The Geometry of Four-manifolds


Author: S. K. Donaldson,P. B. Kronheimer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198502692

Category: Fiction

Page: 440

View: 2085

This book provides the first lucid and accessible account to the modern study of the geometry of four-manifolds. It has become required reading for postgraduates and research workers whose research touches on this topic. Pre-requisites are a firm grounding in differential topology, and geometry as may be gained from the first year of a graduate course. The subject matter of this book is the most significant breakthrough in mathematics of the last fifty years, and Professor Donaldson won a Fields medal for his work in the area. The authors start from the standpoint that the fundamental group and intersection form of a four-manifold provides information about its homology and characteristic classes, but little of its differential topology. It turns out that the classification up to diffeomorphism of four-manifolds is very different from the classification of unimodular forms and that the study of this question leads naturally to the new Donaldson invariants of four-manifolds. A central theme of this book is that the appropriate geometrical tools for investigating these questions come from mathematical physics: the Yang-Mills theory and anti-self dual connections over four-manifolds. One of the many consquences of this theory is that 'exotic' smooth manifolds exist which are homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to (4, and that large classes of forms cannot be realized as intersection forms whereas distinct manifolds may share the same form. These result have hadfar-reaching consequences in algebraic geometry, topology, and mathematical physics, and will continue to be a mainspring of mathematical research for years to come.

The Seiberg-Witten Equations and Applications to the Topology of Smooth Four-Manifolds. (MN-44)


Author: John W. Morgan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400865166

Category: Mathematics

Page: 130

View: 9255

The recent introduction of the Seiberg-Witten invariants of smooth four-manifolds has revolutionized the study of those manifolds. The invariants are gauge-theoretic in nature and are close cousins of the much-studied SU(2)-invariants defined over fifteen years ago by Donaldson. On a practical level, the new invariants have proved to be more powerful and have led to a vast generalization of earlier results. This book is an introduction to the Seiberg-Witten invariants. The work begins with a review of the classical material on Spin c structures and their associated Dirac operators. Next comes a discussion of the Seiberg-Witten equations, which is set in the context of nonlinear elliptic operators on an appropriate infinite dimensional space of configurations. It is demonstrated that the space of solutions to these equations, called the Seiberg-Witten moduli space, is finite dimensional, and its dimension is then computed. In contrast to the SU(2)-case, the Seiberg-Witten moduli spaces are shown to be compact. The Seiberg-Witten invariant is then essentially the homology class in the space of configurations represented by the Seiberg-Witten moduli space. The last chapter gives a flavor for the applications of these new invariants by computing the invariants for most Kahler surfaces and then deriving some basic toological consequences for these surfaces.

Gauge Theory and the Topology of Four-manifolds


Author: Robert Friedman,John W. Morgan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821805916

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 7126

The lectures in this volume provide a perspective on how 4-manifold theory was studied before the discovery of modern-day Seiberg-Witten theory. One reason the progress using the Seiberg-Witten invariants was so spectacular was that those studying $SU(2)$-gauge theory had more than ten years' experience with the subject. The tools had been honed, the correct questions formulated, and the basic strategies well understood. The knowledge immediately bore fruit in the technically simpler environment of the Seiberg-Witten theory. Gauge theory long predates Donaldson's applications of the subject to 4-manifold topology, where the central concern was the geometry of the moduli space. One reason for the interest in this study is the connection between the gauge theory moduli spaces of a Kahler manifold and the algebro-geometric moduli space of stable holomorphic bundles over the manifold. The extra geometric richness of the $SU(2)$-moduli spaces may one day be important for purposes beyond the algebraic invariants that have been studied to date. It is for this reason that the results presented in this volume will be essential.

Monopoles and Three-Manifolds


Author: Peter Kronheimer,Tomasz Mrowka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468669

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3766

Originating with Andreas Floer in the 1980s, Floer homology has proved to be an effective tool in tackling many important problems in three- and four-dimensional geometry and topology. This 2007 book provides a comprehensive treatment of Floer homology, based on the Seiberg–Witten monopole equations. After first providing an overview of the results, the authors develop the analytic properties of the Seiberg–Witten equations, assuming only a basic grounding in differential geometry and analysis. The Floer groups of a general three-manifold are then defined and their properties studied in detail. Two final chapters are devoted to the calculation of Floer groups and to applications of the theory in topology. Suitable for beginning graduate students and researchers, this book provides a full discussion of a central part of the study of the topology of manifolds.

