Global Transformations Reader

An Introduction to the Globlization Debate

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Author: David Held,Anthony McGrew

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745621999

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 3556

The world appears to be changing dramatically and a very public debate is taking place about the form, extent and significance of these changes. At the centre of this debate lie conflicting claims about the forces and processes of contemporary globalization. On the one hand, there are the 'globalists', who argue that the world is being fundamentally and irreversibly transformed by globalization. The fate of national communities is, they hold, increasingly shaped by regional and global forces. On the other hand, there are the 'sceptics', who think that the globalists' claims are exaggerated and poorly substantiated. The sceptics contend that the world has not been irreversibly altered by globalization, and that the power of national governments, nationalism and geo-politics remain the determining features of our age. The Global Transformations Reader brings together the most original contributions from both sides of the argument and from a range of disciplines. Organized as an accessible and comprehensive teaching text, the Reader is divided into sections which cover all the key issues: The conceptual problems involved in the attempt to characterize globalization. The transformation of state power. Changing patterns of national culture. The development of the world economy. Global inequality and environmental challenges. The normative debate about the nature and desirable future of the global order. The whole volume is prefaced by a major new statement by the editors summarizing and analysing the globalization debate. Short part introductions also help situate and contextualize the articles. This volume will be of immense value to all those interested in one of the great debates of our time. It will appeal to students of politics, international relations, economics, sociology, geography and cultural studies courses. Please visit the accompanying website at: http://www.polity.co.uk/global

The Global Transformations Reader

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Author: David Held

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745631356

Category: Political Science

Page: 624

View: 1132

The world is changing dramatically and a vigorous public debate is under way about the nature and historical significance of these changes. At the centre of this debate lie conflicting claims about the extent, form and consequences of contemporary globalization. On the one hand there are the globalists, who argue that the world is being fundamentally and irreversibly transformed by globalization. On the other hand there are the sceptics, who believe that the globalists' claims are exaggerated and poorly substantiated. The sceptics contest the very idea of globalization, arguing that the power of national governments, nationalism and geopolitics remain the determining features of our age. This completely revised and fully updated edition of The Global Transformations Reader brings together the most original contributions from both sides of the argument and from a range of disciplines. Many new chapters have been added, which incorporate the most recent developments in the debate and set these in the context of a global order that is in a constant state of flux. Organized as an accessible and comprehensive teaching text, the Reader is divided into six sections covering all the key issues in the debate: * controversy over the meaning, causes and historical significance of 'globalization' * the transformation of state power and civil society; * changing patterns of national culture; * the power of global markets; * global inequality and its consequences; and * the nature of the global order and normative aspirations for its future. The volume includes an extensive introduction by the editors, reviewing, analysing and assessing the globalization debate. Short but highly informative introductions to each section situate and contextualize the individual readings. This Reader will be of immense value to all those interested in one of the most important debates of our time. It will appeal to students of politics, international relations, economics, sociology, geography, business studies and cultural studies. The Global Transformations Reader is part of the internationally acclaimed series on globalization, which also includes Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture and Governing Globalization: Power, Authority and Global Governance.

Governing Globalization

Power, Authority and Global Governance

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Author: Anthony McGrew,David Held

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745627342

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1033

Since the UN's creation in 1945 a vast nexus of global and regional institutions has evolved, surrounded by a proliferation of non-governmental agencies and advocacy networks seeking to influence the agenda and direction of international public policy. Although world government remains a fanciful idea, there does exist an evolving global governance complex - embracing states, international institutions, transnational networks and agencies (both public and private) - which functions, with variable effect, to promote, regulate or intervene in the common affairs of humanity. This book provides an accessible introduction to the current debate about the changing form and political significance of global governance. It brings together original contributions from many of the best-known theorists and analysts of global politics to explore the relevance of the concept of global governance to understanding how global activity is currently regulated. Furthermore, it combines an elucidation of substantive theories with a systematic analysis of the politics and limits of governance in key issue areas - from humanitarian intervention to the regulation of global finance. Thus, the volume provides a comprehensive theoretical and empirical assessment of the shift from national government to multilayered global governance. Governing Globalization is the third book in the internationally acclaimed series on global transformations. The other two volumes are Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture and The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate.

