The Great Basin

A Natural Prehistory


Author: Donald Grayson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520267478

Category: Nature

Page: 418

View: 2116

"The Great Basin, centering on Nevada and including substantial parts of California, Oregon, and Utah, gets its name from the fact that none of its rivers or streams flow to the sea. This book synthesizes the past 25,000 years of the natural history of this vast region. It explores the extinct animals that lived in the Great Basin during the Ice Age and recounts the rise and fall of the massive Ice Age lakes that existed here. It explains why trees once grew 13' beneath what is now the surface of Lake Tahoe, explores the nearly two dozen Great Basin mountain ranges that once held substantial glaciers, and tells the remarkable story of how pinyon pine came to cover some 17,000,000 acres of the Great Basin in the relatively recent past.These discussions culminate with the impressive history of the prehistoric people of the Great Basin, a history that shows how human societies dealt with nearly 13,000 years of climate change on this often-challenging landscape"--Provided by publisher.




Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 9781560989332

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 7917

Main Selection, Natural Science Book Club. Spanning 25,000 years and covering topics that range from Pleistocene glaciers to the ill-fated Donner Party, The Desert's Past presents the first complete synthesis of the environmental and human history of North America's Great Basin.

Mapping and Imagination in the Great Basin

A Cartographic History


Author: Richard V. Francaviglia

Publisher: University of Nevada Press

ISBN: 9780874176179

Category: History

Page: 231

View: 9802

"The Great Basin was the last region of continental North America to be explored and mapped, and it remained largely a mystery to European Americans until well into the nineteenth century. In Mapping and Imagination in the Great Basin, geographer-historian Richard Francaviglia shows how the Great Basin gradually emerged from its "cartographic silence" as Terra Incognita and how this fascinating process both paralleled the development of the sciences of surveying, geology, hydrology, and cartography, and reflected the changing geopolitical aspirations of the European colonial powers and the United States. Francaviglia's remarkable interdisciplinary account of the mapping of the Great Basin combines an exciting chronicle of the exploration of the region with a history of the art and science of cartography and of the political, economic, and cultural contexts in which maps are created. It also offers a compelling, wide-ranging discussion that combines a description of the daunting physical realities of the Great Basin with a cogent examination of the ways humans--from early Native Americans to nineteenth-century surveyors to twentieth-century highway and air travelers--have understood, defined, and organized this space, psychologically and through the medium of maps"--Jacket.

Ancient Peoples of the Great Basin and Colorado Plateau


Author: Steven R Simms

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434962

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 1575

Written to appeal to professional archaeologists, students, and the interested public alike, this book is a long overdue introduction to the ancient peoples of the Great Basin and northern Colorado Plateau. Through detailed syntheses, the reader is drawn into the story of the habitation of the Great Basin from the entry of the first Native Americans through the arrival of Europeans. Ancient Peoples is a major contribution to Great Basin archaeology and anthropology, as well as the general study of foraging societies.

From the Pleistocene to the Holocene

Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America


Author: C. Britt Bousman,Bradley J. Vierra

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1603447601

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 7102

The end of the Pleistocene era brought dramatic environmental changes to small bands of humans living in North America: changes that affected subsistence, mobility, demography, technology, and social relations. The transition they made from Paleoindian (Pleistocene) to Archaic (Early Holocene) societies represents the first major cultural shift that took place solely in the Americas. This event—which manifested in ways and at times much more varied than often supposed—set the stage for the unique developments of behavioral complexity that distinguish later Native American prehistoric societies. Using localized studies and broad regional syntheses, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the diversity of adaptations to the dynamic and changing environmental and cultural landscapes that occurred between the Pleistocene and early portion of the Holocene. The authors' research areas range from Northern Mexico to Alaska and across the continent to the American Northeast, synthesizing the copious available evidence from well-known and recent excavations.With its methodologically and geographically diverse approach, From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America provides an overview of the present state of knowledge regarding this crucial transformative period in Native North America. It offers a large-scale synthesis of human adaptation, reflects the range of ideas and concepts in current archaeological theoretical approaches, and acts as a springboard for future explanations and models of prehistoric change.

Believing in Place

A Spiritual Geography of the Great Basin


Author: Richard V. Francaviglia

Publisher: University of Nevada Press

ISBN: 9780874175424

Category: Nature

Page: 289

View: 7609

Believing in Place is a reflection on the ways that human needs and spiritual traditions can shape our perceptions of the land. That the Great Basin has inspired such a complex variety of responses is partly due to its enigmatic vastness and isolation, partly to the remarkable range of peoples who have found themselves in the region. Using not only the materials of traditional geography but folklore, anthropology, Native American and Euro-American religion, contemporary politics, and New Age philosophies, Francaviglia has produced a timely investigation of the role of human conceptions of place in that space we call the Great Basin.

