The Goldilocks Planet

The 4 Billion Year Story of Earth's Climate

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Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199593574

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 2999

Presents a history of climate to reveal that the climatic changes happening hardly compare to the changes the Earth has seen over the last 4.5 billion years.

Astrobiologie für Einsteiger

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Author: Kevin W. Plaxco,Michael Groß

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527411453

Category: Exobiology

Page: 324

View: 5857

Astrobiologie ist ein Forschungsgebiet, das sich in jüngster Zeit großen öffentlichen Interesses erfreut hat. Inzwischen sind astrobiologische Fragen oft die Rechtfertigung für die Forschungsausgaben von NASA und anderen staatlichen Organisationen. Aufgrund dieses breiten Interesses besteht ein Bedarf nach einer detaillierten, aber zugänglichen Einführung in dieses Gebiet. Darüber hinaus trägt auch die interdisziplinäre Natur des Gebiets dazu bei, dass ein erheblicher Kommunikations- und Vermittlungsbedarf besteht. Kosmologen verstehen oft den Fachjargon der Biochemiker nicht und umgekehrt. Dieses Buch enthält alle relevanten Einzelheiten, ist aber dennoch "für Hörer aller Fakultäten" zugänglich.

Eyes to See

The Astonishing Variety of Vision in Nature

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Author: Michael Land

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191064866

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7739

Vision is the sense by which we and other animals obtain most of our information about the world around us. Darwin appreciated that at first sight it seems absurd that the human eye could have evolved by natural selection. But we now know far more about vision, the many times it has independently evolved in nature, and the astonishing variety of ways to see. The human eye, with a lens forming an image on a sensitive retina, represents just one. Scallops, shrimps, and lobsters all use mirrors in different ways. Jumping spiders scan with their front-facing eyes to check whether the object in front is an insect to eat, another spider to mate with, or a predator to avoid. Mantis shrimps can even measure the polarization of light. Animal eyes are amazing structures, often involving precision optics and impressive information processing, mainly using wet protein - not the substance an engineer would choose for such tasks. In Eyes to See, Michael Land, one of the leading world experts on vision, explores the varied ways in which sight has evolved and is used in the natural world, and describes some of the ingenious experiments researchers have used to uncover its secrets. He also discusses human vision, including his experiments on how our eye movements help us to do everyday tasks, as well as skilled ones such as sight-reading music or driving. He ends by considering the fascinating problem of how the constantly shifting images from our eyes are converted in the brain into the steady and integrated conscious view of the world we experience.

Climate: A Very Short Introduction

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Author: Mark Maslin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653934

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 3853

In this wide-ranging Very Short Introduction to climate, Mark Maslin considers all aspects of the global climate system, exploring and explaining the different components that control climate on Earth. He considers the processes that allow energy to reach the Earth and how it is redistributed around the planet by the ocean-atmosphere system; the relationship and differences between climate and the weather; how climate has affected life on Earth and human settlements; and the cyclic and quasi-cyclic features of climate such as the Milankovitch cycles and El Nino. He concludes by touching on the issue of climate change, and outlines some of the approaches that are now being taken to tackle it. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Big History and the Future of Humanity

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Author: Fred Spier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118881729

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 5445

"Provides an accessible and original overview of the entire sweep of history that places human history within the context of the history of life, the Earth, and the universe"--

Ocean Worlds

The story of seas on Earth and other planets

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Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653578

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9589

Oceans make up most of the surface of our blue planet. They may form just a sliver on the outside of the Earth, but they are very important, not only in hosting life, including the fish and other animals on which many humans depend, but in terms of their role in the Earth system, in regulating climate, and cycling nutrients. As climate change, pollution, and over-exploitation by humans puts this precious resource at risk, it is more important than ever that we understand and appreciate the nature and history of oceans. There is much we still do not know about the story of the Earth's oceans, and we are only just beginning to find indications of oceans on other planets. In this book, geologists Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams consider the deep history of oceans, how and when they may have formed on the young Earth — topics of intense current research — how they became salty, and how they evolved through Earth history. We learn how oceans have formed and disappeared over millions of years, how the sea nurtured life, and what may become of our oceans in the future. We encounter some of the scientists and adventurers whose efforts led to our present understanding of oceans. And we look at clues to possible seas that may once have covered parts of Mars and Venus, that may still exist, below the surface, on moons such as Europa and Callisto, and the possibility of watery planets in other star systems.