Facetten der Globalisierung

Zwischen Ökonomie, Politik und Kultur

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Author: Johannes Kessler,Christian Steiner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353191703X

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 3857

Globalisierung ist in der öffentlichen Debatte häufig negativ konnotiert. Das verbreitete Unbehagen gegen „die“ Globalisierung bezieht sich in der Regel auf die wirtschaftliche Dimension, auf die das Phänomen auch in der Mehrzahl der wissenschaftlichen Analysen beschränkt bleibt. Die multidisziplinären Beiträge dieses Bandes zielen im Gegenzug zum einen darauf ab, den Facettenreichtum des Phänomens Globalisierung sowie der zugehörigen wissenschaftlichen Diskussion aufzuzeigen. Zum anderen wird die negative Bewertung von Globalisierungsprozessen in Bezug auf verschiedene Teilaspekte kritisch hinterfragt. Übergeordnet geht dieser Band der Frage nach, ob die Globalisierung mit einer Homogenisierung oder einer Fragmentierung unserer Lebenswelt einhergeht.

Introduction to the Pan-Caribbean

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Author: Tracey Skelton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317859006

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6923

With its diverse histories of slavery, plantations, colonialism and independence, the Caribbean is richly layered, highly complex and a wonderful example of people's resistance. The pan-Caribbean region also provides an excellent geography through which to understand and analyse the complex processes of globalisation, development, migration, tourism, and social and cultural relations. While the sea, sun and sand representation is a true one -some of the most beautiful places on earth are found in the Caribbean - the pan-Caribbean is much more intricate and fascinating than that. Where else in the world do French, Spanish, Dutch and English-speaking worlds co-exist alongside indigenous peoples and cultures? Where else have cultures of carnival, music and dance become so integrated into national and regional identities? The Caribbean is a crucible of diversity and semblance and a space that is both contradictory and harmonious. Introduction to the Pan-Caribbean has been written by people who are either from the region or have spent much of their working lives there. It is an excellent introduction and is your map through one of the most extraordinary and remarkable parts of the world.

The Myth of Media Globalization

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Author: Kai Hafez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745658091

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 540

The ongoing interconnection of the world through modern mass media is generally considered to be one of the major developments underpinning globalization. This important book considers anew the globalization phenomenon in the media sphere. Rather than heralding globalization or warning of its dangers, as in many other books, Kai Hafez analyses the degree to which media globalization is really taking place. Do we have enough evidence to show that there is a linear and accelerated move towards transnationalization in the media? All too often the empirical data presented seems rather more anecdotal than representative. Many transborder media phenomena are overestimated and taken out of the context of locally and nationally oriented mainstream media processes all over the world. The inherent danger is that a central paradigm of the social sciences, rather than bearing scholarly substance, will turn out to be a myth and even a sometimes dangerously ideological tool. Based on a theoretical debate of media globalization, the work discusses most major fields of media development, including foreign reporting, satellite TV, film, internet, foreign broadcasting, media and migration, media policy and media economy. As an important new contribution to timely debates, The Myth of Media Globalization will be essential and provocative reading for students and scholars alike.

Das Informationszeitalter

Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, Kultur

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Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783825282622

Category: Developing countries

Page: 600

View: 8771

Governance - Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen

Eine Einführung

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Author: Arthur Benz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531901710

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1349

Governance: Ein Modebegriff oder ein sinnvolles wissenschaftliches Konzept? Das Buch erläutert das Konzept in unterschiedlichen Diskussionszusammenhängen und begründet seine Relevanz.

Medien in der globalisierten Welt. Die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen internationaler Medien am Beispiel von CNN, Al-Dschasira und Telesur

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Author: Sarah Heitz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668068801

