273

Widely acclaimed at the time of its publication, the life story of the most controversial, volatile, misunderstood provision of the Bill of Rights. At a time of increasing gun violence in America, Waldman’s book provoked a wide range of discussion. This book looks at history to provide some surprising, illuminating answers. The Amendment was written to calm public fear that the new national government would crush the state militias made up of all (white) adult men—who were required to own a gun to serve. Waldman recounts the raucous public debate that has surrounded the amendment from its inception to the present. As the country spread to the Western frontier, violence spread too. But through it all, gun control was abundant. In the twentieth century, with Prohibition and gangsterism, the first federal control laws were passed. In all four separate times the Supreme Court ruled against a constitutional right to own a gun. The present debate picked up in the 1970s—part of a backlash to the liberal 1960s and a resurgence of libertarianism. A newly radicalized NRA entered the campaign to oppose gun control and elevate the status of an obscure constitutional provision. In 2008, in a case that reached the Court after a focused drive by conservative lawyers, the US Supreme Court ruled for the first time that the Constitution protects an individual right to gun ownership. Famous for his theory of “originalism,” Justice Antonin Scalia twisted it in this instance to base his argument on contemporary conditions. In The Second Amendment: A Biography, Michael Waldman shows that our view of the amendment is set, at each stage, not by a pristine constitutional text, but by the push and pull, the rough and tumble of political advocacy and public agitation.

Gorbatschow

Der Mann und seine Zeit

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Author: William Taubman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700454

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 935

View: 4747

Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?

Prologue

The Journal of the National Archives

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archives

Page: N.A

View: 5314

Military Law Review

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Courts-martial and courts of inquiry

Page: N.A

View: 3257

The Freeman

Ideas on Liberty

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Libertarianism

Page: N.A

View: 8420

Meine geliebte Welt

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Author: Sonia Sotomayor

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406659489

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 349

View: 4330

Aufgewachsen in der Bronx, Puertoricanerin, die Kindheit prekär, der Vater Alkoholiker, die Mutter überfordert – Sonia Sotomayor war es nicht gerade in die Wiege gelegt, eines Tages Richterin am höchsten Gericht der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zu werden. Mit einem großen Herzen und viel Humor erzählt diese Ausnahmefrau von ihrem Weg, aber nicht um sich dabei auf die Schulter zu klopfen, sondern um anderen Menschen mit ihrer eigenen Geschichte Mut zu machen. Ein hinreißendes, ansteckendes Buch über das Trotzdem und über die – wirklich wichtigen – Dinge des Lebens. „’Nach der Lektüre werden mich die Leser nach menschlichen Kriterien beurteilen’, schreibt Sonia Sotomayor. Wir, die wir in diesem Fall die Jury sind, finden sie einfach unwiderstehlich.“ Washingtonian „Überwältigende und stark geschriebene Memoiren zum Thema Identität und Persönlichkeitsfindung ... Offenherzig, scharf beobachtet und vor allem tief empfunden.“ The New York Times „Eine Frau, die weiß, wo sie herkommt und die die Kraft hat, uns dorthin mitzunehmen.“ The New York Times Book Review

Sie schufen Amerika

die Gründergeneration von John Adams bis George Washington

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Author: Joseph J. Ellis

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406528293

Category:

Page: 372

View: 9400

Der Mann im grauen Flanell

Roman

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Author: Sloan Wilson

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832187065

Category: Fiction

Page: 446

View: 684

Der amerikanische Klassiker in neuer Übersetzung Tom und Betsy Rath sind ein junges Paar, sie haben drei gesunde Kinder, ein schönes Zuhause in einem netten Vorort von New York und ein regelmäßiges, wenn auch nicht üppiges Einkommen. Eigentlich haben sie allen Grund, glücklich zu sein. Doch irgendwie sind sie es nicht. Tom pendelt Tag für Tag in die Stadt, wo er einem unspektakulären Bürojob nachgeht – seit er aus dem Krieg zurückgekehrt ist, hat er sich ohnehin verändert, ist verschlossen und launisch. Betsy fühlt sich unverstanden. Nach einem Karriereschritt hat Tom bald keine Zeit mehr für sein Privatleben. Ist es das, was Tom wirklich will? Als er auf einen alten Kameraden aus dem Krieg trifft, gerät sein Alltag vollends aus den Fugen, Tom muss sich seiner Vergangenheit stellen und eine Entscheidung treffen, die sein Leben grundsätzlich verändern wird. ›Der Mann im grauen Flanell‹, im Original 1955 veröffentlicht und sofort ein Bestseller, vermittelt wie wenige andere Romane den Geist der fünfziger Jahre. Zu Recht gilt er als moderner Klassiker und verdient es, zusammen mit den Werken von Richard Yates, John Cheever und Raymond Carver genannt zu werden. Der Buchtitel war so treffend, dass er im Englischen zu einem feststehenden Begriff wurde. Nun liegt der Roman in einer zeitgemäßen deutschen Übersetzung vor.

George Washington

Eine Biographie

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Author: Joseph J. Ellis

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406707130

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 394

View: 1237

George Washington gehört zu den großen Gestalten der Weltgeschichte. Er führte als General die Revolutionsarmee zum Sieg und errang so die amerikanische Unabhängigkeit. Als erster amerikanischer Präsident steuerte er die junge Nation durch ihre unsicherste und schwierigste Phase. Joseph J. Ellis schildert in seiner meisterhaften Biographie die außergewöhnliche Persönlichkeit des Mannes, der zum berühmtesten Amerikaner der Geschichte werden sollte. Joseph J. Ellis entwirft ein ebenso umfassendes wie vielschichtiges Porträt George Washingtons. Er beschreibt nicht nur seine Anfänge, die militärischen Jahre erst im French and Indian War und dann im Unabhängigkeitskrieg sowie seine beiden Amtszeiten als erster Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Mit großer Sensibilität spürt er auch der komplexen Persönlichkeit Washingtons nach, die heute fast ganz hinter der Ikone verschwunden ist. Ellis’ psychologischer Scharfsinn und vor allem seine viel gerühmte Erzählkunst lassen einen Mann wieder hautnah lebendig werden, der wie kein anderer die Geschichte Amerikas geprägt hat.

Ke - M.

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Author: Joseph F. X. McCarthy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780684139180

Category:

Page: 341

View: 3494