Relicts of a Beautiful Sea

Survival, Extinction, and Conservation in a Desert World


Author: Christopher Norment

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618672

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 5493

Along a tiny spring in a narrow canyon near Death Valley, seemingly against all odds, an Inyo Mountain slender salamander makes its home. "The desert," writes conservation biologist Christopher Norment, "is defined by the absence of water, and yet in the desert there is water enough, if you live properly." Relicts of a Beautiful Sea explores the existence of rare, unexpected, and sublime desert creatures such as the black toad and four pupfishes unique to the desert West. All are anomalies: amphibians and fish, dependent upon aquatic habitats, yet living in one of the driest places on earth, where precipitation averages less than four inches per year. In this climate of extremes, beset by conflicts over water rights, each species illustrates the work of natural selection and the importance of conservation. This is also a story of persistence--for as much as ten million years--amid the changing landscape of western North America. By telling the story of these creatures, Norment illustrates the beauty of evolution and explores ethical and practical issues of conservation: what is a four-inch-long salamander worth, hidden away in the heat-blasted canyons of the Inyo Mountains, and what would the cost of its extinction be? What is any lonely and besieged species worth, and why should we care?

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures


Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 5380

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

California Prehistory

Colonization, Culture, and Complexity


Author: Terry L. Jones,Kathryn A. Klar

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759113742

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 4279

Reader of original synthesizing articles for introductory courses on archaeology and native peoples of California.

Stone Age Spear and Arrow Points of California and the Great Basin


Author: Noel D. Justice

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253108838

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 1091

Noel Justice adds another regional guide to his series of important reference works that survey, describe, and categorize the projectile point and cutting tools used in prehistory by Native American peoples. This volume addresses the region of California and the Great Basin. Written for archaeologists and amateur collectors alike, the book describes over 50 types of stone arrowhead and spear points according to period, culture, and region. With the knowledge of someone trained to fashion projectile points with techniques used by the Indians, Justice describes how the points were made, used, and re-sharpened. His detailed drawings illustrate the way the Indians shaped their tools, what styles were peculiar to which regions, and how the various types can best be identified. There are hundreds of drawings, organized by type cluster and other identifying characteristics. The book also includes distribution maps and color plates that will further aid the researcher or collector in identifying specific periods, cultures, and projectile types.

Julian Steward and the Great Basin

The Making of an Anthropologist


Author: Richard O. Clemmer,L. Daniel Myers,Mary Elizabeth Rudden

Publisher: N.A


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 7565

Julian Steward and the Great Basin is a critical assessment of Steward's work, the factors that influenced him, and his deep effect on American anthropology. Steward (1902-1972) was one of the foremost American exponents of cultural ecology, the idea that societies evolve in adaptation to their human and natural environments. He was also central in shaping basic anthropological constructs such as "hunter-gatherer" and "adaptation." But his fieldwork took place almost entirely in the Great Basin. In one sense, the phases of Steward's career epitomize the successive schools of anthropological theory and practice. Each chapter explores a different aspect of his work ranging from early efforts at documenting trait distributions to his later role in the development of social transformation theory, area studies, and applied anthropology. Julian Steward and the Great Basin also corrects long-standing misperceptions that originated with Steward about lifeways of the Indians living between the Great Plains and California. It charts new directions for research, demanding a more exacting study of environmental conditions, material adaptations, and organizational responses, as well as an appreciation of the ideological and humanistic dimensions of Basin Life.

A management-oriented classification of Pinyon-Juniper woodlands of the Great Basin


Author: Neil E. West,Robin J. Tausch,Paul T. Tueller,Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)

Publisher: N.A


Category: Forest ecology

Page: 42

View: 5208

A hierarchical framework for the classification of Great Basin pinyon-juniper woodlands was based on a systematic sample of 426 stands from a random selection of 66 of the 110 mountain ranges in the region. That is, mountain ranges were randomly selected, but stands were systematically located on mountain ranges. The National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units (ECOMAP) was used for the highest levels of classification, subdividing the Great Basin into nine relatively environmentally homogeneous Sections. The remaining levels are vegetation-based, focusing on the relative composition and dominance of pinyon and juniper and the dominant shrub and perennial grass species present. This approach will allow managers to better relate the results of previous, as well as new studies and management experiences.

Prehistoric Lifeways in the Great Basin Wetlands

Bioarchaeological Reconstruction and Interpretation


Author: Brian E. Hemphill,Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 4021

An examination of how the earliest inhabitants of the Great Basin in Nevada, Utah, and Oregon made use of the ancient marshes and lakes

The Amateur Archaeologist in the Great Basin


Author: Len J. Ettinger

Publisher: L J Ettinger

ISBN: 9780961484064

Category: History

Page: 116

View: 6969

Written for the informed and interested amateur archaeologist. Excellent fact-filled book that teaches the archaeological history of man and their tools, migration, and entry into the Great Basin. Complete with detailed maps, helpful charts, illustrations, and glossary

Giant Sloths and Sabertooth Cats

Extinct Mammals and the Archaeology of the Ice Age Great Basin


Author: Donald K. Grayson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781607814696

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 2424

Status and trends of the nation's biological resources


Author: Michael J. Mac,Paul A. Opler,Catherine E. Puckett Haecker,Geological Survey (U.S.),Peter D. Doran

Publisher: N.A


Category: Nature

Page: 964

View: 9641