Climate

Causes and Effects of Climate Change

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Author: Dana Desonie

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438105649

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 199

View: 3162

Discusses the issue of global warming and what we can do to prevent its rise. This book addresses how people must use energy more efficiently, develop alternative energy sources, and lower emissions technologies.

Earth Matters

How Soil Underlies Civilization

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Author: Richard Bardgett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668566

Category: Soil and civilization

Page: 224

View: 5928

For much of history, soil has played a major, and often central, role in the lives of humans. Entire societies have risen, and collapsed, through the management or mismanagement of soil; farmers and gardeners worldwide nurture their soil to provide their plants with water, nutrients, and protection from pests and diseases; major battles have been aborted or stalled by the condition of soil; murder trials have been solved with evidence from the soil; and, for most of us, our ultimate fate is the soil. In this book Richard Bardgett discusses soil and the many, and sometimes surprising, ways that humanity has depended on it throughout history, and still does today. Analysing the role soil plays in our own lives, despite increasing urbanization, and in the biogeochemical cycles that allow the planet to function effectively, Bardgett considers how superior soil management could combat global issues such as climate change, food shortages, and the extinction of species. Looking to the future, Bardgett argues that it is vital for the future of humanity for governments worldwide to halt soil degradation, and to put in place policies for the future sustainable management of soils.

Meteorologie und Klimatologie

Eine Einführung

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Author: Horst Malberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662087006

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 9194

Auf der Basis der physikalischen Grundlagen (Strahlung, Luftbewegung, Wolken- und Niederschlagsbildung) sowie der verschiedenen Methoden der Wetterbeobachtung (Boden, Radiosonde, Satelliten, Radar) werden Wettersysteme und Wettervorhersage verständlich erläutert. Die allgemeine atmosphärische Zirkulation verknüpft das kurzlebige Wettergeschehen mit dem großräumigen Klima auf der Erde. Ausführungen über Klimaänderungen, orographische Windsysteme, Stadtklima, Luftverunreinigungen und Wetterbeeinflussung runden die Einführung in den aktuellen Stand der Meteorologie und Klimatologie ab. Die 4. Aufl. beinhaltet zahlreiche Aktualisierungen und Ergänzungen, so z.B. zu den lufthygienischen Bedingungen in Tälern, und wurde um ein Kapitel über El Nino bzw. ENSO erweitert.

Frontiers of Climate Modeling

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Author: J. T. Kiehl,V. Ramanathan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453233

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4231

The physics and dynamics of the atmosphere and atmosphere-ocean interactions provide the foundation of modern climate models, upon which our understanding of the chemistry and biology of ocean and land surface processes are built. Originally published in 2006, Frontiers of Climate Modeling captures developments in modeling the atmosphere, and their implications for our understanding of climate change, whether due to natural or anthropogenic causes. Emphasis is on elucidating how greenhouse gases and aerosols are altering the radiative forcing of the climate system and the sensitivity of the system to such perturbations. An expert team of authors address key aspects of the atmospheric greenhouse effect, clouds, aerosols, atmospheric radiative transfer, deep convection dynamics, large scale ocean dynamics, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, and coupled ocean-atmosphere model development. The book is an important reference for researchers and advanced students interested in the forces driving the climate system and how they are modeled by climate scientists.