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 23

View: 3806

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Medien / Kommunikation - Medien und Politik, Pol. Kommunikation, Note: 2,3, Universität Augsburg, Veranstaltung: Der Globalisierungsdiskurs, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Trotz der beherrschenden Rolle, die die Medien in den gegenwärtigen Gesellschaften einnehmen, sind die Medienunternehmen nicht frei von Einschränkungen. Insbesondere der Rundfunk und das Fernsehen sind immer noch stark reguliert durch Lizenzen, Konzessionsvergaben und rechtliche Zugangsvorschriften, die weltweit von Land zu Land differieren. Daneben sind die Medienunternehmen sowohl abhängig von den vorherrschenden wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen im jeweiligen Land, als auch von einem ungleichmäßig verteilten Kapitalfluss. Gemäß den wirtschaftlichen und politischen Gegebenheiten dominierten die westlichen Medien den lange Zeit einseitigen Informationsaustausch. In der Nachrichtenbranche hatte vor allem der amerikanische Nachrichtensender CNN bis vor kurzem das Monopol auf eine globale Berichterstattung. Als Reaktion auf diese amerikanische Hegemonie und als Korrektiv zu der Berichterstattung von CNN, verstehen sich seit 1996 der in Katar ansässige arabische Nachrichtensender Al-Dschasira und seit 2005 der in Caracas ansässige lateinamerikanische Nachrichtensender Telesur. Diese Arbeit befasst sich im Folgenden mit den Auswirkungen dieser drei Nachrichtensender auf die Globalisierung. Genauer gesagt, mit der Frage nach der Konstituierung einer sogenannten „globalen Öffentlichkeit“. Anhand der drei Nachrichtensender, CNN, Al-Dschasira und Telesur sollen die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von internationalen Medien, sowie deren Wirkung und Bedeutung in einer globalisierten Welt erörtert werden. In Kapitel B. wird kurz auf die Globalisierung der Medien generell eingegangen. In Kapitel C. wird die Gründung von CNN und deren Einfluss auf die Medienbranche und Globalisierung aufgezeigt. In den Kapiteln D. und E. werden die Gründungen von Al-Dschasira und Telesur, sowie deren Einfluss und Bedeutung, denen von CNN gegenübergestellt. Abschließend werden die Ergebnisse in Kapitel F. ausgewertet, zusammengefasst und in einen größeren Zusammenhang gestellt.

Globales Amerika?

Die kulturellen Folgen der Globalisierung

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Author: Ulrich Beck,Natan Sznaider,Rainer Winter

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839401720

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7204

Seit einigen Jahren wird in den Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften international kaum ein Phänomen so lebhaft diskutiert wie das der Globalisierung. Nachdem die zu Anfang vorherrschende Sichtweise von Globalisierung als Entwicklung einer homogenen Weltkultur zunehmend an Evidenz verlor, rücken die lokal unterschiedlichen kulturellen Praktiken und Perspektiven als Teil von Globalisierung ins Zentrum des Interesses. Diese Neujustierung des Fokus erlaubt auch längst überfällige neue Lesarten des vermeintlich einfachen Verhältnisses von »Amerikanisierung« und Globalisierung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass die oft als »Amerikanisierung« wahrgenommene Globalisierung weltweit heterogene Resonanzen erzeugt, hybride Kulturen, Fluchtlinien und Gegenbewegungen treten gleichermaßen hervor. Der Band »Globales Amerika«, in dem sich einige der prominentesten Denker der Globalisierung zu Wort melden, präsentiert anregende Lektüren dieser bislang wenig beleuchteten Seite der Globalisierung und leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Verständnis des Problems insgesamt. Für das 21. Jahrhundert erweist sich die Perspektive eines »methodologischen Kosmopolitismus« (Ulrich Beck) als richtungsweisend.

Global Activism

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Author: Ruth Reitan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415455510

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 834

This comprehensive study traces the transnationalization of activist networks, analyzing their changing compositions and characters and examining the roles played by the World Social Forum in this process. Comparing four of the largest global networks targeting the 'neoliberal triumvirate' of the World Bank, the IMF and the World Trade Organization: the Jubilee anti-debt campaigners Via Campesina peasant farmers Our World Is Not For Sale and the anarchistic Peoples' Global Action. Written by a scholar-activist, the book highlights that despite their diversity, these collective actors follow a similar globalizing path and that networks in which solidarity is based on a shared identity perceived as threatened by neoliberal change are gaining strength. Social forums are depicted as a fertile ground to strengthen networks and a common ground for cooperative action among them, but also a battleground over the future of the forum process, the global anti-neoliberal struggle, and 'other possible worlds' in the making. Global Activism will appeal to students and scholars interested in globalization, international relations, IPE and social movements.

Latin American Responses to Globalization in the 21st Century

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Author: M. Nilsson,J. Gustafsson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113700312X

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 1313

Written by a diverse group of scholars and practitioners from Latin America, the US and Europe and taking into consideration the recent global financial crisis,the book offers a multifaceted insight into the expectations as well as the possible threats related to Latin America's incorporation into the sphere of global interconnectedness.