The Geometry of Walker Manifolds


Author: Miguel Brozos-Vázquez

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598298194

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 7750

Basic algebraic notions -- Introduction -- A historical perspective in the algebraic context -- Algebraic preliminaries -- Jordan normal form -- Indefinite geometry -- Algebraic curvature tensors -- Hermitian and para-Hermitian geometry -- The Jacobi and skew symmetric curvature operators -- Sectional, Ricci, scalar, and Weyl curvature -- Curvature decompositions -- Self-duality and anti-self-duality conditions -- Spectral geometry of the curvature operator -- Osserman and conformally Osserman models -- Osserman curvature models in signature (2, 2) -- Ivanov-Petrova curvature models -- Osserman Ivanov-Petrova curvature models -- Commuting curvature models -- Basic geometrical notions -- Introduction -- History -- Basic manifold theory -- The tangent bundle, lie bracket, and lie groups -- The cotangent bundle and symplectic geometry -- Connections, curvature, geodesics, and holonomy -- Pseudo-Riemannian geometry -- The Levi-Civita connection -- Associated natural operators -- Weyl scalar invariants -- Null distributions -- Pseudo-Riemannian holonomy -- Other geometric structures -- Pseudo-Hermitian and para-Hermitian structures -- Hyper-para-Hermitian structures -- Geometric realizations -- Homogeneous spaces, and curvature homogeneity -- Technical results in differential equations -- Walker structures -- Introduction -- Historical development -- Walker coordinates -- Examples of Walker manifolds -- Hypersurfaces with nilpotent shape operators -- Locally conformally flat metrics with nilpotent Ricci operator -- Degenerate pseudo-Riemannian homogeneous structures -- Para-Kaehler geometry -- Two-step nilpotent lie groups with degenerate center -- Conformally symmetric pseudo-Riemannian metrics -- Riemannian extensions -- The affine category -- Twisted Riemannian extensions defined by flat connections -- Modified Riemannian extensions defined by flat connections -- Nilpotent Walker manifolds -- Osserman Riemannian extensions -- Ivanov-Petrova Riemannian extensions -- Three-dimensional Lorentzian Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Three dimensional Walker geometry -- Adapted coordinates -- The Jordan normal form of the Ricci operator -- Christoffel symbols, curvature, and the Ricci tensor -- Locally symmetric Walker manifolds -- Einstein-like manifolds -- The spectral geometry of the curvature tensor -- Curvature commutativity properties -- Local geometry of Walker manifolds with -- Foliated Walker manifolds -- Contact Walker manifolds -- Strict Walker manifolds -- Three dimensional homogeneous Lorentzian manifolds -- Three dimensional lie groups and lie algebras -- Curvature homogeneous Lorentzian manifolds -- Diagonalizable Ricci operator -- Type II Ricci operator -- Four-dimensional Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Four-dimensional Walker manifolds -- Almost para-Hermitian geometry -- Isotropic almost para-Hermitian structures -- Characteristic classes -- Self-dual Walker manifolds -- The spectral geometry of the curvature tensor -- Introduction -- History -- Four-dimensional Osserman metrics -- Osserman metrics with diagonalizable Jacobi operator -- Osserman Walker type II metrics -- Osserman and Ivanov-Petrova metrics -- Riemannian extensions of affine surfaces -- Affine surfaces with skew symmetric Ricci tensor -- Affine surfaces with symmetric and degenerate Ricci tensor -- Riemannian extensions with commuting curvature operators -- Other examples with commuting curvature operators -- Hermitian geometry -- Introduction -- History -- Almost Hermitian geometry of Walker manifolds -- The proper almost Hermitian structure of a Walker manifold -- Proper almost hyper-para-Hermitian structures -- Hermitian Walker manifolds of dimension four -- Proper Hermitian Walker structures -- Locally conformally Kaehler structures -- Almost Kaehler Walker four-dimensional manifolds -- Special Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Curvature commuting conditions -- Curvature homogeneous strict Walker manifolds -- Bibliography.