Unsere einsame Erde

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Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642565069

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 9814

Sind wir vielleicht allein im Universum? Die Antworten überraschen und führen den Leser auf eine faszinierende Reise von den vulkanischen Quellen des Ozeanbodens bis zum Jupiter-Mond. "...ein stellares Beispiel präziser Ausdruckskraft." (American Scientist)

Environment, Energy, and Society

Exemplary Works

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Author: Craig R. Humphrey,Tammy L. Lewis,Frederick H. Buttel

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534579579

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 431

View: 7956

This text was designed as a reader to accompany Humphrey, Lewis, and Buttel, Environment, Energy, and Society: A New Synthesis (2002). The reader is divided into eight parts exploring issues and topics central to the study of the environment, rural and urban problems.

Project Sunshine

How science can use the sun to fuel and feed the world

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Author: Steve McKevitt,Tony Ryan

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 1848315627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 6883

It’s an astonishing fact that capturing all the energy in just one hour’s worth of sunlight would enable us to meet the planet’s food and energy needs for an entire year. Project Sunshine tells the story of how scientists are working to reconnect us to the ‘solar economy’, harnessing the power of the sun to provide sustainable food and energy for a global population of 10 billion people: an achievement that would end our dependence on ‘fossilised sunshine’ in the form of coal, oil and gas and remake our connection with the soil that grows our food. Steve McKevitt and Tony Ryan describe the human race’s complex relationship with the sun and take us back through history to see how our world became the place it is today – chemically, geologically, ecologically, climatically and economically – before moving on to the cutting-edge science and technology that will enable us to live happily in a sustainable future.

Big History

Die Geschichte der Welt - Vom Urknall bis zur Zukunft der Menschheit

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Author: David Christian

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446261427

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 811

Der Big Bang war der heißeste Augenblick der Weltgeschichte. Der Rest ist Abkühlung. Und die hatte Folgen: Atome und Sterne entstanden, die Erde und wir. Eingebettet in die Geschichte des Universums ist auch die Geschichte der Menschheit. David Christian erzählt die Historie der Welt anhand von acht Schwellenmomenten: von der Entstehung des Lebens bis zur Fotosynthese, von der Sprache bis zum menschgemachten Klimawandel. Sein Buch ist eine brillante Synthese der Erkenntnisse aus Astronomie, Biologie, Chemie und Physik. Und eine atemberaubende moderne Ursprungsgeschichte, die mit einem Ausblick auf die Zukunft endet, in der wir endlich die Verantwortung für den Planeten Erde übernehmen müssen.

Losing Earth

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Author: Nathaniel Rich

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644004064

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6758

Die Klimakatastrophe, die wir jetzt erleben, hätte verhindert werden können. Vor dreißig Jahren gab es die Chance, den Planeten zu retten – doch sie wurde verspielt. Die Erde, wie wir sie heute kennen, ist bereits verloren. Nathaniel Rich schildert in dieser dramatischen Reportage, wie eine Gruppe von Wissenschaftlern Ende der siebziger Jahre erstmals erkennt, dass sich die Erderwärmung desaströs beschleunigt, aber auch, welche politischen Maßnahmen notwendig wären. Aber kurz vor dem Durchbruch scheitern sie. Eine historische Reportage, die aktueller nicht sein könnte: Wir bekommen in den kommenden Jahren das zu spüren, was damals versäumt wurde – so wie unser gegenwärtiges Scheitern das Schicksal des Planeten in naher Zukunft besiegelt.

The Silent Deep

The Discovery, Ecology and Conservation of the Deep Sea

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Author: Julian Anthony Koslow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 9706

Discusses the ecology of the deep sea, the impact being made by humans, and advocates for protection of this ecosystem.

New Left Review

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 360

Moral Expertise

Studies in Practical and Professional Ethics

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Author: Don MacNiven

Publisher: London : Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethics.

Page: 231

View: 4688

The unusual essays gathered here explore the proposition that as a society we are becoming amoral, our professions no longer have a moral dimension. Wide-ranging, it looks at, for example, the ethics of forestry and planetary engineering.

Der Mensch und das Meer

Warum der größte Lebensraum der Erde in Gefahr ist

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Author: Callum Roberts

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641100062

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 7623

Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.