Globalization

A Basic Text

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Author: George Ritzer,Paul Dean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687132

Category: Political Science

Page: 552

View: 7294

Updated to reflect recent global developments, the second edition of Globalization: A Basic Text presents an up-to-date introduction to major trends and topics relating to globalization studies. Features updates and revisions in its accessible introduction to key theories and major topics in globalization Includes an enhanced emphasis on issues relating to global governance, emerging technology, global flows of people, human trafficking, global justice movements, and global environmental sustainability Utilizes a unique set of metaphors to introduce and explain the highly complex nature of globalization in an engaging and understandable manner Offers an interdisciplinary approach to globalization by drawing from fields that include sociology, global political economy, political science, international relations, geography, and anthropology Written by an internationally recognized and experienced author team

Future States

From International to Global Political Order

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Author: Dr Stephen Paul Haigh

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472407377

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8169

Globalization consists of an interlocking array of political, economic, social, and cultural forces that challenge the traditional international order in two key ways. First, states historically had 'hard shells', by means of which they were capable of consolidating differences between 'inside' and 'outside' to the point where the latter could more easily be quarantined. Second, for closely-related reasons they were largely able to 'absorb' domestic society, such that the individual was less a citizen than a subject. But through globalizing processes these (dubious) attributes have been starkly exposed, which leads Haigh to ask, Whither the state under globalization? Insightful and well-written, this book is sure to spark lively debate while attempting to answer its central question.

Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

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Author: Robin Leichenko,Karen O'Brien

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884269

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 1108

This book explores the connections between two of the most transformative processes of the twenty-first century, namely climate change and globalization. In this book, Leichenko and O'Brien present a conceptual framework for analyzing the interactions between these two processes, and illustrate, through case studies, how these interactions create situations of "double exposure." Drawing upon prominent recent and current climate-related events -- Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, recurring droughts in India, and the melting of Arctic sea ice -- the case studies each demonstrate a different pathway of interaction between globalization and global environmental change. Through exploration of these pathways of double exposure, the book also shows how broader human security concerns including growing inequalities, growing vulnerabilities, and unsustainable rates of development are integrally connected to both processes of global change. The double exposure framework not only sheds light on the challenges raised by these two global processes, but also reveals possibilities for using the interactions to generate positive opportunities for action.

Sozialer Ausschluss und Soziale Arbeit

Positionsbestimmungen einer kritischen Theorie und Praxis Sozialer Arbeit

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Author: Roland Anhorn,Frank Bettinger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322976076

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3540

Mit der Krise des Sozialstaats und der damit legitimierten neoliberalen Wende seit Mitte der 1970er Jahre lassen sich grundlegende Veränderungen in den sozialen, ökonomischen, politischen und kulturellen Rahmenbedingungen für Sozialpolitik und Soziale Arbeit erkennen. Damit werden Sozialpolitik und Soziale Arbeit nicht nur dem Primat der Ökonomie untergeordnet, sondern darüber hinaus zunehmende soziale Spaltungen und sich vergrößernde soziale Ungleichheiten, soziale Risiken, Armut und Arbeitslosigkeit in Kauf genommen. Vor diesem Hintergrund erfasst das Buch mit dem Konzept des sozialen Ausschlusses die tiefgreifenden strukturellen Veränderungen, ordnet sie ein und überprüft sie in Hinblick auf ihre theoretischen wie praktischen Implikationen für Sozialpolitik und Soziale Arbeit.

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization

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Author: Giovanna Vertova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113425931X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 8374

The process of globalization has had profound, often destabilizing, effects on space, at all levels (i.e. local, regional, national, international). This revealing book analyzes, both theoretically and empirically, the effects of globalization over space. It considers, through a dialogue among different paradigms, the ways in which space has become more important in the global economy. Globalization has been advocated as a way of shrinking time and space which will lead to a homogenized global market; a suggestion challenged in differing ways and with a variety of approaches by all the contributors to this volume. Leading authorities from a range of disciplines are represented amongst this impressive list of contributors, including Eric Sheppard, Bjørn Asheim, Richard Walker and Peter Swann. The chapters demonstrate persuasively the continuing, and even increasing, role of space in the global economy, and throughout, the book covers viewpoints from the fields of: international political economy economic geography regional and local economics. This impressive volume, which contains a selection of the best in contemporary scholarship, will be of interest to the international arena of academicians, policy makers and professionals in these or related fields.

Coping with Difference

New Approaches in the Contemporary British Novel (2000-2006)

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Author: Sabine Nunius

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643101597

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 305

View: 5370

Has British literature finally surpassed Postmodernism and are we thus currently witnessing the emergence of a new era? Choosing specific forms of engagement with difference as a starting point, the present study traces recent developments in the field of the novel and illustrates in how far these new ways of dealing with difference may be characterised as "non-postmodern". Moreover, the analysis aims to demonstrate the renewed importance of modern(ist) strategies and their employment in contemporary British fiction. Case studies of six novels complement and illuminate these findings.