The Wild World of 4-manifolds


Author: Alexandru Scorpan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821837494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 609

View: 5930

What a wonderful book! I strongly recommend this book to anyone, especially graduate students, interested in getting a sense of 4-manifolds. --MAA Reviews The book gives an excellent overview of 4-manifolds, with many figures and historical notes. Graduate students, nonexperts, and experts alike will enjoy browsing through it. -- Robion C. Kirby, University of California, Berkeley This book offers a panorama of the topology of simply connected smooth manifolds of dimension four. Dimension four is unlike any other dimension; it is large enough to have room for wild things to happen, but small enough so that there is no room to undo the wildness. For example, only manifolds of dimension four can exhibit infinitely many distinct smooth structures. Indeed, their topology remains the least understood today. To put things in context, the book starts with a survey of higher dimensions and of topological 4-manifolds. In the second part, the main invariant of a 4-manifold--the intersection form--and its interaction with the topology of the manifold are investigated. In the third part, as an important source of examples, complex surfaces are reviewed. In the final fourth part of the book, gauge theory is presented; this differential-geometric method has brought to light how unwieldy smooth 4-manifolds truly are, and while bringing new insights, has raised more questions than answers. The structure of the book is modular, organized into a main track of about two hundred pages, augmented by extensive notes at the end of each chapter, where many extra details, proofs and developments are presented. To help the reader, the text is peppered with over 250 illustrations and has an extensive index.

Dirac-Operatoren in der Riemannschen Geometrie

Mit einem Ausblick auf die Seiberg-Witten-Theorie


Author: Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803023

Category: Mathematics

Page: 207

View: 8414

Dieses Buch entstand nach einer einsemestrigen Vorlesung an der Humboldt-Universität Berlin im Studienjahr 1996/ 97 und ist eine Einführung in die Theorie der Spinoren und Dirac-Operatoren über Riemannschen Mannigfaltigkeiten. Vom Leser werden nur die grundlegenden Kenntnisse der Algebra und Geometrie im Umfang von zwei bis drei Jahren eines Mathematik- oder Physikstudiums erwartet. Ein Anhang gibt eine Einführung in das aktuelle Gebiet der Seiberg-Witten-Theorie.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik


Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 6103

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Different Faces of Geometry


Author: Simon Donaldson,Yakov Eliashberg,Misha Gromov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 030648658X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 404

View: 349

Different Faces of Geometry presents the current state, new results, original ideas and open questions from the following important topics in modern geometry: -Amoebas and Tropical Geometry; -Convex Geometry and Asymptotic Geometric Analysis; -Differential Topology of 4-Manifolds; -3-Dimensional Contact Geometry; -Floer Homology and Low-Dimensional Topology; -Kdhler Geometry; -Lagrangian and Special Lagrangian Submanifolds; -Refined Seiberg-Witten Invariants. These apparently diverse topics have a common feature in that they are all areas of exciting current activity. The Editors have attracted an impressive array of leading specialists to author chapters for this volume: G. Mikhalkin (USA-Canada-Russia), V.D. Milman (Israel) and A.A. Giannopoulos (Greece), C. LeBrun (USA), Ko Honda (USA), P. Ozsvath (USA) and Z. Szabs (USA), C. Simpson (France), D. Joyce (UK) and P. Seidel (USA), and S. Bauer (Germany).

Four-manifolds, geometries and knots


Author: Jonathan Arthur Hillman,University of Warwick. Mathematics Institute

Publisher: N.A


Category: Four-manifolds (Topology)

Page: 379

View: 3582

The Algebraic Characterization of Geometric 4-Manifolds


Author: J. A. Hillman,Jonathan Arthur Hillman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521467780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 4698

This book describes work on the characterization of closed 4-manifolds in terms of familiar invariants such as Euler characteristic, fundamental group, and Stiefel-Whitney classes. Using techniques from homological group theory, the theory of 3-manifolds and topological surgery, infrasolvmanifolds are characterized up to homeomorphism, and surface bundles are characterized up to simple homotopy equivalence. Non-orientable cases are also considered wherever possible, and in the final chapter the results obtained earlier are applied to 2-knots and complex analytic surfaces.

Instantons and Four-Manifolds


Author: Daniel S. Freed,Karen K. Uhlenbeck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461397030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 194

View: 7450

From the reviews of the first edition: "This book exposes the beautiful confluence of deep techniques and ideas from mathematical physics and the topological study of the differentiable structure of compact four-dimensional manifolds, compact spaces locally modeled on the world in which we live and operate... The book is filled with insightful remarks, proofs, and contributions that have never before appeared in print. For anyone attempting to understand the work of Donaldson and the applications of gauge theories to four-dimensional topology, the book is a must." #Science#1 "I would strongly advise the graduate student or working mathematician who wishes to learn the analytic aspects of this subject to begin with Freed and Uhlenbeck's book." #Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society#2

Differential Analysis on Complex Manifolds


Author: Raymond O. Wells

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387738916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 8383

A brand new appendix by Oscar Garcia-Prada graces this third edition of a classic work. In developing the tools necessary for the study of complex manifolds, this comprehensive, well-organized treatment presents in its opening chapters a detailed survey of recent progress in four areas: geometry (manifolds with vector bundles), algebraic topology, differential geometry, and partial differential equations. Wells’s superb analysis also gives details of the Hodge-Riemann bilinear relations on Kahler manifolds, Griffiths's period mapping, quadratic transformations, and Kodaira's vanishing and embedding theorems. Oscar Garcia-Prada’s appendix gives an overview of the developments in the field during the decades since the book appeared.

Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups


Author: Frank W. Warner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387908946

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 1334

Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups gives a clear, detailed, and careful development of the basic facts on manifold theory and Lie Groups. It includes differentiable manifolds, tensors and differentiable forms. Lie groups and homogenous spaces, integration on manifolds, and in addition provides a proof of the de Rham theorem via sheaf cohomology theory, and develops the local theory of elliptic operators culminating in a proof of the Hodge theorem. Those interested in any of the diverse areas of mathematics requiring the notion of a differentiable manifold will find this beginning graduate-level text extremely useful.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen


Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 1268

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

Geometry and Topology of Manifolds


Author: Hans U. Boden

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821837249

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 6654

This book contains expository papers that give an up-to-date account of recent developments and open problems in the geometry and topology of manifolds, along with several research articles that present new results appearing in published form for the first time. The unifying theme is the problem of understanding manifolds in low dimensions, notably in dimensions three and four, and the techniques include algebraic topology, surgery theory, Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten gauge theory, Heegaard Floer homology, contact and symplectic geometry, and Gromov-Witten invariants. The articles collected for this volume were contributed by participants of the Conference "Geometry and Topology of Manifolds" held at McMaster University on May 14-18, 2004 and are representative of the many excellent talks delivered at the conference.

Differential Analysis on Complex Manifolds


Author: Raymond O'Neil Wells

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387904190

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 9628

In developing the tools necessary for the study of complex manifolds, this comprehensive, well-organized treatment presents in its opening chapters a detailed survey of recent progress in four areas: geometry (manifolds with vector bundles), algebraic topology, differential geometry, and partial differential equations. Subsequent chapters then develop such topics as Hermitian exterior algebra and the Hodge *-operator, harmonic theory on compact manifolds, differential operators on a K??hler manifold, the Hodge decomposition theorem on compact K??hler manifolds, the Hodge-Riemann bilinear relations on K??hler manifolds Griffithsa??s period mapping, quadratic transformations, and Kodairaa??s vanishing and embedding theorems. The third edition of this standard reference contains a new appendix by Oscar Garcia-Prada which gives an overview of the developments in the field during the decades since the book appeared.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie


Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 1039

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Geometry And Topology Of Submanifolds Viii


Author: Van De Woestyne Ignace,Dillen Franki,Simon Udo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814547514


Page: 424

View: 9528

This is a volume in honor of Professor Peter Carruthers on the occasion of his 61st birthday. It is a unique collection of papers by the world's leading experts, describing the most exciting developments in many areas of theoretical physics. While traditionally physics is driven to ever smaller and simpler systems, end-of-this-century scientists see themselves confronted with complex systems in many of their areas. It is just this interdisciplinary character of complexity that is addressed in this book, with topics ranging from the origin of intelligent life and of universal scaling laws in biology via heartbeats, proteins, fireballs, phase transitions, all the way to parton branching in collisions of elementary particles at high energies. The contributions include extensive discussions on complexity (M Gell-Mann, M Feigenbaum, D Champbell, D Pines and L M Simmons), neutrino masses (R Slansky and P Rosen), high temperature superconductors (D Pines), low Moon (M Feigenbaum), origin of intelligent life (S Colgate), chaos of the heart (M Duong-Van), origin of universal scaling laws in biological systems (G West), critical behavior of quarks (R Hwa), status of LEGO (S Meshov), disoriented chiral condensate (F Cooper), and many others.